Shaista Kanwal

Shaista Kanwal
University of Central Punjab · UCP Business School

About

39
Publications
6,418
Reads
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1,805
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
746 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Higher grain Zn concentration is desirable to combat human Zn deficiency. A total of 58 farmers' fields were surveyed from districts of Multan and Lodhran to represent cotton-wheat rotation zone of Punjab. Soils were sampled separately from the surface (0-15 cm depth) and subsurface (15-30 cm depth) layers. Within 5 m2of soil sample, about 100 spik...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc biofortification of cereal grains is suggested for controlling widespread human Zn deficiency in developing countries. In present field trail, various Zn treatments [control, priming of seeds in 0.5% (w/v) Zn solution (seed priming), dipping of roots in 0.5% (w/v) Zn solution (root dipping), application of 20 kg Zn ha−1 (soil application), spr...
Article
In the Doppler-shifted constant frequency processing area in the primary auditory cortex of mustached bats, Pteronotus parnellii, neurons respond to both social calls and to echolocation signals. This multifunctional nature of cortical neurons creates a paradox for simultaneous processing of two behaviorally distinct categories of sound. To test th...
Article
Lighting up protein dimers in membranes: The association of membrane proteins plays a critical role in biology. We describe a FlAsH-tetracysteine (tC) assay that detects protein dimerization in lipid bilayers with a fluorescent readout. The stringent spatial requirement of FlAsH-tC complex formation readily differentiates helix dimers in parallel a...
Article
Full-text available
We categorized sixteen Brassica cultivars for their differential growth response and phosphorus (P) acquisition from phosphate rock (PR) and monoammonium phosphate (MAP). Plants were grown with both P sources in a nutrient solution experiment for 40 days. Cultivars differed significantly (P < 0.01) both for absolute as well as relative values of gr...
Article
Full-text available
We categorized sixteen Brassica cultivars for their differential growth response and phosphorus (P) acquisition from phosphate rock (PR) and monoammonium phosphate (MAP). Plants were grown with both P sources in a nutrient solution experiment for 40 days. Cultivars differed significantly (P < 0.01) both for absolute as well as relative values of gr...
Article
Peptoids, oligomers of N-substituted glycine, have been valuable targets for study and diverse application as peptidomimetics and as nanomaterials. Their conformational heterogeneity has made the study of peptoid structures using high-resolution analyses challenging, limiting our understanding of the physiochemical features that mediate peptoid fol...
Article
Full-text available
Social and echolocation vocalizations of bats contain different patterns of frequency modulations. An adult bat's ability to discriminate between various FM parameters, however, is not well established. Using changes in heart rate (HR) as a quantitative measure of associative learning, we demonstrate that mustached bats (Pteronotus parnellii) can b...
Article
A hydroponics experiment was conducted to evaluate the role of potassium (K) and silicon (Si) in mitigating the deleterious effects of NaCl on sugarcane genotypes differing in salt tolerance. Two salt-sensitive (CPF 243 and SPF 213) and two salt-tolerant (HSF 240 and CP 77-400) sugarcane genotypes were grown for six weeks in ½ strength Johnson's nu...
Article
Potassium uptake rate of two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) varieties viz., NIBGE-2 and MNH-786 was investigated in nutrient solution culture having deficient K @ 0.3 mM and deficient K+ Na @ 0.3 +2.7 mM. Depletion of K from solution was monitored over a period of 24 h at regular time intervals after 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 2...
Article
Serine protease cascades are involved in blood coagulation and immunity. In arthropods, they regulate melanization, which plays an important role in immune defense and wound healing. However, the mechanisms underlying melanization pathways are not completely characterized. We found that in the mosquito Aedes aegypti, there are two distinct melaniza...
Article
Screening cultivars to grow under conditions of low phosphorus (P) availability and utilize P efficiently from compounds of low solubility in soils may be beneficial to overcome poor plant growth in P-deficient soils. The growth behavior and P utilization efficiency of seven wheat cultivars grown in hydroponics were studied, using rock phosphate as...
Article
Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress which adversely affects the yield and juice quality in sugarcane. However, the mineral nutrient status of plant plays a crucial role in increasing plant tolerance to salinity. We investigated the effects of K and/or Si on plant growth, yield and juice quality in two sugarcane genotypes differing in salinity t...
Article
Full-text available
A pot study was conducted to investigate the growth response, ionic and water relations of two cotton varieties. Four levels of K and Na were developed after considering indigenous K, Na status in soil. The treatments of K + Na in mg kg-1 were adjusted as: 105 + 37.5, 135 + 30, 135 + 37.5 and 105 + 30 (control). Control treatment represented indige...
Article
Mosquitoes transmit numerous diseases that continue to be an enormous burden on public health worldwide. Transgenic mosquitoes impervious to vector-borne pathogens, in concert with vector control and drug and vaccine development, comprise an arsenal of means anticipated to defeat mosquito-spread diseases in the future. Mosquito transgenesis allows...
Article
Full-text available
Prophenoloxidases (PPOs) are key enzymes of the melanization reaction, which is a prominent defense mechanism of arthropods. The mosquito Aedes aegypti has ten PPO genes in the genome, four of which (PPO1, PPO3, PPO5, and PPO8) were expressed in response to microbial infection. Cactus depletion resulted in transcriptional activation of these four g...
Article
Full-text available
Neurons in the Doppler-shifted constant frequency processing (DSCF) area in the primary auditory cortex of mustached bats, Pteronotus parnellii, are multifunctional, responding both to echolocation and communication sounds. Simultaneous presentation of a DSCF neuron's best low and high frequencies (BF(low) and BF(high), respectively) facilitates it...
Article
Mustached bats emit an acoustically rich variety of calls for social communication. In the posterior primary auditory cortex, activity of neural ensembles measured as local field potentials (LFPs) can uniquely encode each call type. Here we report that LFPs recorded in response to calls contain oscillatory activity in the gamma-band frequency range...
Conference Paper
In this paper, importance of formal methods has been demonstrated by applying them in the software development of safety critical systems such as automated teller machine system. We have demonstrated the application and integration of formal methods in existing software engineering life cycle. We have used the proper specification language i.e. Z n...
Article
Full-text available
Mosquitoes are vectors of parasitic and viral diseases of immense importance for public health. The acquisition of the genome sequence of the yellow fever and Dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Aa), has enabled a comparative phylogenomic analysis of the insect immune repertoire: in Aa, the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae (Ag), and the fruit fly Drosoph...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals of many animal species communicate with each other using sounds or "calls" that are made up of basic acoustic patterns and their combinations. We are interested in questions about the processing of communication calls and their representation within the mammalian auditory cortex. Our studies compare in particular two species for which a...
Article
We evaluated growth performance of two wheat genotypes (Auqab-2000 & SARC-5) differing in salinity tolerance to applied silicon under saline conditions. Plants were grown in pots filled with normal (EC=1.16 dSm -1) and saline soil (developed EC=10 dSm-1). Silicon was applied 0, 50 and 130 μg Si/g soil using calcium silicate. Plants were harvested a...
Article
The mustached bat, Pteronotus parnellii, uses complex communication sounds ("calls") for social interactions. We recorded both event-related local field potentials (LFPs) and single/few-unit (SU) spike activity from the same electrode in the posterior region of the primary auditory cortex (AIp) during presentation of simple syllabic calls to awake...
Article
The nonapeptides, oxytocin and arginine vasopressin, play an important role in mammalian social and reproductive behavior. Using immunocytochemical procedures, we identified oxytocin-immunoreactive neurons in the frontal and auditory cortices, limbic areas such as the medial septal nucleus, horizontal limb of the diagonal band and the amygdala. Onl...
Conference Paper
The paper discusses a machine vision toolbox using Matlab. which is being developed at PIEAS (Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences) in order to acquire 3D information about a scene from images taken by a moving camera. The recovery of structure is based on the properties of an essential matrix. Experimental results show that the r...
Article
Full-text available
During navigation and the search phase of foraging, mustached bats emit approximately 25 ms long echolocation pulses (at 10-40 Hz) that contain multiple harmonics of a constant frequency (CF) component followed by a short (3 ms) downward frequency modulation. In the context of auditory stream segregation, therefore, bats may either perceive a coher...
Article
Oxytocin (OT) plays an important role in social bonding, ultrasonic vocalizations and other sexual behaviors in mammalian species. Although its presence within neuroendocrine regions in the forebrain is well established, its association with sensory nuclei remains unclear. We report here the presence of oxytocin immunoreactive neurons within severa...
Article
During navigation and the search phase of foraging, mustached bats emit ∼25 ms long echolocation pulses (at 10–40 Hz) that contain multiple harmonics of a constant frequency (CF) component followed by a short (3 ms) downward frequency modulation. In the context of auditory stream segregation, therefore, bats may either perceive a coherent pulse–ech...
Article
Full-text available
Sympathetic neurons depend on NGF binding to TrkA for their survival during vertebrate development. NGF deprivation initiates a transcription-dependent apoptotic response, which is suggested to require activation of the transcription factor c-Jun. Similarly, apoptosis can also be induced by selective activation of the p75 neurotrophin receptor. The...
Article
Perception of complex communication sounds is a major function of the auditory system. To create a coherent precept of these sounds the auditory system may instantaneously group or bind multiple harmonics within complex sounds. This perception strategy simplifies further processing of complex sounds and facilitates their meaningful integration with...
Article
Natriuretic peptides suppress adrenergic neurotransmission by a mechanism apparently involving the natriuretic peptide receptor-C (NPR-C) rather than particulate guanylyl cyclase receptors. The bulk of evidence implicating the NPR-C in neuromodulatory effects relies on the pharmacological specificity of peptides believed to be specific for the NPR-...
Article
Natriuretic peptides are cyclized peptides produced by cardiovascular and neural tissues. These peptides inhibit various secretory responses such as the release of renin, aldosterone and autonomic neurotransmitters. This report tests the hypothesis that atrial natriuretic peptide reduces dopamine efflux from an adrenergic cell line, rat pheochromoc...
Article
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) reduces depolarization induced catecholamine release from rat differentiated pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. The maximal reduction of K+ evoked dopamine release is 31 ± 11 % at a CNP concentration of 10 nM. We tested the involvement of the ANP-C receptor, Phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase C (PKC) as potential...
Article
A recently discovered endogenous autacoid, C-type natriuretic peptide, was tested in a pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell line for effects on 1) catecholamine release induced by a depolarizing stimulus, 2) guanylyl and adenylyl cyclase activities, and 3) specific 125I-labeled atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) binding. C-type natriuretic peptide suppressed...
Article
This study tested the hypothesis that neuromodulatory effects of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) are mediated by an activation of potassium channels in the rabbit isolated vas deferens. The neuromodulatory effects of ANF were tested in the presence of the potassium channel inhibitors, tetraethylammonium, 4-aminopyridine, glibenclamide and charybdot...

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