Seth J Schwartz

Seth J Schwartz
University of Texas at Austin | UT · Department of Kinesiology and Health Education

Ph.D., Developmental Psychology, Florida International University, 2000

About

443
Publications
321,752
Reads
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22,989
Citations
Introduction
I am a developmental/social/cultural psychologist. I am interested in identity - broadly defined - and the ways in which self-concept and cultural processes predict behavior and adjustment. I am also interested in the role of family, peer, school, and neighborhood functioning in positive and negative developmental outcomes, as well as the implications of all of these effects for intervention.
Additional affiliations
February 2009 - November 2015
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Position
  • The Role of Culture in Thriving and Risk Behavior in Hispanic Adolescents
Description
  • Examined how adolescent and parent acculturation, cultural stress, and family functioning predict substance use and sexual risk taking among recently arrived Hispanic adolescents.
April 2005 - March 2011
Position
  • Identity and Context in HIV Risk Behavior in Hispanic Youth
June 2001 - present
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Education
August 1996 - April 2000
Florida International University
Field of study
  • Developmental Psychology
January 1994 - April 1996
Florida State University
Field of study
  • Family and Child Sciences
August 1989 - May 1993
Florida State University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (443)
Article
In the present article, we appraise the increasingly prominent role of neuroscience within psychology and offer cautions and recommendations regarding the future of psychology as a field. We contend that the conflict between eliminative reductionism (the belief that the neural level of analysis will eventually render the psychological level of anal...
Article
This 2½-year, 5-wave longitudinal study tests the hypothesis that acculturation discrepancies between Hispanic immigrant parents and adolescents would lead to compromised family functioning, which would then lead to problematic adolescent outcomes. Recent-immigrant Hispanic parent-adolescent dyads (N = 302) completed measures of acculturation and f...
Article
The present study used a randomized design, with fully bilingual Hispanic participants from the Miami area, to investigate 2 sets of research questions. First, we sought to ascertain the extent to which measures of acculturation (Hispanic and U.S. practices, values, and identifications) satisfied criteria for linguistic measurement equivalence. Sec...
Article
The present article presents a review of identity status-based theory and research with adolescents and emerging adults, with some coverage of related approaches such as narrative identity and identity style. In the first section, we review Erikson’s theory of identity and early identity status research examining differences in personality and cogn...
Article
The present article reviews three key issues regarding the emerging adult life stage – the ways in which emerging adulthood represents a key turning point in the lifespan (and the influences that help to determine the path that a given individual will follow), differences in the experience of emerging adulthood between college students and non-coll...
Article
Since 2015, the Venezuelan diaspora has poured forth from the Venezuelan sending context into an array of (mostly) middle-income receiving countries and into the United States (US) as well. For many Venezuelan migrants, post-migration reception has been mixed, and multiple studies suggest that mental health is an important challenge with discrimina...
Article
Alcohol use represents a global health problem, especially for Latin American youth. As part of the Global Smart Drinking Goals campaign, a family‐based preventive intervention was adapted and piloted in Mexico based on an existing evidence‐based program, Guiding Good Choices. In this study, we explored the malleability and session‐specific mean‐le...
Article
Full-text available
Indian Americans now constitute the nation's second largest foreign-born population group in the United States (U.S.). Concerning Indian American youth, there is a paucity of information about their experiences in the U.S., particularly with respect to cultural stress and model minority stress, and whether these stressors have an impact on their me...
Article
Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived discrimination and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) outcomes among recently arrived Venezuelan parents in Florida and Colombia. The secondary aim was to determine whether, given the existence of an association between perceived discrimination and PTSD, t...
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Given the rapidly changing political rhetoric and policies concerning immigration, and the likely impact of this rhetoric on immigrants' adjustment, it is essential to understand the experiences of recently arrived immigrant individuals and families. This article describes methods to recruit and retain recently arrived Hispanic families in longitud...
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Background The impact of social determinants of health in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains understudied. We evaluated the impact of social barriers on IBD outcomes within a diverse cohort of patients. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study on adult IBD patients and assessed known social determinants of health. We calculated the total...
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Full-text available
Educational transitions involve a number of changes for adolescents and can be challenging for adolescents and parents alike. The present study was designed to gain a better understanding as to how adolescents’ perceptions of parenting evolves across a major educational transition and how the parenting perceived across this transition may facilitat...
Article
The present study was designed to examine the extent to which, in a sample of 873 Hispanic college students, daily levels of, and variability in, well-being would mediate the predictive effects of culturally related stressors (discrimination, negative context of reception, and bicultural stress) on internalizing and externalizing symptoms 11 days l...
Chapter
This chapter provides guidance on publishing theoretical, literature review, and policy papers. A primary theme of the chapter is that these papers are more difficult to publish than empirical papers because they have is no set structure, and because non-empirical papers do not rely directly on empirical data. Authors are advised to stay extremely...
Chapter
This chapter introduces Dr. Schwartz and provides an outline for the book. The chapter allows readers to get to know the author and to gain wisdom about publishing, mentorship, and forging a line of research based on a career trajectory. The chapter provides take-away messages based on Dr. Schwartz’s professional experiences and sets up the structu...
Chapter
This chapter provides strategies for critically evaluating one’s own work. Readers are provided with a “reviewer job description” that summarizes what reviewers are asked to do when they agree to review a manuscript. Authors are then encouraged to do this with their own papers. The chapter covers identifying methodological, design, or analytic flaw...
Chapter
This chapter reviews issues involved in collaborative writing. A coauthor job description is provided, emphasizing that a coauthor’s role is to provide whatever feedback and thoughts that occur to them as they review drafts. Coauthors also can support the lead author by being available to answer questions or problem-solve issues that occur as the f...
Chapter
This chapter covers how to move from first draft to submittable draft. The chapter enumerates many of the writing problems that are present in first drafts, such as redundancy, logical leaps, unfinished thoughts, and unjustified statements. Ways to correct these problems are suggested, and writers are advised to consult with their mentors and coaut...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the process of proposing authored books, edited books, and handbooks, as well as assembling the book itself. The chapter also covers book chapters and whether scholars should write a chapter that they have been invited to write. The challenges in putting together an authored book are outlined where the challenges are parallel...
Chapter
This chapter provides guidance on the scientific method, the process of choosing a research area, and methods for narrowing down one’s interests and developing testable hypotheses. The chapter covers how to conduct literature searches, identify key journals and authors, and keep tabs on one’s chosen field of study. The role of theory is also emphas...
Book
This book covers the process of writing for publication from start to finish—from selecting a topic and reviewing literature to working with coauthors, writing theoretical and review articles, and responding to editor and reviewer comments when revising manuscripts. Dr. Schwartz uses examples from his own scholarly publishing career and provides co...
Chapter
This chapter covers how to create an outline based on a set of ideas that an author has for a manuscript. The chapter provides outlines from published empirical and non-empirical articles and suggests ways in which outlines can be used as templates for writing a manuscript. Advantages of using outlines are provided, such as ensuring that all of the...
Chapter
This chapter addresses work with regionally or nationally representative datasets, which are often used in disciplines like public health, sociology, demography, and political science. Some of these datasets are publicly available, whereas others are proprietary and can be accessed only by developing a formal proposal and paying a fee. The chapter...
Chapter
This chapter covers planning studies; choosing a study design based on one’s hypotheses; the distinctions among association, prediction, and causation and the study designs needed to evaluate each of these levels of relationship; recruiting and retaining hard-to-reach populations; conducting rigorous experimental studies; managing research teams; d...
Chapter
This chapter covers ways in which writers can place themselves in the “mood” and “mindset” for writing. The chapter addresses the busy lives that many scholars lead and the temptation to forgo writing time in favor of meetings and other tasks. The chapter also introduces the concept of flow and the advantages of putting oneself into a mental state...
Chapter
This chapter introduces readers to the open-access movement and to journals that charge authors to publish. Differences between open-access journals and traditional subscription journals are outlined in terms of sources of publisher revenue, peer-review processes, and editorial approaches. The chapter suggests that open- access journals may be best...
Chapter
This chapter covers issues around citing, and crediting others for, their ideas and work. The chapter defines and provides examples of plagiarism and offers strategies for avoiding plagiarism in one’s own work. The chapter lays out situations when sources should be cited and the types of sources that are most appropriate to cite in specific situati...
Chapter
This chapter covers how to assemble a first draft. Writers are advised to allow their thoughts to be transferred to the screen without editing the thoughts as they are writing them. Instead, one should simply write and plan to edit later. The chapter provides tips for writing within one’s outline and for ensuring that writers cover all of their pla...
Chapter
This chapter offers guidance to authors whose manuscripts have been rejected by journals. Rejection is normalized as an experience that all active scholars will undergo during their careers, and the chapter provides suggestions to handle both (a) the logistical process of preparing a manuscript for submission to another journal and (b) the emotiona...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the journal submission and review process, starting with navigating manuscript submission sites and proceeding through editorial review, peer review, editorial decisions, revising and resubmitting manuscripts, developing reviewer response letters, finalizing manuscripts, and correcting publisher proofs. The chapter provides an...
Chapter
This chapter covers ethical issues in data analysis, such as p-hacking (massaging data until significant results emerge) and HARKing (hypothesizing after the results are known). The chapter also discusses conflicts of interest, including financial conflicts as well as unreasonable ambition, egotism, “publish or perish” pressures that academics face...
Chapter
This chapter discusses ways to identify journals to which one will submit one’s work. Authors are encouraged to identify target journals as early in the writing process as possible so that they can write specifically for an intended journal and audience. The chapter introduces a system where journals are ranked as high, moderate, or low prestige, a...
Chapter
This chapter introduces Dr. Schwartz and provides an outline for the book. The chapter allows readers to get to know the author and to gain wisdom about publishing, mentorship, and forging a line of research based on a career trajectory. The chapter provides take-away messages based on Dr. Schwartz’s professional experiences and sets up the structu...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the mechanics of writing, from grammar and sentence structure through sentence and paragraph flow, flow between sections, and the overall organization and structure of a manuscript. Key grammatical and sentence structure issues are covered, and common errors are reviewed. Ways in which writers can maximize the quality and reada...
Article
Full-text available
The data presented in this article provide the opportunity to comparatively analyse anti-immigrant and anti-refugee attitudes, news and social media consumption, and political attitudes (e.g., social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism) of the adult population in seven European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Sp...
Article
Most research on cultural stressors and alcohol has focused on intercultural stressors. Continuing to exclude intracultural stressors (e.g., intragroup marginalization) from alcohol research will yield a biased understanding of the experiences of Hispanics living in a bicultural society. As we amass more studies on intracultural stressors, research...
Article
Adolescent hope can promote the emotional and behavioral well‐being of Latinx families. Positive family functioning may foster adolescent hope, whereas cultural stress may compromise adolescent hope and well‐being. We examined how adolescent hope changed over time, and whether cultural stress and family functioning predicted emotional and behaviora...
Article
Full-text available
Although Mexican-origin adolescents experience multiple contextual stressors (e.g., discrimination, economic stress, and foreigner stress) that may result in increased marijuana use, they actively engage in cultural practices (e.g., language brokering) that may protect them from adverse developmental outcomes. Yet, the joint influence of contextual...
Article
Underage drinking represents a major global health problem. Given the crisis that underage drinking represents, Tomando Buenas Decisiones, a family-based prevention program, was adapted and piloted in Mexico based on the existing Guiding Good Choices program. Although family-based interventions in the USA are promising for preventing underage drink...
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Full-text available
We identify subtypes of Venezuelan youth based on patterns of technology-based communication with friends in their receiving (US) and sending (Venezuela) countries and, in turn, examine the behavioral health characteristics among different “subtypes” of youth. Using data from 402 recently-arrived Venezuelan immigrant youth (ages 10–17), latent prof...
Article
This article describes global shifts in migration and population demography and the simultaneous increase in nationalism and xenophobia. The literature lays out a need for more research examining how young people from immigrant or refugee backgrounds are being affected by contemporary trends in nationalism and xenophobia across diverse national con...
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Full-text available
Hispanic emerging adults are routinely faced with a variety of cultural stressors that adversely impact mental health and compromise identity development. Given that identity emerges through day-to-day interactions, there is a need to explore the impact of cultural stress on identity development and depressive symptoms at the micro-level (across da...
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In their 21-country study, Berry et al. (in press) examined within- and between-country support for three key hypotheses of successful interethnic coexistence – multiculturalism, contact, and integration. Although they found empirical support for all three hypotheses, they also report substantial variability in effect sizes both within- and between...
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Full-text available
Ladakhi emerging adults have been exposed to cultural globalization through interaction with tourists and media, as well as through prolonged stays at globalized university contexts in major Indian cities. This globalization process has been hypothesized as detrimental to psychological health, in part because it poses the challenge of integrating a...
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Cultural globalization affects most people around the world in contemporary, modern societies. The resulting intercultural contact have been examined using the theory of globalization-based acculturation. However, little is known about possible differences and similarities in processes underlying the effects of direct (e.g., through contact with im...
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On September 20, 2017, Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico as a Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds of 155 miles per hour and torrential rains that ravaged the United States territory. In the midst of the crisis, several hundred thousand Maria survivors boarded humanitarian flights and cruise ships, seeking refuge on the United State...
Article
The current study was designed to address gaps in the existing literature by examining the role of discrimination and familism values as predictors of multiple forms of prosocial behaviors across time in a sample of recent immigrant Latino/a adolescents. Participants were 302 recent immigrant Latino/a adolescents (53.3% male; average age 14.51 year...
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In contemporary globalized societies, the number of foreign workers is increasing, resulting in greater intercultural contact and adaptation. Foreign workers apply their cultural intelligence when adapting to and working in multicultural environments, resulting in affiliations with both their cultural heritage and their destination cultural stream....
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Background/Aims Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an emerging disease in Hispanics. In this study, we examine the prevalence of IBD-related colon dyplasia (IBD-dys) in Hispanics vs. non-Hispanic whites (NHW) and compare differences in established clinical and environmental risk factors. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis on adult Hi...
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Full-text available
Although there is a substantial body of work focusing on the processes underlying cultural identity in general, less is known regarding how these processes might operate within the context of Latinx families. Moreover, among the limited research that has included the adolescent and caregiver cultural identity, most of the research has primarily foc...
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Introduction: In order to maximize reach and sustainability, e-Familias Unidas, an adaptation of an evidence-based, family-centered intervention that aims to prevent Hispanic adolescent behavioral problems through improving family functioning, was adapted to be delivered exclusively through the internet. The purpose of this feasibility trial was to...
Article
The goal of the current study was to examine the role of neighborhood risk and maternal and paternal involvement on multiple forms of prosocial behaviors among recent immigrant US Latino/a adolescents. Additionally, we examined the interactions between parental involvement and neighborhood risk in order to test protective effects of mothers’ and fa...
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Full-text available
Friendships have important implications for adolescents’ psychological and social adjustment. However, there is still limited evidence on how different same‐ethnic and cross‐ethnic friendships are formed and regarding their role in refugee adjustment. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the interplay of parents’ and adolescents’ sa...
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Full-text available
Daily diary studies allow for examining the day-to-day dynamic experiences of biculturalism. The present study used a 12-day daily diary dataset collected with 873 Hispanic college students. Our goal was to (a) identify two distinct forms of dynamic daily processes of linguistic biculturalism (bicultural levels and bicultural fluctuations) and (b)...
Article
Crisis migration refers to displacement of large numbers of individuals and families from their home countries due to wars, dictatorial governments, and other critical hazards (e.g., hurricanes). Although crisis migration can adversely influence direct and indirect effects on the mental health of adults and their children collectively as families,...
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Full-text available
Background In recent years, more than 5 million Venezuelans have left their once prosperous country, with several hundred thousand settling in the United States (US). At present, our understanding of the health risk behavior profiles of Venezuelan émigré youth, and their links with cultural stress, remains limited.Objectives Drawing from a sample o...
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Prior studies investigating the association between acculturation and adolescent adjustment have often focused on specific acculturation domains rather than examining these domains collectively in a profile typology. Here, we investigate stability and change patterns in Mexican American adolescent acculturation profiles over time, using a two‐wave...
Article
During the last four years, xenophobic rhetoric directed toward Latino immigrants in U.S. media outlets and political forums has greatly increased. Using a general inductive approach, this qualitative study examined the forms of cultural stress, with a focus on discrimination and xenophobia, experienced by Latino adolescents in urban U.S. settings...
Article
We test acculturative stress, Hybrid (HIS) and Alternating (AIS) Identity Styles, and their interaction effects as predictors of psychosocial functioning over a 12-day period among Hispanic American university students. Participants completed measures of acculturative stress, HIS, AIS, and internalizing (anxiety and depression) and externalizing (s...
Article
Developmental regulation strategies and identity processes are hypothesized as influencing one another over time. This three‐wave longitudinal study (N=369; 20% male) examined, for the first time, the extent to which (a) identity exploration and commitment processes and (b) developmental regulation strategies (goal engagement and disengagement) pre...
Article
Objectives: Millions of Venezuelans have left their country in search of safety and stability in the United States (U.S.) and Colombia, two countries where recent increases in anti-immigrant rhetoric and sentiment have occurred. The Perceived Negative Context of Reception Scale captures the degree to which immigrants report feeling that people fro...
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Cultural globalization, which has led to increased intercultural contact, has emerged as a defining influence on contemporary societies worldwide. In the present study, we examined individual differences in endorsement of multicultural acquisition and ethnic protection, as well as their links with well-being indirectly through dimensions of persona...
Article
Introduction Evidence on prospective bidirectional associations between e-cigarette and alcohol use among adolescents can inform prevention and policy but is largely absent from the literature. Methods Data were drawn from a prospective cohort of students attending 10 Los Angeles high schools (N = 3396; baseline mean age = 14.1, SD = 0.4). Student...
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As a result of the large and increasing flow of international migrants, scholarly interest in acculturation, and its links with positive and negative indicators of psychosocial functioning, has substantially increased over the last few decades. This entry reviews contemporary models of acculturation, the role of acculturation in substance use among...
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We examined national trends and mental health correlates of discrimination among Latinos in the United States. We used data from two nationally-representative surveys based on the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions collected in 2004 and 2013. Results indicated that perceived discrimination, both any and recurrent, incre...
Article
Objectives This study validates the psychometric properties and correlates of the perceived context of reception (PCOR) scale, a measure of immigrant youth's perceptions of the openness or hostility of their receiving communities, among Hispanic and Somali adolescents. Methods Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) was conducted to assess the properti...
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Full-text available
Recent developments in the acculturation literature have emphasized the importance of adopting inter-group perspectives that provide a valuable background for investigating how acculturation orientations (i.e., maintenance of the culture of origin and the adoption of the destination culture) of adolescents from migrant families are embedded in thei...
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Student life has been characterized both as challenging and as facilitative of future success. During the college years, emerging adults develop vocational competencies at the same time as they develop their sense of themselves and of their involvement in the world. In the current study, we examined the interplay among academic motivation, features...
Article
Method: Two hundred Hispanic emerging adults from Arizona (n = 99) and Florida (n = 101) completed a cross-sectional survey, and data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression and moderation analyses. Results: Higher social media discrimination was associated with higher symptoms of depression and generalized anxiety. Moderation analy...
Article
Background Since 2015, more than four million Venezuelans have fled their once prosperous nation, prompting an ever-intensifying refugee crisis. Recent research with Venezuelan parents suggests that many are exposed to elevated migration-related stress, experience behavioral health problems, and express profound concern for their children’s post-mi...
Article
This article discusses the use of brief screeners in social work practice to identity adolescents in need of selected interventions for alcohol and other drug use problems. Brief screeners can increase access to alcohol or other drug intervention services and promote the diffusion of evidence-based interventions to underserved communities when inte...
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Objective Hispanic immigrants exhibit more positive outcomes than U.S.‐born Hispanics across educational, psychological, and physical health indices, a phenomenon called the immigrant paradox. We examined the immigrant paradox in relation to alcohol use severity among Hispanic young adults while considering both positive (optimism) and negative (de...
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BACKGROUND: Alcohol expectancies and externalizing behaviors, that is, aggression and rule-breaking behaviors, are associated with underage alcohol use. The interactive influence of these risk factors on problem alcohol use among minority adolescents is investigated in the present study. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the unique and interactive i...
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Objective: The present study introduces a daily, micro-level perspective on acculturation using a sample of Hispanic college students in Miami. Methods: We conducted a 12-day diary study with a sample of first- and second-generation Hispanic college students in Miami. Outcome variables were measured on Days 1 and 12, and acculturation components (...
Article
With a growing population of Latinx youth immigrating to the United States, it is important to understand how Latinx youth adapt to mainstream U.S. culture. Given that the majority of research examining social development among recent immigrant adolescents has focused on negative adjustment outcomes, research examining positive social behaviors is...
Chapter
International migration has reached historic highs, with more than 240 million people currently residing in a country other than where they were born (United Nations, 2019). Migration is not random, and there are noteworthy migration flows from specific sending countries to specific destination countries. In most cases, migrants settling in postind...
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Full-text available
The Bicultural Identity Integration Scale (BIIS-2) and the Multicultural Identity Styles Scale (MISS) were designed to assess different aspects of bicultural identity. The BIIS-2 captures characteristics of a bicultural identity in the domains of affect (harmony vs. conflict) and cognition (blendedness vs. compartmentalization). The MISS measures 2...
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The present article proposes an integration between cultural psychology and developmental science. Such an integration would draw on the cultural-psychology principle of culture-psyche interactions, as well as on the developmental-science principle of person↔context relations. Our proposed integration centers on acculturation, which is inherently b...