Sheng-Hai Wu

Sheng-Hai Wu
National Chung Hsing University | NCHU · Department of Life Sciences

PhD

About

39
Publications
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952
Citations

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Ultrasonography is widely used to examine reproductive systems in chelonians. Previous studies have described how follicular size is associated with the reproductive stages of yellow-margined box turtles (YMBTs), but our understanding of follicular morphology remains limited. This study describes the different ultrasonographic appearances of preovu...
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The harvest mouse (Micromys minutus) is a small rodent species with a wide range of vertical distribution in Taiwan, extending from the sea level to 3100 m altitude. This species has recently suffered from habitat loss in high-altitude areas due to orchard cultivation, which may have resulted in mouse migration from high to low altitude. To investi...
Article
Dam removal has the potential to efficiently solve the problems caused by fragmented stream habitats but may simultaneously cause negative impacts on biotic communities. To conserve the critically endangered Formosan landlocked salmon (Oncorhynchus masou formosanus), a 15-m-tall check dam was partially removed from the Chichiawan Stream at the end...
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Kurixalus is a rhacophorid genus of tree frogs that are similar in morphology but vary in reproductive behavior. We investigated the cytogenetic features and genome size using conventional G-banding, C-banding and silver-stain-ing techniques, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and flow cytometry in two representatives of Kurixalus (K. eiffi...
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Two new species of rhacophorid tree frog were identified in Taiwan. In both new taxa, derived reproductive characteristics of laying eggs in tree holes and oophagous tadpoles are shared with Kurixalus eiffingeri, but they are divergent from each other in molecular genetics, mating calls, and tadpole and adult morphology. The morphological character...
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the estuary of Puzih River, in Chiayi County, Taiwan, was investigated based on quarterly sampling surveys in 2008. Fishes were sampled during four ebbing tides on two con-secutive days using fyke nets. A total of 1375 individuals weighting 19.2 kg were caught, belonging to 23 families and 37 species. The fish community was dominated by juvenile in...
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The tendency for organisms to be larger in cooler climates, the so-called Bergmann’s rule, has been widely observed in endotherms, but it is debatable in ectothermic anurans. Altitudinal variations in body size, age, and growth rate of the Sauter’s frog Rana sauteri were investigated with skeletochronology at six sites along the altitudinal gradien...
Article
Although co-amplification of polymorphic microsatellite markers is the current gold standard for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of single-gene disorders (SGD), this approach can be hampered by the lack of availability of informative markers. We recently (2011) devised a novel in-house assay for PGD of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase de...
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The yellow-marginated box turtle (Cuora flavomarginata) is critically endangered and very few studies have been performed to aid the conservation effort. This study reports the first complete analysis of blood parameters for this species and will provide a reference for future conservation studies. Hematology and biochemistry reference range values...
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Hypothesis: Individuals that diverge from their population's mean trophic niche suffer reduced survival. Organism: The Taiwan field mouse, Apodemus semotus, a common, small, omnivorous rodent. Field site: Pinus-Alnus-Quercus forest in central Taiwan (121°18E, 24°21N). Methods: We used capture-recapture data to measure the survival of individual Apo...
Article
1. River food webs rely on two major food sources: autochthonous primary production within the river and allochthonous organic matter transferred to the river. We characterised the consumer communities and assessed the food sources of dominant consumers along a subtropical mountainous river (the Lanyang River of north-eastern Taiwan) at the catchme...
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Many studies indicated that small mammals are important reservoirs for Bartonella species. Using molecular methods, several studies have documented that bats could harbor Bartonella. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of Bartonella spp. identified in bats and small mammals living in the same ecological environment. During May...
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Fetal chylothorax (FC) is a rare condition characterized by lymphocyte-rich pleural effusion. Although its pathogenesis remains elusive, it may involve inflammation, since there are increased concentrations of proinflammatory mediators in pleural fluids. Only a few hereditary lymphedema-associated gene loci, e.g. VEGFR3, ITGA9 and PTPN11, were dete...
Data
Full-text available
The ITGA9 genotypings for the mutation c.1210G>A, p.G404S in the familial members of the index case (Ind). (PDF)
Data
The results of genome-wide expression array submitted to Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/ ). (RAR)
Data
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The probe list of the customer ITGA9 Tiling chip (Agilent Customer Array, Changhua Christian Hospital, Taiwan) used in this study. (PDF)
Article
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Using the Ecopath approach and a network analysis, a mass-balance trophic model was constructed to analyze the structure and energy flows of a high-altitude subtropical headwater stream, Chichiawan Stream, the only habitat of the Critically Endangered Formosan landlocked salmon Oncorhynchus formosanus. Natural abundances of carbon and nitrogen isot...
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The objective was to apply a novel modification of a genome-wide, comparative cytogenetic technique (comparative genomic hybridization, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH)), to study species belonging to the myrmecophagous (ant/termite eating) mammalian orders/superorders (Pholidota, Tubulidentata, Carnivora, and Xenarthra), as a model for othe...
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Animals may build multiple structures to provide benefits to counter the costs of building. Many orb web spiders add multiple structures, e.g., barricading barrier webs and silk decorations, to their webs and these structures have been hypothesized to function to deter predators or attract prey. The heavily armored spiny spiders construct barrier w...
Data
Prey interception rates in (a) 2009 and (b) 2010. Comparing treatments using Wald’s test following negative binomial regression. Estimate of β ± SE are reported. Statistics Z = β/SE; * indicates significance.
Data
(a) The results of a binomial regression comparing the wasp approaching rates experienced by Thelacantha brevispina in webs with tuft decoration concealed (BW+/D−), barrier web removed (BW−/D−) or both structures intact (BW+/D+)*, and (b) Wasp approaching rates between treatments by using Wald’s test after a logistic regression. Estimate of β ± SE...
Article
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To develop a diagnostic platform for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and prenatal genetic diagnosis (PND) to prevent births of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADC) patients. Five Taiwanese families carrying AADC were enrolled. A novel technique, amplification refractory mutation system-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
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Constructed wetlands are often built for wastewater treatment to mitigate the adverse effects of organic pollution in streams and rivers caused by inputs of municipal wastewater. However, there has been little analysis of biodiversity and related factors influencing the ecosystem functioning of constructed wetlands. The purpose of this study was to...
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Rana sauteri Boulenger, 1969 and R. multiderticulata Chou & Lin, 1997 are two sister species of brown frogs in Taiwan. They are distinguishable by the number of labial tooth rows (LTR) of tadpoles. We investigated morphometric and genetic (mtDNA cyt b sequences) traits of 331 tadpoles of the two species and their putative hybrids from 32 locations...
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In practice, when analyzing data from a capture-recapture experiment it is tempting to apply modern advanced statistical methods to the observed capture histories. However, unless the analysis takes into account that the data have only been collected from individuals who have been captured at least once, the results may be biased. Without the devel...
Article
Amelogenin (AMEL) is a conserved gene located on the sex chromosomes of mammals. It is involved in the formation of enamel, which is the hard, white material that forms the protective outer layer of each tooth. In this study, we first cloned and determined the intron sequences of the goat AMELX and AMELY genes from female and male ear tissues. The...
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Rats are used extensively in abdominal disease research. To monitor disease progress in vivo, high-frequency ultrasound (HFU) can be a powerful tool for obtaining high-resolution images of biological tissues. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the correlation between rat anatomy and corresponding HFU images. Twenty-four adult male Spragu...
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The systematic status of Pholidota has been a matter of debate, particularly regarding the apparent inconsistency between morphological and molecular studies. The Sry gene, a master regulator of male sex determination in eutherian mammals, has not yet been used for phylogenetic analyses of extant mammals. The objective of the present study was to c...
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The Chelonia face an extinction crisis, particularly in Asia: unsustainable harvests, and habitat fragmentation and loss accompanying rapid urbanization and land development all pose threats to turtles. These threats are particularly acute for those species with a high commercial value such as the yellow-margined box turtle Cuora flavomarginata. Be...
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One of the predicted biological responses to climate warming is the upslope displacement of species distributions. In the tropics, because montane assemblages frequently include local endemics that are distributed close to summits, these species may be especially vulnerable to experiencing complete habitat loss from warming. However, there is curre...
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Chinese species of the genus Niviventer, predominantly distributed in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and in Taiwan, are a diverse group and have not yet received a thorough molecular phylogenetic analysis. Here, we reconstructed the phylogenetic relationships of 32 specimens representing nine Chinese species of Niviventer, based on sequences of t...
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Sheng-Hai Wu, Ming Chen, Shih-Chien Chin, Dong-Jay Lee, Pao-Yin Wen, Li-Wen Chen, Bao-Tyan Wang, and Hon-Tsen Yu (2007) Cytogenetic analysis of the Formosan pangolin, Manis pentadactyla pen- tadactyla (Mammalia: Pholidota) Zoological Studies 46(4): 389-396. We analyzed the karyotypes of the Formosan pangolin, Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla, a subs...
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Ronald A. Nussbaum and Sheng-Hai Wu (2007) Morphological assessments and phylogenetic relationships of the Seychellean frogs of the family Sooglossidae (Amphibia: Anura). Zoological Studies 46(3): 322-335. The frog family Sooglossidae is endemic to the Seychelles Is. in the Indian Ocean, and consists of 2 genera and 4 species, the monotypic Nesoman...
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In this study, the situation with imported aquatic invertebrates via the live aquarium ornamental trade in Taiwan was investigated from March 2004 to February 2005. The scientific names, native geographic regions, amount, and trade pathways of imported invertebrates were recorded. Among the 108 imported invertebrate species recorded in this survey,...
Article
The endemic Seychelles treefrog, Tachycnemis seychellensis (Duméril & Bibron), is restricted to four of the granitic islands of the Seychelles: La Digue, Mahe, Praslin and Silhouette. Megalixalus infrarufus Gunther 1869 is a junior synonym of Eucnemis (Tachycnemis) seychellensis Dumeril Bibron, 1841. Significant variation in colour and morphometric...
Article
Specimens of Microhyla inornata were collected at the southern tip of Taiwan. Descriptions of adults and tadpoles are presented. We show that the separation of different color morphs of the species into subspecies is probably inappropriate. Tadpoles of M. inornata can be distinguished from M. ornata in mouth morphology, tail shape, and pigmentation...

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