Sharon G Portwood

Sharon G Portwood
University of North Carolina at Charlotte | UNC Charlotte · Department of Public Health Sciences

JD, PhD

About

46
Publications
10,136
Reads
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722
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 2005 - present
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Introduction: Although previous studies have found a relationship between having a preterm birth and maternal depression, methodologic issues may have limited the generalizability of results. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between having a preterm birth and postpartum depressive symptoms using a large, population-...
Article
In response to the continuing need for agencies providing residential care and treatment to children and youth to develop and/or to enhance their ability to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of their services, this article explores successful strategies for building and sustaining research capacity in these settings. Between five and six yea...
Article
Working collaboratively with two state associations and their member (nonprofit) agencies providing out-of-home care to children and youth, University researchers conducted a multi-site project to examine whether there were any differences in individual child-level outcomes between children placed in residential group care and those placed in foste...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of child maltreatment among inpatient pediatric nurses. Design and methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to obtain responses to an online survey designed to examine perceptions of child maltreatment from inpatient pediatric nurses. Results: Many nurses surveyed (41.25%) ind...
Article
Every day, 16 American youths between the ages of 10 and 24 years are murdered; 84% of these fatalities involve a firearm. Nearly half of traumatic youth deaths result from violence-related injuries. In 2013, 580,250 youth suffered nonfatal, assault-related injuries, necessitating emergency department treatment. The aim of this multisite pilot stud...
Poster
Full-text available
Child maltreatment is associated with a host of disorders in children and is a significant risk factor for leading causes of death and illness among adults. Child protective services have contact with only a fraction of maltreated children. Nurses working in a pediatric inpatient hospital setting are in a key position to observe family functioning,...
Article
Recent health care legislation and shifting health care financing strategies are transforming health and behavioral health (a broad term referring to mental health, substance use, and health behavior) care in the United States. Advances in knowledge regarding effective treatment and services coupled with incentives for innovation in health and beha...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a need to examine behavioral and mental health outcomes for children in out-of-home care across settings. Objective Using a participatory research approach, researchers and agency personnel aimed to implement a program of scientific outcomes research in residential care settings. Data were used to examine children’s characterist...
Article
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools’ (CMS) Parent University is an innovative, collaborative initiative designed to engage parents in their children’s education. Working with community partners, Parent University offers unique courses and workshops such as Parenting Awareness, Helping Your Child Learn in the 21st Century, Health and Wellness, and Persona...
Article
Full-text available
Health care professionals (HCPs) play a vital role at various levels of smoking cessation programs to reduce tobacco use in general populations. However, their smoking habits may limit their ability to intervene with their patients who smoke. To determine prevalence rates of current smoking and examine sociodemographic and work-related factors asso...
Chapter
IntroductionPreviously, child abuse prevention research was fraught with problems of defining maltreatment and its subcategories as well as a lack of strong research studies documenting the effectiveness of prevention efforts. Many strides have been made in both of these areas, and, in the past decade, the field of child abuse prevention has focuse...
Article
This article examines results and lessons learned from a collaborative project involving a large urban school district, its county health department, multiple community partners, and the local university to establish an effective system for data sharing to inform monitoring and evaluation of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools (CMS) Asthma Education...
Article
This study examined the impact on children of services delivered through a collaborative initiative designed to provide supports to working poor families who are homeless or at immediate risk of becoming homeless. Overall, a number of positive findings can serve to inform the development of promising intervention strategies for children in homeless...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined mental health service providers’ attitudes toward LGBTQ youth in an agency setting (n=100) using the Homonegativity Scale, the Personal Comfort Assessment Tool, and the Gay Affirmative Practice Scale. The results of this study indicate that job category is associated with mental health agency employees’ attitudes towards LGBTQ y...
Chapter
Child maltreatment is a pervasive problem that affects families and communities in the United States and throughout the world. Most credit the “discovery” of child maltreatment to Henry Kempe, a physician from Colorado, who in 1962 published an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association on the “battered child syndrome” (Kempe, Silve...
Article
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Adults and Children Together (ACT) Against Violence Parents Raising Safe Kids program, developed by the American Psychological Association in collaboration with the National Association for the Education of Young Children, as an economical primary prevention intervention for child maltreatment. Using an...
Article
In the United States, the implementation of a successful system of mandated reporting of suspected child abuse continues to be plagued by the absence of a clear standard for when one must report. All 50 states of the U.S. have laws requiring certain individuals to report suspected child abuse. However, at present, there are variable thresholds for...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the establishment of a unique entity, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Institute for Social Capital, Inc. (ISC), to link agencies and organizations serving children, youth, and families in order to allow for information sharing among these groups, with the broader goal of fostering data-based community decision-mak...
Article
Although child maltreatment is routinely acknowledged as a serious social problem, it remains widespread, raising questions about how prevention efforts can be improved. Following a review of theory and research relevant to prevention programming, the two dominant models of child abuse prevention-child empowerment and parent education-are examined,...
Article
Violence against women represents a serious problem in America. Not only does intimate partner violence represent a significant threat to women, but it also counts among its victims, children living in the violent household. By its very nature, intimate partner or domestic violence may be approached as either a legal or a social problem. However, t...
Article
Full-text available
Residential treatment centers (RTCs) for children in the United States face growing pressures to engage in research and to conduct scientifically rigorous studies demonstrating treatment effectiveness and outcomes. At the same time, the existing research suggests that evidence regarding the effectiveness of residential treatment is limited and, mor...
Article
Full-text available
As mentoring programs have proliferated, considerable variation in approaches to programmatic mentoring has emerged. Concomitant confusion exists about the context, structure, and goals that constitute mentoring as a distinct intervention. This article presents a brief summary of what is currently known about different approaches to mentoring and p...
Article
Public policy can be a powerful tool for children and their families. Accordingly, this article addresses how psychologists and other child-oriented researchers can leverage this tool to ensure that child and family issues, specifically issues related to child abuse and neglect, receive adequate attention. We encourage a bidirectional relationship...
Article
Full-text available
This evaluation explores the effectiveness of school-based mentoring as a universal prevention strategy. The impact of mentoring on students displaying risk factors is also addressed. The evaluation of YouthFriends, a school-based mentoring program, employed a pretest-posttest control group design. Students (n = 170) across five school districts pr...
Article
Literature surrounding the issue of violent actions directed toward social workers is examined with an emphasis on the interdependent roles of clients, social workers, and social work administrators. The role of legislators in developing policies aimed at preventing client violence against social workers within this framework is also delineated. Em...
Chapter
Although awareness of child maltreatment as a serious social problem is becoming the norm in many countries, the field of child abuse prevention is young, and questions are more pervasive than answers. At the outset, prevention efforts have been complicated by the difficulty in reaching a consensual definition of key terms, including not only child...
Chapter
An apparent onslaught of widely publicized incidents of youth violence, including homicides committed by very young children, has contributed to a recognition of youth violence as a serious public health problem. While much attention has focused on violence in adolescence, prevention efforts are increasingly targeting the childhood roots of violent...
Chapter
While there is widespread recognition of the problem of child maltreatment and the devastating consequences it can have for children, strategies for preventing the physical and sexual abuse and neglect of children between the ages of 5 and 12 are limited. Moreover, many current strategies have been criticized for placing the burden on children to p...
Article
Data from two independent studies is presented, representing the investigators' ongoing work with faculty from a state criminal justice academy to analyze existing knowledge and skill levels among veteran law enforcement officers and recruits, as well as to enhance future training. Through an anonymous questionnaire, the first of these studies exam...
Article
This study addresses the critical need to clarify current definitions of child maltreatment by identifying the extent to which consensus exists and highlighting those areas in which key decision makers disagree as to what affects an abuse determination. Participants (N = 323) were mental health, legal, and medical professionals; teachers; parents;...
Article
This study was designed to explore the extent to which individuals' own characteristics and experiences, particularly those involving child-rearing and child maltreatment, influence their definitions of abuse and neglect. An anonymous written questionnaire asking respondents to rate the importance of individual factors to an abuse determination, as...
Chapter
The topic of child abuse and neglect has reached such a prominent place in the American consciousness that few are unaware of the potential dangers that children face at the hands of adults, including teachers, child care personnel, strangers, community leaders, and, all too often, members of a child’s own family. Indeed, one need only tune in to n...
Article
Seventy-seven preschoolers (45 boys and 32 girls) between the ages of 4 and 6 years, were randomly assigned to one of three groups and asked to draw a picture that they then discussed with their teacher. During a subsequent review, participants in the first two groups were told by an adult—either their teacher or a researcher unfamiliar to them—tha...
Article
Investigated the Eighth Amendment tests of societal consensus and proportionality as applied to juvenile death penalties. 179 former jurors voted on whether to execute a defendant in a hypothetical case. Defendant age (10, 15, 16, or 19 yrs) and level of remorse were varied. A large portion of Ss voted to execute the defendant in each condition. 60...
Article
In Summer, 2008, Seigle Avenue Partners hosted its fifth year of the CDF Freedom Schools® Program, providing more than 400 inner-city children with the opportunity to attend a free literacy-based summer camp at one of six sites across Charlotte, North Carolina. Following its successful implementation and expansion of CDF Freedom Schools, in early 2...
Article
"A dissertation in psychology." Advisor: Sharon G. Portwood. Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Dept. of Psychology. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2001. Vita. Introduction. The complex role of the social service worker ; Evaluating effective service: objective outcomes versus transactional setting process -- Review of the literature. The developme...
Article
The criminal justice system is at the forefront of our society's response to violence against women. Agents of the criminal justice system, such as police officers, are the only individuals who have the legal authority to end a violent incident against victims of male violence and to enforce efforts to keep violence from reoccurring. However, viole...
Article
This study utilized data collected during the 2000/2001 academic year as part of an outcome evaluation of YouthFriends, a school-based mentoring program. This study investigated the extent to which the quality of one-to-one mentoring relationships, as indicated by relationship satisfaction, predicts mentees' sense of school connectedness and attitu...
Article
"A thesis in psychology." Typescript. Advisor: Sharon Portwood. Thesis (M.A.)--Dept. of Psychology. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2003. Vita. Introduction -- Review of the literature -- Research questions -- Methodology -- Results -- Discussion -- Appendix. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 65-68).
Article
"A dissertation in psychology." Advisor: Sharon Portwood. Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Dept. of Psychology. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2002. Vita. Introduction. Factors influencing the development of successful mentoring relationships ; Summary -- Review of the literature. Definition of a mentor ; Mentoring functions ; Benefits of mentori...
Article
The overall purpose of this dissertation was to explore the influence of a market-oriented organizational culture on employee attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and workplace sense of community), which in turn, were hypothesized to have an effect on employee organizational citizenship behaviors. Market orientation has bee...

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