Shahrouz Amini

Shahrouz Amini
Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces | MPIKG · Department of Biomaterials

PhD

About

49
Publications
14,927
Reads
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1,698
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2016 - April 2017
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
The structure of the stomatopod dactyl club-an ultrafast, hammer-like device used by the animal to shatter hard seashells-offers inspiration for impact-tolerant ceramics. Here, we present the micromechanical principles and related micromechanisms of deformation that impart the club with high impact tolerance. By using depth-sensing nanoindentation...
Article
During marine fouling, surfaces are encrusted with scale or biological organisms, which can be expensive to remove. Amini et al. used polymers infused with organic lubricants to prevent mussels from adhering to a submerged surface. The infused polymer presents a relatively soft surface to the mussel. This means that when the mussel probes the surfa...
Article
The bulk of Earth’s biological materials consist of few base substances—essentially proteins, polysaccharides, and minerals—that assemble into large varieties of structures. Multifunctionality arises naturally from this structural complexity: An example is the combination of rigidity and flexibility in protein-based teeth of the squid sucker ring....
Article
Biomineralization, the process by which mineralized tissues grow and harden via biogenic mineral deposition, is a relatively lengthy process in many mineral-producing organisms, resulting in challenges to study the growth and biomineralization of complex hard mineralized tissues. Arthropods are ideal model organisms to study biomineralization becau...
Article
Full-text available
The teeth of all vertebrates predominantly comprise the same materials, but their lifespans vary widely: in stark contrast to mammals, shark teeth are functional only for weeks, rather than decades, making lifelong durability largely irrelevant. However, their diets are diverse and often mechanically demanding, and as such, their teeth should maint...
Article
From large ventral pleats of humpback whales to nanoscale ridges on flower petals, wrinkled structures are omnipresent, multifunctional, and found at hugely diverse scales. Depending on the particulars of the biological system-its environment, morphology, and mechanical properties-wrinkles may control adhesion, friction, wetting, or drag; promote i...
Article
Eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) is increasingly employed as an interfacial conductor material in molecular electronics and wearable healthcare devices owing to its ability to be shaped at room temperature, conductivity, and mechanical stability. Despite this emerging usage, the mechanical and physical mechanisms governing EGaIn interactions with su...
Article
Full-text available
Biomineralization provides load-bearing and protective functions to living organisms by reinforcing soft tissues. Translation of biomineralization principles to materials science in a controlled and self-organized fashion is highly desirable but challenging. A major lesson from natural systems is that crystallization may be controlled by compartmen...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the economic and ecological importance of corals’ skeletal structure, as well as their predicted vulnerability to future climate change, few studies have examined the skeletal mechanical properties at the nanoscale. As climate change is predicted to alter coral growth and physiology, as well as increase mechanical stress events (e.g., bioer...
Article
Collagen fibrils present periodic structures, which provide space for intrafibrillar growth of oriented hydroxyapatite nanocrystals in bone and contribute to the good mechanical properties of bone. However, there are not many reports focused on bioprocess-inspired synthesis of non-native inorganic materials inside collagen fibrils and detailed form...
Article
A His-rich domain of preCollagen-D found in byssal threads is derivatized by Cys and Dopa residues to allow for mussel-inspired polymerization. Artificial mussel foot proteins are accessed that combine cystenyldopa...
Article
Full-text available
Charge interaction-driven jamming of nanoparticle monolayers at the oil–water interface can be employed as a method to mold liquids into tailored stable 3D liquid objects. Here, 3D liquid objects are fabricated via a combination of biocompatible aqueous poly(vinyl sulfonic acid, sodium salt) solution and a colloidal dispersion of highly fluorescent...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial mussel‐glue proteins with pH‐triggered cohesion control were synthesized by extending the tyrosinase activated polymerization of peptides to sequences with specific modules for cohesion control. The high propensity of these sequence sections to adopt β‐sheets is suppressed by switch defects. This allows enzymatic activation and polymeriz...
Article
Full-text available
An accepted uniting character of modern cartilaginous fishes (sharks, rays, chimaera) is the presence of a mineralized, skeletal crust, tiled by numerous minute plates called tesserae. Tesserae have, however, never been demonstrated in modern chimaera and it is debated whether the skeleton mineralizes at all. We show for the first time that tessell...
Article
Full-text available
The synthesis of artificial mussel‐glue proteins with pH triggered cohesion control mechanism is described by extending the tyrosinase activated polymerization of peptides to sequences having specific modules for cohesion control. The high propensity of those sequence sections to adapt β‐sheets is temporarily suppressed by switch defects. This allo...
Article
The synthesis of artificial mussel‐glue proteins with pH triggered cohesion control mechanism is described by extending the tyrosinase activated polymerization of peptides to sequences having specific modules for cohesion control. The high propensity of those sequence sections to adapt β‐sheets is temporarily suppressed by switch defects. This allo...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial infections remain a leading threat to global health because of the misuse of antibiotics and the rise in drug‐resistant pathogens. Although several strategies such as photothermal therapy and magneto‐thermal therapy can suppress bacterial infections, excessive heat often damages host cells and lengthens the healing time. Here, a localized...
Article
Full-text available
Hypothesis: Marine biofouling is a global, longstanding problem for maritime industries and coastal areas arising from the attachment of fouling organisms onto solid immersed surfaces. Slippery Liquid Infused Porous Surfaces (SLIPS) have recently shown promising capacity to combat marine biofouling. In most SLIPS coatings, the lubricant is a silic...
Article
Full-text available
Stomatopods deliver one of the fastest strikes in the animal kingdom using their powerful “dactyl clubs.” This kinematic performance is enabled by a power amplification device whereby elastic energy is stored in a saddle-shape mineralized bilayer structure. We combined a set of comprehensive micro-mechanical measurements with finite element modelin...
Article
Full-text available
Statement of significance: The evolution success of crustaceans is largely due to the diversification of their mineralized exoskeletons and hunting appendages, which exhibit a large palette of morphometric characteristics that have adapted to meet particular functions. We explored the "snapper claw" of the pistol shrimp, which is used to generate...
Article
Textulariid foraminifera are characterized by a multichambered test with an agglutinated wall structure. Recent molecular work has shown that the order Textulariida appears as a paraphyletic group within the class Globothalamea. While larger members of the textulariids are fairly well known, smaller forms like the ones described here are often over...
Article
We present the self-assembly of fibers formed from a peptide sequence (A1H1) derived from suckerins proteins of squid sucker ring teeth (SRT). SRT are protein-only biopolymers with an unconventional set of physico-chemical and mechanical properties, including high elastic modulus coupled with thermoplastic behaviour. We have identified a conserved...
Article
Full-text available
Parrotfish (Scaridae) feed by biting stony corals. To investigate how their teeth endure the associated contact stresses, we examine the chemical composition, nano- and micro-scale structure, and the mechanical properties of the steephead parrotfish Chlorurus microrhinos tooth. Its enameloid is a fluorapatite (Ca5(PO4)3F) biomineral with outstandin...
Article
Full-text available
Microneedles are increasingly used in transdermal delivery of therapeutic agents due to the elimination of first-pass metabolism, simplicity of operation, and lack of pain, which collectively lead to improved patient compliance. However, microneedles are still met by challenges with regard to the choice of biocompatible materials and the control of...
Article
Full-text available
Re-epithelialization by collective migration of epithelial cells over a heterogeneous environment to restore tissue integrity and functions is critical for development and regeneration. Here, it is reported that the spatial organization of adjacent adherent paths within sparsely distributed extracellular matrix (ECM) has a significant impact on the...
Article
We present a bioinspired design strategy to engineer bacteria-targeting and membrane-disruptive nanoparticles for the effective antibiotic therapy of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Antibacterial nanoparticles were self-assembled from highly exfoliated montmorillonite (eMMT) and cationic linear polyethyleneimine (lPEI) via electrostatic...
Article
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A platform of mechanotactic hybrids is established by projecting lateral gradients of apparent interfacial stiffness onto the planar surface of a compliant hydrogel layer using an underlying rigid substrate with microstructures inherited from 3D printed molds. Using this platform, the mechanistic coupling of epithelial migration with the stiffness...
Article
Using a complex power amplification system, mantis shrimps ulitize a saddle-shaped biospring to store and quickly release elastic energy, enabling them to deliver deliver ultra-fast strikes on their prey. On page 6437, A. Miserez and co-workers demonstrate that the saddle is a bi-layer material with distinct degrees of mineralization. One layer is...
Article
Full-text available
Interfacial water constitutes a formidable barrier to strong surface bonding, hampering the development of water-resistant synthetic adhesives. Notwithstanding this obstacle, the Asian green mussel Perna viridis attaches firmly to underwater surfaces via a proteinaceous secretion (byssus). Extending beyond the currently known design principles of m...
Article
Full-text available
Although thermoplastic materials are mostly derived from petrochemicals , it would be highly desirable, from a sustainability perspective, to produce them instead from renewable biopolymers. Unfortunately, biopolymers exhibiting thermoplastic behaviour and which preserve their mechanical properties post processing are essentially non-existent. The...
Article
Stomatopods are aggressive crustacean predators that use a pair of ultrafast raptorial appendages to strike on prey. This swift movement is driven by a power amplification system comprising components that must be able to repetitively store and release a high amount of elastic energy. An essential component of this system is the saddle structure, i...
Article
The structure of the stomatopod dactyl club[mdash]an ultrafast, hammer-like device used by the animal to shatter hard seashells[mdash]offers inspiration for impact-tolerant ceramics. Here, we present the micromechanical principles and related micromechanisms of deformation that impart the club with high impact tolerance. By using depth-sensing nano...
Article
Bulk zirconia ceramics tend to crack when they undergo martensitic transformation, while small-scale samples survive. The relative importance of sample dimension and mean grain size of such ceramics, with reference to the elimination of mismatched transformation strains and therefore cracking, was studied by creating pillars with diameters straddli...
Article
The rigid geometry and tunable chemistry of d,l-cyclic peptides makes them an intriguing building-block for the rational design of nano- and microscale hierarchically structured materials. Herein, we utilize a combination of electron microscopy, nanomechanical characterization including depth sensing-based bending experiments, and molecular modelin...
Article
Full-text available
The predatory efficiency of squid and cuttlefish (superorder Decapodiformes) is enhanced by robust Sucker Ring Teeth (SRT) that perform grappling functions during prey capture. Here we show that SRT are composed entirely of related structural "suckerin" proteins whose modular designs enable the formation of nano-confined β-sheet-reinforced polymer...
Article
Full-text available
Stomatopods are shallow-water crustaceans that employ powerful dactyl appendages to hunt their prey. Deployed at high velocities, these hammer-like clubs or spear-like devices are able to inflict substantial impact forces. Here we demonstrate that dactyl impact surfaces consist of a finely-tuned mineral gradient, with fluorapatite substituting amor...
Article
Hair follicle transplantation is often used in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA). However, the only source of hair follicles is from human donors themselves, which limits the application of this approach. One possible solution is to reconstitute hair follicle from dissociated cells. Currently, a number of microscale technologies have bee...
Article
Full-text available
Efforts to engineer new materials inspired by biological structures are hampered by the lack of genomic data from many model organisms studied in biomimetic research. Here we show that biomimetic engineering can be accelerated by integrating high-throughput RNA-seq with proteomics and advanced materials characterization. This approach can be applie...
Article
A series of physical vapour deposition titanium aluminum silicon nitride nanocomposite coating with a different (Al + Si)/Ti atomic ratio, with a thickness of around 2.5 μm were deposited on stainless steel substrate by a lateral rotating cathode arc process in a flowing nitrogen atmosphere. The composition and microstructure of the as-deposited co...
Article
The mechanical design of biological materials has generated widespread interest in recent years, providing many insights into their intriguing structure-property relationships. A critical characteristic of load-bearing materials, which is central to the survival of many species, is their wear and abrasion tolerance. In order to be fully functional,...

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