Shahin Zarre

Shahin Zarre
University of Tehran | UT · Department of Plant Sciences

PhD

About

152
Publications
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Publications

Publications (152)
Article
Full-text available
Based on molecular and morphological evidence, two species of Seseli sect. Eriocycla subsect. Cordata are described as a new genus, Shomalia. The new genus is related to the Iranian endemic genus Azilia; the taxa have the following common diagnostic features: similar plant architecture, imparipinnate leaves, leaf segments ovate or orbiculate, with...
Article
A new species, Zeravschania sola (Apiaceae), is described from the Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran. The new species is recognized by molecular phylogenetic analysis of nrITS as closely related to Z. khorasanica and Z. minjanensis. At the same time, it differs from the above-mentioned species in the stem height and diameter at the base, shape of...
Article
The tribe Alsineae is a large monophyletic group in the family Caryophyllaceae especially found across Eurasia and the Americas, but with a center of diversity in the Mediterranean region. Several previous molecular phylogenetic studies have focused on the delimitation of genera and tribes of Caryophyllaceae, especially the subfamily Alsinoideae or...
Article
Full-text available
Previous molecular phylogenetic investigations of Apiaceae tribe Pimpinelleae have focused primarily on its largest genus Pimpinella and its closest allies. The monophyly and phylogenetic placements of five Iranian genera of the tribe have not been addressed sufficiently (Aphanopleura, Demavendia, Haussknechtia, Psammogeton, and Zeravschania). To e...
Article
A new species, Dichoropetalum viarium (Apiaceae), is described from the Lorestan Province, Western Iran. The new species differs from D. paucijugum, D. aromaticum, and D. chryseum in the height, shape, diameter, and branching of the stem, shape of the terminal leaf lobes, shape of the bracteoles, shape and size of the mericarps, and shape of the st...
Article
Full-text available
Iran is one of the largest honey-producing countries worldwide and is considered as an important source of honey for international markets. However, since Iran is not registered for honey export to Europe, the quality of Iranian honey remains unknown to European traders. As the first step in filling this gap, we analyzed 225 honey samples using pal...
Article
Orchids differ from other plants in their extremely small and partly air‐filled seeds that can be transported long distances by wind. Seed dispersal in orchids is expected to contribute strongly to overall gene flow, and orchids generally express low levels of genetic differentiation between populations and low pollen to seed flow ratios. However,...
Article
Molecular phylogenetic studies have had major impacts on the delineation of higher-level taxa in many plant groups. Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae, its largest subfamily, is in the process of major systematic rearrangements owing to these studies. Iran, with more than one fourth of all apioid genera, is a biodiversity hotspot for this subfamily, thou...
Article
Full-text available
Unfavourable climatic conditions force Iranian beekeepers to translocate over large distances in the course of the year. However, irrespective of the main place of production, the honey is always labeled with the name of the beekeepers' hometown, which leads consequently to mislabeled products. The present study investigates the capability of DNA m...
Article
Full-text available
Characteristic features of seed and testa cells in 13 species of Allium, representing its five recognized sections, Compactoprason, Megaloprason, Procerallium, Decipientia and Pseudoprason were studied using both stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope. The identified characters, such as seed shape, alignment and shape of testa cells, fea...
Article
Full-text available
A putatively monophyletic group of annual Silene species is revised taxonomically and described as the new section S. sect. Arenosae. The species of this section were previously treated as a part of a widely circumscribed and polyphyletic S. sect. Rigidulae. Silene sect. Arenosae as circumscribed here consists of nine species. Members of the sectio...
Article
The generic boundary of the broadly defined Acanthophyllum s.l., the third‐largest genus of the tribe Caryophylleae (Caryophyllaceae), has been a subject of taxonomic confusion. Acanthophyllum s.l. now includes five minor genera previously recognized as independent. Among these small genera, the inclusion of Allochrusa, Ochotonophila, and Scleranth...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Notes on infrageneric divisions of Silene proposed in the paper "A new taxonomic backbone for the infrageneric classification of the species-rich genus Silene (Caryophyllaceae)", as supplementary Appendix S6, including “Diagnosis”, “Distribution”, “Species phylogenetically analyzed”, and “Notes on phylogeny and circumscription”.
Article
The systematization of species in plant taxonomy based on the phylogenetic relationships among them are of utmost importance and also very challenging in large genera. In those, phylogenetic results often may suggest substantially different relationships than previous classifications, and call for large‐scale taxonomic revisions. Delimitation of th...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Phylogenetic analyses of individual regions employed FastTreeMP v.2.1.0 with the Jukes-Cantor+CAT model. Local support values were computed by resampling the site likelihoods 1000 times with the Shimodaira-Hasegawa test (indicated as SH in the text and on the obtained trees), which is the same as SH-like local supports.
Article
Trichomes of 26 species of Alcea (Malvaceae) were investigated using light (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The trichomes show a great micromorphological variation, which provides data useful for species delimitation in Alcea. Two basic types of trichomes could be distinguished in Alcea and allied genera: glandular and eglandular. The g...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Species tree analyses were performed with STACEY (Species Tree And Classification Estimation, Yarely) v.1.2.4 (Jones, 2016) as implemented in BEAST v.2.5.0 (Bouckaert & al., 2014, 2018). Posterior probability values of the analysis based on the HKY model are indicated above branches.
Data
A list of Silene species growing wild in Iran (Jafari et al. 2019). https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.425.1.3
Article
Full-text available
Trichomes of 35 species of the genus Convolovulusand one species of the genus Calystegia(C. sepium) were investigated using light and scanning electron microscopy. The trichomes show a great variation, which provides valuable data for sections and species delimitation in Convolvulus. Trichomes of Convolvulusare nonglandular, simple, and basifixed o...
Article
Two new species-Silene orientoalborzensis and S. circumcarmanica-are here described from Northeast and South Iran, respectively. They belong to Silene subg. Silene sect. Auriculatae which is the largest section of the genus in W-Asia. A specimen from center of Iran, which was identified erroneously as S. atocioides, is revised and identified as S....
Article
Full-text available
The antioxidative potential and some phytochemicals of Lilium ledebourii Boiss. were biochemically analyzed using assays of extracts from the bulb, shoot and flower. In addition, the plant's biosystematics was molecularly characterized using a phylogenetic tree. L. ledebourii plants were collected from their natural habitat. Biochemical assays show...
Article
Full-text available
The antioxidative potential and some phytochemicals of Lilium ledebourii Boiss. were biochemically analyzed using assays of extracts from the bulb, shoot and flower. In addition, the plant’s biosystematics was molecularly characterized using a phylogenetic tree. L. ledebourii plants were collected from their natural habitat. Biochemical assays show...
Poster
Full-text available
:به صورت زیر ارجاع داده شود COLE TCH, HILGER HH, STEVENS PF, SALMAKI Y, ZARRE S (2019) Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster – Systematics of Flowering Plants [Farsi Translation] of کل، تی.سی.اچ.، هيلگر، اچ.اچ.، استيونز، پی.اف.، سلمکی، ی.، زارع، ش. (١۳۹٧) پوستر تبارزایی نهاندانگان – سازگان شناسی گياهان گل دار ... now following PPA!
Article
Astragalus, a highly diverse genus of flowering plants with its highest center of diversity in West Asia, is a classic example of rapid species-level radiation and adaptation to a diversity of habitats throughout the world. We examined the historical biogeography of Astragalus using molecular dating and ancestral area reconstruction to understand h...
Article
Full-text available
Allium is a particularly species rich (more than 800 species) and economically important genus, with numerous taxonomic problems at all levels of classification. In this study, we try to uncover the phylogenetic relationships in the common leek Allium ampeloprasum based on selected samples of this species and its putative relatives in sect. Allium...
Article
Stem anatomy of Bufonia and nine allied genera was studied in order to investigate the systematic value of anatomical characters in generic delimitation. Cross-sections of stems of 31 accessions representing 14 species and 3 subspecies of Bufonia, and 17 additional species of the genera Arenaria, Cerastium, Eremogone, Minuartia, Minuartiella, Odont...
Article
Full-text available
Acanthophyllum, with ca. 90 spiny cushion-forming species, is one of the largest genera of Caryophyllaceae. Although taxonomic utility of seed morphology has already been highlighted in different genera of Caryophyllaceae, the systematic value of seed characters in Acanthophyllum has not been adequately addressed. In order to evaluate the applicati...
Article
Full-text available
This study was performed to depict the anatomical changes in apical meristems in order to determine the flower initiation and development of Iranian lily (Lilium ledebourii). Observations carried out by scanning electron microscope (SEM) on groups of bulbs with different age and size showed that only large (≥55 g and ≥6 cm in diameter) 9-year-old a...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. Allium ampeloprasum (Amaryllidaceae) is recorded as a new taxon for the flora of Iran. It is morphologically most similar to Allium atroviolaceum and Allium iranicum. This species is compared with its two aforementioned relative species and some notes are given on its affinities. A full description, images and a distribution map are also...
Article
Full-text available
Seed surface ultrastructure shows a wide variation among different species of the genus Allium that could potentially provide valuable characters in inferring the relationships. In order to evaluate inter- and intraspecific variation of testa microsculpturing in the leek alliance, 33 seed samples of Allium representing its two subgenera, six sectio...
Article
The status of the genus Dichodon has long been debated, and its taxonomic position in tribe Alsineae has been changed during the time from a section or subgenus in Cerastium to genus sister to Holosteum. This group comprises important members of wet meadows in alpine and subalpine vegetation of Europe, arctic regions, and SW-Asia plus one species k...
Article
Full-text available
Allium subg. Melanocrommyum as the second largest subgenus of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) encompasses several taxonomically difficult groups including A. stipitatum and allies with vague number of sections, subsections and species. We investigated the anatomical characters of scape in 12 species of this complex and its allies representing four recogniz...
Article
Full-text available
Allium is taxonomically a difficult genus with blurred taxonomic borders at all taxonomic ranks. In this research, anatomy and morphology of bulb tunics in 42 species of the genus representing its 16 currently recognized sections and 6 subgenera (Allium, Cepa, Reticulatobulbosa, Amerallium, Polyprason and Melanocrommyum) were investigated. Our resu...
Article
Assigning correct names to taxa is a challenging goal in the taxonomy of many groups within the Caryophyllaceae. This challenge is most serious in tribe Caryophylleae since the supposed genera seem to be highly artificial, and the available morphological evidence cannot effectively be used for delimitation and exact determination of taxa. The main...
Article
Saffron (Crocus sativus) stigmas as a flavoring commodity command a very high price in international food markets and, as a result, are a candidate for various kinds of fraud. This paper reports on the use of thin layer chromatography combined with image analysis (TLC-IA) and chemometrics techniques for validating the authenticity of saffron and ra...
Article
Full-text available
Saffron quality is commonly determined by three parameters: color, aroma, and taste. Several factors including harvesting and post-harvesting conditions, affect these parameters. In this study, the effect of storage time on saffron quality was evaluated. At first, the relative concentration of the saffron secondary metabolites in freshly dried and...
Article
Full-text available
Amini, E., Zarre, Sh. & Assadi, M. 2018. 12. 30: Leaf anatomical study of Gypsophila (Caryophyllaceae) and allied genera in Iran and its taxonomical implication.-Iran. J. Bot. 24 (2): 138-155. Tehran. Aanatomical features as revealed from cross-sections of leaf blades and midribs in 21 taxa of Gypsophila representing its currently recognized seven...
Article
Full-text available
2 ‫ق‬ ‫شناسی‬ ‫زیست‬ ‫دانشکده‬ ،‫گیاهی‬ ‫علوم‬ ‫بخش‬ ‫و‬ ‫زنده‬ ‫موجودات‬ ‫تبارزایی‬ ‫طب‬ ، ،‫علوم‬ ‫پردیس‬ ‫ایران‬ ،‫تهران‬ ،‫تهران‬ ‫دانشگاه‬ * ‫مس‬ ‫ئ‬ :‫مکاتبات‬ ‫ول‬ aeidimz@guilan.ac.ir s ‫چکیده‬. Allium ampeloprasum ‫به‬ ‫می‬ ‫گزارش‬ ‫ایران‬ ‫فلور‬ ‫برای‬ ‫جدید‬ ‫آرایه‬ ‫یک‬ ‫عنوان‬ ‫این‬ .‫شود‬ ‫ریخت‬ ‫نظر‬ ‫از‬ ‫گونه‬ ‫گونه‬ ‫به‬ ‫شبیه‬ ‫ب...
Poster
Full-text available
Silene L. as the largest genus of Caryophyllaceae has been subjected to controversial taxonomic treatments. The genus is widespread throughout temperate regions of the North Hemisphere with Mediterranean region, SW Asia and Central Asia as centers of its diversification. Lumpers define it broadly and recognized about 850 species in the genus throug...
Article
Despite the increasing number of molecular phylogenetic studies conducted recently in Caryophyllaceae, the relationships within several major lineages remain unresolved. Tribe Alsineae including the large genera Cerastium and Stellaria is among the poorly studied taxa in the family in terms of seed morphology. In order to test the utility of seed c...
Article
Full-text available
Annual Astragalus spp. are important elements in the floras of Mediterranean areas of Africa, Europe and the deserts of South-West Asia. By reconstructing phylogenetic trees including c. 75% of Old World annual Astragalus spp. and representatives of allied perennial taxa, we sought novel evolutionary insights regarding the phylogenetic position and...
Article
Tubers of terrestrial orchids are harvested and traded from the eastern Mediterranean to the Caspian Sea for the traditional product Salep. Over-exploitation of wild populations and increased middle-class prosperity have escalated prices for Salep, causing overharvesting, depletion of native populations and providing an incentive to expand harvesti...
Data
نقل قول cite as: COLE TCH, HILGER HH, SALMAKI Y, ZARRE S (2016) تبارزایی نهاندانگان - سازگان شناسی گياهان گل دار Persian version/translation of: COLE TCH, HILGER HH (2016) Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster - Flowering Plant Systematics, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32348.59525
Poster
Full-text available
Cole, T.C.H, Hilger, H.H. Salmaki, Y., Zarre, S. (2016) Persian version Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster - Flowering Plant Systematics. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32348.59525 :
Article
Full-text available
Cynomoriaceae, one of the last unplaced families of flowering plants, comprises one or two species or subspecies of root parasites that occur from the Mediterranean to the Gobi Desert. Using Illumina sequencing, we assembled the mitochondrial and plastid genomes as well as some nuclear genes of a Cynomorium specimen from Italy. Selected genes were...
Article
Plantaginaceae tribe Antirrhineae as revised by Sutton (1988) comprises about 30 genera that have undergone significant taxonomic changes in recent years, many of which have yet to be assessed by detailed phylogenetic analyses, including Kickxia, Nanorrhinum and Chaenorhinum. To examine the monophyly, relationships and rank of Kickxia, Nanorrhinum...
Article
Full-text available
Allium subgenus Melanocrommyum is taxonomically one of the most complicated groups within Allium and its sectional delimitation has been changed several times. In the present study, the relationships among 136 individuals representing 28 species of the sections Acanthoprason and Asteroprason were surveyed using ISSR (inter simple sequence repeats)...
Article
The systematics and phylogeny of the genus Arenaria and allied genera are unresolved. The use of morphological data has resulted in contradictory taxonomic concepts in the past due to their homoplastic nature. We present a phylogenetic analysis based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and rps16 sequence data of 140 (132 taxa) and 131 (120 taxa) a...
Article
Plant functional traits and functional diversity play key roles in ecosystem functioning. Exploring patterns of functional diversity is of great importance in the management process of forest ecosystems. Altitudinal pattern of plant functional diversity is poorly investigated in Hyrcanian relict forest, N Iran. We explored differences in trait comp...
Article
Variations in seed micromorphology of 64 taxa of Arenaria and allied genera were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) in order to evaluate their diagnostic value for systematic studies in the genus and providing additional evidence on delimitation of natural groups. Significant diversity was found in seed coat morphology both among and...
Article
Full-text available
Two Brassicaceae novelties are reported from Iran. Erysimum hezarense (Erysimeae) is described and illustrated as a newly discovered species. It resembles E. subulatum, E. laxiflorum and E. iraqense but can be readily distinguished by the indumentum of stem, leaves and pedicels; bicolor petals; and number of flowers on the main inflorescence. It is...