Sheila Slaughter

Sheila Slaughter
University of Georgia | UGA

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86
Publications
24,649
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9,276
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
4285 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Background/context A growing body of evidence indicates that trustees link the boards of research universities to organizations in other fields. It is less clear whether these board characteristics indicate distinct university contexts with which particular activities would be associated. Research questions We ask three questions. The first two ar...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the importance of trustees as leaders in US higher education institutions, our knowledge and understanding of their behavior is limited. This is increasingly problematic as trustees engage more directly with institutions as institutional boundaries have become more porous. We utilize social network analysis and document analysis of exchange...
Article
Research on academic capitalism often maps changing conditions in which faculty work occurs without explaining the mechanisms by which change occurs. We use Fligstein and McAdam's theory of fields to posit that the changing conditions in which humanities faculty members work reflect activities in overlapping (the academic profession more generally)...
Article
Trustees span the boundaries between universities and their environments, and therefore may connect universities to other organizations. We use social networks and latent profile analyses to chart changes in the affiliations that trustees of AAU member universities maintained with other organizations from 1975 through 2015. Results identify a well-...
Chapter
Full-text available
My childhood was idyllic. I grew up in a suburb just over the Chicago line, and lived a Father Knows Best sort of life, although Mom didn’t wear heels when she vacuumed. Nor did she ever talk about politics. In contrast, my father was an outspoken Goldwater Republican. Nonetheless, Dad saved us from1950s conformity. He had grown up on a cattle ranc...
Article
The point of departure of this article is Fligstein and McAdam’s A Theory of Fields. It is argued that their theoretical framework would be strengthened by a more systematic focus in social mechanism-based explanations since this would increase understanding of how new strategic action fields (SAFs) emerge. This argument is illustrated by exploring...
Article
Research often considers vertical stratification between U.S. higher education institutions. Yet differences also exist within higher education institutions, which we term “organizational segmentation.” We understand organizational segmentation as a consequence of the external “prestige economy,” which favors research revenues from high-resource sc...
Article
We conceptualize colleges and universities as embedded in quasi-markets, meaning competitive sites created by policy, that disfavor the humanities. We therefore posit that increased revenues from a quasi-market predict institutional de-emphasis of the humanities. Results indicate that private colleges and universities follow this pattern while publ...
Article
Full-text available
Research often considers vertical stratification between U.S. higher education institutions. Yet differences also exist within higher education institutions, which we term “organizational segmentation.” We understand organizational segmentation as a consequence of the external “prestige economy,” which favors research revenues from high-resource sc...
Chapter
Research universities in the US exist in a “prestige economy,” meaning a field that is stratified both by status and by financial resources. University patenting, which promises revenues through the commodification of research discoveries and also signals status, offers a useful lens through which to understand the prestige economy. Analyses of pat...
Chapter
Rapid changes in tertiary education began to gather force in the 1990s. These changes have proven complex and heterogeneous, with substantial variation by national system illustrated by the various chapters in this volume. Nonetheless, these changes share a general tendency toward less direct regulation/provision of education. In place of central c...
Chapter
Using data from an NSF-supported project, this study examines how Association of American Universities (AAU) trustees connect research universities to the knowledge economy, the types of corporations to which they connect universities, and the density of these connections. Using internet-based research, we also examine what is exchanged between uni...
Chapter
This chapter examines how changing field conditions for US private research universities relate to stratification and accumulation of economic and cultural capital at a handful of elite institutions. We used latent profile analysis to identify and describe subgroups of institutions by endowment holdings and enrollment demand, and drew on descriptiv...
Research
Full-text available
Conference paper presented in the 28th annual conference of higher education researchers (CHER). Lisbon, Portugal. Sep 7-9, 2015.
Chapter
This chapter looks to discuss what different capitalisms (i.e., neoliberal capitalism as in the USA, state-regulated capitalism as in some European countries, state-led capitalism as in China) mean for higher education markets and the race to achieve world-class university status. After a general introduction to different forms of capitalism and th...
Article
We examined the potential for institutional conflict of interest between the 26 private universities belonging to the Association of American Universities and the corporations to which they are tied through their boards of trustees. We were interested in the degree to which interlocks may have tightened over three points across an 11-year period (1...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the potential for institutional conflict of interest between the 26 private universities belonging to the Association of American Universities and the corporations to which they are tied through their boards of trustees. We were interested in the degree to which interlocks may have tightened over three points across an 11-year period (1...
Article
We conceptualize colleges and universities as embedded in quasi-markets, meaning competitive sites created by policy, that disfavor the humanities. We therefore posit that increased revenues from a quasi-market predict institutional de-emphasis of the humanities. Results indicate that private colleges and universities follow this pattern while publ...
Article
Full-text available
Policy makers in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU) see “autonomous” research universities as increasingly central to “world class” status, technology development and economic innovation. Trustees or regents (US) and external board members (EU) are seen as a marker of university autonomy. Examining university trustees may shed some...
Article
The theory of academic capitalism is used to explore US and EU marketization trajectories. Comparisons are made along the following dimensions: creation and expansion of intermediating organizations external to universities that promote closer relations between universities and markets; interstitial organizations that emerge from within universitie...
Article
Gaye Tuchman studies a research university that is aspiring to elite status but is not quite there yet. She began studying Wannabe in 2003, concentrating on professors in four troubled social science departments, then shifted to a more ethnographic approach, focusing on the "transformation" of Wannabe through participant observation techniques that...
Chapter
Sheila Slaughter is the Louise McBee professor of higher education at the Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Among her best-known works are Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies and the Entreprenerial University (with Larry L. Leslie), Johns Hopkins University Press (1997), and Academic Capitalism and the New Econom...
Article
This study is based on analysis of copyright policies and 26 interviews with science and engineering faculty at three research universities on the topic of copyright beliefs, values, and practices, with emphasis on copyright of instructional materials, courseware, tools, and texts. Given that research universities now emphasize increasing external...
Article
Full-text available
Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy 2009 This presentation was part of the session : Organizations of Science and Innovation This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this infor...
Article
Full-text available
RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES RECEIVE INCREASING amounts of income from intellectual property, which makes institutional conflict of interest (ICOI) policies increasingly important. We analyzed the content and scope of ICOI policies at 60 research universities in the U.S. Association of American Universities. In particular, we focused on the following cate...
Article
Full-text available
As colleges and universities become more entrepreneurial in a post-industrial economy, they focus on knowledge less as a public good than as a commodity to be capitalized on in profit-oriented activities. In "Academic Capitalism and the New Economy," higher education scholars Sheila Slaughter and Gary Rhoades detail the aggressive engagement of U.S...
Article
This paper introduces the emergent role of the state-sponsored student entrepreneur within the academic capitalist knowledge/learning regime. Drawing on two clarifying cases of such entrepreneurship, the study explores the shifting boundaries between public and private sectors, the creation of new circuits of knowledge, and the entrepreneurial lear...
Article
This edited volume covers a range of topics related to privatization and commercialization—tuition increases, patents and royalties, philanthropy, auxiliary and business function, enterprise systems, and e-learning. The authors do not engage in new research on these topics. For the most part, they draw on previous work, in many cases work they them...
Article
Full-text available
This study empirically examines the changing nature of linkages between 20 of the United States's most productive research universities and the corporate world by comparing the number and nature of simultaneous memberships on the boards of trustees of these institutions and the boards of directors of some of the nation's largest corporate entities...
Article
Denial of the academic freedom necessary for participation in academic governance generally reflects lack of institutional recognition of faculty professionalism.
Article
This article analyzes the National Science Study produced by the Republican-dominated U.S. Congress in the mid-1990s to see if the priorities of S&T policy were changing, if state agencies were being reorganized to achieve new priorities, and if universities were expected to work closely with industry in reconfigured agencies. Also analyzed was the...
Article
Closer university-market relations are evidenced in increased university patenting, the formation of start-up companies, and partnerships with industry. They are part of a state and policy effort to link science and engineering to the market, thereby developing new technologies, stimulating economic growth, and creating new jobs. Yet the blurring o...
Article
In this chapter, we argue that, in the United States, an academic public good knowledge regime is shifting to an academic capitalist knowledge regime. The public good knowledge regime was characterised by valuing knowledge as a public good to which the citizenry has claims. Mertonian norms — such as communalism, universality, the free flow of knowl...
Article
This commentary on K.D. Pimple’s “Six Domains of Research Ethics”, focuses on the area of institutional integrity and looks at “relationships between researchers, their sponsoring institutions, funding agencies, and the government,” considering the implications of institutional demands and support for research, and, in turn, demands and support on...
Article
This study analyzes interview data from 37 science and engineering faculty involved in university-industry relations. Faculty are particularly concerned about how these relations affect their work with graduate students. Our analysis is guided by ritual exchange theory and network theory. First, we explore the ways faculty define and redefine what...
Article
Two major models of resource allocation were tested to determine which best explained allocation of state dollars. Using multiple regression, we showed that departments characterized by (male), full-time faculty, graduate degrees, and grants and contracts tend to be more highly resourced than those characterized by (female) faculty, high (female) a...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses a new program for collaborative study of information technology, commercialization intellectual property and transformations of education research practives in universities. Three themes define the program. First, the authors investigate the ways that information technologies shape content, organization, and delivery of facul...
Article
This article explores the ways we might use modern and post modern theoryto examine problems in comparative higher education. The problems orobjects of study on which comparative higher education currently focusesare problematized and interrogated. The implications of several versionsof globalization theory for comparative higher education are expl...
Article
This study explored possible tensions between faculty and administrators that may impede partnerships between academe and industry. Using theories of professionalization, the research provided empirical evidence of a likely struggle for control between collaborative faculty and administrators in the areas of intellectual property, disclosure, and c...
Article
This article examines changes in federal student aid policy and federal research and development policy over the past twenty years and argues that policy changes in both arenas have converged on Research I universities, making them exemplars of Reaganomics, marked by privatization, deregulation, and commercialization. Reviewing national revenue and...
Article
Market forces are powerful in U.S. postsecondary education. Such forces were employed when the first postsecondary institutions were established in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and many present day forms can be traced to these early beginnings. Over recent years public university revenue shares in block-grants from state governments ha...
Article
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Article
In this paper I briefly consider what I see as the standard conceptions of curricular formation in us post-secondary education: demographic faculty and institutional responses to changes in student populations ; faculty as professional and scholarly actors who shape curricula according to the logic of their fields or disciplines; faculty and instit...
Article
This article describes the emerging bipartisan political coalition supporting commercial competitiveness as a rationale for research and development (R&D), points to selected changes in legal and funding structures in the 1980s that stem from the success of the new political coalition and suggests some of the connections between these changes and a...
Article
In this paper, we look at the way the state has helped shape the climate for the commercialization of science in a public university, and at how this has shaped the terms of professional labor for faculty. We examine patent policies of a public research university and of its Board of Regents, and the relevant state statutes from 1969–1989. Policies...
Article
Between 1980 and 1985 representatives of academic science changed their policy positions, moving from veneration of basic Or fundamental research to Promotion of entrepreneurial science. This change is examined through research university presidents' testimony before the U.S. Congress. The presidents' move from ''fruits of research'' narratives tha...
Article
Data from AAUP retrenchment cases reported from 1980-90 show that resources were not simply being cut back but being reallocated within the university and that new resources were being concentrated on already resource-rich areas. Faculty in fields able to position themselves close to the market and locate themselves in broad political discourse on...
Chapter
At the outset it is necessary to clarify what is meant by economic development as it relates to higher education. Currently, when community leaders speak of economic development in relation to higher education, they seem to have a fairly limited, investment as opposed to consumption, benefit in mind.1Their attention appears drawn exclusively, or ne...
Article
This case study analyzes the negotiation of university policies regarding technology transfer at one public Research I university. Drawing on and modifying institutional theory and reproduction-resistance theory, it explores the process by which organizational policies concerning faculty property rights are defined. Through participant observation...
Chapter
During the past century, women in most countries of the world have gained at least some access to higher education. As was the case with suffrage and the ability to hold property, access to higher education was a right that was essential if women were to gain some independence vis a vis men. Indeed, higher education was often thought to be the mech...
Article
This article reviews the changing environment in which academic freedom is practiced and examines the new challenges confronting it: retrenchment and the crisis in state funding, the emerging agenda for national reform and accountability, the politicalization of expertise, and the rise of new research funding patterns that emphasize government-univ...
Article
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This paper attempts to place the fiscal problems faced by higher education in a broad political economic context so strategies for coping with declining resources can be better evaluated. At the national level, fiscal crisis theories are used to examine broad changes in higher education spending patterns. At the state level, theories of regional va...
Article
In this article, it is argued that academic managers in state bureaucracies and universities are changing their expectations of faculty role. Such changes are generally justified as a necessary response to the fiscal crisis faced in many states. The nature and degree of these changing expectations are assessed through analysis of the goals and obje...
Article
Retrenchment is explored using theories of fiscal crisis and state economic variation to interpret state and federal funding patterns for public research universities. The State University of New York at Buffalo and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University illustrate the impact of government spending patterns. (Author/MLW)
Article
This article compares the development of social science disciplines at the turn of the century with the development of higher education studies today. The social sciences used service to groups outside the academy to build recognition and legitimacy for their fields within the university. Current opportunities for higher education specialists to bu...
Article
This study measures all the marginal direct and indirect costs of an affirmative action/equal employment opportunity (AA/EEO) program at a single institution through cost analysis procedures identifying cost generating variables in three categories: personnel, operating expenses, and capital outlay replacement value. Costs were weighed against bene...
Article
The problem with professionalization theory is that it stops where we think it should begin. In the case of the new social scientists, we have argued that their need for massive resources opened them to collaborative cooptation by resource controllers. The two central principles to be drawn from our analysis are that during a crisis of ideology int...
Article
This paper examines the way "corresponding rights and duties" surrounding academic freedom were negotiated between professional associations and organizations of university managers and trustees. The subject is approached through an analysis of the American Association of University Professors' (AAUP) major documents on academic freedom. In general...

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