Shaji K Kumar

Shaji K Kumar
Mayo Clinic - Rochester · Division of Hematology

MD

About

1,833
Publications
122,401
Reads
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62,437
Citations
Citations since 2016
964 Research Items
41945 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202,0004,0006,0008,000
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - December 2004
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
January 2002 - December 2012
Education
July 1999 - May 2003
Mayo Clinic
Field of study
  • Hematology and Oncology
March 1997 - June 1999
Mayo Clinic
Field of study
  • Internal Medicine
August 1987 - February 1997

Publications

Publications (1,833)
Article
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the gold-standard assay to detect genomic abnormalities of prognostic and therapeutic significance in monoclonal gammopathies including multiple myeloma (MM). Hyperdiploid MM, a favorable subtype, is characterized by gains of odd-numbered chromosomes including chromosome 15. Gains of chromosome 15 are fo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Overall Survival estimates from diagnosis are valuable for guiding treatment, but do not consider the years already survived. Conditional survival (CS) provides dynamic survival predictions over time. This study was conducted to estimate CS at 1–8 years from diagnosis and the impact of baseline prognostic factors on CS in multiple myeloma (MM) pati...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have a lower efficacy from COVID-19 vaccination and a high rate of mortality from COVID-19 in hospitalized patients. However, the overall rate and severity of COVID-19 infection in all settings (including non-hospitalized patients) and the independent impact of plasma cell-directed therapies on outcomes needs fur...
Article
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Multiple Myeloma patients eligible for autologous hematopoietic transplantation (AHT) typically receive 3–6 cycles of induction therapy before transplant. The last induction cycle is completed 2–4 weeks prior to mobilization. We evaluated the impact of the time interval between end of induction and AHT on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall...
Article
Full-text available
Smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) is an asymptomatic condition that occupies a space between monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and multiple myeloma (MM) along the spectrum of clonal plasma cell proliferative disorders. It is not a biologic intermediate stage between MGUS and MM, but rather represents a heterogeneous clinical...
Article
Objectives Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) patients with M-proteins containing n-glycosylated light chains (GLC) have an increased risk for progression to symptomatic plasma cell disorders (PCD). Large-scale research involving the determination of glycan specific moieties is understudied due to the lack of clinically viabl...
Article
PURPOSE ABBV-383, a B-cell maturation antigen × CD3 T-cell engaging bispecific antibody, has demonstrated promising results in an ongoing first-in-human phase I study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03933735 ) in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Herein, we report safety and efficacy outcomes of this phase I dose escalat...
Preprint
Full-text available
The treatment landscape for relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) has increased. In this study we aimed to characterize 2nd (n = 1439) and 3rd (n = 1104) line regimens and compare the results between subgroups based on the year of treatment initiation (2nd line: 2003–2008, 2009–2015, 2016–2021; 3rd line: 2004–2009, 2010–2015, and 2016–2021). In both 2nd a...
Article
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Background: This guideline has been developed jointly by the European Society of Haematology and International Society of Amyloidosis recommending non-transplant chemotherapy treatment for patients with AL amyloidosis. Methods: A review of literature and grading of evidence as well as expert recommendations by the ESH and ISA guideline committee...
Article
Objective: In the absence of head-to-head trials, indirect treatment comparisons (ITCs) between ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel; in CARTITUDE-1) and treatments used in real-world clinical practice (physician’s choice of treatment [PCT]), were previously conducted. We conducted multiple meta-analyses using available ITC data to consolidate the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Clinicians have limited time during patient encounters which can result in patients' concerns not being addressed. This study's objective was to test whether an electronic patient-reported outcome quality of life tool (PROQOL) in which patients identify their primary concern during clinic visits improves cancer patient quality of life (Q...
Article
Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy marked by uncontrolled clonal expansion of plasma cells. Previous research has examined single-cell transcriptome profiles of Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and MM tumor microenvironment (TME) and found that natural killer (NK) cell abundance is elevated in the early stage...
Article
Full-text available
Pleiotropy, which consists of a single gene or allelic variant affecting multiple unrelated traits, is common across cancers, with evidence for genome-wide significant loci shared across cancer and non-cancer traits. This feature is particularly relevant in multiple myeloma (MM) because several susceptibility loci that have been identified to date...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Parenteral limited-duration BR chemoimmunotherapy and continuous orally administered Ibr, a Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor, dominate the treatment landscape of WM, a rare B cell lympho-ma. No trials have assessed the comparative effectiveness of these 2 vastly different approaches. We conducted a multiinstitutional, international, col...
Article
8044 Background: In the phase 3 MAIA study, adding DARA to Rd improved progression-free survival (primary endpoint), overall survival, duration of response, and PROs in transplant-ineligible pts with NDMM. We report a MAIA subgroup analysis of time to response, duration of response, and PROs. Methods: Transplant-ineligible pts with NDMM received 28...
Article
8057 Background: Following autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (auto HCT), maintenance therapies improve survival, reduce relapse risk in multiple myeloma (MM), and are the de facto standard-of-care. However, clinical trials have shown an increased risk of second primary malignancies (SPM) with maintenance therapy, including second hemato...
Article
6514 Background: Tobacco use is a modifiable risk factor for adverse outcomes among patients diagnosed with cancer. Despite ASCO’s recommendation for assessment and treatment of tobacco use, integration into cancer care is suboptimal. Socioeconomic contexts influence access and utilization of tobacco treatment, but little is known about the relatio...
Article
e20001 Background: High dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplant (HDM-ASCT) remains the standard of care for transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) despite advances in treatments. Achievement of complete response (CR) is associated with improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival...
Article
110 Background: Sarcopenia or a loss of muscle mass increases with aging and is associated with increased overall mortality in patients with cancer. Recent advances in machine learning–based CNN algorithms have allowed for the rapid processing of digital images to produce image classifications of body composition. Since incidence of MM is highly as...
Article
Belantamab mafodotin (BLMF) is a B‐cell maturation antigen‐directed antibody‐drug conjugate, recently approved for advanced multiple myeloma (MM). The impact of BLMF‐induced ocular toxicity on patient outcomes is unknown. We studied a cohort of 38 consecutively seen patients treated with BLMF outside of trials. Of those, 75% experienced ocular toxi...
Article
Full-text available
A wide variety of new therapeutic options for Multiple Myeloma (MM) have recently become available, extending progression-free and overall survival for patients in meaningful ways. However, these treatments are not curative, and patients eventually relapse, necessitating decisions on the appropriate choice of treatment(s) for the next phase of the...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple myeloma is the second most common hematological malignancy. Despite significant advances in treatment, relapse is common and carries a poor prognosis. Thus, it is critical to elucidate the genetic factors contributing to disease progression and drug resistance. Here, we carry out integrative clinical sequencing of 511 relapsed, refractory...
Article
Full-text available
Based on phase 3 trials, maintenance therapy after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has become the standard of care in multiple myeloma (MM). We examined the trends in maintenance therapy in a large group of patients (2530) transplanted at a single institution over two decades. Majority (n = 1958; 77%) had an ASCT within 12 months of dia...
Article
Background There is limited data on patient experience after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy, especially in comparison to autologous and allogeneic transplant, which are more established forms of cellular therapy. Objective We prospectively evaluated longitudinal patient-reported quality of life (QoL), symptom burden and cognition a...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy with dose-limiting toxicities and inter-individual variation in response/resistance to the standard-of-care/primary drugs, proteasome inhibitors (PIs), and immunomodulatory derivatives (IMiDs). Although newer therapeutic options are potentially highly efficacious, their costs outweigh the...
Article
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Background: Patients with high-risk, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (HR-NDMM) who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) have limited first-line treatment options. Recent meta-analyses evaluating the impact of incorporating daratumumab in the backbone regimen on progression-free survival (PFS) have found mixed results in these...
Article
Full-text available
Hematologic malignancy outcomes have remarkably improved in the past decade with further advancement expected in future years. However, the detrimental effects of financial toxicity (FT) on patients with hematologic malignancies, because of both diagnoses and subsequent treatments, have not been studied comprehensively. We performed a systematic re...
Article
Full-text available
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a premalignant clonal disorder that progresses to multiple myeloma (MM), or other plasma-cell or lymphoid disorders at a rate of 1%/year. We evaluate the contribution of body mass index (BMI) to MGUS progression beyond established clinical factors in a population-based study. We identifie...
Article
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The association between familial plasma cell disorders (PCD) and prognosis in patients with MGUS, multiple myeloma (MM), and systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis has not been well described. This study retrospectively reviewed outcomes of 25,423 patients (16,744 MGUS, 6194 MM, 2955 AL amyloidosis). Overall, 2.7% of patients reported having a famil...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and baseline allostatic load (AL) and clinical trial endpoints in patients enrolled in the E1A11 therapeutic trial in multiple myeloma (MM). Study endpoints were symptom burden (pain, fatigue, and bother) at baseline and 5.5 months, non-comple...
Article
Given the increasing use of frontline lenalidomide-based therapies in multiple myeloma (MM), there is an emerging need for lenalidomide-sparing regimens at relapse. Carfilzomib plus dexamethasone and daratumumab (KdD) and daratumumab plus bortezomib and dexamethasone (DVd) are lenalidomide-sparing triplet regimens that are approved for relapsed and...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple myeloma, the second-most common hematopoietic malignancy in the United States, still remains an incurable disease with dose-limiting toxicities and resistance to primary drugs like proteasome inhibitors (PIs) and Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs). We have created a computational pipeline that uses pharmacogenomics data-driven optimization-reg...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Many treatment regimens have been evaluated in transplant-ineligible (TIE) patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of relevant therapies for the treatment of TIE patients with NDMM. Methods: Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) from large ra...
Article
Full-text available
Achievement of a complete response (CR) in multiple myeloma (MM) correlates with improvement in survival outcomes; however, its impact on prognostic variables at baseline outside of clinical trial settings is not well described. We sought to determine the impact of achieving a CR within 2 years from diagnosis, its effect on the prognostic value of...