Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez

Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez
IHE Delft Institute for Water Education | UNESCO-IHE · Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Technology

PhD

About

74
Publications
62,012
Reads
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531
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
418 Citations
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Introduction
Dr. Sergio Salinas is a desalination and water treatment technology professional and university lecturer with experience in Latin America, Middle East, and Europe. Sergio teaches at the MSc Programme in Urban Water and Sanitation at IHE Delft. He leads and works in capacity building and in research and innovation projects. He has mentored > 45 MSc students, co-promoted 4 PhD students, and currently supervises 2 PhD students. More info: www.desalination-delft.nl
Education
December 2006 - December 2010
Delft University of Technology
Field of study
  • Desalination and Water Treatment
October 2004 - April 2006
IHE Delft Institute for Water Education
Field of study
  • Water Supply Engineering
January 2002 - December 2002
University of San Simón
Field of study
  • Irrigation, drainage, & GIS

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Jordan was late in adopting seawater and brackish water desalination as a source until the late 1990s and early 2000s. However, ongoing studies are still discussing the technical, economic, and socio-political aspects of brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) desalination plants. In this study, the water–energy nexus was considered, in order to high...
Article
Full-text available
The potential of membrane scaling control by a real-time optimization algorithm was investigated. The effect of antiscalant dosing was evaluated from the induction time measured in glass batch-reactors, and from the operational performance of a lab-scale reverse osmosis (RO) unit and two pilot-scale RO units. Step changes in the antiscalant dosing...
Article
Full-text available
Many desalination plants still struggle to control biological fouling in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems as there are no standard methods to monitor this type of fouling. Strategies to control biofouling in SWRO systems have been proposed such as antifouling coating and lowering biofouling potential in SWRO feedwater through pretreatment pr...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid population growth and urbanization are two main drivers for the over-abstraction of conventional freshwater resources in various parts of the world, which leads to the situation of water scarcity (per capita availability <1000 m3/year). Predictions based on the World Bank projected population data and the FAO AQUASTAT database for freshwater...
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of this study are to assess the performance of antiscalants in increasing the recovery (≥85%) of a reverse osmosis (RO) plant treating anaerobic groundwater (GW) in Kamerik (the Netherlands), and to identify scalants/foulant that may limit RO recovery. Five different commercially available antiscalants were compared on the basis of t...
Article
Full-text available
The bacterial growth potential (BGP) of drinking water is widely assessed either by flow cytometric intact cell count (BGPICC) or adenosine triphosphate (BGPATP) based methods. Combining BGPICC and BGPATP measurements has been previously applied for various types of drinking water having high to low growth potential. However, this has not been appl...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The world's largest demonstrator of a revolutionary energy system in desalination for drinking water production is in operation. MIDES uses Microbial Desalination Cells (MDC) in a pre-treatment step for reverse osmosis (RO), for simultaneous saline stream desalination and wastewater treatment. MDCs are based on bio-electro-chemical technology, in w...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The world's largest demonstrator of a revolutionary energy system in desalination for drinking water production is in operation. MIDES uses Microbial Desalination Cells (MDC) in a pre-treatment step for reverse osmosis (RO), for simultaneous saline stream desalination and wastewater treatment. MDCs are based on bio-electro-chemical technology, in w...
Book
Full-text available
The world's largest demonstrator of a revolutionary energy system in desalination for drinking water production is in operation. MIDES uses Microbial Desalination Cells (MDC) in a pre-treatment step for reverse osmosis (RO), for simultaneous saline stream desalination and wastewater treatment. MDCs are based on bio-electro-chemical technology, in w...
Chapter
Full-text available
The world's largest demonstrator of a revolutionary energy system in desalination for drinking water production is in operation. MIDES uses Microbial Desalination Cells (MDC) in a pre-treatment step for reverse osmosis (RO), for simultaneous saline stream desalination and wastewater treatment. MDCs are based on bio-electro-chemical technology, in w...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book can of interest to undergraduate and graduate engineering students and researchers, academics, plant operators, consultants, professionals and practitioners in the water sector. The book is not necessarily intended to be read from cover to cover, but consulted as the need arises. The content of this book deals with: Membrane-based desalin...
Book
Full-text available
Desalination as a method to provide clean drinking water has become vital – particularly in a context where drought, water scarcity and rapid quality decrease of water bodies have become an undeniable reality. After more than half a century of membrane-based desalination, fouling and scaling is still a dominant challenge. In membrane technologies,...
Article
Full-text available
The role of phosphate and humic substances (HS) in preventing calcium carbonate scaling and their impact on antiscalant dose was investigated for a reverse osmosis (RO) system treating anaerobic groundwater (GW) (containing 2.1 mg/L orthophosphate and 6–8 mg/L HS). Experiments were conducted with the RO unit (treating anaerobic GW), and with a once...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the removal of particulate, organic and biological fouling potential was investigated in the two-stage dual media filtration (DMF) pretreatment of a full-scale seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant. Moreover, the removal of fouling potential in two-stage DMF (DMF pretreatment) was compared with the removal in two-stage D...
Article
Full-text available
Antiscalants are well known to prevent the precipitation of carbonate and sulphate scales of calcium in reverse osmosis (RO) applications, but according to literature their inhibitory ability against calcium phosphate is not clear. The objective of this study was to investigate if antiscalants, without acid addition, can prevent calcium phosphate s...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring the bacterial growth potential of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) feed water is an issue that is receiving growing attention. This study developed and demonstrated the applicability of the flow-cytometry (FCM)-based bacterial growth potential (BGP) method to assess the biofouling potential in SWRO systems using natural microbial consortiu...
Article
Full-text available
Several potential growth methods have been developed to monitor biological/organic fouling potential in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO), but to date the correlation between these methods and biofouling of SWRO has not been demonstrated. In this research, the relation between a new adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-based bacterial growth potential (BGP)...
Article
Full-text available
Although water produced by reverse osmosis (RO) filtration has low bacterial growth potential (BGP), post-treatment of RO permeate, which is necessary prior to distribution and human consumption, needs to be examined because of the potential re-introduction of nutrients/contaminants. In this study, drinking water produced from anaerobic groundwater...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring bacterial growth potential (BGP) involves sample pre-treatment and inoculation, both of which may introduce contaminants in ultra-low nutrient water (e.g., remineralised RO permeate). Pasteurisation pre-treatment may lead to denaturing of nutrients, and membrane filtration may leach/remove nutrients into/from water samples. Inoculating re...
Cover Page
Full-text available
MIDES, Desalination innovation School,” on current desalination systems in use in different parts of the world, and innovative approaches to creating fresh water with less impact and energy. This day-and-a-half session is aimed at providing a closer look at salt water treatment for master’s students studying fresh water production technologies. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Various bacterial growth potential (BGP) methods have been developed recently to monitor biofouling in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems such as assimilable organic carbon and bacterial regrowth potential. However, the relationship between these methods and biofouling in SWRO desalination plants has not yet been demonstrated. In this research...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) membranes were coated with iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) and biofouled with a bacterium strain isolated from the Sea of Cortez, Mexico. This strain was selected and characterized, as it was the only cultivable strain in pretreated seawater. Molecular identification of the strain showed that it belongs to Baci...
Article
The production of biologically stable drinking water is challenging in conventional surface water treatment plants. However, attainment of biological stability is essential to avoid regrowth in disinfectant-free distribution systems. A novel application of ultrafiltration as a posttreatment step to enhance biological stability of drinking water pro...
Article
Full-text available
A direct method for measuring adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) in seawater was developed recently, in which commercial reagents are added directly to seawater. However, calibration is required if seawater quality changes (such as changes in salinity, pH, Mg 2+ , Fe 3+) as the seawater matrix interferes with ATP measurement. In this research, a 0.1 μm f...
Article
Full-text available
For assessing the particulate fouling of water, the modified fouling index (MFI 0.45) is a superior test to the silt density index (SDI). There is a need to compare both tests in terms of sensitivity, how they are affected by the filter material and the type of support plate and also illustrate their use for monitoring of seawater quality over time...
Article
A direct method for measuring adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) in seawater was developed recently, in which commercial reagents are added directly to seawater. However, calibration is required if seawater quality changes (such as changes in salinity, pH, Mg2+, Fe3+) as the seawater matrix interferes with ATP measurement. In this research, a 0.1 μm filt...
Article
Supplementary material ATP measurement in seawater reverse osmosis systems: Eliminating seawater matrix effects using a filtration-based method Almotasembellah Abushaban, Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez, Muhammad Nasir Mangal, Subhanjan Mondal, Said A. Goueli, Aleksandra Knezev, Johannes S. Vrouwenvelder, Jan C. Schippers, Maria D. Kennedy
Article
Full-text available
Ensuring the biological stability of drinking water is essential for modern drinking water supply. To understand and manage the biological stability, it is critical that the bacterial growth in drinking water can be measured. Nowadays, advance treatment technologies, such as reverse osmosis (RO), are increasingly applied in drinking water purificat...
Article
Full-text available
The main source of potable water in high water-stress areas is commonly produced in brackish and seawater desalination plants. Owing to the presence of high concentration of suspended solids, organic matter and colloidal particles in raw water, pretreatment processes are needed for a stable operation of desalination plants. A submerged membrane ult...
Article
Controlling fouling in seawater reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration systems is a major challenge during algal blooms. This study investigates UF fouling potential of four marine algae and their algal organic matter (AOM): Chaetoceros affinis (Ch), Rhodomonas balthica (Rh), Tetraselmis suecica (Te), and Phaeocystis globulosa (Ph). Batch culture moni...
Article
Full-text available
The use of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to monitor bacterial growth potential of seawater is currently not possible as ATP cannot be accurately measured at low concentration in seawater using commercially available luciferase-based ATP detection. The limitation is due to interference of salt with the luciferin–luciferase reaction, which inhibits li...
Article
Full-text available
This research is structured on two hypotheses in which the first one is that pre-coating method using iron hydroxide particles in combination with ultrafiltration (UF) is able to control the non-backwashable (nBW) fouling in outside-inside UF membrane system caused by transparent exopolymer particles produced by marine algae species, Chaetoceros af...
Article
Full-text available
Reliable methods for measuring and predicting the fouling potential of reverse osmosis (RO) feed water are important in preventing and diagnosing fouling at the design stage, and for monitoring pre-treatment performance during plant operation. The Modified Fouling Index Ultrafiltration (MFI-UF) constant flux is a significant development with respec...
Article
Full-text available
A full scale waste water reuse plant suffered from irreversible fouling of the reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The major suspect of fouling is cationic organic polymers applied in the wastewater sludge treatment. Thus, the purpose of this research is to study the effect of six cationic polymers, applied in the plant, on RO membrane performance. The...
Article
Full-text available
In this research work, the induction time of two brackish water reverse osmosis (BWRO) plants was measured with and without antiscalant (AS) operation with focus on calcium carbonate precipitation. This study focused on two BWRO plants in the Netherlands. The scaling potential of RO concentrate in the plant at recovery of 80% was calculated using t...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the current situation of the membrane desalination market; it estimates how many countries and which ones will suffer from water scarcity by 2050 and presents three case studies (India, China and Algeria). Finally it highlights some challenges for the implementation of desalination in water scarce countries. The projections in t...