Shashank Gandhi

Shashank Gandhi
California Institute of Technology | CIT · Division of Biology

Doctorate in Developmental Genetics

About

21
Publications
2,300
Reads
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445
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
417 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Introduction
Shashank Gandhi currently works at the Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology.

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
An important strategy for establishing mechanisms of gene function during development is through mutation of individual genes and analysis of subsequent effects on cell behavior. Here, we present a single-plasmid approach for genome editing in chick embryos to study experimentally perturbed cells in an otherwise normal embryonic environment. To ach...
Article
Full-text available
During gastrulation, neural crest cells are specified at the neural plate border, as characterized by Pax7 expression. Using single-cell RNA sequencing coupled with high-resolution in situ hybridization to identify novel transcriptional regulators, we show that chromatin remodeler Hmga1 is highly expressed prior to specification and maintained in m...
Article
The cardiac neural crest arises in the hindbrain, then migrates to the heart and contributes to critical structures, including the outflow tract septum. Chick cardiac crest ablation results in failure of this septation, phenocopying the human heart defect persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA), which trunk neural crest fails to rescue. Here, we probe...
Article
Full-text available
The neural crest, an embryonic stem-cell population, is a vertebrate innovation that has been proposed to be a key component of the ‘new head’, which imbued vertebrates with predatory behaviour1,2. Here, to investigate how the evolution of neural crest cells affected the vertebrate body plan, we examined the molecular circuits that control neural c...
Article
The advent of CRISPR/Cas9 has made genome editing possible in virtually any organism, including those not previously amenable to genetic manipulations. Here, we present an optimization of CRISPR/Cas9 for application to early avian embryos with improved efficiency via a three-fold strategy. First, we employed Cas9 protein flanked with two nuclear lo...
Article
Full-text available
While neural crest development is known to be transcriptionally controlled via sequential activation of gene regulatory networks (GRNs), recent evidence increasingly implicates a role for post-transcriptional regulation in modulating the output of these regulatory circuits. Using available single-cell RNA-sequencing datasets from avian embryos to i...
Preprint
Full-text available
While neural crest development is known to be transcriptionally controlled via sequential activation of gene regulatory networks (GRNs), recent evidence increasingly implicates a role for post-transcriptional regulation in modulating the output of these regulatory circuits. Using available single cell RNA-sequencing datasets from avian embryos to i...
Article
Neural crest stem/progenitor cells arise early during vertebrate embryogenesis at the border of the forming central nervous system. They subsequently migrate throughout the body, eventually differentiating into diverse cell types ranging from neurons and glia of the peripheral nervous system to bones of the face, portions of the heart, and pigmenta...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Membrane and cytoskeletal dynamics are critical to cell motility. Extensively studied in cell culture, their roles in cell movement in vivo are less understood, especially in higher vertebrates. We use dynamic imaging to visualize membrane and cytoskeletal behavior in migrating neural crest cells in living tissue. We found that forward...
Article
Full-text available
During gastrulation, neural crest cells are specified at the neural plate border, as characterized by Pax7 expression. Using single-cell RNA sequencing coupled with high resolution in situ hybridization to identify novel transcriptional regulators, we show that chromatin remodeler Hmga1 is highly expressed prior to specification and maintained in m...
Article
Full-text available
During gastrulation, neural crest cells are specified at the neural plate border, as characterized by Pax7 expression. Using single-cell RNA sequencing coupled with high-resolution in situ hybridization to identify novel transcriptional regulators, we show that chromatin remodeler Hmga1 is highly expressed prior to specification and maintained in m...
Article
Lineage analysis plays a central role in exploring the developmental potential of stem and progenitor cell populations. In higher vertebrates, a variety of techniques have been used to label individual cells or cell populations, including interspecies grafting, intracellular microinjection, and Cre-mediated recombination. However, these approaches...
Article
The cardiac neural crest originates in the caudal hindbrain, migrates to the heart, and contributes to septation of the cardiac outflow tract and ventricles, an ability unique to this neural crest subpopulation. Here we have used a FoxD3 neural crest enhancer to isolate a pure population of cardiac neural crest cells for transcriptome analysis. Thi...
Chapter
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 has emerged as a revolutionary tool for fast and efficient targeted gene knockouts and genome editing in almost any organism. The laboratory model tunicate Ciona is no exception. Here, we describe our latest protocol for the design, implementation, and evaluation of successful...
Article
The neural crest is a multipotent and highly migratory cell type that contributes to many of the defining features of vertebrates, including the skeleton of the head and most of the peripheral nervous system. 150 years after the discovery of the neural crest, avian embryos remain one of the most important model organisms for studying neural crest d...
Article
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has emerged as an important tool for various genome engineering applications. A current obstacle to high throughput applications of CRISPR/Cas9 is the imprecise prediction of highly active single guide RNAs (sgRNAs). We previously implemented the CRISPR/Cas9 system to induce tissue-specific mutations in the tunicate Ciona. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has emerged as an important tool for various genome engineering applications. A current obstacle to high throughput applications of CRISPR/Cas9 is the imprecise prediction of highly active single guide. RNAs (sgRNAs). We previously implemented the CRISPR/Cas9 system to induce tissue-specific mutations in the tunicate Ciona ....
Article
Introduction Hookahs (water pipes) are rapidly increasing in popularity worldwide. Evidence suggests that although perceived as safer than cigarette smoke, hookah smoke may be as, or even more, dangerous as cigarette smoke. Methods Air samples from 33 homes—11 where only hookah-smoking occurred, 12 with only cigarettes and 10 with no smoking—were...
Article
Full-text available
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has ushered in a new era of targeted genetic manipulations. Here, we report the use of CRISPR/Cas9 to induce double-stranded breaks in the genome of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis. We use electroporation to deliver CRISPR/Cas9 components for tissue-specific disruption of the Ebf (Collier/Olf/ EBF) gene in hundreds of synch...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatocellular Carcinoma is a primary malignant tumor of the liver and gankyrin is an oncoprotein over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma. It has been found that Gankyrin protein reduces the level of p53 protein by increasing its ubiquitylation and deg-radation, following a MDM-2 mediated pathway. In-teraction of gankyrin with MDM2 enhances the...

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