Sharif A. Mukul

Sharif A. Mukul
University of the Sunshine Coast | USC · Tropical Forests and People Research Centre

PhD (Env. Mngt.), MSc (Agri. Dev.), MSc (Forestry), BSc (Hons.)

About

123
Publications
143,725
Reads
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2,481
Citations
Introduction
I received PhD in Environmental Management from University of Queensland (Australia) with prior background in forestry and natural resources management. My previous work was on sustainable use, management, and conservation of forests and biodiversity. Currently, I am enthusiastic about the potential role of forests and other less modified landscapes as an ecological niche, their contribution in ecosystem functioning, and the role of various human activities on their structure and performance.
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - present
Florida International University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2018 - present
University of the Sunshine Coast
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2017 - August 2019
Independent University, Bangladesh
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
February 2012 - April 2012
The World Bank Institute
Field of study
  • PGDip in Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism
January 2012 - September 2015
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • PhD in Environmental Management
September 2010 - October 2011
University of Copenhagen
Field of study
  • MSc (Research) in Agricultural Development

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and their associated products 1 received huge attention from development workers, practitioner and researchers in 2 the past decades for their potentials for rural development. It is widely recognized AQ1 3 that promoting the sustainable harvest and utilization of NTFPs can contribute to 4 forest conservation. Nev...
Article
Full-text available
The livelihood sustainability of the Rohingya refugees relocated in Bhashan Char, Bang-ladesh, has been questioned by various international stakeholders due to the remoteness and perceived vulnerabilities of the island. The Bangladesh government, a few international organizations, and some non-government organizations are working on developing live...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity in tropical and subtropical forests are at high risk of decline due to rapid anthropogenic development. Planned activities that potentially benefit communities near forests are often undertaken at the expense of forest biodiversity. Recently, the Government of Bangladesh released plans to develop a safari park in Lathitila forest in no...
Article
Full-text available
Natural ecosystems globally have been disrupted by anthropogenic activities, and the current biodiversity extinction rate exceeds the natural extinction rate by 1000-fold. Protected areas (PAs) help insulate samples of biodiversity from these human-induced threats; however, assessments of the factors threatening biodiversity in PAs are scarce in So...
Article
Full-text available
Mangroves are one the most productive ecosystems on Earth, and they are geographically located in the tropics and sub-tropics. Notwithstanding their critical role in providing a large number of environmental services and benefits as well as livelihood provisions, mangrove forests are being lost globally at an alarming rate. At the same time, they a...
Article
Full-text available
The valuation of natural ecosystems helps policymakers to allocate adequate resources for the provision of ecosystem services they provide. Cultural ecosystem services are the non-material beneits we obtain from nature, which include but are not limited to recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, physical and mental health beneits. They are essential for a...
Article
Full-text available
The metabolism of contemporary industrialized societies, that is their energy and material flows, leads to the overconsumption and waste of natural resources, two factors often disregarded in the global ecological equation. In this perspective article, we examine the amount of natural resources that is increasingly being consumed and wasted by huma...
Article
Full-text available
The amount of carbon stored in deadwood is equivalent to about 8 per cent of the global forest carbon stocks1. The decomposition of deadwood is largely governed by climate2–5 with decomposer groups—such as microorganisms and insects—contributing to variations in the decomposition rates2,6,7. At the global scale, the contribution of insects to the d...
Article
Full-text available
1. Forest restoration targets are often planned, implemented, measured, and reported based on few short‐term lagging indicators (i.e. indicators of realised outcomes), such as the number of seedlings and area planted. 2. We propose the use of leading indicators, which denote likelihood of a certain outcome (e.g. odds that seedlings are of quality...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deforestation and forest degradation mostly caused by human interventions affects the capacity of forest ecosystem to provide ecosystem services and livelihood benefits. Forest Land Restoration (FLR) is an emerging concept which focuses on the improvement of ecosystem as well as livelihood of the people at the landscape level. Nepal has successfull...
Article
Full-text available
Deforestation and forest degradation mostly caused by human interventions affect the capacity of the forest ecosystem to provide ecosystem services and livelihood benefits. Forest and landscape restoration (FLR) is an emerging concept that focuses on the improvement of the ecosystem as well as the livelihood of the people at the landscape level. Ne...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bangladesh has a history of species introduction from different geographic regions. The country was a major trade route during the early-modern era and was under British colonial rule until 1947s. Many species of plants and animals are either domesticated or cultivated at different times that were brought into the country by the settlers, seamen, a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Philippines is both a biodiversity hotspot and a megadiverse country. The country also has experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation in Southeast Asia and is among the first countries to introduce a massive reforestation program to address the country’s rapid biodiversity and forest loss. Drawing upon an empirical study from the Ley...
Article
Full-text available
Mangroves are recognised for their diverse set of ecosystem services, includ ing protection from tropical cyclones and tidal surges. Mangroves are adapted to withstand disturbanc es across a range of clima tic conditions , and the frequency and severity of disturbanc es are projected to increase in the coming years du e to clima te ch ange and sea-...
Preprint
Full-text available
The valuation of natural ecosystems helps policymakers in allocate adequate resources for the provision of ecosystem services they provide. Cultural ecosystem services are the non-material benefits we obtain from nature, which include but are not limited to recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, physical and mental health benefits. They are essential for...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of local climate and biodiversity in tropical forest’s ability to provide critical ecosystem services is well documented, whereas the relationship among local climatic factors and biodiversity with soil ecosystem function largely remain unclear. We investigated the importance of local rainfall regime and indicators of plant (tree, he...
Chapter
Full-text available
Globally, forests cover approximately 30% of the world’s land surface and are vital for meeting human needs for food, fuelwood, timber, fodder and medicines. Forests are also critical in providing a wide range of environmental services, including biodiversity conservation, climate regulation, watershed protection and soil amelioration. Despite the...
Article
Full-text available
Forest and landscape restoration (FLR) is being carried out across the world to meet ambitious global goals. However, the scale of these efforts combined with the timeframe in which they are supposed to take place may compromise the quality of restoration, and thus limit the persistence of restoration on the landscape. This paper presents a synthes...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh has a long history of species introductions from different geographic regions. The country was a major international trade route during the early-modern era and was under British colonial rule until 1947. During this time, many invasive alien species (IAS) that now threaten the country's native flora, fauna and ecosystems were inadverten...
Article
Full-text available
Swidden or shifting cultivation is a widespread yet controversial land-use in the tropical forest–agriculture frontier. In recent years, the extent of land under swidden and the people who rely on it for subsistence and income have declined. We report swidden land-use changes in two central hill districts of Nepal by indigenous Chepang communities—...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) is gaining widespread recognition from governments and policymakers for its potential to restore key ecosystem services and to improve human wellbeing. We organized an international conference on FLR, titled—Forest and Landscape Restoration: Making it Happen, between 25–27 February 2019 in Manila, th...
Article
Full-text available
Padma Bridge is the most challenging construction project in the history of Bangladesh. With its progress and impending completion it will open up huge prospects for local economy. But there is a downside, it also poses an increasing threat to an imperilled ecosystem – Sundarbans – the world's largest mangrove forest stretching over 10,000 square k...
Article
Full-text available
Shifting cultivation is a widespread land-use in the tropics that is considered a major threat to rainforest diversity and structure. In the Philippines, a country with rich biodiversity and high rates of species endemism, shifting cultivation, locally termed as kaingin, is a major land-use and has been for centuries. Despite the potential impact o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forests cover about thirty percent of the Earth’s land surface and are important in providing critical ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, storage, and cycling. Forests sequester and store more carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. In forests, plants take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen durin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Philippines is both a biodiversity hotspot and a megadiverse country. The country also has experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation in Southeast Asia and is among the first countries to introduce a massive reforestation program to address the country’s rapid biodiversity and forest loss. Drawing upon an empirical study from the Ley...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bangladesh has a history of species introduction from different geographic regions. The country was a major trade route during the early-modern era and was under British colonial rule until 1947s. Many species of plants and animals are either domesticated or cultivated at different times that were brought into the country by the settlers, seamen, a...
Article
Full-text available
Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to “tell it like it is.” On the basis of this obligation and the graphical indicators presented below, we declare, with more than 11,000 scientist signatories from around the world, clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency.
Article
Full-text available
Soil salinity is considered as one of the major challenges in coastal agriculture in Bangladesh yet geographical extent of soil salinity and nutrients status have received little or no attention. This study investigated the patterns of soil salinity, total nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and sulfur between agricultural and fallow land along a 90 k...
Article
Full-text available
2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. In this Letter, the middle initial of author G. J. Nabuurs was omitted, and he should have been associated with an additional affiliation: ‘Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands’ (now added as affiliation 18...
Article
The Sundarbans, in southern coastal Bangladesh, is the world's largest surviving mangrove habitat and the last stronghold of tiger adapted to living in a mangrove ecosystem. Using MaxEnt (maximum entropy mod- eling), current distribution data, land-use/land cover and bioclimatic variables, we modeled the likely future distribution of the globally e...
Article
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A spatially explicit global map of tree symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi reveals that climate variables are the primary drivers of the distribution of different types of symbiosis.
Article
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Violence in the Rakhine State of Myanmar has led to a humanitarian crisis as Rohingya people flee across the border to Bangladesh. With the rapid influx of nearly 700,000 arrivals, Bangladesh's city - Cox’s Bazar is under severe strain from a Rohingya population of nearly 1 million, one of the largest concentrations of refugees in the world. In add...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Bangladesh provides a significant global public good by hosting nearly one million Rohingya refugees. Most are living in camps in Cox’s Bazar District, where resources and livelihoods are strained. The refugee situation is likely to be protracted, and medium-term planning is critical. CGD has been working with local and international partners to un...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides an insight of the biodiversity of Bangladesh, from ecosystem to species level, genetic diversity, and major threats to the biodiversity in the country with key initiatives so far taken for biodiversity conservation. The forests of Bangladesh cover three major vegetation type occurring in three distinctly different ecosystems,...
Article
Full-text available
Competing interests in land for agriculture and commodity production in tropical human-dominated landscapes make forests and biodiversity conservation particularly challenging. Establishment of protected area in this regard is not functioning as expected due to exclusive ecological focus and poor recognition of local people’s traditional forest use...
Cover Page
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This book with case studies from around the world provides an overview of PA governance, institutional mechanisms, conservation benefits, limitations and challenges associated with their respective policy discourse, integrated management, and functional attributes. Chapter One provides a general overview with an introduction to the chapters, while...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biodiversity has become an issue of global anxiety over the past decades due to its rapid decline worldwide. Bangladesh as one of the most densely populated countries in the world is no more exception. The country, although, was once very rich in biodiversity, during the last few decades as a consequence of the rapid reduction in forest area, urban...
Book
Full-text available
Establishment of a protected area (PA) is a key global conservation strategy aimed to protect the Earth’s imperiled biodiversity and ecosystems. Globally, PA networks now cover nearly 15% of the terrestrial ecosystem. Despite the importance of PAs in protecting declining biodiversity and unique ecosystems, many of them are in critical condition due...
Chapter
Full-text available
Good governance in natural resource management (NRM) is one of the most challenging issues in developing countries that often inappropriately embedded in national policies and political agendas. It is, in fact, even more important for countries like Bangladesh with exceptionally high pressure and dependence on its natural resources for sustaining r...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite of being an exceptionally biodiversity rich country, the forest coverage of Bangladesh is declining at an alarming rate. Declaration and management of protected areas in this regard is one of the efforts from government side to tackle the loss of biodiversity. The limited numbers of forest-protected areas (FPA), established to conserve the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Establishment of protected areas (PAs) is one of the key global conservation strategies that currently cover approximately 15% of the earth's land surface. Globally, PA networks are designed to curb the growing anthropogenic pressures in areas with high biological diversity. Despite the importance of PAs in conserving the vanishing biodiversity and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Establishment of protected areas (PAs) is one of the key global conservation strategies that currently cover approximately 15% of the earth’s land surface. Globally, PA networks are designed to curb the growing anthropogenic pressures in areas with high biological diversity. Despite the importance of PAs in conserving the vanishing biodiversity and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Good governance in natural resource management (NRM) is one of the most challenging issues in developing countries that often inappropriately embedded in national policies and political agendas. It is, in fact, even more important for countries like Bangladesh with exceptionally high pressure and dependence on its natural resources for sustaining r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite of being an exceptionally biodiversity rich country, the forest coverage of Bangladesh is declining at an alarming rate. Declaration and management of protected areas in this regard is one of the efforts from government side to tackle the loss of biodiversity. The limited numbers of forest-protected areas (FPA), established to conserve the...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the effect of tree cover, forest patch and disturbances on tree species richness in a highly diverse conservation area of northeast Bangladesh. A systematic sampling protocol was adopted and 80 sub-plots from twenty five 1 ha plots were used for the vegetation survey. Linear regression analysis was performed to understand the effect...
Thesis
Full-text available
Secondary forest comprises a large area in the tropical region, and it has increasingly believed that the future of tropical forests depends on the effective management of such second growth forests largely modified by human activity. In tropical secondary forests, shifting cultivation, swidden or slash-and-burn is a major land-use that has been at...
Article
Full-text available
Shifting cultivation is a widespread practice in tropical forested areas that policy makers often regard as the major cause of forest degradation. Secondary fallow forests regrowing after shifting cultivation are generally not viewed as suitable for biodiversity conservation and carbon retention. Drawing upon our research in the Philippines and oth...
Article
Full-text available
People in developing world derive a significant part of their livelihoods from various forest products, particularly non-timber forest products (NTFPs). This article attempts to explore the contribution of NTFPs in sustaining forest-based rural livelihood in and around a protected area (PA) of Bangladesh, and their potential role in enhancing house...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigated the effect of tree cover, forest patch and disturbances on tree species richness in a highly diverse conservation area of northeast Bangladesh. A systematic sampling protocol was adopted and 80 sub-plots from twenty five 1 ha plots were used for the vegetation survey. Linear regression analysis was performed to understand the effect...