Shelia Kennison

Shelia Kennison
Oklahoma State University - Stillwater | Oklahoma State · Department of Psychology

Ph.D. (UMass, Amherst)
So many projects not enough time

About

207
Publications
182,876
Reads
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1,406
Citations
Citations since 2017
86 Research Items
636 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Introduction
Professor Psychology at Oklahoma State University Research Interests: Cognitive science, broadly defined to include cognitive neuroscience, language, bilingualism, and social cognition
Additional affiliations
August 2000 - present
September 1996 - June 2000
University of Oklahoma
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 1996 - August 2000
University of Oklahoma

Publications

Publications (207)
Book
Full-text available
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic of language development, taking a perspective that covers the period before birth through old age. There are between 4,000 and 6,000 languages remaining in the world. The characteristics of these languages vary widely. An infant born today could master any language in the world, regardles...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated the relationships among cursing, risk-taking (i.e., drinking, smoking, using illegal drugs, and engaging in risky sexual behavior), and personality variables that have been shown to be related to risk-taking (i.e., sensation-seeking and Big-Five personality factors). In a study with 360 participants, the results showed tha...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated how readers comprehended reflexive pronoun anaphors (e.g., himself or herself) that occurred in the same sentence with an antecedent that was modified by a genitive NP. Prior research suggested that during the search for an antecedent, readers consider only those preceding discourse entities that are prominent in the disco...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigated analogical transfer during problem solving by bilinguals. In a study with 50 Spanish-English bilinguals, participants solved a target problem, whose solution was similar to that of a preceding source problem. The source problem was always presented in the second language (L2); the target problem was always presente...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims Echolalia, the repetition of one's or others’ utterances, is a behavior present in typical development, autism spectrum disorder, aphasias, Tourette's, and other clinical groups. Despite the broad range of conditions in which echolalia can occur, it is considered primarily through a disorder-specific lens, which limits a full unde...
Article
This article provides a systematic review of research related to Human–Computer Interaction techniques supporting training and learning in various domains including medicine, healthcare, and engineering. The focus is on HCI techniques involving Extended Reality (XR) technology which encompasses Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, and Mixed Reality....
Article
Full-text available
Prior research has shown that more resilient individuals report higher levels of happiness. Other research also shows that those who use positive humor styles (i.e., self-enhancing and affiliative) more often and use negative humor styles (i.e., aggressive and self-defeating) less often report higher levels of happiness. Resilience research has cha...
Chapter
In this paper, HCI-based design criteria focusing on managing the cognitive load of users during their interaction with Virtual Reality (VR) based training environments are presented. The design criteria explored in the paper help lay a foundation for the creation of Human Centric VR environments to train users in two healthcare domains. The first...
Preprint
Prior research has examined whether person-specific characteristics, such as personality traits, can be identified through analysis of social media posts (e.g., blogs, Facebook, and Twitter). Few studies have examined the extent to which risk-taking propensity can be predicted using language used on social media. The present research examined how w...
Article
Full-text available
People have many accounts and usually need to create a password for each. They tend to create insecure passwords and re-use passwords, which can lead to compromised data. This research examines if there is a link between personality type and password security among a variety of participants in two groups of participants: SONA and MTurk. Each partic...
Article
Full-text available
The current study investigates the influence of L2 English learners’ belief about their interlocutor’s English proficiency on phonetic accommodation and explores whether interaction-induced phonetic convergence could improve L2 English learners’ vowel pronunciation. Results from two experiments show that when the subjects believed that their interl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using weak passwords and re-using passwords can make one vulnerable to cybersecurity breaches. Cybersecurity experts recommend the adoption of password managers (PMs), as they generate and store strong passwords for all accounts. Prior research has shown that few people adopt PMs. Our research examined PM adoption in a sample of 221 undergraduates...
Poster
Full-text available
This research investigated the suggestion from prior research that language and emojis use on Twitter can predict users’ personality and gender. We analyzed tweets from 74 accounts belonging to undergraduates (22 men, 52 women) using Word usage was analyzed using Pennebaker et al.’s (2007) LIWC. In a survey, participants completed a measure for big...
Poster
Full-text available
Cybersecurity breaches can occur when one uses an easily hacked password. We investigated whether personality-based nudging messages could nudge people to create stronger passwords. We modeled our study on prior research in which personality-based messages led to health-related behavior change. Research testing the effectiveness of nudges on passwo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Contrast the behaviorist, nativist, and statistical learning views of how children acquire language.  Explain whether projects focused on teaching non-human animals ASL and other human-like communication systems support the view that language is a special human ability with biological origins.  Understand how the brain is involved in controlling...
Preprint
Full-text available
The chapter is the first in a textbook on cognitive science, which is in preparation. Feedback is welcome.
Article
Full-text available
The use of strong passwords is viewed as a recommended cybersecurity practice, as the hacking of weak passwords led to major cybersecurity breaches. The present research investigated whether nudging with messages based on participants’ self-schemas could lead them to create stronger passwords. We modeled our study on prior health-related research d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prior research has shown that more resilient individuals report higher levels of happiness. Other research also shows that those who use positive humor styles (i.e., self-enhancing and affiliative) more often and use negative humor styles (i.e., aggressive and self-defeating) less often report higher levels of happiness. Resilience research has cha...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Parenting behaviors in early development are associated with risk-taking behaviors in emerging adulthood. Risky behaviors are also shown to be associated with cortisol response to stressors. This study examined the moderating effect of neuroendocrine response to stressors on the link between parenting behaviors in early development and ri...
Article
Full-text available
People often create passwords for their accounts that are insecure. An insecure password is often easy to guess– thus, hackers can easily access their victims’ accounts. It is important for users to know how to create and manage secure passwords so they can better protect themselves from hackers. It is well-known that different users have different...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigated the relationships among symptoms associated with attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), perceived stress, and resilience in college students. In our study of 558 college students (175 men, 383 women), we confirmed the hypothesis that the relationship between ADHD symptoms and perceived stress is mediated by prot...
Preprint
Full-text available
The use of strong passwords is viewed as a recommended cybersecurity practice, as the hacking of weak passwords led to major cybersecurity breaches. The present research investigated whether nudging with messages based on participants’ self-schemas could lead them to create stronger passwords. We modeled our study on prior health-related research d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is a large literature on the cognitive neuroscience on humor processing (See Kennison, 2020 for review). The presentation will provide an overview of the cutting-edge brain imaging research documenting what brain activity during humor processing. Research studies employ a variety of methodologies, including case studies of individuals with br...
Article
Full-text available
Resilience researchers have shown that positive relationships function as protective factors, offsetting the negative effects of adverse life experiences. Relationships with parents may be among the most important protective factors of resilience in the development of children. Few studies have examined the extent to which childhood relationships w...
Poster
Full-text available
Participants. There were 233 participants (168 female, 66 men, 1 did not to specify) ranging in age from 19 to 75 years (mean = 23.14 yrs, SD = 10.27 yrs). Sixty-nine reported having no musical training. 90 reported having 1-to-8 years of musical training, 54 had 9-to-12 years, 13 had 13-to-19 years, 8 had 20+ years, and 2 preferred not to respond....
Poster
Full-text available
Amazon’s Mechanical Turk is a popular method of collecting survey data in psychology. The quality of MTurk data has been questioned, because data may be provided by bots or by individuals using technology to get around location restrictions and restrictions on multiple responding. In the present research, we aimed to identify best practices for dis...
Poster
Full-text available
The use of weak passwords has been a factor in cybersecurity breaches around the world. Our research investigated whether individual differences in personality traits are related to password-related behaviors and whether personality-based cybersecurity messages could influence participants’ password characteristics. We modeled our study on prior he...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals' use of insecure cybersecurity behaviors, including the use of weak passwords, is a leading contributor to cybersecurity breaches. While training individuals on best practices in cybersecurity continues to be implemented, prior research has found that training people in the use of secure passwords has not proven to be effective. Develop...
Preprint
Full-text available
Resilience researchers have shown that positive relationships function as protective factors, offsetting the negative effects of adverse life experiences. Relationships with parents may be among the most important protective factors of resilience in the development of children. Few studies have examined the extent to which childhood relationships w...
Preprint
div>Adversity is a pervasive feature of human life, often contributing to poor physical and mental health outcomes. While social support can buffer against the negative consequences associated with stressful life events, the conditions under which people seek to establish potentially protective social ties with others in times of distress require...
Preprint
div>Adversity is a pervasive feature of human life, often contributing to poor physical and mental health outcomes. While social support can buffer against the negative consequences associated with stressful life events, the conditions under which people seek to establish potentially protective social ties with others in times of distress require...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation provides an overview of how students can make their first academic curriculum vitae (CV).
Article
Full-text available
Separate lines of research have shown that a) relationships with parents in early life influence attachment and b) there is a relationship between attachment and levels of ageism in adulthood. We tested the hypothesis that parent-child relationships during childhood would be related to ageism in young adults either directly or mediated by attachmen...
Book
Full-text available
The goal of this book is to provide an overview of the growing research on the cognitive and neural processes involved in humor. The book has been written for those with a background in psychology with some knowledge of the organization and functioning of the brain. https://www.apa.org/pubs/books/cognitive-neuroscience-humor
Preprint
Full-text available
Accepted in Journal of College Counseling The research investigated the relationships among symptoms associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stress, and resilience in college students. In our study with 558 college students (175 males, 383 females), we confirmed the hypothesis that the relationship between ADHD symptoms an...
Article
Full-text available
The nature of semantic representations of plural nouns has been a subject of debates in the literature. The present research investigated the extent to which there are differences in the processing of plural versus single noun descriptions (e.g., the large chairs vs. the large chair). In two reading experiments, we tested whether plural (versus sin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Individuals’ use of insecure cybersecurity behaviors, including the use of weak passwords, is a leading contributor to cybersecurity breaches. While training individuals on best practices in cybersecurity continues to be implemented, prior research has found that training people in the use of secure passwords has not proven to be effective. Develop...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines psycholinguistic structure of autobiographical and traumatic narratives representing positive emotional and stressful traumatic life events. The research applied the cross sectional, between subjects design utilizing the independent variables of external agent they, space and time and dependent variable of word number in traumat...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was designed to understand how differences in parenting styles between single mothers and single fathers influenced the factors related to child risk-taking behaviors. The results showed that mothers’ higher level of authoritarian parenting style was related to higher levels of risk-taking for both daughters and sons. In contrast,...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated the view that using humor can be a form of social risk-taking, as the attempt at humor may not always be viewed positively by others. Prior research has shown that individuals’ levels of sensation-seeking, a personality variable related to risk-taking, was related to humor appreciation. Other research has shown that sensat...
Book
Full-text available
The Psychology of Language delivers a broad coverage of topics in psychology, cognition and linguistics, using the most up-to-date examples of research, theoretical perspectives and examples of languages spoken around the world, to provide the reader with an introductory text to the field of psycholinguistics. If you are considering this book for...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines psycholinguistic structure of autobiographical and traumatic narratives representing positive emotional and stressful traumatic life events. The research applied the cross sectional, between subjects design utilizing the independent variables of external agent they, space and time and dependent variable of word number in traumat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Discovering Yourself in Psychology is a work in progress. It is a free textbook suitable to introduce readers to psychology, the academic discipline. Chapter 2 discusses methods used in psychology research.
Chapter
Full-text available
Discovering Yourself in Psychology is a work in progress. It is a free textbook suitable to introduce readers to psychology, the academic discipline. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the topic.
Article
Full-text available
Prior research studies have shown that lower levels of attachment in young adults predict higher levels of ageism and that attachment is related to childhood relationships with parents. The present study investigated the role of parent-child relationships during childhood, attachment, and ageism in young adults. The results of multiple regression a...
Article
Full-text available
Physiological attunement between mothers and infants is emerging as an important indicator of infant information processing, emotion regulation, and health outcomes. Far less understood is the role of paternal support and maternal satisfaction with her partner in facilitating the mother-infant biorhythm. This exploratory study evaluated the impact...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated the extent to which individual differences among readers are related to how discourses containing novel, gender-stereotyped metaphors are comprehended. Most prior research has focused on documenting that information about gender stereotypes can influence processing of individual words (e.g., nouns and pronouns). Relatively...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the biblical times of Cain and Abel there have been noted differences between individuals from both within and outside of a family unit due to their birth position. Professionals have likened differences between siblings to Darwin’s theory evolution because they believe that individuals will try to differentiate themselves from siblings to ob...
Book
Full-text available
The edited volume presents 16 research articles that report studies investigating language processing across languages. As the majority of language processing research has been conducted in English, the volume may shed light on the universality vs. language specific nature of processing strategies.
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated whether a bilinguals’ second language (L2) is activated during a task involving only the first language (L1). We tested the hypothesis that the amount of L2 interference can vary across settings, with less interference occurring in testing locations where L2 is rarely used. In Experiment 1, we compared language processing...
Article
The present research investigated the extent to which there are hemispheric differences in the processing of words learned early in childhood versus later in childhood. Event-related potential (ERP) recording from 34 right-handed participants while they performed lexical decisions for words presented either to the right visual field/left hemisphere...
Article
Full-text available
The research explored EFL learners’ knowledge and use of gender stereotypes of common English nouns (e.g., doctor and nurse). In the study, we compared how EFL learners living in Saudi Arabia and native English speakers rated 24 nouns that can be used to refer to either males or females and how they interpreted sentences containing the gender-speci...
Article
Full-text available
The present research explored the possibility that individual differences in talking enjoyment may play a role in human reproduction, such as mate advertising in humans. Prior research on talking has tended to focus on sex differences in the amount of talking. We present a new self-report measure to assess individual differences in talking enjoymen...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated how mothers’ parenting behaviors and personal characteristics were related to risk-taking by young children. We tested contrasting predictions from evolutionary and social role theories with the former predicting higher risk-taking by boys than girls and the latter predicting that mothers would influence children’s gender role devel...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research has shown that face-to-face communications that involve excessive focus on problems and negative aspects of situations are related to higher stress. This type of communication has been called co-rumination (Rose, 2002). We hypothesized that co-rumination can also occur in communications carried out on Facebook. We report a study invo...
Poster
Full-text available
Conference poster discussing results of research study indicating relationship between parenting style and maternal gender with child risk-taking behaviors and how results can be translated into a classroom setting.
Article
Full-text available
The research tested the hypothesis that childhood relationships with parents were related to risk-taking by young adults. Prior research has shown that risk-taking by young children is related to their interactions with mothers and fathers. Few studies have examined how family relationships during childhood are related to risk-taking by young adult...
Article
Full-text available
Current evolutionary theories regarding the nature of hormonal responses to a variety of salient social stimuli are incomplete in yielding evidentiary support for their assertions. This study offers more nuanced evidence for the Tend-and-Befriend model of sex differences in responses to social stimuli. Participants were randomly assigned to a morta...
Article
Full-text available
The research extended prior research that showed that young adults’ relationships with older adults during childhood was related to lower levels of ageist beliefs and lower levels of risk-taking in daily life. The present study investigated whether young adults’ ageism and risk-taking would be related to their relationships with older adults in chi...
Article
Full-text available
The research investigated the relationship between family dynamics and the beliefs about the benefits of talking to infants. Prior research has shown that language development is enhanced by verbal interaction with others. We tested two hypotheses: a) men may view talking to infants as less beneficial than women and b) one’s relationships with pare...

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