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Sergio Zuniga-Jara

Sergio Zuniga-Jara
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile) - Coquimbo · Escuela de Ciencias Empresariales

PhD

About

76
Publications
49,321
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662
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
505 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Additional affiliations
January 1995 - present
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile)
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a taxonomy characterization of medical schools in Chile is performed by using an approach based on dendrograms and principal components to visualize the observations in a two-dimensional space, with the objective of identifying uniform or atypical groupings. Eleven variables are analyzed, five are associated with students and the oth...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we analyze the economic feasibility of commercial cultivation of Sarcopeltis skottsbergii, a red seaweed endemic in southern Chile with commercial interest as a source of carrageenan. To this end, a dynamic bioeconomic model was built that comprises three submodels, namely, a biological, a technical, and an economic one. The cultivati...
Article
Full-text available
In the year 2010 Chile became a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, hinting at the country's economic success. The Chilean model seemed to have brought prosperity. However, on the 18th of October of 2019 all that changed. Massive protests, looting, vandalism and arson suddenly occurred, culminating in the declaratio...
Article
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This study seeks to explore social representations and attitudes of university teachers in relation to sexual diversity. The study has a qualitative approach through content analysis. The research was collected through 62 critical incidents with university professors, with at least one year of experience in undergraduate teaching, in five universit...
Article
This study compares how students perceive their learning when a TBL (Team-Based Learning) methodology is combined with computer tools (Post-it, Padlet, and Power Point) and with different techniques for presenting results. Teachers seek to improve student-learning processes by applying various teaching techniques. Surveys are conducted on 175 postg...
Article
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Even though machine learning (ML) applications are not novel, they have gained popularity partly due to the advance in computing processing. This study explores the adoption of ML methods in marketing applications through a bibliographic review of the period 2008–2022. In this period, the adoption of ML in marketing has grown significantly. This gr...
Article
B Corps aim to produce a positive impact on society and the environment while developing the organizational goals through a sustainable agenda. For this purpose, B Corps need innovative employees that contribute to increase their competitiveness, making them more attractive to investors. Based on the social exchange theory, this research proposes a...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, universities have put enormous efforts to promote the use of online learning among students and lecturers. Despite this, little is known about the intention of students to use online learning. The objective of this research is to study the continuance intention of online learning in the post-COVID-19 period in higher education. The...
Article
The present study examines work engagement in young employees and women at B corporations. This is a characteristic linked to the distinctive seal of these companies, which stand out for their commitment with the community and the environment. This exploratory research is the first based on first-hand information obtained from young employees and w...
Article
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The primary objective of this research study is to examine whether academic and economic performance of Chilean universities is related to their corporate governance model. Two nonparametric tests (Pearson’s chi-square and likelihood-ratio) of conditional independence are used. The results show that academic performance is statistically associated...
Article
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The purpose of the present study is to make value creation estimates and discuss their most influential factors in 55 Chilean universities. This study includes Chilean public universities, private universities (G-9 network), and private universities created after the 1981 Chilean university reform. The framework is the higher education law (No. 21,...
Article
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In this study, we analyze the economic feasibility of commercial cultivation of the red seaweed Agarophyton chilensis in northern Chile. This macroalga grows naturally on the Chilean coast and has been cultivated for several years. However, to achieve a sustainable exploitation over time, it is necessary to increase the effectiveness of the commerc...
Article
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This article analyzes gender parity in the computer science degrees that are registered in the Chilean Single Admission System (SAS). The database analysis is descriptive. The results show that 5,381 (19.2%) female students enrolled in the computer science programs in 2018. There is a 27% female enrollment in 2018 in the civil engineering degrees o...
Article
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In this study, the determining factors for the decision of students for choosing to study at universities in different cities are analyzed. The study was focused on first-year students of Business Administration from three universities. The method used to infer which are the most relevant attributes to choose the university was the Conjoint Analysi...
Presentation
Full-text available
Material de clases, curso Finanzas Corporativas, del año 2019. Pregrado, Escuela de Ciencias Empresariales Universidad Catolica del Norte Coquimbo, Chile
Article
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In this study, the predictions of the economic growth (1991-2016) with the real ex-post growth of the Chilean GDP were analyzed, based on the information of the Central Bank of Chile. This institution regularly publishes forecasts of Chile's GDP growth. Previously they did it in the Inflation Reports to the Senate, and currently in the Monetary Pol...
Article
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Loco abalone (Concholepas concholepas, Bruguière, 1789) represents the most important gastropod fishery from the central coast of Perú down to the southernmost part of Chile. International prices are attractive enough to motivate the development of an important body of research to bring the catch to commercial size under controlled conditions. In t...
Article
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El propósito de este estudio es proponer una herramienta que permita medir la creación de valor al interior de una universidad, a partir de una adaptación de la metodología del EVA tradicional (Economic Value Added de Stern, Stewart & Co.). Para ello se implementó la técnica en una universidad chilena tradicional. Se obtuvo estimaciones de creación...
Article
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The depletion of marine resources, also a global issue, is affecting marine algae in Chile. Currently, the Chilean production of macroalgae is based mainly on the exploitation of natural populations. This study analyzed the potential for a private investor to undertake the culture of macroalgae as a means of addressing this depletion. The analysis...
Article
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This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional research that analyzed the relationship between risky dietary behaviors and academic achievement in university students. A survey was applied to students from the University Católica del Norte (Coquimbo-Chile), and measurements were made of their body mass index. The results of the study suggest...
Article
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Esta investigación analiza la existencia del síndrome de Burnout en docentes de un Liceo público de enseñanza técnico profesional de la ciudad de Coquimbo, Región de Coquimbo. La recolección de datos se realizó a través del cuestionario Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Como resultado, el nivel de Síndrome de Burnout global es de tipo medio o bajo e...
Article
Full-text available
This research analyzes the existence of Burnout syndrome in teachers of a public high school of technical education in the city of Coquimbo, in Chile. Data collection was done using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). As a result, the global level of Burnout Syndrome is medium or low in the educators of this public high school. Only emotional exha...
Article
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The effects of the financial crisis of 2008 made it evident the need for the Chilean regulatory authority implements regulations and incentives that reduce unexpected impacts on pensions of people. In this study we build a model that suggests an alternative specific savings for each person according to their individual characteristics or risk profi...
Article
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This article reviews the discount rate or cost of capital (WACC) used as an input to estimate the net present value (NPV) in aquaculture research over the last 25 years. To that end, aquaculture articles, published in peer-reviewed journals using the Web of Science, Scopus, and ScienceDirect databases were collected. This article provides an approx...
Article
Full-text available
Los indicadores lideres compuestos (CLI) son construidos para predecir los ciclos en una serie de referencia de interes. Generalmente esta serie se considera una proxy de la actividad economica global. En este estudio se estima un CLI para cada region de Chile. La metodologia para el proceso de seleccion y construccion de indicadores compuestos se...
Article
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This study analyses the determinants of entrepreneurial intention in business students of a Chilean university. In line with other classic studies of entrepreneurial intention, explanatory factors such as self-efficacy and the locus of internal control were used. The degree of student's risk aversion was also used as an explanatory variable. A stru...
Article
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Las tasas de criminalidad en Chile son preocupantes, especialmente si se observan los datos de robos, y con tendencia creciente para los próximos años. Es por ello, que este hecho se ha convertido en un problema primordial desde el punto de vista social, que no ha sido todavía muy estudiado para este país. En este estudio se analizaron los determin...
Article
Full-text available
The effect that a university course about the study of experiences in entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intention (EI) of the students was analyzed. Entrepreneurial Intention is considered a prerequisite for the decision to start a business. The increasing number of studies on EI reflects the importance assigned to this subject. The participants...
Article
Full-text available
This study discusses the results of implementing an active teaching methodology called Team Based Learning (TBL) in a subject of the Business Administration Career, in a Chilean traditional university. A data collection instrument was applied to two groups of students during a semester. The traditional lecture class-based methodology was used in a...
Article
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Resumen En este estudio se calcula un Índice Global de Emprendimiento y Desarrollo (GEDI), un índice que mide las diferencias en la creación de empresas, las actitudes emprendedoras y el rendimiento de las nuevas empresas a través de las regiones. Este índice reconoce que la mayor parte de las facetas del emprendimiento se ven influidas por el cont...
Article
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El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido investigar la existencia de relaciones estadísticas entre la activi- dad emprendedora y la creación de empleo en las principales comunas de la Patagonia Chilena (Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt, Coyhaique y Punta Arenas). Para esto se utilizan datos del periodo 2009 al 2012. Como resultado, se encuentra evidencia...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this work is to research the existence of statistical relations between entrepreneurial activity and the creation of employment at the main communes in Chilean Patagonia (Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt, Coyhaique and Punta Arenas). Data from the 2009-2012 period were used. As a result, evidence was found indicating that only in the peri...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzed the economic feasibility of offshore commercial cultivation of Macrocystis pyrifera in northern Chile. To achieve this objective, a continuous-time model including biological, technological, and economic aspects was developed. To implement this model, the biomass growth until marketable size is reached was estimated for three pe...
Article
Commercial culture of red algal seaweeds, particularly Kappaphycus and Eucheuma, has increased significantly in recent years and, since 2008, has surpassed the production of all other farmed seaweeds. A number of countries have analyzed the feasibility of small-scale culture of Kappaphycus as a method of alleviating poverty in low-income coastal co...
Article
Full-text available
This study predicts the long-term economic effects of a genetic improvement program of Australian abalone. A detailed bioeconomic model was constructed, which allows the combination of the biological, technological, and economic aspects of genetic improvement. This research focuses on analyzing various traits through an aggregate breeding value and...
Article
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This study builds a long-term bioeconomic model for multi-generational tilapia farming in the coastal region of Ecuador, where associative semi-intensive tilapia culture projects have been implemented. Survival, weight and length curves were calibrated, and feed consumption and feed conversion rate curves were constructed. Revenues, costs and inves...
Article
Full-text available
In this study some determining aspects of the academic success of university students are analyzed. In this study the measure of success is the graduation of a student while student's removal, transfer or dropout from the university is considered failure. To compare students' success/failure rates, a database of 564 university students was used. Th...
Article
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In spite of its importance, there is lack of cost analysis of the Chilean public health system. This study was carried out on a Chilean provincial hospital and it suggests a practical cost-analysis methodology of Diagnosis-Related Group Payment (DRGP) services applicable to other public health institutions. As a result, it was found that the most p...
Article
Full-text available
Kelp beds, besides being one of the most important benthic resources in northern Chile, provide a variety of environmental goods and services. In order to evaluate economically the wild kelp populations in northern Chile (26° to 32° S) more than simply their commercial value as a source of raw materials for alginate extraction, we used several econ...
Article
Full-text available
En este estudio se analiza la relación entre la concentración de la propiedad y el desempeño corporativo para las principales sociedades anónimas abiertas de Chile, en el periodo 2003-2008. Se trata de una investigación aplicada de tipo cuantitativa y explicativa. Los resultados de las regresiones muestran que cuando se considera como indicador de...
Article
Full-text available
A pesar de su importancia, hay escasos análisis de costos del sistema de salud público chileno. Este estudio fue realizado en un hospital provincial chileno y en él se sugiere una metodología práctica de análisis de costos de un grupo de prestaciones de Pago Asociado de Diagnóstico (PAD), el que podría ser también aplicado a otras instituciones de...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio aplica una metodología para evaluar la conveniencia económica de una inversión en energía fotovoltaica para una familia típica. El estudio permite concluir en base a el Valor Actual Neto (VAN) y la Tasa Interna de Retorno (TIR) que el éxito de este tipo de proyectos de escala familiar está fuertemente condicionado por el monto de la in...
Article
Full-text available
En este estudio se construye un índice de calidad del empleo (ice), cuyos componentes son el ingreso de los trabajadores, las condiciones laborales, el acceso a seguridad social y el tipo de jornada laboral. A través de este indicador se miden las tendencias en la calidad del empleo para todas las regiones de Chile en los años 1998, 2000, 2003 y 20...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a job quality index is constructed; whose components are the wages of workers, the working conditions, the access to social security and the hours of work. Through this index, the trends of job quality for all the regions of Chile are measured for the years 1998, 2000, 2003 and 2006.The results show that job quality is, in general, s...
Article
The study includes an introduction, in which the model and basic suppositions are defined. Based upon them, a series of results is obtained which are applicable in assessing companies, with implications in the evaluation of projects. the work concludes with a numerical illustration. the authors maintain that the results in the theory of optimal str...
Article
Full-text available
En este estudio se diseña un Cuadro de Mando Integral (CMI) para un Departamento de una gran empresa minera del Norte de Chile. Para esto se realizó un análisis estratégico del Departamento, tal que fuera consistente con la planificación estratégica global de la Empresa. En base a esto se construyó el CMI propiamente tal, consistente de 13 indicado...
Data
Full-text available
In this paper the author develops a dynamic simulation model and uses it to analyze the economics of pond cultivation of Japanese abalone in Chile. The analysis is done in continuous time by defining discounted free cash flows on the basis of explicit relationships between several biological, technical, and economic functions. In a culture batch st...
Article
Full-text available
This study seeks to answer the question of whether the introduction of the Benthic Resources Management Areas (AMERB, in Spanish) in northern Chile had difference in the socio-economic situation of the communities of fishermen who operate these areas. For this purpose two groups of small-scale fishermen were studied, namely, one with an assigned AM...
Article
Full-text available
In this study the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) is estimated for the Chilean fisheries-aquacultural sector, which is an essential tool for investors' decision making. For this purpose a group of companies that are representative of the sector is considered. For them, both the cost of each source of capital (debt and equity) and the capita...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente estudio se estima una tasa de costo promedio ponderado de capital (WACC) para el sector pesquero-acuícola chileno, un parámetro esencial para la toma de decisiones de inversión en dicho sector. Para ello se estima la estructura de capital promedio de un grupo de empresas representativas del sector, su costo de deuda promedio y el cos...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the author develops a dynamic simulation model and uses it to analyze the economics of pond cultivation of Japanese abalone in Chile. The analysis is done in continuous time by defining discounted free cash flows on the basis of explicit relationships between several biological, technical, and economic functions. In a culture batch st...
Article
Full-text available
Kelp beds, besides being one of the most important benthic resources in northern Chile, provide a variety of environmental goods and services. In order to evaluate economically the wild kelp populations in northern Chile (26° to 32° S) more than simply their commercial value as a source of raw materials for alginate extraction, we used several econ...
Article
Full-text available
El presente estudio define y desarrolla un conjunto de indicadores que permite medir la situación socioeconómica de las comunidades de pescadores artesanales que operan el régimen de Áreas de Manejo y Explotación de Recursos Bentónicos (AMERB) en la región de Coquimbo (Chile). Los resultados del estudio señalan que el desempeño socioeconómico de es...
Article
Full-text available
The present study defines and develops a set of indicators able to measure the socioeconomic situation of artisanal fishing communities operating under a regime of Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (AMERB, in Spanish) in the Coquimbo region (Chile). The results of the study indicate that the socioeconomic performance of the AM...
Article
Full-text available
El presente artículo desarrolla una serie de aplicaciones clásicas del tipo económico-financieras en tiempo continuo basadas en el programa Stella (Isee Systems, Inc.). Los problemas analizados se refieren básicamente al modelamiento de los flujos proyectados de ingresos, costos e inversiones, y su capitalización al presente para estimar el Valor A...
Chapter
A number of fundamental modifications in monetary policy were implemented in Chile beginning in the 1990s, among which included independent status for the Central Bank, establishment of an inflation targeting regime (IT),1 an important liberation of interest rates, and more recently the establishment of the Monetary Policy Rate (MPR). Before 1990,...
Article
Full-text available
We estimate inefficiency for the Chilean banking system in the period 1990-1999 through a sample of 24 national and foreign banks. Estimations indicate that the large banks are closer to their efficient frontiers (or display less x-inefficiency) as compared to the group of very small, small and medium-sized banks, which is consistent with internati...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we revise Levels Models of the Interest Rates in Chile. In addition to the traditional Level Models by Chan, Karoly, Longstaff and Sanders (1992) in the USA, and Parisi (1998) in Chile, by Maximun Likelihood method we allow that the conditional volatility also include the unexpected information processes (GARCH model) and also that the...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo analiza la información de rendimientos y volumen en las transacciones diarias de los Pagarés Reajustables del Banco Central de Chile (PRBC) para el período entre julio de 1995 y junio de 1998. Entre los resultados obtenidos, destaca que a partir del lunes los rendimientos son estadísticamente crecientes hasta un máximo el miércoles, d...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes information on yields and volume on daily transactions of Central Bank indexed promissory notes (PRBC) from July 1995 to June 1998. Daily yields increase on Mondays, reaching maximum values on Wednesdays, followed by a decline to minimum values on Fridays. The highest weekly yield is observed in the last week of the month, wit...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo estimamos un modelo de dos factores para la estructura temporal del rendimiento libre de riesgo en Chile. El primer factor en el modelo es la tasa corta y el segundo factor es la tendencia central, no estimable directamente. En ambos casos se asume que los factores siguen un proceso estocástico del tipo Ito. Para la solución del mo...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo estimamos empíricamente la estructura temporal de las tasas de interés (ETTI) en Chile a través de la especificación no lineal parsimoniosa de Nelson y Siegel 1987. Para esto trabajamos con los rendimientos diarios de los bonos cupón cero del Estado transados en la Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago desde 1994 a 1997. Debido a que, en ge...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we revise Levels Models of the Interest Rates in Chile. In addition to the traditional Level Models by Chan, Karoly, Longstaff and Sanders (1992) in the USA, and Parisi (1998) in Chile, by Maximun Likelihood method we allow that the conditional volatility also include the unexpected information processes (GARCH model) and also that the...
Article
Full-text available
- Este trabajo explora el comportamiento y estabilidad de los betas accionarios chilenos durante el período 1982-1991, buscando obtener evidencia acerca de la importancia y validez de su utilización práctica de los mismos como una medida de riesgo. - Usando datos de la Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago se estudian inicialmente las presencias bursátiles...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación que aquí presentamos tiene por propósito entonces la detección del Efecto Tamaño para información chilena de retornos accionarios a través del modelo de CAPM tradicional. El trabajo se organiza comenzando con una descripción inicial de la metodología desarrollada, destacando los fundamentos básicos del modelo de valoración. Posteri...
Article
Full-text available
La hipótesis de fractalidad (HF) de la naturaleza (Mandelbrot, 1982) implica "auto-similaridad", en el sentido de que las partes replican en una escala menor al total. La fractalidad podrá ser determinística (tal como el triángulo de Sierpinski y el copo de nieve de Koch 2) o estocástica (por ejemplo las ramas de arboles, las que crecen de acuerdo...
Article
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PRESENTACION Es sabido que el estudio de la econometría requiere, en apoyo al estudio de los aspectos conceptuales, la estimación empírica de los modelos econométricos para análisis, contrastación y predicción. Para esto el estudiante debe estar familiarizado con un buen programa de ordenador, de los cuales existen en el mercado muchas alternativas...
Article
Full-text available
En la búsqueda de predictores eficientes del comportamiento del producto nacional chileno, las variables que contienen mayor información son la tasa de interés de plazo medio, el diferencial entre la tasa de interés de largo plazo y la tasa de interés de corto plazo (el spread) y el mercado accionario, en ese orden. Además, a diferencia del caso de...

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Question (1)
Question
Many factors can influence Earth’s climate, such as changes in the sun’s intensity and volcanic eruptions, as well as heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere.
But, what’s causing today’s unprecedented warming are humans part of the cause?

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Docencia Universitaria