Shabir H Wani

Shabir H Wani
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir | SKUAST-K · Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics (PG)

PhD, Plant Breeding and Genetics

About

396
Publications
257,249
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Introduction
Assistant Professor/Scientist Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding , Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir- ,Jammu and Kashmir, India
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Position
  • Research Assistant
May 2013 - present
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Currently engaged in teaching assignments in some courses of seed technology and plant breeding Srinagar
May 2013 - March 2015
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
December 2005 - September 2009
Punjab Agricultural University
Field of study
  • Plant Breeding and Genetics

Publications

Publications (396)
Article
Full-text available
Tissue culture is one of the tools necessary for genetic engineering and many other breeding programs. Moreover, selection of high regenerating rice varieties is a pre-requisite for success in rice biotechnology. In this report we established a reproducible plant regeneration system through somatic embryogenesis. The explants used for regeneration...
Article
Full-text available
Abiotic stresses including drought, salinity, heat, cold, flooding, and ultraviolet radiation causes crop losses worldwide. In recent times, preventing these crop losses and producing more food and feed to meet the demands of ever-increasing human populations have gained unprecedented importance. However, the proportion of agricultural lands facing...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, about 20% of calories (energy) come from wheat. In some countries, it is more than 70%. More than 2 billion people are at risk for zinc deficiency and even more, people are at risk of iron deficiency, nearly a quarter of all children underage group of 5 are physically and cognitively stunted, and lack of dietary zinc is a major contributi...
Article
Full-text available
Legumes, being angiosperm’s third-largest family as well as the second major crop family, contributes beyond 33% of human dietary proteins. The advent of the global food crisis owing to major climatic concerns leads to nutritional deprivation, hunger and hidden hunger especially in developing and underdeveloped nations. Hence, in the wake of promot...
Article
Full-text available
Powdery mildew is an omnipresent disease that reduces the yield and quality of pea crops (Pisum sativum L.). To examine the powdery mildew pathogen’s morphological, molecular, and genetic diversity, we collected samples of powdery mildew-affected pea crops from ten distinct locations in the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, India. The pathogen Erysi...
Article
Crop plants are prone to several yield-reducing biotic and abiotic stresses. The crop yield reductions due to these stresses need addressing to maintain an adequate balance between the increasing world population and food production to avoid food scarcities in the future. It is impossible to increase the area under food crops proportionately to mee...
Article
Crop plants are prone to several yield-reducing biotic and abiotic stresses. The crop yield reductions due to these stresses need addressing to maintain an adequate balance between the increasing world population and food production to avoid food scarcities in the future. It is impossible to increase the area under food crops proportionately to mee...
Article
Full-text available
Background Characterization and evaluation of plant genetic resources play an important role for their utilization in the crop improvement programmes. Methods and results This study involves the agro-morphological and cooking quality besides, molecular characterization of 51 genotypes/advance breeding lines of rice from Kashmir Himalayas. Signific...
Article
Full-text available
Background This study aims to understand the influence of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters on yield of winter wheat in some areas of China. Nitrogen (N) application is believed to improve photosynthesis in flag leaf ultimately increase final yield. Methods and Results To understand the response of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of wheat, f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biotic stress is a critical factor limiting soybean growth and development. Soybean responses to biotic stresses such as insects, nematodes, and fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens are governed by complex regulatory and defense mechanisms. Next-generation sequencing has availed research techniques and strategies in genomics and post-genomics. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional agricultural practices rely heavily on chemical fertilizers to boost production. Among the fertilizers, phosphatic fertilizers are copiously used to ameliorate low-phosphate availability in the soil. However, phosphorus-use efficiency (PUE) for major cereals, including maize, is less than 30%; resulting in more than half of the applied...
Article
Full-text available
Among abiotic stresses, heat stress is described as one of the major limiting factors of crop growth worldwide, as high temperatures elicit a series of physiological, molecular, and biochemical cascade events that ultimately result in reduced crop yield. There is growing interest among researchers in the use of beneficial microorganisms. Intricate...
Article
Full-text available
Maize is the third most common cereal crop worldwide, after rice and wheat, and plays a vital role in preventing global hunger crises. Approximately 50% of global crop yields are reduced by drought stress. Bacteria as biostimulants for biopriming can improve yield and enhance sustainable food production. Further, seed biopriming stimulates plant de...
Book
This volume details different genomic methods and resources to explore cereal genomics. Chapters guide readers through crop genomes, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies, protocol for CRISPR editing, transgenic wheat, NGS approach, virus induced gene silencing (VIGS), genomic tools, computational prediction of ncRNAs (miRNAs & ceRNAs) in c...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change continues to threaten global crop output by reducing annual productivity. As a result, global food security is now considered as one of the most important challenges facing humanity. To address this challenge, modern crop breeding approaches are required to create plants that can cope with increased abiotic/biotic stress. Metabolomic...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sea buckthorn (Hippophae) is in the focus of interest mainly for its positive effects on health of both human and animal organisms. Due to the similarities in vegetative morphology, Hippophae species are often misidentified. Therefore, current study was focused on ITS based sequence characterization of sea buckthorn species and comparati...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivated modern maize (Zea mays L.) originated through the continuous process of domestication from its wild progenitors. Today, maize is considered as the most important cereal crop which is extensively cultivated in all parts of the world. Maize shows remarkable genotypic and phenotypic diversity which makes it an ideal model species for crop g...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Anthocyanin, an essential ingredient of functional foods, is present in a wide range of plants, including black carrots. The current investigation was carried out to analyse the effect of cold stress on the expression of major anthocyanins and anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway genes, MYB6 and LDOX-1. Methods and results Five cultivated carrot g...
Article
Full-text available
The fundamental concepts of the genetics, race classification and epidemiology of the Wheat spike blast causing fungus Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum (MoT) are still evolving despite of its discovery in 1985 in Brazil for the first time. The fungus seems to defy the research progress that is being made globally by continuously evolving into...
Article
Full-text available
Background Scab caused by Venturia inaequalis (Cke.) Wint. is the most important fungal disease of apple. Fungicide application is a widely practiced method of disease control. However, the use of chemicals is costintensive, tedious, and ecologically unsafe. The development of genetic resistance and the breeding of resistant cultivars is the most r...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy metal (HM) contamination resulting from industrialization and urbanization during the Anthropocene along with plant invasion can severely threaten the growth and adaptation of local flora. Invasive alien plant species generally exhibit a growth pattern consistent with their functional traits in non-contaminated environments in the introduced...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Exponentially increasing population and everchanging climatic conditions are two major concerns for global food security. Early sowing in the second fortnight of October is an emerging trend with farmers in Indo Gangetic Plains to avoid yield losses from terminal heat stress. This also benefts the use of residual soil moisture o...
Chapter
n the present state, human activities coupled with simultaneous exploitation of the earth's resources have resulted in newer challenges that surface day-by-day. In a response to overcome the after-effects, new methods are being developed to address these challenges in an effective manner. Considering the projection that the world population will ri...
Article
Full-text available
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant growth regulator known for its functions, especially in seed maturation, seed dormancy, adaptive responses to biotic and abiotic stresses, and leaf and bud abscission. ABA activity is governed by multiple regulatory pathways that control ABA biosynthesis, signal transduction, and transport. The transport of the ABA si...
Article
Full-text available
Due to increased industrialization, arsenic (As) in the soil has become a serious issue for wheat production since past few decades. We investigated the role of Azospirillum brasilense and trans-zeatin riboside (tZR) in the mitigation of arsenic toxicity in wheat for 2 years (2018-2019 and 2019-2020) in pot experiments. Wheat plants grown in soil a...
Article
Full-text available
Plants defend themselves against ecological stresses including drought. Therefore, they adopt various strategies to cope with stress, such as seepage and drought tolerance mechanisms, which allow plant development under drought conditions. There is evidence that microbes play a role in plant drought tolerance. In this study, we presented a review o...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy metal (HM) contamination resulting from industrialization and urbanization during the Anthropocene along with plant invasion can severely threaten the growth and adaptation of local flora. Invasive alien plant species generally exhibit a growth pattern consistent with their functional traits in non-contaminated environments in the introduced...
Article
Full-text available
An increase in temperature and extreme heat stress is responsible for the global reduction in maize yield. Heat stress affects the integrity of the plasma membrane functioning of mitochondria and chloroplast, which further results in the over-accumulation of reactive oxygen species. The activation of a signal cascade subsequently induces the transc...
Article
Full-text available
The genotype of a cultivar is very important for the expression of quality attributes and the actual grain yield. In the present study, 101 elite wheat genotypes were examined using RCBD for 17 qualitative traits under temperate conditions to explore genetic variation among genotypes. Statistical analysis was conducted to determine the kinship of t...
Preprint
Pythium root rot is an important seedling disease of soybean [ Glycine max (L.) Merr.], a crop grown worldwide for protein and oil content. Pythium irregulare and P. sylvaticum are two of the most prevalent and aggressive Pythium species in soybean producing regions in the North Central U.S. A few studies have been conducted to identify soybean res...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Improving crop resistance against insect pests is crucial for ensuring future food security. Integrating genomics with modern breeding methods holds enormous potential in dissecting the genetic architecture of this complex trait and accelerating crop improvement. Abstract Insect resistance in crops has been a major research objective i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plants are prone to several biotic and abiotic stresses, reducing crop yields. The crop yield reductions due to these stresses need addressing to maintain an adequate balance between the increasing world population and food production to avoid food scarcities in the future. It is impossible to increase the area under food crops proportionately to m...
Article
Full-text available
Gradually rising atmospheric temperature is the vital component of the environment, which is anticipated as the riskiest abiotic stress for crop growth. Nanotechnology revolutionizing the agricultural sectors, notably, zinc oxide nanoparticles (nano-ZnO) has captured intensive research interests due to their distinctive properties and numerous appl...
Article
Full-text available
Breeding crops in a conventional way demands considerable time, space, inputs for selection, and the subsequent crossing of desirable plants. The duration of the seed-to-seed cycle is one of the crucial bottlenecks in the progress of plant research and breeding. In this context, speed breeding (SB), relying mainly on photoperiod extension, temperat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Exponentially increasing population and everchanging climatic conditions are two major concerns for the global food security. Early sowing in second fortnight of October is an emerging trend with farmers in Indo Gangetic Plains to avoid the yield losses from terminal heat stress. This also benefits the use of residual soil moisture of r...
Preprint
Plants are prone to several biotic and abiotic stresses, reducing crop yields. The crop yield reductions due to these stresses need addressing to maintain an adequate balance between the increasing world population and food production to avoid food scarcities in the future. It is impossible to increase the area under food crops proportionately to m...
Article
Full-text available
Beneficial root-associated rhizospheric microbes play a key role in maintaining host plant growth and can potentially allow drought-resilient crop production. The complex interaction of root-associated microbes mainly depends on soil type, plant genotype, and soil moisture. However, drought is the most devastating environmental stress that strongly...
Article
Full-text available
The major parameters that affect climate change pattern include the latitude, ocean currents, wind, air pressure, elevation and relief. These parameters can influence the behaviour of the crops and their performance in time and space. The study was carried out to gain the perspicacity about the prospectus of cultivation of ruling japonica rice vari...
Article
Full-text available
2020. Simulating maize yield study at enhanced level of temperature using CERES maize model DSSAT.4.7. Journal of Cereal Research 12(2): 150-156. http://doi. Abstract Climate variability has been and continues to be the principal source of fluctuations in global food production in countries of the developing world and is of serious concern. Process...
Article
Full-text available
Due to increased industrialization, arsenic (As) in the soil has become a serious issue for wheat production since past few decades. We investigated the role of Azospirillum brasilense and trans-zeatin riboside (tZR) in the mitigation of arsenic toxicity in wheat for 2 years (2018–2019 and 2019–2020) in pot experiments. Wheat plants grown in soil a...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a new ranked set sampling scheme based of neoteric ranked set named as Neo-Centric ranked set sampling (NCRSS) is proposed for estimating the population mean. The mean under NCRSS were compared with its counterparts under SRS, RSS and DRSS and the results showed that the proposed estimators outperformed its counterparts. It was found...
Chapter
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Maize (Zea mays L.) plays a significant role in human nutrition and animal feed. After the discovery of opaque-2 mutants in maize, that produces with enhanced levels of lysine and tryptophan. Quality protein maize (QPM) holds superior nutritional value and is essentially exchangeable with normal maize. The increasing use of maize as feed,...
Chapter
Phytoremediation is the most simple and powerful approach for reducing heavy metals from polluted soils. Cleanup in most polluted environments is necessary to protect the area and minimize the introduction of harmful components into the food chain. Phytoremediation is a clean and cost-effective method to remove organic/inorganic pollutants primaril...
Book
Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new varie...
Chapter
Until recent past, genomics and bioinformatics were considered as different subjects and now their applications started yielding crop improvement. Though the resources are being added fast in public databases, the effective utilization of the available resources is yet to be attempted. The reasons behind the slow phase of genomics applications and...
Article
To feed more than 9 billion people by 2050, increased food production must be accomplished with reduced agricultural inputs in the face of climate change. Wild relatives of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) possess many potentially valuable traits for improvement of its yield, quality plus tolerance to both biotic and abiotic stresses. To enhance the ge...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the present investigation aims to evaluate the correlation and path coefficients analysis under normal conditions through line × tester analysis. 15 diverse genotypes including 10 lines, 5 testers and their 50 F 1 s hybrids were evaluated for 13 morphological and 2 biochemical traits. The two different locations were taken characters...
Article
Nitrogen, the vital primary plant growth nutrient at deficit soil conditions, drastically affects the growth and yield of a crop. Over the years, excess use of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizers resulted in pollution, eutrophication and thereby demanding the reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers. Being a C4 plant with fibrous root system and...
Article
Full-text available
Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf ex Holmes, a highly valued medicinal plant, is a critically endangered plant species with restricted global distribution. Because there is no published report on the in vitro micropropagation of A. chasmanthum, the present study was undertaken to contribute to the development of an efficient micropropagation protocol for...
Article
Full-text available
Rice blast is considered one of the most important fungal diseases of rice. Although diseases can be managed by using resistant cultivars, the blast pathogen has successfully overcome the single gene resistance in a short period and rendered several varieties susceptible to blast which were otherwise intended to be resistant. As such, chemical cont...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Characterization and evaluation of plant genetic resources play an important role for their utilization in the crop improvement programmes. Methods and results: This study entails the agro-morphological, cooking quality and molecular characterization of 51 genotypes / advance breeding lines of rice from Kashmir Himalayas. Significant va...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to analyze the phytoconstituents of Neptunia triquetra (Vahl) Benth. Anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities of ethanol (EE), chloroform (CE) and dichloromethane (DCME) of stem extracts were evaluated using in vivo experimental models. The extracts were analyzed for phytoconstituents using GC-HRMS. Anti-inflammator...
Article
Full-text available
Amid mounting global human population, particularly in the develop�ing world, climate change continues to challenge food security and crop cultivation. Hence, mitigation strategies are needed to sustain and invigorate the crop resources needed for agriculture. Within the broad purview and compliance of sustainable development goals (SDG), it is als...