Shane W Kraus

Shane W Kraus
University of Nevada, Las Vegas | UNLV · Department of Psychology

PhD Clinical Psychology

About

192
Publications
108,255
Reads
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2,853
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on the study of psychopathology, sexual trauma, substance use disorders, problem gambling, and compulsive sexual behavior disorder. I am also an Assistant Professor within the UNLV clinical psychology program. I am also the Director of the UNLV Behavioral Addictions Lab (see http://ba.sites.unlv.edu/). My research lab will NOT be interviewing PhD students for 2021-2022.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
November 2017 - May 2019
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2013 - February 2016
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Position
  • Advanced Psychology Fellow
Description
  • Dual diagnosis
Education
August 2008 - August 2013
Bowling Green State University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology (Community Concentration)
August 2005 - May 2007
Castleton State College
Field of study
  • Forensic Psychology
August 1999 - May 2003
California State University, Fresno
Field of study
  • Criminology (Law Enforcement Concentration)

Publications

Publications (192)
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To review the evidence base for classifying compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) as a non-substance or 'behavioral' addiction. Methods: Data from multiple domains (e.g. epidemiological, phenomenological, clinical, biological) are reviewed and considered with respect to data from substance and gambling addictions. Results: Overlapping feature...
Article
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a widespread public health problem in the United States. It has been associated with multiple long-term deleterious outcomes including revictimization in adulthood. This systematic review of 25 studies synthesizes research examining possible risk and protective factors that might explain the established link between CSA...
Article
Pornography use is a common activity in the developed world. This work consolidates research about pornography use into an organizational structure that is relevant to sexual motivation more broadly. To accomplish this, a comprehensive review of research is conducted, examining personality, emotional, and attitudinal associates and predictors of po...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Human sexuality is a multidimensional phenomenon related to several factors, such as self-esteem, awareness of sexual needs, and ability to communicate them to others. Aim: To examine the sexual characteristics of patients seeking treatment for compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD)-a clinical diagnosis recently included in the...
Article
Full-text available
With the growth of Internet pornography and the impacts of problematic pornography use (PPU), the validation of short and psychometrically sound screening instruments in different cultures is needed to identify individuals with PPU who may benefit from intervention. This study sought to validate the Bangla version of the Brief Pornography Screen (B...
Article
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Background and aims This systematic review examines whether sports betting behaviors differ among and between sports bettors in different countries, evaluates psychosocial problems related to sports betting behaviors and how problems may vary by country, and lastly, summarizes the current regulatory guidelines for sports betting. Methods We follow...
Article
Objective: Diagnostic guidelines for compulsive sexual behavior disorder note that moral distress related to sexual behavior is not sufficient to receive the diagnosis. Recent work has questioned the uniqueness of moral distress in predicting self-reported feelings of sexual addiction, demonstrating that other so-called addictive behaviors (e.g.,...
Article
Full-text available
With the growth of Internet pornography and the impacts of problematic pornography use (PPU), the validation of short and psychometrically sound screening instruments in different cultures is needed to identify individuals with PPU who may benefit from intervention. This study sought to validate the Bangla version of the Brief Pornography Screen (B...
Article
Full-text available
Problematic pornography use represents a common feature reported by those with compulsive sexual behavior disorder. While prior research suggests U.S. military veterans may experience disproportional rates of problematic pornography use, few comparative studies exist. Moreover, no measurement invariance analyses between veterans and non-veterans ex...
Article
Full-text available
Background Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder is currently included in the forthcoming eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11); however, prior studies have been conducted mostly on heterosexual, White/European male samples. Aim To examine the correlates of compulsive sexual behaviors (CSB) with sociodemographic...
Article
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Numerous debates surround the recent inclusion of compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) in the International Classification of Diseases (11th ed.), such as the appropriate classification of this construct and what symptom criteria best capture this syndrome. Although controversy surrounding CSBD abounds, there is general agreement that researc...
Article
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Purpose of Review Compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) is a new diagnosis included in the International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD-11). Interventions have been developed to address CSBD-related issues. We sought to review findings from recently published behavioral interventions for CSBD. Recent Findings Nine clinical tria...
Article
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Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the most prevalent sexual dysfunctions in men and often co-occurs with physical and mental health issues. Military veterans are at elevated risk for many comorbid physical and mental health issues, including ED, although little research has examined the prevalence and health burden of ED in the gen...
Article
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Background: Gambling and gaming disorders have been included as "disorders due to addictive behaviors" in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Other problematic behaviors may be considered as "other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors (6C5Y)." Methods: Narrative review, experts' opinions. Results: We suggest the fo...
Article
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Background and aims: Recovery is a challenge for individuals coping with a gambling disorder (GD). Recovery capital (RC) is a conceptual framework describing positive external and internal (e.g., human, social, community and financial) resources that promote recovery. Negative RC relates to external and internal obstacles to recovery. To date, no...
Article
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Background: While preliminary research suggests non-heterosexual men and women view more pornography than their heterosexual counterparts, few studies have examined how problematic use differs across sexual and gender identity groups. Aim: We sought to test measurement invariance across popular measures of problematic pornography use (PPU) and exa...
Article
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Among the important changes in the ICD-11 is the addition of 21 new mental disorders. New categories are typically proposed to: a) improve the usefulness of morbidity statistics; b) facilitate recognition of a clinically important but poorly classified mental disorder in order to provide appropriate management; and c) stimulate research into more e...
Article
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A considerable body of literature has examined elements of responsible gambling (RG) programs in land-based gambling venues. The present pre-registered study examines GameSense RG program awareness and engagement trends and relationships with gambling beliefs and behaviors, at MGM’s U.S.-based casino properties using three samples of MGM’s loyalty...
Article
The present study examined revictimization, defined as sexual or physical assault in adulthood that followed a history of childhood maltreatment. We aimed to identify factors associated with revictimization over time in a group of U.S. military veterans deployed following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks (9/11). As revictimization is assoc...
Article
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Recently, there has been an increase in studies yielding evidence for psychedelics' anxiolytic and anti-depressive qualities. Preliminary evidence for treatment in substance addiction is also available. In our manuscript, we present a perspective on the possible effectiveness and mechanisms of action of psychedelics' introduction in the treatment o...
Article
Social support is closely linked to health, but little is known about United States (U.S.) veterans' social support over time and factors that may influence their support trajectories. This study investigates social support over time for U.S. men and women Post-9/11 veterans in relation to trauma history and gender. A secondary analysis of longitud...
Article
Full-text available
Of the many changes in daily life brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing efforts and governmentally mandated lockdowns were among the most drastic. Coinciding with these changes, popular pornography websites made some previously premium content available for free, spurring dramatic increases in traffic to these websites. This inc...
Article
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Do addictions share common traits of an "addictive personality" or do different addictions have distinct personality profiles? This narrative review examines the differences in the associations between substance use disorder (SUD) and compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD), on the one hand, and personality traits, attachment dispositions, and t...
Article
Introduction Pressure to meet U.S. military weight requirements during service may predispose some service members to develop psychiatric disorders such as eating disorders or unhealthy eating behaviors, which may persist after military discharge. Specifically, research examining U.S. military veterans has found that in weight management programs,...
Article
This study presents results from a third wave of data collection of a longitudinal project investigating implementation of an RG program, GameSense, at MGM Resorts International (MGM), and how casino employees perceive responsible gambling (RG) efforts. Survey data at three time periods – Year 1 (baseline, N = 2,192), Year 2 (one-year follow-up, N...
Article
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Classes of obsessive-compulsive features differing both quantitatively and qualitatively have been linked to gambling disorder. This secondary data analysis sought to extend this line of investigation to examine the extent to which previously reported latent obsessive-compulsive classes may relate to externalizing conditions in a sample of 1675 twi...
Article
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Purpose of Review Compulsive sexual behavior disorder is defined as a persistent pattern of failure to control intense, repetitive sexual impulses or urges resulting in repetitive sexual behaviors that cause marked distress or impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Although compul...
Article
Research consistently links U.S. military veterans’ meaning in life to better mental health and well-being. Yet, because meaning in life is usually studied as a precursor of other aspects of wellbeing, much remains to be learned about veterans’ meaning in life itself. Two key questions are (1) how well do veterans maintain a sense of meaning in lif...
Article
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Adolescent athletes with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) experience unique challenges that impact their sport performance, such as making errors due to poor concentration. The current multiple-baseline across behaviors case trial (i.e., positive assertion, negative assertion) is an evaluation...
Article
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Background and aims Limitations of research into sexuality and compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) include the use of simplistic methodological designs and the absence of quality and unified measurements, empirically supported theoretical models, and large, collaborative studies between laboratories. We aim to fill these gaps with the Intern...
Article
Objective: Academics, gambling regulators, and the gambling industry increasingly espouse a shared responsibility view of preventing gambling harm, considering individual gamblers and external stakeholders (e.g., gambling industry employees, government regulators, and public health workers) to be jointly responsible for this task. This study is the...
Article
Objective Previous research has demonstrated the effectiveness of both extended-release injectable naltrexone (XR-NTX) and buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP-NX) in the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). However, studies using real-world samples with multiple medical and psychiatric comorbidities are lacking. The study’s primary aims were to: (1) com...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Pornography Craving Questionnaire (K-PCQ) using classical test theory and item response theory. Methods: The goodness of fit test and differential item functioning (DIF) analysis based on the Rasch model, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), explorat...
Article
The present study examined the mediating role of pornography use between attachment insecurities and body image self-consciousness in a large sample of women. We hypothesized that pornography use would mediate the relationship between insecure attachment orientations and body image self-consciousness. We recruited a convenient sample of 1001 Israel...
Article
Gambling disorder (GD) occurs at higher rates in U.S. veterans than civilians. The present case series describes the application of a manualized mindfulness treatment used with U.S. veterans seeking outpatient treatment for GD at a Department of Veterans Affairs hospital. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) was developed to treat substance...
Preprint
Of the many changes in daily life brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing efforts and governmentally mandated lockdowns were among the most drastic. Coinciding with these changes, popular pornography websites made some previously premium content available for free, spurring dramatic increases in traffic to these websites. This inc...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.
Article
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Objectives Cannabis use and sexual risk behavior have been found to co-occur, but more research on these associations is needed among criminal justice-involved women (i.e., courts, jails, or prisons). Methods Regression models examined past 90-day cannabis use on unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, and STIs/HIV among 306 women under NYC com...
Article
Objectives US military veterans face many challenges in transitioning to civilian life; little information is available regarding veterans' reintegration experiences over time. The current study characterized veterans' postdeployment stressful life events and concurrent psychosocial wellbeing over one year and determined how stressors and wellbeing...
Article
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Studies have examined relationships between suicidality and problem gambling and suicidality and Axis I psychiatric disorders. However, questions remain regarding how suicidality may influence relationships between problem-gambling severity and Axis I disorders. Using a sample of 13,543 participants with mood symptomatology from Wave 1 of the Natio...
Article
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In help- or treatment-seeking people, there may be a portion of individuals with self-perceived addiction; however, how to distinguish these individuals from help-seeking patients with dysregulated pornography use remains unclear. The present study sought to examine the specific role of impaired control in identifying individuals with self-perceive...
Presentation
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The present study investigated the potential roles of obsessive and harmonious passion in mediating the relationship between pornography use and sexual compulsivity among university men. Specifically, we recruited 265 university men (Mage=21.56, SD=3.63; 87% White non-Hispanic; 81.5% self-identified as heterosexual) to complete questionnaires asses...
Article
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Background The assessment of sex addiction among different populations requires a valid and reliable tool. Since the Bergen–Yale Sex Addiction Scale (BYSAS) was not available in Iran, this study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the BYSAS. Methods After translation/back-translation procedure, a total of 756 I...
Article
Background Religiousness/spirituality (R/S) has been associated with greater mental wellbeing in US military veterans, but this work has been conducted primarily with older veterans, cross-sectionally, using a constrained set of R/S and mental health constructs, and lacking consideration of the influence of sex and race/ethnicity. Further, few stud...
Article
Pornography use is both ubiquitous and controversial in developed nations. Although research related to pornography use has flourished in topical and special-interest journals for several decades, much of this work has remained in the periphery of mainstream interests. The current article reviews how pornography use is likely relevant to various do...
Presentation
Full-text available
ew approaches to service delivery in the HUD-VASH program have created a knowledge gap regarding financial management and addictive behaviors related to Veterans and homelessness. This live, virtual, knowledge-based webinar will provide information on how gambling impacts homelessness among US Veterans and how to screen and treat problem gambling a...
Presentation
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Presentation
Full-text available
The World Health Organization recently recognized that Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (CSBD) is an important clinical problem by including it in the forthcoming International Classification of Disease, Eleventh Revision (ICD-11), approved in May 2019. CSBD has potentially serious consequences if left untreated, including negative effects on me...
Article
Sexual violence is a prevalent crime but vastly underreported and with serious long-term health consequences for survivors. Disclosure of sexual violence represents a social experience that may offer support towards healing or further traumatization depending on the response received. Although current research suggests that process of disclosure it...
Chapter
The Internet has revolutionized the way in which we consume and participate in sexual activities. Digital technologies are shaping the ways in which people interact with one an other romantically and sexually. This chapter reviews some of the ways in which digital technologies are potentially shaping sexual behaviors, especially those of adolescent...
Article
In 1998, Gold and Heffner authored a landmark review in Clinical Psychology Review on the topic of sexual addiction that concluded that sexual addiction, though increasingly popular in mental health settings, was largely based on speculation, with virtually no empirical basis. In the more than two decades since that review, empirical research aroun...
Article
Purpose This study investigates how employees perceive responsible gambling (RG) programs, which are part of a corporate social responsibility (CSR) framework for minimizing negative impacts associated with problematic gambling. Casino employees have different levels of interaction with gamblers, which could affect employees' opinions about RG. De...
Article
Problematic Pornography Use (PPU) is the most common problem behavior among individuals with compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Previous research suggests US veterans are at a greater risk of engaging in PPU. The present study sought to investigate further PPU among male military veterans. Data from 172 male veterans who endorsed ever watching porno...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: World Health Organization recently included compulsive sexual behavior disorder (CSBD) to the upcoming 11th edition of International Classification of Diseases (6C72). Despite the potential benefits of this decision (eg, the acceleration of research in the field will allow the development of effective treatments), previous resea...
Article
Full-text available
The current pilot study assessed the prevalence of at-risk/problem gambling using the Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen (BBGS) among a sample of U.S. military veterans seeking mental health treatment services in a primary care medical setting at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital in the Northeast. Out of the 260 veterans screened, 85 veterans (32.7%) r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals with histories of sexual abuse may be more likely to experience sexual-related problems including hypersexuality, but gender-related differences remain unclear. Aim This online study examined sexual abuse history and hypersexuality by gender among 16,823 Hungarian adults, adjusting for age, sexual orientation, relationship s...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: To address current gaps around screening for problematic pornography use (PPU), we initially developed and tested a six-item Brief Pornography Screen (BPS) that asked about PPU in the past six months. Methods and participants: We recruited five independent samples from the U.S. and Poland to evaluate the psychometric propert...