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Sheikh Mohd Saleem

Sheikh Mohd Saleem
Unicef India · Health

M.D (Community Medicine/Public Health) (Public Health Medicine and Epidemiology) (CC M&E)
Working in & for support of HIV/AIDS programme & research. Academic Editor (Editorial board) @PloS One journal

About

169
Publications
315,414
Reads
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851
Citations
Citations since 2017
163 Research Items
849 Citations
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Introduction
Dr Saleem is a public health expert from the University of Kashmir, India. His research interests are based on his passion for how the community and health shape each other. He has been exploring this phenomenon from different perspectives in both his research and other practices. Dr Sheikh does research in Public Health Innovation, Policymaking, Epidemiology and International and Humanitarian Medicine, Mental health, Humanitarian Crisis etc.

Publications

Publications (169)
Article
Original ArticleBackground: A series of measures have been suggested to reduce Covid-19 infection, including knowledge training for prevention and control, isolation, disinfection, classified protections at different degrees in infection areas, and protection of confirmed cases. Objectives: We conducted this study with an aim to assess the knowledg...
Article
The mental health burden in Kashmir and the scarce and poor mental health services available need to be addressed in the context of wider social and economic paradigms. We believe there is dire need for a collaboration between mental health experts in India and Pakistan for an organised response to the mental health crisis.
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A multinational alliance between current rulers, neighbouring governments, and non-governmental organisations, is imperative to avoid vicious cycles of trauma and violence. There are understandable reasons that high-income countries and multilateral organisations are reluctant to work with the new regime of Afghanistan—its legality is doubtful and...
Article
SUD is a widespread non-communicable disease (NCD) with biological, social, or psychological foundations which policymakers have given less attention during the COVID-19 pandemic. People with alcohol dependence went into withdrawal as a result of the lockdown and acute lack of alcohol availability, which led to black marketing and, in extreme case...
Article
Background: The fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015-2016) measured blood pressure for the first time and provided a unique opportunity of exploring trends in hypertension prevalence across states and districts for the first time. Aim: This study will be the first in India to estimate the geospatial variation of hypertension among...
Preprint
Background: Domestic violence (DV) is widespread, deeply ingrained and severely impacts health; its increasing rates during the COVID 19 pandemic put it in a growing concern. Aim and objective: The objective of this paper is to review the scenario of domestic violence globally during the COVID 19 pandemic, its prevalence, factors, impact, and recom...
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Full-text available
Background: The fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015–2016) measured blood pressure for the first time and provided a unique opportunity of exploring trends in hypertension prevalence across states and districts for the first time. Aim: This study will be the first in India to estimate the geospatial variation of hypertension among th...
Article
Full-text available
With the sharp rise in dengue cases across the state and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial to pay attention to the common misbelieves among the population about dengue. It should be considered to actively spread awareness about the disease to bust the common myths associated with it. A few common myths include that it is a contagious dis...
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Introduction: Digital eye strain, which is often ignored by the public, has emerged as a “Shadow Pandemic” in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim: The current paper is aimed at discussing the ill effect of digital screens on eyes in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: A literature search was done using “PubMed,” “Google scholar”, and...
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COVID-19 was accompanied with the increasing broadcast of fake news, misinformation and excessive information via social media platforms. This phenomenon has been termed "infodemic", to describe an overwhelming amount of mostly fake, false or inaccurate information which spreads rapidly and impacts negatively on achieving a solution. It would there...
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In December 2019, an unusual form of pneumonia of unknown origin was identified in Wuhan and soon expanded into an intercontinental pandemic that affected nations all over the world. The unusual pneumonia was subsequently named COVID-19. The management of COVID-19 disease has been highly dependent on the early identification of patients who are pos...
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Chronic illnesses linked to diet, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, have become a serious concern for the current health‑care system. Approximately 39.5 million people worldwide died of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in 2016, including 17.6 million from cardiovascular disease and 8.9 million from cancer. Over the past decade, w...
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Patients with neurocysticercosis, a common infection of the central nervous system caused by Taenia solium, have been reported to develop neuropsychiatric complications. We report a unique case of recurrent psychosis caused by neurocysticercosis in a 37-year-old El Salvador immigrant woman and discuss the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of...
Article
The Libyan mental health system has long been seen as inefficient and insufficient for the demands of the country. Thousands of Libyans require mental health therapy now more than ever before. Libya's Ministry of Health has worked to improve access to mental health services. Despite international assistance, Libya continues to face issues due to st...
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Advances and change are inevitable in the health care sector, leading to the promotion and encouragement in medicine and research. Trainees are an excellent resource for evolution because they volunteer at all levels of research and have sufficient clinical experience. Therefore, we will discuss the role of medical trainees as agents of change in a...
Article
Background: The circle of Willis (CW) encircles the pituitary stalk and is considered an anastomotic vascular system that links the forebrain and hindbrain. Because morphology varies between races, it was reasonable to do research on the anatomy of the CW. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomical variations in the arteries composin...
Preprint
Background and aim Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) had an inverse impact on the economic stability of many nations all over the globe. We describe and recommend food policy measures to improve food package labelling and global eating patterns for the population to measure secondary prevention and behavioural change. Methods A Literature search wa...
Article
Islam arose from the same Semitic soil that gave rise to Judaism and Christianity. As stated in the Declaration of Faith, its most fundamental idea is monotheism. For Muslims, holy law is an all-encompassing entity that concerns every aspect of human life. Many Ulema has concluded that the concept of a "consensus decree" is preferable in the circum...
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Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” is a well-known theory of motivation that ranks the needs of individuals according to their perceived importance. It is visualized as a pyramid, with the more indispensable needs at the base and the least essential at the peak. Maslow theorized that humans are typically motivated to attain lower basic needs before sati...
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INTRODUCTION: We know that risk communication is equally important as risk identification, which is usually not communicated properly to the patients and resulting in poor outcomes, especially in hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVE: Our study objective was to evolve and test a colour coded client segmentation based public health approach to educate th...
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Background: In the era of new normal life (after Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)), our children are experiencing the double threat of COVID-19 and Childhood Obesity (CO-BESITY). The rate of childhood obesity has been rapidly increasing in developed as well as low middle-income countries during the pandemic. Design and Methods: The current pape...
Article
Multiple salt reduction strategies have been devised from time to time, addressing the issues of hypertension without considering the other essential factors, like the variability of salt sensitivity from the person to person. In this paper, we discuss how high salt consumption is one modifiable risk factor associated with hypertension among Indian...
Article
Background and Aim The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased across the globe and millions of the school children are either obese or overweight. This has happened due to rapid nutritional transition over the past few decades. As childhood obesity is multi-factorial in origin and unhealthy foods, packaged foods, high calorie foods are consi...
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Full-text available
Background: Schizophrenia is one of the worst diseases with its ubiquitous challenges due to its unique psycho-pathology and life events. Patients with schizophrenia use various coping strategies to overcome distress. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between perceived stress, quality of life, and coping skills in patients with s...
Preprint
Full-text available
"Geographic information system (GIS) collects various kinds of data based on the geographic relationship across space." Data in GIS is stored to visualize, analyze, and interpret geographic data to learn about an area, an ongoing project, site planning, business, health economics and health-related surveys and information. GIS has evolved from anci...
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Full-text available
"Geographic information system (GIS) collects various kinds of data based on the geographic relationship across space." Data in GIS is stored to visualize, analyze, and interpret geographic data to learn about an area, an ongoing project, site planning, business, health economics and health-related surveys and information. GIS has evolved from anci...
Article
Early efforts to vaccinate the Indian population were started on 16th January 2021. With this, a ray of hope came as people again starting their livelihoods, roads looked busy again, playgrounds were again full of children. Everything seems back to normal, while the Government was allowing all other activities with the option to follow the COVID ap...
Article
SARS CoV 2 virus is detected in the respiratory tract by using nasal/oropharyngeal and nasal mid-turbinate swabs, nasopharyngeal wash and aspirate, and an oral aspirate. The anterior nares are the most common place to collect samples due to its ease and little invasiveness. Sample collection requires experienced hands, and if the appropriate techni...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Schizophrenia is one of the worst diseases with its ubiquitous challenges due to its unique psychopathology and life events. Patients with schizophrenia use various coping strategies to overcome distress. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between perceived stress, quality of life, and coping skills in patients with sc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pregnancy is a positive, fulfilling experience for many, but it can put the mother at the risk of suffering ill-health, disability, or even maternal death. The common causes of maternal death include pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or gestational hypertension or hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP), post-partum hemorrhage, an...
Article
Kashmir has a geographical area of 15,948 square km which is commonly referred to as Heaven on earth. Being located in the northern region of India, it is famous for its magnificent beauty. However, there are enduring disputes between India and Pakistan since 1947 between India and China since 1962. It is divided into 10 districts and mainly into t...
Article
More than half of the Afghan population suffers from depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, including many survivors of conflict-related violence, yet only about 10 per cent receive effective psychosocial therapy from the government. As a result of decades of bloodshed, many Afghans have sustained serious psychological traumas. Du...
Article
Full-text available
The burden of vaccine-preventable diseases is increasing day by day across all age groups. However as per the universal immunization programme, we vaccinate only under-fives and antenatal mothers, a large portion of the vulnerable population remain unvaccinated and the concept of "life course approach" regarding vaccination is missing. It increases...
Article
"Geographic information system (GIS) collects various kinds of data based on the geographic relationship across space." Data in GIS is stored to visualize, analyze, and interpret geographic data to learn about an area, an ongoing project, site planning, business, health economics and health-related surveys and information. GIS has evolved from anci...
Article
Full-text available
The burden of vaccine-preventable diseases is increasing day by day across all age groups. However as per the universal immunization programme, we vaccinate only under-fives and antenatal mothers, a large portion of the vulnerable population remain unvaccinated and the concept of “life course approach” regarding vaccination is missing. It increases...
Article
Full-text available
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune β-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency, insulin resistance, or by a combination of both. Both the incidence and prevalence of diabetes T1DM is suspected to be high in India, but in the absence of nationwide registry, the possibility of exact numbers is unsure. Till date, s...
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BACKGROUND COVID-19 a disease caused by SARS CoV-2 virus ever since its emergence as a pandemic in March 2020 has taken a toll on human race. Social distancing and use of face masks in public places, are globally recognized as two vital components of the preventive strategy for slowing down the transmission of SARS CoV-2. The purpose of the current...
Article
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The use of preoperative templating for hip hemiarthroplasty increases the likelihood of successfully restoring offset. This study sought to identify whether templating improves radiographic and clinical outcomes in this group. Data belonging to all patients that underwent hip hemiarthroplasty between March 2018 and March 2019 were collected. The pa...
Article
Full-text available
Inadequate pelvic radiographs can lead to missed pathology, necessitate repeat imaging, and subsequently compromise patient safety. The audit conducted aimed to assess and improve the quality of pelvic radiographs at our Trust against local and international guidelines. Retrospective analysis of pelvic radiographs over a one-month period using PACS...
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Full-text available
The Pandemic made way for interdepartmental collaborative efforts to action an early orthopaedic review of all trauma patients bypassing AnE, during the COVID pandemic. Retrospective, single centre collection of data including 55 wrist and 40 ankle injuries that presented to the hospital in the month of January and April, marking pre-COVID and COVI...
Article
Full-text available
Non‑communicable diseases are already acknowledged as a double burden, and now childhood obesity is putting extra strain on our health system. The current paper aimed to analyze the ongoing health and related programmes/policies in India, and we discussed the existing opportunities in the programmes to address the issue of childhood obesity in In...
Article
Full-text available
The Coronavirus pandemic not only swept across the globe rapidly but left many countries under its reeling attack. Many countries’ established healthcare systems collapsed, and even the wealthiest nations couldn’t afford to simultaneously invest their resources for critical care for millions of patients. The health services in many nations were sev...
Article
Full-text available
Socioeconomic status (SES) is one among important indicators to evaluate the health status and nutritional status of a family. It is a position attained by any individual within a system of hierarchical social structure. Various attempts have been done in past by eminent scholars and medical scientists to formulate a group of composite indexes to d...
Article
Full-text available
Non-communicable diseases are already acknowledged as a double burden, and now childhood obesity is putting extra strain on our health system. The current paper aimed to analyze the ongoing health and related programmes/policies in India, and we discussed the existing opportunities in the programmes to address the issue of childhood obesity in Indi...
Article
Full-text available
The rising NCDs are attributed to an epidemiological health transition resulting from rapid urbanization, sedentary lifestyle, and transforming nutritional preferences. The behavioral risk factors like the adoption of a sedentary lifestyle and changing dietary pattern have resulted in the consumption of an unhealthy diet, building up and less burni...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Migraine is one of the commonest neurological disorder seen by neurologists. Many different medications are available to be used as prophylactic agent. We conducted this study to determine the efficacy of Lisinopril as a prophylactic drug for migraine in our region.Methods: Our study is a randomised double blind, placebo controlled, cro...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives of the Study: The objectives of the present study which was conducted in four districts of Kashmir valley (Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, and Srinagar) were to (1) estimate the “total goitre rate” (TGR) among schoolchildren in the age group of 6–12 years, (2) estimate the proportion of households with adequately iodized salt, and (3) to as...
Article
Full-text available
“Texting neck” or “iNeck pain” syndrome is emerging as a public health threat globally because of our adjustment to a NEW NORMAL existence (work-from-home culture) because of the COVID-19 pandemic. This term coined by Dr. Dean L. Fishman, “text neck,” refers to overuse syndrome or a repetitive stress injury, in which we have our head hung forward a...
Article
Full-text available
As per the World Health Organization, “infodemics are an excessive amount of information about a problem, which makes it difficult to identify a solution. They can spread misinformation, disinformation, and rumors during a health emergency. Infodemics can hamper an effective public health response and create confusion and distrust among people.”[1]...
Article
Background: Acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) is one of the most daunting challenges a physician faces in such settings. Among AUFI, rickettsial infections are most common and related infections (such as anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and Q fever) which are caused by an unusual type of bacteria that can live only inside the cells of anoth...
Article
The world was taken aback after the corona pandemic started from China and soon engulfed the whole of the world. Strict restrictions were in place since the beginning, and people were confined to their homes; only emergency services were allowed to work. The study's objectives were to see the impact of lockdown on the number of dog bite cases being...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: We know that risk communication is equally important as risk identification, which is usually not communicated properly to the patients and resulting in poor outcomes, especially in hypertensive patients. Objective: Our study objective was to evolve and test a colour coded client segmentation based public health approach to educate...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The World has seen an emerging trend of diabetes among adolescents and moderately aged people over the last decade. The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors associated with impaired glucose metabolism and the prevalence of impaired glucose metabolism among the adult population of district Srinagar. Methods: Multi-stage clus...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is one among the serious concerns World has faced till date. In order to restrict and curb the spread of COVID-19 infection among the population, many countries-imposed restrictions on the mobility of their citizens worldwide, commonly termed as lockdowns. 1 Some countries eased out lockdowns in a phased manner, while many cou...
Article
Full-text available
The pandemic caused by novel corona virus resulted in 81,839,654 cases and 1,784,850 deaths globally till 29th December, 2020. China responded a little bit delayed by sharing information to the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO responded at its level best by multi‑pronged approaches like, rapid diagnostics development; issuing various guidel...
Article
Full-text available
The rising NCDs are attributed to an epidemiological health transition resulting from rapid urbanization, sedentary lifestyle, and transforming nutritional preferences. The behavioral risk factors like the adoption of a sedentary lifestyle and changing dietary pattern have resulted in the consumption of an unhealthy diet, building up and less burni...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The antenatal period is an important landmark where the services provided to mothers through antenatal care (ANC) checkups also act as a way for additional interventions influencing maternal and child health. This study aimed to know about the perception and practice among the patients of ANC checkups (ANCs) regarding COVID‑19 and what...