Sharon Farra

Sharon Farra
Wright State University | WSU

Rn PhD

About

40
Publications
4,656
Reads
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672
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
588 Citations
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Physical assessment is foundational to the nursing process. Knowledge of physical assessment is critical in nursing practice. Undergraduate nursing students. This quasi-experimental study integrated augmented reality (AR) to assist nursing students to learn techniques of heart/lung assessment. A treatment group using AR technology viewed an overlay...
Article
To adapt to the environment resulting from a worldwide pandemic, states across the country enacted regulation changes impacting nursing education, entry into practice, and licensure. In this manuscript, the authors collected state board of nursing data from sources including websites and letters from the State Boards to deans, directors, and chairs...
Article
Academic nursing leaders faced unprecedented decision-making during the recent global pandemic. Although some universities had emergency response plans, many did not, and those that did have plans did not address the specific needs of nursing education programs. This descriptive survey study sought to describe the decision-making and response of nu...
Article
Background Virtual reality has promise as a training method within the affective domain, but investigation is still needed for intention to change behaviors based on social determinants of health. Objective The objective of this study was to describe the self-reported changes in knowledge and/or attitudes and planned behavior changes by healthcare...
Article
Aim: The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot an instrument to assess group synergy and team-based learning among nursing students. Background: Little is known on how to evaluate soft nursing skills such as synergy. Method: Nurse faculty were recruited through purposive and snowball sampling to serve on an expert panel. Using the DeV...
Article
Objective: Aims of this study were to identify the Association of Community/Public Health Nursing Educators members' demographics, educational preparation, and research competencies; and, to complete a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis. Methods: A descriptive-correlational design was employed. Primary data collect...
Article
Introduction With increasing use of virtual reality simulation (VRS) in nursing education, there is a paucity of research exploring learning outcomes following training with VRS as compared with traditional mannequin-based simulation. Given the resource intensive nature of mannequin-based simulation, especially for disaster education, understanding...
Article
During times of crisis or catastrophic events, altered levels of care may be required due to limited resources and/or patient surge. It is imperative that nurse leaders are prepared to respond to disasters and implement crisis standards of care when justified. To do so, nurse leaders must understand the legal, ethical, and economic implications of...
Article
Adoption of virtual reality technology may be delayed due to high up-front costs with unknown returns on that investment. In this article, we present a cost analysis of using virtual reality as a training tool. Virtual reality was used to train neonatal intensive care workers in hospital evacuation. A live disaster exercise with mannequins was also...
Article
Virtual reality (VR) will be widely adopted by nursing within the next five years as a simulation method. The confusion generated by the various emerging definitions of VR led to the authors to review various definitions and to make a recommendation for the use of the concepts immersion and presence as a way to define VR.
Article
Introduction: Nurses play critical roles in disaster response, often preparing through simulated exercises. According to The NLN Jeffries Simulation Theory, simulations can lead to anxiety in participants that affects learning. The objective of this research was to measure and describe anxiety and stress levels of participants in a live disaster-t...
Article
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess two levels of immersive virtual reality simulation (VRS) to teach the skill of decontamination. Background: Little is known about the use of VRS in providing disaster education, including retention. Method: Quasiexperimental design with repeated measures, supplemented by qualitative data, using a conveni...
Article
Background and Purpose: Synergy is a term found widely throughout the sciences. There is a need for improved methods and delivery of instruction that supports learners in their pursuit of academic goals and facilitates their transition into the professional role. Critical for students is teamwork training, both as team members and facilitators. Som...
Article
Objective This study examined differences in learning outcomes among newborn intensive care unit (NICU) workers who underwent virtual reality simulation (VRS) emergency evacuation training versus those who received web-based clinical updates (CU). Learning outcomes included a) knowledge gained, b) confidence with evacuation, and c) performance in a...
Article
The central role of radiology in the decision-making process for managing blast injury victims ensures a large percent of mass casualty patients will require radiology services during their initial assessment. The potential for movement of significant number of seriously injured patients through radiology requires familiarity with the mechanisms of...
Article
With increasing use of virtual reality simulation (VRS) in nursing education and given the vast array of technologies available, a variety of levels of immersion and experiences can be provided to students. This study explored two different levels of immersive VRS capability. Study participants included baccalaureate nursing students from three uni...
Article
Objective Assess the utility of high fidelity simulation in understanding effectiveness of bag-valve ventilation in a simulated newborn intensive care unit vertical evacuation. Participants A total of 70 participants, (13 teams of 4–6 staff) including physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists and other support personnel participated in a 90-min e...
Article
An innovative interprofessional disaster preparedness program was designed and implemented through an academic-practice partnership between a large midwestern children's hospital and a community-based state university. This course was part of a constellation of courses developed in response to Presidential Directive (HSPD) 8, a mandate to standardi...
Article
As the largest profession of health care providers, nurses are an integral component of disaster response. Having clearly delineated competencies and developing training to acquire those competencies are needed to ensure nurses are ready when disasters occur. This article provides a review of nursing and interprofessional disaster competencies and...
Article
Objective: The National Disaster Health Consortium is an interprofessional disaster training program. Using the Hierarchical Learning Framework of Competency Sets in Disaster Medicine and Public Health, this program educates nurses and other professionals to provide competent care and leadership within the interprofessional team. This study examin...
Article
Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal effects of virtual reality simulation (VRS) on learning outcomes and retention. Background: Disaster preparation for health care professionals is seriously inadequate. VRS offers an opportunity to practice within a realistic and safe environment, but little is known about learning an...
Article
Objective: Hospitals conduct evacuation exercises to improve performance during emergency events. An essential aspect in this process is the creation of reliable and valid evaluation tools. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implications of a disaster evacuation performance tool that measures one portion of the very c...
Article
Background The purpose of this project was to develop an instrument to measure nursing student teamwork skills in a simulated environment. Method An eight-step instrument development process was used that included literature review and evaluation of face/content validity and inter-rater reliability. Results Psychometric quantitative analysis of t...
Article
Nurses must competently demonstrate psychomotor skills. Few reliable and valid instruments are available for psychomotor evaluation for disaster skills, including the skill of decontamination. The purpose of this study was to develop and refine an instrument to measure the skill of decontamination. A seven step instrument development design was imp...
Article
Nurses must be prepared to care for patients following a disaster, including patients exposed to hazardous contaminants. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of virtual reality simulation (VRS) to teach the disaster-specific skill of decontamination. A quasi-experimental design was used to assign nursing students from 2 baccalaureate nu...
Article
Increasing numbers and severity of disasters across the globe require nurses be prepared to provide leadership in disaster situations. To address this need, a combination of didactic and simulation exercises was used to provide a daylong experience emphasizing application of nursing leadership skills in disasters to senior baccalaureate students. E...
Article
This article presents a unique strategy for improving didactic learning and clinical skill while simultaneously fostering interprofessional collaboration and communication. Senior-level nursing students collaborated with students enrolled in the Department of Interactive Media Studies to design a virtual reality simulation based upon disaster manag...
Article
Background: There is a need to prepare new nurses in disaster procedures. Virtual reality simulation (VRS) offers a method for disaster training; yet, little is known about the student experience using this type of simulation. Methods: Senior baccalaureate students at two universities who experienced a VRS decontamination exercise were asked to par...
Article
Violence against healthcare employees is a profound problem in the emergency department worldwide. One strategy to reduce the risk of violence is prevention focused education. The purpose of this paper was to report the learning outcomes of a workplace violence educational prevention program tailored to the needs of emergency department employees....
Article
Virtual reality simulation as a teaching method is gaining increased acceptance and presence in institutions of higher learning. This study presents an innovative strategy using the interdisciplinary development of a nonimmersive virtual reality simulation to facilitate interprofessional communication. The purpose of this pilot project was to descr...
Article
Disaster training is crucial to the mitigation of both mortality and morbidity associated with disasters. Just as clinical practice needs to be grounded in evidence, effective disaster education is dependent upon the development and use of andragogic and pedagogic evidence. Educational research findings must be transformed into useable education st...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hybrid educational methodologies which include online and classroom-based learning experiences increase learning. However, the course delivery preferences of learners need to be evaluated so the design and delivery of future programs will maximize learning outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe how the delivery of a hybrid prog...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of virtual reality simulation (VRS) on learning outcomes and retention of disaster training. The study used a longitudinal experimental design using two groups and repeated measures. A convenience sample of associate degree nursing students enrolled in a disaster course was randomized into two gr...
Article
Background: A critical component of disaster preparedness is the training of the healthcare workforce. Because livedisaster exercises are expensive and labor intensive, virtual reality simulation may offer a viable solution as a disastertraining method. The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the scientific evidence pertaining to the...
Article
Violence against health care workers is a serious and growing problem. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to (a) describe the frequency of workplace violence (WPV) against emergency department (ED) workers; (b) identify demographic and occupational characteristics related to WPV; and (c) identify demographic and occupational characte...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am looking for infomration on how frequently learning must be "dosed" to be retained. For example, typically in hospitals we do annual credentialling of skills. There appears to be almost total decay of some learning over the year. If we were to do "boosters" . How would you determine how frequently they should be offered? The activities usually address all three domains of learning, cognitive, affective and psychomotor.

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