Shahaf Peleg

Shahaf Peleg
Institute for Farm Animal Biology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

25
Publications
3,638
Reads
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1,271
Citations
Introduction
Aging , Metabolism, Epigenetics, Cognition
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
Institute for Farm Animal Biology
Position
  • Group Leader
Description
  • Laboratory for epigenetics, metabolism and longevity
November 2017 - October 2018
Institute of Neuroregeneration & Neurorehabilitation
Position
  • Professor
August 2017 - December 2018
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Position
  • Researcher
Education
October 2007 - October 2010
October 2007 - October 2010
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Field of study
  • Neuroscience
November 2003 - August 2006

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
As the human life span increases, the number of people suffering from cognitive decline is rising dramatically. The mechanisms underlying age-associated memory impairment are, however, not understood. Here we show that memory disturbances in the aging brain of the mouse are associated with altered hippocampal chromatin plasticity. During learning,...
Article
Full-text available
Old age is associated with a progressive decline of mitochondrial function and changes in nuclear chromatin. However, little is known about how metabolic activity and epigenetic modifications change as organisms reach their midlife. Here, we assessed how cellular metabolism and protein acetylation change during early aging in Drosophila melanogaste...
Article
Full-text available
Loss of cellular homeostasis during aging results in altered tissue functions and leads to a general decline in fitness and, ultimately, death. As animals age, the control of gene expression, which is orchestrated by multiple epigenetic factors, degenerates. In parallel, metabolic activity and mitochondrial protein acetylation levels also change. T...
Article
Full-text available
Suitable animal models are essential for translational research, especially in the case of complex, multifactorial conditions, such as obesity. The non-inbred mouse (Mus musculus) line Titan, also known as DU6, is one of the world’s longest selection experiments for high body mass and was previously described as a model for metabolic healthy (benig...
Preprint
Despite longstanding scientific interest in the centrality of mitochondria to biological aging, directly controlling mitochondrial function to test causality has eluded researchers. We show that specifically boosting mitochondrial membrane potential through a light-activated proton pump reversed age-associated phenotypes and extended C. elegans lif...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenetic alterations pose one major hallmark of organismal aging. Here, we provide an overview on recent findings describing the epigenetic changes that arise during aging and in related maladies such as neurodegeneration and cancer. Specifically, we focus on alterations of histone modifications and DNA methylation and illustrate the link with me...
Article
Full-text available
Lipids are involved in a broad spectrum of canonical biological functions, from energy supply and storage by triacylglycerols to membrane formation by sphingolipids, phospholipids and glycolipids. Because of this wide range of functions, there is an overlap between age-associated processes and lipid pathways. Lipidome analysis revealed age-related...
Article
Binge drinking and chronic exposure to ethanol contribute to alcoholic liver diseases (ALDs). A potential link between ALDs and circadian disruption has been observed, though how different patterns of alcohol consumption differentially impact hepatic circadian metabolism remains virtually unexplored. Using acute versus chronic ethanol feeding, we r...
Article
Recent studies demonstrated that alcohol consumption can induce epigenetic changes in the brain, although the exact mechanism underlying such changes remained unclear. Now, a report by Mews et al. shows a direct link between alcohol consumption and histone acetylation changes in the brain, which are mediated by the neuronal acetyl-CoA synthase, ACS...
Article
Fat is historically associated with poor health and obesity. However, the continuous use of lipidomics and genetic studies in model organisms revealed that specific lipid profiles and signals might delay aging. In order to identify and quantify the lipid species, researchers are taking advantage of the recent developments in the area of lipidomics...
Article
Regulated metabolic activity is essential for the normal functioning of living cells. Indeed, altered metabolic activity is causally linked with the progression of cancer, diabetes, neurodegeneration, and aging to name a few. For instance, changes in mitochondrial activity, the cell's metabolic powerhouse, have been characterized in many such disea...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenetic deregulation, such as the reduction of histone acetylation levels, is thought to be causally linked to various maladies associated with aging. Consequently, histone deacetylase inhibitors are suggested to serve as epigenetic therapy by increasing histone acetylation. However, previous work suggests that many non-histone proteins, includi...
Article
Full-text available
Organismal aging is classically viewed as a gradual decline of cellular functions and a systemic deterioration of tissues that leads to an increased mortality rate in older individuals. According to the prevailing theory, aging is accompanied by a continuous and progressive decline in mitochondrial metabolic activity in cells. However, the most rob...
Article
Lysine deacetylases act on many other proteins apart from histones, with effects on metabolism and gene expression. We need to be cautious that therapeutically used KDACi have a much more widespread impact than anticipated.
Article
Full-text available
The circadian clock is constituted by a complex molecular network that integrates a number of regulatory cues needed to maintain organismal homeostasis. To this effect, posttranslational modifications of clock proteins modulate circadian rhythms and are thought to convert physiological signals into changes in protein regulatory function. To explore...

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