Serge Sultan

Serge Sultan
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Departments of Psychology / Pediatrics

Ph.D Psychology

About

228
Publications
30,712
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,267
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2011 - present
CHU Sainte-Justine
Position
  • Research Director
September 2004 - September 2011
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (228)
Article
Full-text available
Despite the development of subcutaneous treatment, children and adolescents with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are vulnerable to a lower quality of life (QoL) than non-clinical participants. Comparisons have been offered in rare reports with limited sample sizes. No description is available of treatment beliefs and treatment satisfaction with stan...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The goal of pediatric palliative care (PPC) is to maintain the quality of life (QoL) of children whose lives are threatened. However, there are sparse scientific data on the domains of QoL in this particular context, and no measurement strategies are available. The present study aims to describe the domains of QoL in the context of PPC...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Emotional competencies are extremely important for healthcare providers exposed to patients' suffering. The effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been studied in this population. However, it is unclear whether capacities identified as core for care are modified favourably by this intervention. Objectives: (1) To identi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare two perspective taking strategies on (i) clinicians' ability to accurately identify negative thoughts and feelings of parents of children with cancer, and (ii) clinician distress. Methods: Sixty-three hematology-oncology professionals and nursing students watched a video featuring parents of children with cancer. Participan...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Plexiform neurofibromas (PN) are found in up to 50% of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Trametinib has been used widely to treat PN but limited data has been reported on its efficacy within a clinical trial. METHODS: This ongoing multicenter phase II trial includes patients with pediatric low-grade glioma and PN. The primar...
Article
Introduction: Studies in pediatric oncology have shown that hypnosis effectively reduces patients’ pain and distress during painful procedures. This remains underutilized in the healthcare system due to the staff cost and availability of hypnotherapists. To develop the use of hypnosis-derived communication, we aimed to train nurses to use hypnosis-...
Article
This cross-sectional study aimed at comparing the cardiometabolic (CM) health of children and adolescents and identifying factors associated with CM complications shortly after cancer treatment. Cancer-related characteristics, blood pressure (BP), anthropometry, and biochemical parameters were collected in 80 patients (56.3% female, mean age: 11.8...
Article
Les enfants atteints d’un cancer sont régulièrement confrontés à des procédures douloureuses au cours de leur prise en charge. Afin de les accompagner au mieux dans leurs soins, des techniques de communication dérivées de l’hypnose ont montré d’excellents niveaux d’efficacité sur la réduction de la détresse et de la douleur associées à ces procédur...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to describe the feasibility of a nutritional intervention that promotes healthy eating habits early after cancer pediatric diagnosis in patients and their parents. Participants were recruited 4 to 12 weeks after cancer diagnosis as part of the VIE study. The one-year nutritional intervention included an initial evaluation and 6 foll...
Article
Purpose Adolescents and young adult survivors of pediatric brain tumors (AYA-PBTS) often experience difficulties with social skills, pursuit of studies and employment. This study explored pediatric long-term survivors’ perspective on their post-treatment needs and ways to improve resources and interventions. Methods We used an original method of t...
Article
BACKGROUND Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. It is known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. METHODS This ongoing multicenter phase II trial includes three progressing/refractory PLGG groups: NF1 patients, KIAA1549-BRAF fusion patients and patients with other activatio...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTS) present a high risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. When addressing these difficulties, differences in study designs; variety of and disagreement about diagnoses; and intricate links of emotional, behavioral, and cognitive issues may complicate the interpretation of studies and probably also...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose. Health promotion (HP) programs represent a promising avenue to address the prevention or mitigation of adverse effects of childhood cancer. However, we do not know the most effective way to promote healthy behaviours in pediatric oncology or how families experience HP interventions during the very challenging time of going through childhoo...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. It is known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. METHODS This ongoing multicenter phase II trial includes three progressing/refractory PLGG groups: NF1 patients, KIAA1549-BRAF fusion patients and patients with other activatio...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an increasingly important aspect of standard care in pediatric oncology. Currently, there is a gap in the availability of French questionnaires to assess the quality of life of French-speaking pediatric brain tumor (PBT) patients, which has important implications in the care of this p...
Article
Full-text available
Parental distress is a major issue in pediatric oncology. The literature shows that intervention programs aimed at supporting parents are effective in reducing par- ental distress following their child’s cancer diagnosis. However, most programs bear limitations, most often related to their focus on the individual (rather than the family), and their...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The Health state descriptive system includes standardized self-administered instruments for measuring Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) respectively among adolescents, and children. The objectives of the current study were: (1) to translate and adapt the pediatric-adolescent version 16D and 17D from English into French (Canada), (2) to...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity restrictions can be particularly difficult for children with hemophilia and their parents, as most children want to engage in the same activities as their friends or siblings. This study aimed to assess parents’ need for a booklet on how to manage physical activity restrictions based on the self-determination theory and gather the...
Article
Background Childhood cancer survivors should be routinely screened for psychological distress. However, existing screening tools promoted by cancer care institutions, such as the Distress Thermometer (DT) generate high rates of errors. The aim of this study is to help refining strategies of screening psychological distress in this population by exp...
Article
Background: Transitioning from pediatric to adult healthcare can be challenging and lead to severe consequences if done suboptimally. The Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) was developed to assess adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients' transition readiness. In this study, we aimed to 1) document the psychometric properties of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction A healthy lifestyle could have a positive impact in reducing the incidence of some long-term sequelae secondary to pediatric cancer treatments. Motivational communication (MC) is effective at improving healthy lifestyle habits, especially when patients experience change as a challenge. To date, there is no available intervention progra...
Article
Objective: This scoping review will aim to identify the domains contributing to cancer-related fatigue in childhood cancer survivors and will explore whether non-pharmacological interventions have addressed these domains. This information will help to better define cancer-related fatigue, identify knowledge gaps in the literature, and direct futur...
Article
Objective To identify and describe challenges that contribute to experiential learning among cancer survivors across different age groups. Research approach Qualitative collaborative study Participants 27 cancer survivors Methodological approach Participants were invited to explain the after-cancer challenges they learned from during six focus g...
Article
Full-text available
Background The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is used to document children’s health behaviors linked to their physical activity. The TPB model and its components have been applied to comprehend the adoption of physical activity along informational and motivational parameters. Thus, this exploratory study aims to assess the evolution of children’s...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. It is now known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. We hypothesize that we will observe responses in recurrent/refractory PLGG treated with trametinib. METHODS This is a multicenter phase II including three progressing/refra...
Article
BACKGROUND Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. It is known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. METHODS This multicenter phase II included three progressing/refractory PLGG groups: NF1 patients, KIAA1549-BRAF fusion patients and patients with other activation of the MAPK/...
Article
Full-text available
Background The theory of planned behavior (TPB) model and its components have been applied to comprehend the adoption of physical activity along with informational and motivational parameters. Thus, the first aim of this exploratory study was to explore the evolution of children’s physical activity levels over a supervised physical activity program...
Article
Background and purpose Little data is available on the effect of mindfulness amongst pediatric hematology-oncology professionals. The purpose was to further document change in biological and psychological stress following a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program. Materials and methods We led two pre-post interventional studies (n = 12 a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which illness perceptions have seldom been studied. Illness perceptions are important in predicting patients’ behavior. Due to the risk of bleeding and joint damage, healthcare professionals often discourage some physical activities. Those restrictions can be difficult to follow for pediatric pa...
Article
Grieving a child following cancer is a substantially difficult task. The objectives of this research were: 1) to describe current quality of life (QoL), psychological distress and symptoms of grief of bereaved parents, and 2) to explore the role of possible contributors of QoL and psychological distress. Forty-six parents (32 mothers) of children w...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to: (1) describe the domains and levels of unmet needs of young adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) with comorbidities, and (2) to explore the factors associated with higher levels of unmet needs. Unmet need was considered as supportive care needs not met. Methods: The most vulnerable cALL sur...
Article
Objective: The mechanisms associating physician empathy (PE) with patient outcomes remain unclear. PE can be considered as a whole (one process) or three subcomponents can be identified (an establishing rapport process; an emotional process; a cognitive process). The objective was to test two competitive models of PE in cancer care: a three-proces...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Survivors of childhood cancer are at risk of cardiometabolic complications including dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertension. In addition, children undergoing chemotherapy often suffer from substantial side effects including rapid weight gain, transient hypertension, and elevated blood glucose and lipids. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The physiologic and psychological benefits of physical activity have been shown in children with cancer. However, almost one in two cancer patients do not follow the physical activity guidelines. The aim of this study will be to assess the feasibility of a physical activity program...
Article
Full-text available
Background/rationale or Objectives/purpose: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) model and its components have been applied to comprehend the adoption of physical activity along informational and motivational parameters. The first aim of this study was to explore the evolution of children’s physical activity levels (MVLPA) and children’s physical a...
Article
Objectives: To explore the effects of a hypnotic communication (HC) training for paediatric nurses in decreasing patients’ pain and distress during venipunctures. Methods: A 4-day theoretical and practical HC training was offered to five paediatric oncology nurses. The effects of HC were tested with 22 young cancer patients (13 girls, 9 boys, 10 ±...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Most childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors develop chronic treatment-related adverse effects several years after the end of the treatment. Regular physical activity and a good cardiorespiratory fitness can decrease the risks of neurological disturbances and increase cognitive function scores. The aim of this study was...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The physiological and psychological benefits of physical activity have been shown in children with cancer. However, almost one in two cancer patients do not follow the physical activity guidelines. The aim of this study will be to assess the feasibility of a physical activity pro...
Article
Objectives The frequency of cognitive difficulties in childhood cancer survivors varies according to the measurement strategy. The goal of this research is to (1) describe agreements and differences between measures of working memory and attention (2) identify contributors of these differences, such as emotional distress, affects, and fatigue. Met...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a training in hypnotic communication techniques (HCTech) for pediatric nurses to prevent procedural pain and distress in children during venipunctures. Specifically, this study aimed to (1) assess nurses’ mastery of HCTech and (2) nurses’ experience regarding the training program....
Article
Background and objectives: Clinicians are urged to optimize communication with families, generally without empirical practical recommendations. The objective of this study was to identify core behaviors associated with good communication during and after an unsuccessful resuscitation, including parental perspectives. Methods: Clinicians from dif...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) are the most frequent brain tumors in children. Up to 50% will be refractory to conventional chemotherapy. It is now known that the majority of PLGG have activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway. The same pathway is also activated in plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) which are low-grade tumors involving periphe...
Article
Full-text available
Intervention programs have been developed to help parents cope with their child’s cancer. Despite some studies reporting a high level of evidence, it is unclear how these programs build on each other. Appraising models of change is critical to advance scientific knowledge and provide evidence-based interventions. This review aims to identify existi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Changes in food intake are common in children with cancer and are often caused by nausea and perturbations in sense of taste. The VIE (Valorization, Implication, Education) study proposes family-based nutrition and cooking education workshops during childhood cancer treatments. Process evaluation during implementation allows to assess...
Preprint
Background: Changes in food intake are common in children with cancer and are often caused by nausea and perturbations in sense of taste. The VIE (Valorization, Implication, Education) study proposes family-based nutrition and cooking education workshops during childhood cancer treatments. Process evaluation during implementation allows to assess i...
Preprint
Background: Perturbations of food intake are common in children with cancer and are often caused by nausea and changes in the sense of taste. The VIE (Valorization, Implication, Education) study proposes family-based nutrition and cooking education workshops during childhood cancer treatments. Process evaluation during implementation allows to asse...
Article
Full-text available
Veritas-Pro and Veritas-PRN are instruments to assess adherence to treatment of people with hemophilia. Low adherence can limit treatment effectiveness and result in increased bleeding episodes and chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to adapt both questionnaires into French, report preliminary psychometric data in a group of pediatric patie...
Article
Full-text available
Transition from pediatric to adult health care setting is a challenge for young patients because of the psychosocial issues they may present that could hinder their commitment to treatment and medical care. Psychologists play a key role in supporting these patients. They intervene with the most vulnerable ones for whom the current transitional prac...
Article
Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Treatments against ALL might lead to later cognitive effects and alterations in brain structure in survivors but to the authors' knowledge the observed variability in the severity of neurocognitive deficits is not fully understood. The objective of the current stud...
Preprint
Background Perturbations of food intake are common in children with cancer and are often caused by changes in the sense of taste and nausea. The VIE (Valorization, Implication, Education) project proposes family-based nutrition and cooking education workshops during the cancer treatments. Process evaluation during implementation allows to assess if...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A substantial number of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia suffer from treatment-related late adverse effects including neurocognitive impairment. While multiple studies have described neurocognitive outcomes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors, relatively few have investigated their association w...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE: Most childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors develop chronic treatment-related adverse effects several years after the end of therapy. A regular practice of physical activity and a good cardiorespiratory fitness have the potential to reduce the risk of chronic diseases and to improve quality of life. It is currently unknown...
Article
Discipline Clinique. Introduction et but de l’étude Les traitements de la leucémie lymphoblastique aiguë (LLA) pédiatrique laissent des séquelles importantes entre autres sur le plan cardiaque, métabolique et neurocognitif. Les survivants de la LLA présentent un risque accru d’obésité, de résistance à l’insuline, et de dyslipidémie [1]. L’excès de...