Shao-Jiang Wang

Shao-Jiang Wang
Chinese Academy of Sciences | CAS · Institute of Theoretical Physics

Doctor of Philosophy

About

71
Publications
3,451
Reads
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1,479
Citations
Citations since 2017
66 Research Items
1466 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - August 2020
Tufts University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2013 - June 2018
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Field of study
  • Theoretical Physics

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
As a promising probe for the new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics in the early Universe, the predictions for the stochastic gravitational wave background from a cosmological first-order phase transition heavily rely on the bubble wall velocity determined by the bubble expansion dynamics. The bubble expansion dynamics is governe...
Preprint
The current LIGO-Virgo observing run has been pushing the sensitivity limit to touch the stochastic gravitational-wave backgrounds (SGWBs). However, no significant detection has been reported to date for any single dominated source of SGWBs with a single broken-power-law (BPL) spectrum. Nevertheless, it could equally well escape from existing Bayes...
Preprint
The primordial black hole (PBH) productions from the inflationary potential with an inflection point usually rely heavily on the fine-tuning of the model parameters. We propose in this work a new kind of the $\alpha$-attractor inflation with asymmetric double poles that naturally lead to two periods of the standard slow-roll phases connected by a n...
Preprint
We construct a holographic model describing the gluon sector of Yang-Mills theories at finite temperature in the non-perturbative regime. The equation of state as a function of temperature is in good accordance with the lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) data. Moreover, the Polyakov loop and the gluon condensation, which are proper order paramete...
Article
The stochastic gravitational-wave backgrounds (SGWBs) from the cosmological first-order phase transitions (FOPTs) serve as a promising probe for the new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. When most of the bubble walls collide with each other long after they had reached the terminal wall velocity, the dominated contribution to th...
Preprint
The accretion of dark matter around the primordial black holes (PBHs) could lead to the formation of surrounding minihalos, whose mass can be several orders of magnitude higher than the central PBH mass. The gravitational microlensing produced by such dressed PBHs could be quite different from that of the bare PBHs, which may greatly affect the con...
Preprint
The sample variance due to our local density fluctuations in measuring our local Hubble-constant ($H_0$) can be reduced to the percentage level by choosing the Hubble-flow type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) outside of the homogeneity scale. In this Letter, we have revealed a hidden trend in this one-percent $H_0$ variation both theoretically and observati...
Article
The Hubble tension seems to be a crisis with ∼5σ discrepancy between the most recent local distance ladder measurement from type Ia supernovae calibrated by Cepheids and the global fitting constraint from the cosmic microwave background data. To narrow down the possible late-time solutions to the Hubble tension, we have used in a recent study [Phys...
Preprint
We investigate the curvature perturbations induced by the randomness of the quantum tunneling process during cosmological first-order phase transitions (PTs) and for the first time ultilize curvature perturbations to constrain the PT parameters. We find that the observations of the cosmic microwave background spectrum distortion and the ultracompac...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Cosmological Principle (CP) -- the notion that the Universe is spatially isotropic and homogeneous on large scales -- underlies a century of progress in cosmology. It is formulated through the Friedmann-Lema\^itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmologies as the spacetime metric, and culminates in the successful and highly predictive $\Lambda$-Cold-D...
Preprint
The stochastic gravitational-wave backgrounds (SGWBs) from the cosmological first-order phase transitions (FOPTs) serve as a promising probe for the new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. When most of the bubble walls collide with each other long after they had reached the terminal wall velocity, the dominated contribution to th...
Preprint
As a promising probe for the new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics in the early Universe, the predictions for the stochastic gravitational wave background from a cosmological first-order phase transition heavily rely on the bubble wall velocity determined by the bubble expansion dynamics. The bubble expansion dynamics is governe...
Article
A period of rapidly accelerating expansion is expected in the early Universe implemented by a scalar field slowly rolling down along an asymptotically flat potential preferred by the current data. In this paper, we point out that this picture of the cosmic inflation with an asymptotically flat potential could emerge from the Palatini quadratic grav...
Article
Full-text available
The standard Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) cosmological model provides a good description of a wide range of astrophysical and cosmological data. However, there are a few big open questions that make the standard model look like an approximation to a more realistic scenario yet to be found. In this paper, we list a few important goals that need to be a...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper we will list a few important goals that need to be addressed in the next decade, also taking into account the current discordances between the different cosmological probes, such as the disagreement in the value of the Hubble constant $H_0$, the $\sigma_8$--$S_8$ tension, and other less statistically significant anomalies. While these...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Hubble tension seems to be a crisis with $\sim5\sigma$ discrepancy between the most recent local distance ladder measurement from Type Ia supernovae calibrated by Cepheids and the global fitting constraint from the cosmic microwave background data. To narrow down the possible late-time solutions to the Hubble tension, we have used in a recent s...
Preprint
Full-text available
The future space-borne gravitational wave (GW) detectors would provide a promising probe for the new physics beyond the standard model that admits the first-order phase transitions. The predictions for the GW background vary sensitively among different concrete particle physics models but also share a large degeneracy in the model buildings, which...
Article
A novel mechanism for the primordial black hole (PBH) production is proposed as a natural and inevitable consequence of general first-order phase transitions without reference to specific underlying particle physics models. We obtain mutual predictions and constraints between primordial black holes and gravitational waves from phase transitions in...
Article
The Hubble tension, if not caused by any systematics, could be relieved or even resolved from modifying either the early-time or late-time Universe. The early-time modifications are usually in tension with either galaxy clustering or galaxy lensing constraints. The late-time modifications are also in conflict with the constraint from the inverse di...
Article
Full-text available
It has been a half-decade since the first direct detection of gravitational waves, which signifies the coming of the era of the gravitational-wave astronomy and gravitational-wave cosmology. The increasing number of the detected gravitational-wave events has revealed the promising capability of constraining various aspects of cosmology, astronomy,...
Preprint
A period of rapidly accelerating expansion is expected in the early Universe implemented by a scalar field slowly rolling down along an asymptotically flat potential preferred by the current data. In this paper, we point out that this picture of the cosmic inflation with an asymptotically flat potential could emerge from the Palatini quadratic grav...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Hubble tension, if not caused by any systematics, could be relieved or even resolved from modifying either early-time or late-time Universe. The early-time modifications are usually in tension with either galaxy clustering or galaxy lensing constraints. The late-time modifications are also in conflict with the constraint from the inverse distan...
Article
The increasing tension between the different local direct measurements of the Hubble expansion rate and that inferred from the cosmic microwave background observation by the Λ-cold-dark-matter model could be a smoking gun of new physics, if not caused by either observational systematics or local bias. We generalize previous investigation on the loc...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has been a half-decade since the first direct detection of gravitational waves, which signifies the coming of the era of the gravitational-wave astronomy and gravitational-wave cosmology. The increasing number of the gravitational-wave events has revealed the promising capability of constraining various aspects of cosmology, astronomy, and gravi...
Preprint
Primordial black holes (PBHs) produced in the early Universe have attracted wide interest for their ability to constitute dark matter and explain the compact binary coalescence. We propose a new mechanism of PBH production during first-order phase transitions (PTs) and find that PBHs are naturally produced during PTs model-independently. Because of...
Article
Values of the Hubble constant between the direct measurements from various independent local observations and that inferred from the cosmic microwave background with the Λ-cold-dark-matter model are in tension with persistent significance. We propose a late-time inhomogeneous resolution suggesting that a chameleon field coupled to a local overdensi...
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-cold atom experiment in space with microgravity allows for realization of dilute atomic-gas Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with macroscopically large occupation number and significantly long condensate lifetime, which allows for a precise measurement on the shape oscillation frequency by calibrating itself over numerous oscillation periods. I...
Article
Recently the thermal friction on an expanding bubble from the cosmic first-order phase transition has been calculated to all orders of the interactions between the bubble wall and thermal plasma, leading to a γ2-scaling instead of the previously estimated γ1-scaling for the thermal friction exerted on a fast-moving bubble wall with a Lorentz factor...
Preprint
The values of Hubble constant between the direct measurements from various independent local observations and that inferred from the cosmic microwave background with $\Lambda$-cold-dark-matter model are in tension with persistent significance. In this Letter, we propose a late-time inhomogeneous resolution that a chameleon field coupled to a local...
Article
Full-text available
The existing constraints from particle colliders reveal a suspicious but nonlethal metastability for our current electroweak vacuum of Higgs potential in the standard model of particle physics, which is, however, disfavored in the early Universe if the inflationary Hubble scale is larger than the instability scale when Higgs quartic self-coupling r...
Article
We propose a refined version of trans-Planckian censorship conjecture (TCC), which could be elaborated from the strong scalar weak gravity conjecture combined with some entropy bounds. In particular, no fine-tuning on the inflation model-building is required in the refined TCC, and it automatically passes the tests from those stringy examples that...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing tension between the different local direct measurements of the Hubble expansion rate and that inferred from the Cosmic Microwave Background observation by $\Lambda$-Cold-Dark-Matter model could be a smoking gun of new physics, if not caused by either observational systematics or local bias. We complete previous investigation on the l...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recently the thermal friction on an expanding bubble from the cosmic first-order phase transition has been calculated to all orders of the interactions between the bubble wall and thermal plasma, leading to a $\gamma^2$-scaling instead of the previously estimated $\gamma^1$-scaling for the thermal friction exerted on a fast-moving bubble wall with...
Preprint
Ultra-cold atom experiment in space with microgravity allows for realization of dilute atomic-gas Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with macroscopically large occupation number and significantly long condensate lifetime, which allows for a precise measurement on the shape oscillation frequency by calibrating itself over numerous oscillation periods. I...
Article
Full-text available
A bstract We revisit the late-time growth rate of various holographic complexity conjectures for neutral and charged AdS black holes with single or multiple horizons in two dimensional (2D) gravity like Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity and JT-like gravity. For complexity-action conjecture, we propose an alternative resolution to the vanishing growth...
Preprint
The existing constraints from particle colliders reveal a suspicious but nonlethal meta-stability for our current electroweak vacuum of Higgs potential in the standard model of particle physics, which is, however, disfavored in the early Universe if the inflationary Hubble scale is larger than the instability scale when Higgs quartic self-coupling...
Article
The recently proposed trans-Planckian censorship conjecture (TCC) imposes a strong constraint on the inflationary Hubble scale, of which the upper bound could be largely relaxed by considering a noninstantaneous reheating history. In this paper we will show that, if the primordial black holes (PBHs) are formed at reentry in the radiation-dominated...
Preprint
We revisit the late-time growth rate of various holographic complexity conjectures for neutral and charged AdS black holes with single or multiple horizons in two dimensional (2D) gravity like Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity and JT-like gravity. For complexity-action conjecture, we propose an alternative resolution to the vanishing growth rate at la...
Preprint
We propose a refined version of trans-Planckian censorship conjecture (TCC), which could be elaborated from the strong scalar weak gravity conjecture combined with some entropy bounds. In particular, no fine-tuning on the inflation model-building is required in the refined TCC, and it automatically passes the tests from those stringy examples that...
Article
Recently, a novel phenomenon is observed for vacuum decay to proceed via classically allowed dynamical evolution from initial configurations of false vacuum fluctuations. With the help of some occasionally developed large fluctuations in time derivative of a homogeneous scalar field that is initially sitting at the false vacuum, the flyover vacuum...
Article
If the black holes detected by LIGO/VIRGO are primordial black holes (PBHs) sourcing from a large primordial curvature perturbation on small scales, the corresponding induced gravitational waves (GWs) would peak at nanohertz that is detectable by the current and future observations of pulsar timing array (PTA). In this paper we show that with the m...
Preprint
The recently proposed trans-Planckian censorship conjecture (TCC) imposes a strong constraint on the inflationary Hubble scale, of which the upper bound could be largely relaxed by considering a non-instantaneous reheating history. In this letter we will show that, if the primordial black holes (PBHs) are collapsed at reentry in the radiation-domin...
Preprint
Recently a novel phenomenon is observed for vacuum decay to proceed via classically-allowed dynamical evolution from initial configurations of false vacuum fluctuations. With the help of some occasionally developed large fluctuations in time derivative of a homogeneous scalar field that is initially sitting at the false vacuum, the flyover vacuum d...
Preprint
If the black holes detected by LIGO/VIRGO are primordial black holes (PBHs) sourcing from a large primordial curvature perturbation at small scales, the corresponding induced gravitational waves (GWs) would peak at nanohertz that is detectable by the current and future observations of pulsar timing array (PTA). In this paper we show that with the m...
Article
Full-text available
A new relaxion mechanism is proposed where a small electroweak scale is preferably selected earlier than the larger one due to a potential instability, which is different from previously proposed stopping mechanisms by either Hubble friction from an increasing periodic barrier or thermal friction from gauge boson production. The sub-Planckian field...
Article
We identify analytically a multiple-peak structure in the energy-density spectrum of induced gravitational waves (GWs) generated at second-order from primordial scalar perturbations also with multiple (n) peaks at small scales k∗i. The energy-density spectrum of induced GWs exhibits at most Cn+1 ² and at least n peaks at wave-vectors kij≡(k∗i+k∗j)/...
Preprint
Recently it was shown that cosmic anisotropy can be well tested using either standard siren measurement of luminosity distance $d_\mathrm{L}(z)$ from gravitational-wave (GW) observation or dispersion measure ($\mathrm{DM}(z)$) from fast radio burst (FRB). It was also observed that the combined measurement of $d_\mathrm{L}(z)\cdot\mathrm{DM}(z)$ fro...
Preprint
Quantum cosmology is investigated in a de Sitter minisuperspace model with a quantized scalar field non-minimally coupled to curvature. Quantum states of the scalar field must satisfy the regularity condition, which requires that the probability of field fluctuations should not increase with their amplitude. We show that this condition imposes cons...
Preprint
We identify analytically a multiple-peak structure in the energy-density spectrum of induced gravitational waves (GWs) generated at second-order from a primordial scalar perturbations also with multiple($n$) peaks at small scales $k_{*i}$. The energy-density spectrum of induced GWs exhibits at most $C_{n+1}^2$ and at least $n$ peaks at wave-vectors...
Article
Full-text available
A simple model for the late-time cosmic acceleration problem is presented in the Starobinsky inflation with a negative bare cosmological constant as well as a nonminimal coupling to the Higgs boson. After electroweak symmetry breaking, the Starobinsky inflaton has been frozen until very recently, becoming a thawing quintessence, and a comparable ma...
Article
A preliminary estimation of gravitational waves (GWs) from the extreme-mass-ratio-inspirals (EMRIs) system in the Galactic Centre (GC) is given for the 37 observed S-stars revolving around the supermassive black hole (SMBH) at Sagittarius (Sgr) A∗. Within this century, the total strain of the gravitational waveform calculated from the post-Newtonia...
Preprint
A new relaxion mechanism is proposed, where a small electroweak scale is preferably selected earlier than the larger one due to potential instability, different from previously proposed stopping mechanisms by either Hubble friction from increasing periodic barrier or thermal friction from gauge boson productions. A sub-Planckian field excursion of...
Preprint
A simple model for the late-time cosmic acceleration problem is presented in a Starobinsky inflation with a negative bare cosmological constant as well as a non-minimal coupling to Higgs boson. After electroweak symmetry breaking, the Starobinsky inflaton is frozen until very recently becoming a thawing quintessence, and a comparable magnitude to t...
Article
We investigate the sensitivity of the reheating history to the abundance of primordial black holes (PBHs). Contrary to the monochromatic case of the mass fraction of PBHs, the reheating era with different e-foldings and equations of state can have a substantial impact on the abundance of PBHs with an extended mass fraction. We demonstrate explicitl...
Preprint
A preliminary estimation of gravitational waves (GWs) from the extreme-mass-ratio-inspirals (EMRIs) system in the Galactic Centre (GC) is given for the 37 observed S-stars revolving around the supermassive black hole (SMBH) at Sagittarius (Sgr) A*. Within this century, the total strain of the gravitational waveform calculated from the post-Newtonia...
Preprint
We investigate the sensitivity of reheating history on the abundance of primordial black holes (PBHs). Contrary to the monochromatic case of mass fraction of PBH, reheating era with different e-folding and equation-of-state can have a substantial impact on the abundance of PBH with an extended mass fraction. We demonstrate explicitly this reheating...
Article
We study the hydrodynamics of bubble expansion in cosmological first-order phase transition in the Friedmann-Lema\^{\i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) background with probe limit. Different from previous studies in flat background, we find that, for given peculiar velocity of bubble wall, the efficiency factor of energy transfer into bulk motion of the...
Article
The gravitational wave (GW) as standard siren directly determines the luminosity distance from the gravitational waveform without reference to specific cosmological model, of which the redshift can be obtained separately by means of the electromagnetic counterpart like GW events from binary neutron star (BNS) and massive black hole binaries (MBHBs)...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, superfluid dark matter (SfDM) has become a competitive model of emergent modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) scenario: MOND phenomenons naturally emerge as a derived concept due to an extra force mediated between baryons by phonons as a result of axion-like particles condensed as superfluid at galactic scales; Beyond galactic scales...
Article
We investigate in details the gravitational wave (GW) from the first-order phase transition (PT) in the extended standard model of particle physics with a dimension-six operator, which is capable of exhibiting the recently discovered slow first-order PT in addition to the usually studied fast first-order PT. To simplify the discussion, it is suffic...
Article
Full-text available
The direct detection of gravitational wave by LIGO indicates the coming of the era of gravitational wave astronomy and gravitational wave cosmology. It is expected that more and more gravitational wave events will be detected by currently existing and planed gravitational wave detectors. The gravitational waves open a new window to explore the Univ...
Article
According to the conjecture "complexity equals action", the complexity of a holographic state is equal to the action of a Wheeler-de Witt (WdW) patch of black holes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. In this paper we calculate the action growth of charged black holes with a single horizon, paying attention to the contribution from a spacelike singulari...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the impact of different redshift distributions of random samples on the Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) measurements of $D_V(z)r_\mathrm{d}^\mathrm{fid}/r_\mathrm{d}$ from the two-point correlation functions (2PCF) of galaxies in the Data Release 12 (DR12) of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). Big surveys, such as...
Article
Full-text available
Recently a Complexity-Action (CA) duality conjecture has been proposed, which relates the quantum complexity of a holographic boundary state to the action of a Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) patch in the anti-de Sitter (AdS) bulk. In this paper we further investigate the duality conjecture for stationary AdS black holes and derive some exact results for the...
Article
Full-text available
We further investigate the Complexity-Action (CA) duality conjecture for stationary anti de-Sitter (AdS) black holes and derive some exact results for the growth rate of action within Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) patch at late time approximation, which is dual to the growth rate of quantum complexity of holographic state. Based on the results from the gene...
Article
Full-text available
It was shown recently that, without jeopardizing the success of the $\Lambda$CDM model on cosmic scales, the MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) can be derived as an emergent phenomenon when axion-like dark matter particles condense into superfluid on galactic scales. We propose in this letter a Dirac-Born-Infeld (DBI) dark energy conformally couple...
Article
We investigate the influence on the inflationary predictions from the reheating processes characterized by the e-folding number Nreh and the effective equation-of-state parameter wreh during the reheating phase. For the first time, reheating processes can be constrained in the Nreh-wreh plane from Planck 2015. We find that for Higgs inflation with...
Article
Full-text available
The measured masses of the Higgs boson and top quark indicate that the effective potential of standard model either develops an unstable electroweak vacuum or stands stable all the way up to the Planck scale. In the latter case in which the top quark mass is about $2\sigma$ below its present central value, the Higgs boson can be the inflaton with t...

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