Sheri Bastien

Sheri Bastien
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) · Department of Public Health Science

PhD

About

49
Publications
11,809
Reads
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853
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2018 - present
World Health Organization WHO
Position
  • Consultant
July 2015 - present
The University of Calgary
Position
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor
December 2014 - December 2016
World Bank
Position
  • Consultant

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Background Diarrheal disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries with children being disproportionately affected. Project SHINE (Sanitation & Hygiene INnovation in Education) is a grassroots participatory science education and social entrepreneurship model to engage youth and the wider community in the dev...
Article
Full-text available
In a cluster-randomized trial conducted in 22 government secondary schools in Uganda, effects of a school-based intervention aimed at improving aspects of parent/caregiver-adolescent communication on sexuality were examined. The intervention comprised classroom-based education sessions, take home assignments for students to discuss with parents/car...
Article
Full-text available
Bottom-up public health interventions are needed which are built on an understanding of community perspectives. Project SHINE is a community-based participatory action research intervention focused on developing sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene strategies with Maasai pastoralists in Tanzania. The aim of the study is to understand percepti...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions to the functioning of societies and their health systems. Prior to the pandemic, health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) were particularly stretched and vulnerable. The International Society of Global Health (ISoGH) sought to systematically identify priorities for health res...
Article
Background. Dengue is the most common and widespread mosquito-borne arboviral disease globally estimated to cause >390 million infections and >20,000 deaths annually. There are no effective vaccines or preventive drugs. Control of dengue transmission relies primarily on mosquito vector control. Although most vector control methods currently used by...
Preprint
Background Dengue is the most common and widespread mosquito-borne arboviral disease globally estimated to cause >390 million infections and >20,000 deaths annually. There are no effective vaccines or preventive drugs. Control of dengue transmission relies primarily on mosquito vector control. Although most vector control methods currently used by...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions to the functioning of societies and their health systems. Prior to the pandemic, health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) were particularly stretched and vulnerable. The International Society of Global Health (ISoGH) sought to systematically identify priorities for h...
Article
In addition to diarrheal disease risk, lack of access to safe water may have other indirect effects throughout one’s life, such as school and workplace absenteeism, leading to less economic productivity. In contexts with scarce resources and unsafe drinking water, household water treatment and safe storage options such as the Biosand filter (BSF) a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nudging, a strategy that uses subtle stimuli to direct people’s behavior, has recently been included as an effective and low-cost behavior change strategy in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC), targeting behavior-based prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). The present scoping review aims to provide a timely...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: This study aims to investigate Norwegian students' perceptions toward a higher education institution (HEI)'s COVID-19 response strategy, differentiating between three behavioral techniques: informing (i. e., email updates about COVID-19), nudging (i.e., visual cues as reminders), and creating novel opportunities (i.e., provision of antibacteri...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Although water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions are effective in reducing diarrhea, there are methodological issues regarding the research tools used to evaluate their health impact. Moreover, there is limited research on individuals' subjective interpretations of diarrheal illness which may introduce further limitations in rely...
Article
Use of human excreta as fertilizer is not a new concept. However, with the use of the modern water-flush toilet, human excreta becomes mixed with water and causes environmental pollution. To reemphasize the nutritional value of human urine in the field, a urine diversion toilet was constructed in a community school situated in Kavre, Nepal. The pur...
Article
Full-text available
Background The consumption of industrially processed food, popularly known as junk food, is a growing public health concern worldwide, including in Nepal. Schoolchildren are a vulnerable group and they consume junk food at school. Aim The aim of this study was to examine multi-level determinants of junk food consumption among basic schoolchildren...
Article
Water, sanitation, and hygiene are issues of substantial public health importance. Community-based participatory research approaches such as photovoice can help explore and identify determinants that influence sanitation and hygiene-related behaviours. This study aimed to use photovoice as part of the formative research process to increase understa...
Article
Full-text available
Consumption of unhealthy snack foods among young children in low-and-middle-income countries is high and Nepal is no exception. A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among 259 students to investigate their snacking behaviors and examine factors that influence the behavior from a socio-ecological framework. The study used self-reported...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Nudging, a strategy that uses subtle stimuli to direct people’s behavior, has recently been included as effective and low-cost behavior change strategy in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC), targeting behavior-based prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Therefore, the present scoping review aims to provide a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In low- and middle-income countries, women and girls experience menstrual hygiene management-related health and social challenges such as urinary tract infections, social stigma, and school and workplace absenteeism. Purpose: In this study, we sought to explore how adolescent girls in rural Thirumalaikodi, Tamil Nadu, India experience m...
Article
Full-text available
Although human urine contains nutrients for plant growth, very few community schools in Nepal use a urine diversion dry toilet (UDDT) and apply the human urine as fertilizer in their school garden. Using human urine in agriculture reduces the use of chemical fertilizers, thus saving the expenditure associated with it. Application of human urine imp...
Article
Full-text available
Appropriate handwashing can prevent 50–70% of water and foodborne infections. However, schoolchildren who are in the formative stage of life, particularly in low-income countries like Nepal, are deprived of such a lifesaving skill. This study investigates the effectiveness of a school-based participatory action research intervention to promote hand...
Article
Objective: The aim of this scoping review is to synthesize the existing body of studies that use nudge strategy and focus on behavioral practices suitable for prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases. The review will map the existing literature, identify gaps in knowledge, and provide a series of recommendations for future research. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although human urine contains nutrients for plant growth, very few community schools in Nepal use a urine diversion dry toilet (UDDT) and apply the human urine as fertilizer in their school garden. Using human urine in agriculturereduces the use of chemical fertilizers, thus saving the expenditure associated with it. Application of human urine impr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene remains one of the most pressing global health issues of our time. Water and sanitation-related improvements are crucial in meeting the Global Sustainable Development Goals. This study was conducted to determine the access, utilization and determinants of access to sanitation facilities among pa...
Chapter
This volume comes on the heels of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), ratified in 2015 by 193 member states that comprise the UN General Assembly, which represents the latest global effort to address the plethora of development challenges facing countries worldwide. The new agenda for action comprises 17 ambitious goals, 169 targets, and over...
Chapter
Background: Innovative approaches to solving pressing global health challenges are urgently needed. Equipping youth, the next generation of change agents, with the complex skills required to take a leadership role in improving health at the local and global levels requires innovations in curricula and the pedagogical approaches that are currently u...
Book
This edited collection outlines the issues central to youth engagement in research and social innovation. Youth-driven innovation for social change is increasingly recognized as holding potential for the development of sustainable strategies to tackle some of the most pressing global challenges of our time. The contributors provide additional knowl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Evidence suggests that in spite of some adolescents being sexually active, many parents do not discuss sex-related issues with them due to lack of age-appropriate respectful vocabulary and skills. The likelihood of parent-adolescent communication improving sexual and reproductive health outcomes appears plausible. The desire to understan...
Article
Full-text available
Open defecation, poor sanitation, and hygiene are associated with transmission of diarrheal diseases, one of the leading causes of mortality in children under 5 in developing countries. The main objective of this study was to develop and evaluate an intervention called Project SHINE (Sanitation and Hygiene INnovation in Education), in which a schoo...
Article
Full-text available
Records at the Endulen Hospital in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), Tanzania, reveal that soil-transmitted helminth infections and protozoa are consistently in the top ten diagnoses for Maasai pastoralists, indicating a significant public health concern. Nevertheless, Maasai pastoralist adaptations to life in close proximity to livestock and...
Chapter
This volume comes at a time when there is a great need to take stock. With the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in November 2014 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which formed the blueprint for the majority of the world’s countries and development institutions coming to a close in 2015, it is an important time...
Book
Full-text available
This volume comes at a critical juncture, as global commitments transition from the Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals and the wider post-2015 development agenda is being discussed and debated. In these discussions, children and youth have been recognized as one of the nine major groups of civil society whose participatio...
Book
This volume comes at a critical juncture, as global commitments transition from the Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals and the wider post-2015 development agenda is being discussed and debated. In these discussions, children and youth have been recognized as one of the nine major groups of civil society whose participatio...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive global health issue affecting adolescents. We reviewed randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce physical, sexual, and psychological violence perpetration and victimization among adolescents. PUBMED, CINAHL, Science Direct, EMbase, PsychLIT, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane da...
Article
Full-text available
Biological markers are needed in order to provide objective measures to validate self-reported sexual behaviour and interpret prevention trial data. In this review, we evaluated herpes simplex type 2 virus (HSV-2), one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan Africa as a biological marker of sexual debut. Based on our fi...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of the study were to elicit the perceptions of young people in Tanzania on the role of fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that may influence young people's perceptions of HIV-prevention posters. A total of 10 focus groups were conducted to investigate the role of fear appeals using the exte...
Article
Full-text available
Parent-child sexuality communication has been identified as a protective factor for adolescent sexual and reproductive health, including HIV infection. The available literature on this topic in sub-Saharan Africa is increasing; however a systematic review of studies has not been conducted. This article reviews the literature in the area of parental...
Article
Full-text available
Developing interpersonal communication skills is a key component in HIV prevention. Understanding the contexts and content of communication about HIV and AIDS among young people is important for the development of effective programmes and interventions. The aim of this paper is to build on study findings suggesting that significant differences exis...
Article
Full-text available
Young people in sub-Saharan Africa constitute an important group for HIV prevention efforts. Determining their exposure to HIV/AIDS information and communication and their perceived credibility of information sources is imperative to the development of interventions. However, the majority of studies on this topic have been conducted among school-ba...
Article
To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania...
Article
Full-text available
Widespread adolescent dating violence (DV) in Sub-Saharan Africa calls for immediate action, particularly since it is linked to the spread of HIV/AIDS. This article presents prevalence and demographic correlates of DV among school students in Cape Town and Mankweng (South Africa) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). Data were derived from the baseline dat...
Article
Failure to recognize the importance of oral traditions in Africa and the potential of music and song for stimulating social and behavior change would represent a missed opportunity in HIV prevention strategies. Local narratives concerning AIDS are often utilized in popular songs and constitute rich sources of contextual information about the epidem...
Article
This paper investigates the reasons why young people in urban and rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania do not attend school, their socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception. A structured face-to-face interview was conducted with 1007 young people between the ages of 13 and 18. Findings suggest that non-attendance is the product o...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to investigate changes in primary school students' reported exposure to AIDS information and communication, and knowledge levels from 1992 to 2005. A repeated cross-sectional design was used. In 1992, a self-administered questionnaire was completed by 2,026 sixth and seventh grade students from 18 randomly selected primary schools...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The project aims to improve knowledge of dengue and vector control in students and their parents by inducing active student involvement in community vector control and monitoring and to facilitate improved teaching capabilities by training of teachers and optimizing the general public health curriculum. This will contribute to the long-term project objective to reduce dengue transmission and exposure to dengue risk factors in Myanmar.
Project
Project SHINE (Sanitation and Hygiene INnovation in Education), aims to equip and empower youth and communities to develop simple, low-cost, low-tech ways to improve sanitation and hygiene to reduce diarrheal incidence in rural and remote settings. Advocating the use of empowering and non-stigmatizing approaches to motivate behavior change, Project SHINE is an innovative, grassroots participatory science education and social entrepreneurship approach to engaging youth and communities in the development and evaluation of strategies to improve sanitation and hygiene in rural and remote settings. Objectives The SHINE intervention aims to achieve the following objectives: 1) improve knowledge, attitudes and practices among students related to sanitation and hygiene, as well as increase interest and motivation for science, and 2) engage secondary school students and the wider community in the development and evaluation of locally sustainable sanitation and hygiene prototypes and health promotion strategies to reduce parasitic infection.