Sérgio Basbaum

Sérgio Basbaum
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC-SP) | PUCSP · Ciência da Computação

PhD in Communication and Semiothics

About

13
Publications
1,910
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10
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
7 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.02.53.0
20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.02.53.0
20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.02.53.0
20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.02.53.0

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Full-text available
The article documents an original pedagogical path, with important findings, syntheses and intuitions in the research trajectory. Through a transdisciplinary approach, marked by phenomenological thinking, we describe the discovery and formalization of a methodology for the study of the relations between body, perception and language, keeping as its...
Article
Full-text available
In Laws of Media, written with his son Eric, Marshall McLuhan aimed to assign scientific status to his ideas, presenting his Tetrad model and offering several examples of its application. Mcluhanism places great emphasis on media ecology specific perceptual bias; authors such as Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Humberto Maturana, Francisco Varela, David Chal...
Article
Full-text available
O artigo busca, em estilo memorialista, reconstruir a trajetória do trabalho realizado pelo Duo Pantharei, formado pelos artistas Wilton Azevedo e Sérgio Basbaum, entre os anos 2012 a 2015. O objetivo é registrar, fazer um balanço do trabalho realizado pelo duo, e homenagear o poeta, professor e artista multimídia Wilton Azevedo (1956-2016). Ao faz...
Article
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Ao aferir as consequências mais radicais do pensamento mcluhaniano, conquistamos um ponto de experiência, ou de existência, a partir do qual se pode ultrapassar o nível ingênuo que prescreve uma "ética da utilização" das tecnologias para "bons fins". Temos então uma nova "inversão copernicana", que é a nossa relação com os aparelhos modulando as tr...
Poster
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In 1928, the French composer Maurice Ravel composed his most famous musical composition. Ravel's Boléro can induce many synaesthetic experiences: visual, kinesthetic, haptic and even taste or smell. A simple workshop facilitated by Ninghui XIONG supported by the Congress Committee, attendees of the VI International Congress Synaesthesia, Science an...
Article
Comentário de Sério Basbaum.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper approaches two artists who developed work in the domain of sound and light, which depart from different artistic experiences and backgrounds to propose fruitful theoretical ideas to the field of visual music. First one is American experimental film maker, and pioneer of digital video, John Whiney Sr., who developed a personal theory of d...
Article
The article aims to approach the concept of moistmedia and the role of art practices in contemporary culture by combining ideas about perception, technology and art, through different authors like media theorist Marshall McLuhan, philosophers Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Martin Heidegger and Vilém Flusser, and anthopologists such as Constance Classen and...
Article
Partindo-se de uma concepção merleau-pontyana do ato perceptivo e sua mediação pela linguagem, procedemos a um experimento cognitivo, tendo como objetivo verificar como a percepção de figuras ambíguas expressa-se em termos da linguagem verbal, por parte de graduandos da área biológica. Duas destas figuras mesclam formas biológicas e artefatos cultu...
Article
Departing from a Merleau-Pontyan concept of linguistic mediation of perception, we ran a cognitive experiment, having the goal of studying how the perception of ambiguous figures is expressed in verbal language. Two of the figures mix biological and technological forms, while the third mixes two biological forms. We asked a group of 120 undergradua...
Article
Full-text available
O artigo discute o Cd Música holofractal, do compositor Eufrásio Prates, em conjunto com sua produção teórica, onde os fundamentos do método de composição holofractal são apresentados. Tal articulação texto-obra é pensada em suas relações com: a) a episteme modernista e a lógica operativa da arte moderna (pensada enquanto máquina semiótica) e b) o...
Article
Full-text available
I suggest that consciousness may be culturally shaped, and thus it may be a romanticism of science to attempt explaining conscious experiences as if there could be one and only general abstraction of the whole human living conscious experience − in spite of history, culture, language, etc. My starting point is perception − its relation to conscious...
Article
I suggest that consciousness may be culturally shaped, and thus it may be a romanticism of science to attempt explaining conscious experiences as if there could be one and only general abstraction of the whole human living conscious experience ? in spite of history, culture, language, etc. My starting point is perception ? its relation to conscious...

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Project
Hi David et al, I'm delighted that others are interested. When I got started thinking about the scientific evidence wrt consciousness, it was (a) taboo, and (b) interpreted in very specific ways. For example, a common euphemism was "perception" _ because that was safe. But when you compare cs vs. ucs perception (as in backward masking) you get visual cortex activation with lower amplitude and spread, as shown by Dehaene and colleagues. That tell us something new, and I believe it replicates for audition. (Systematic replications should be much more common). Another problem was circular explanation. "Conscious access" was called "awareness" or "attention to" something. But that explains nothing UNLESS you have an independent source of evidence to break the circularity. Other confusions were rife. The conscious (waking) STATE was confused with consciousness OF something. Visual imagery was not fully recognized until Steve Kosslyn, and so on. Attention was used interchangeably with consciousness. All that has cleared up now, either explicitly, or implicitly, by usage. For example, my impression is that attention is used for voluntary control of access to some conscious content. As in voluntary head movements, but not for spontaneous, unconsciously directed eye movements (most fast eye movements are that). As long as these practical usages are clear, they are good enough to avoid confusion. Recent work coming from animal and human electrophysiogy is fabulous. Buszaki's book is important reading. Invasive e-physiology has 1000x the S/N ratio as scalp recording. Both deep sleep and waking look strikingly different at that resolution. Animal researchers have known that for years, but human e-phys researchers were held back by the ethical constraints of working with humans. Penfield was right. Other methodologies are reaching that kind of spatiotemporal resolution, and have their own pros and cons, of course. Our 2013 Frontiers overview still holds water, mostly. My Scholarpedia article is still mostly up to date. But the frontier is moving fast. It's very exciting. Theorists need to integrate the wealth of evidence, clarify ambiguous usages and confusions, and so on. There are still many of them. I believe our theory writing needs much improvement, with the emphasis on INDUCTIVE thinking. (Some writers seem to think this is a form of math, but that's indefensible empirically). A recent article confused the brainstem nuclei involved with the STATE of consciousness with the mostly cortical regions that support CONTENTS of consciousness, like the ventral visual stream. There is appropriate debate about the region of visual integration (MTL or PFC? or both?). I guess I'm a "corticocentrist," but that does NOT rule out other regions, especially given the long evolutionary history of csns -- at least 200 million years for neocortex. Walter Freeman, our late friend, convinced me that paleocortex (incl hippocampus) has to be involved with gustatory-olfactory consciousness. The work on the anterior insula strongly implicates interoceptive consciousness, as in feelings of nausea. Generalization between species is now much more convincing because we have the human and macaque, plus rodent genome. The avian pallium is now considered to be much like cortex in mammals. So there is a TON of work to do. Each question deserves discussion and debate, based on the best evidence available. I HOPE YOU JOIN !!!!