Serge Morand

Serge Morand
Kasetsart University | KU · Faculty Veterinary Technology

Ph.D.
Working on biodiversity and health

About

778
Publications
229,137
Reads
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20,745
Citations
Introduction
Current interest on the links between biodiversity and health facing global changes in Southeast Asia (project BiodivHealthSea and FutureHealthSEA) with a special emphasis on wildlife-borne diseases
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - November 2016
Kasetsart University
Position
  • Managing Director
March 2014 - October 2014
Mahasarakham University
Position
  • Adjunc Professor
January 2014 - present
Mahidol University
Position
  • Adjunc Professor

Publications

Publications (778)
Chapter
Full-text available
Over fifty years of global conservation has failed to bend the curve of biodiversity loss, so we need to transform the ways we govern biodiversity. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity aims to develop and implement a transformative framework for the coming decades. However, the question of what transformative biodiversity governance entails an...
Article
Full-text available
the data inferred from populations, infra-and component communities of parasites and the application of a macroecological approach in the analysis of complex and frequently hidden relationships in host-parasite systems. This comparative analysis draws on parasite data across regions and host species at different organizational (population vs. commu...
Article
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Climate variability and anomalies are known drivers of the emergence and outbreaks of infectious diseases. In this study, we investigated the potential association between climate factors and anomalies, including El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and land surface temperature anomalies, as well as the emergence and spillover events of bat-borne vi...
Article
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Integrated surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using the One Health approach that includes humans, animals, food, and the environment has been recommended by responsible international organizations. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of AMR phenotypes in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species isolated from human...
Article
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In this study, we estimated exposure for Scrub typhus (STG), Typhus (TG) and Spotted fever groups (SFG) rickettsia using serology at a fine scale (a whole sub-district administration level) of local communities in Nan Province, Thailand. Geographical characteristics of the sub-district were divided into two landscape types: lowland agricultural are...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the biodiversity–health relationships that are either ignored, misunderstood, or misguided by modern infectious disease medicine and biology. It addresses the challenge by discussing the pivotal, but unsuspected, role of parasites and microorganisms in ecosystem functioning, stability, and resilience. The chapte...
Article
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The implementation of One Health/EcoHealth/Planetary Health approaches has been identified as key (i) to address the strong interconnections between risk for pandemics, climate change and biodiversity loss and (ii) to develop and implement solutions to these interlinked crises. As a response to the multiple calls from scientists on that subject, we...
Article
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Bartonella spp. are Gram-negative zoonotic bacteria transmitted to humans via various blood-sucking arthropods. Rodents have been identified as reservoir hosts of several zoonotic pathogens, including Bartonella spp. In Thailand, studies of Bartonella spp. in rodents from urban areas are limited; thus, a study in this area is necessary. The objecti...
Article
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Rural areas usually show a higher prevalence of rickettsial infection than urban areas. However, information on the rickettsial infection status in urban settings (e.g., built-up areas and city parks) is still limited, particularly in the Bangkok metropolitan area. In this study, we performed a molecular rickettsial survey of spleen samples of smal...
Article
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Background Scrub typhus is an important neglected vector-borne zoonotic disease across the Asia–Pacific region, with an expanding known distribution. The disease ecology is poorly understood, despite the large global burden of disease. The key determinants of high-risk areas of transmission to humans are unknown. Methods Small mammals and chiggers...
Article
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Leptospirosis is an endemic disease with moderate to high incidence in Mahasarakham province, Thailand. The present study was designed to assess the policy implementation mission regarding leptospirosis prevention and control from the national level to the local administrative levels, through a One Health perspective. A qualitative study was conduc...
Article
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Candida auris is an emerging multiresistant pathogen causing nosocomial fungal infection. Specific detection and identification are necessary. Our goal is to develop a new qPCR system that enables rapid detection of C. auris, based on a GPI (glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol) protein-encoding gene. This system is reproducible and sensitive with a limit...
Article
A report from a workshop organized by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on biodiversity and pandemics examined the scientific evidence on the origin of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and other emerging zoonotic diseases. Here, we reflect upon the report’s findings regarding how several important global initi...
Article
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Leptospirosis has been recognized as a major public health concern in Thailand following dramatic outbreaks. We analyzed human leptospirosis incidence between 2004 and 2014 in Mahasarakham province, Northeastern Thailand, in order to identify the agronomical and environmental factors likely to explain incidence at the level of 133 sub-districts and...
Article
Pneumocystis fungi are opportunistic parasites of mammalian lungs whose evolution, ecology and host specificity in natural host populations remain poorly understood and controversial. Using an extensive collection of 731 lung samples from 27 rodent species sampled in five Southeast Asian countries, and nested PCR amplification of mitochondrial and...
Chapter
This chapter explores some aspects of parasite ecology of helminth infection in the Rattus rattus-complex from mainland Southeast Asian countries. Diversity and species association patterns of helminths were assessed in relation to human landuse habitats. A substantial helminth diversity remains undiscovered, with at least 32 parasite species being...
Preprint
Full-text available
The implementation of One Health/EcoHealth/Planetary Health approaches has been identified as key (i) to address the strong interconnections between risk for pandemics, climate change and biodiversity loss, and (ii) to develop and implement solutions to these interlinked crises. As a response to the multiple calls of scientists in that direction, w...
Article
Full-text available
Chiggers are recognized as vectors of scrub typhus disease caused by the bacteria, Orientia tsutsugamushi. The risk of disease exposure is mainly related to chigger bites when humans or animals roam into vector-infested habitats. In big cities, urban public parks could provide areas for the animal-human interface and zoonotic pathogen transmission....
Preprint
Full-text available
One year after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the origin of SARS-CoV-2 still eludes humanity. Early publications firmly stated that the virus was of natural origin, and the possibility that the virus might have escaped from a lab was discarded in most subsequent publications. However, based on a re-analysis of the initial arguments, highlighte...
Article
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Background Genetic markers are employed widely in molecular studies, and their utility depends on the degree of sequence variation, which dictates the type of application for which they are suited. Consequently, the suitability of a genetic marker for any specific application is complicated by its properties and usage across studies. To provide a y...
Chapter
Asia represents 60% of the total world populations and is continuously growing, leading to rapid urbanization and land transformations. In consequence, it has resulted in ecosystem degradation, and habitat and biodiversity loss. Asia has major biodiversity hotspots of global importance (Southeast Asia encompasses about 20% of the global plant, anim...
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In light of the coronavirus pandemic, we invite readers to a reflection over the aim and use of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the determination of the new biodiversity targets in relation to health issues. Starting with a brief overview of the initiatives to consider health and the environment in the international arena before the adoption...
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Deforestation is a major cause of biodiversity loss with a negative impact on human health. This study explores at global scale whether the loss and gain of forest cover and the rise of oil palm plantations can promote outbreaks of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases. Taking into account the human population growth, we find that the increases in out...
Preprint
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Urbanization is rapidly transforming much of Southeast Asia, altering the structure and function of the landscape, as well as the frequency and intensity of the interactions between people, animals, and the environment. In this study, we began to explore the impact of urbanization on zoonotic disease risk by simultaneously characterizing changes in...
Article
1. Most species in ecological communities are rare whereas only a few are common. This distributional paradox has intrigued ecologists for decades but the interpretation of species abundance distributions remains elusive. 2. We present Fuzzy Quantification of Common and Rare Species in Ecological Communities (FuzzyQ) as an R package. FuzzyQ shifts...
Article
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This Southeast Asia-Europe research project will use a One Health approach to identify the major parameters responsible for the presence of animal-associated antimicrobial resistant bacteria in animal production facilities in Thailand and the risk of their transmission from animals to humans. We will focus on traditional, small, extensive pig and p...
Article
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Background As the largest group of mammalian species, which are also widely distributed all over the world, rodents are the natural reservoirs for many diverse zoonotic viruses. A comprehensive understanding of the core virome of diverse rodents should therefore assist in efforts to reduce the risk of future emergence or re-emergence of rodent-born...
Preprint
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This letter was submitted to The Lancet on January 6, 2021. It re-evaluates the scientific evidences that have been invoked at the very beginning of the COVID-19 pandemics to support the hypothesis of a natural zoonosis, and shows that these arguments were inconclusive and felt under some logical flaws. It thus requests scientific journals to open...
Article
Le présent article a pour objet de résumer les connaissances sur les dynamiques d’émergence et d’épidémies de zoonoses liées. Premièrement, en reconnaissant que le processus de domestication est structurant de l’écologie et de l’épidémiologie des zoonoses passées comme des émergences et épidémies actuelles. Deuxièmement, en montrant comment l’augme...
Article
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The past two decades have seen an accumulation of theoretical and empirical evidence for the interlinkages between human health and well-being, biodiversity and ecosystem services, and agriculture. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the devastating impacts that an emerging pathogen, of animal origin, can have on human societies and economies. A...
Article
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This article considers a broad perspective of "One Health" that includes local and animal knowledge. Drawing from various colonial efforts to link human, animal, and environmental health, it first shows that the current "One Health" initiative has its roots in colonial engagement and coincides with a need to secure the health of administrators (con...
Article
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Abstract While the epidemic of SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide, there is much concern over the mortality rate that the infection induces. Available data suggest that COVID-19 case fatality rate had varied temporally (as the epidemic has progressed) and spatially (among countries). Here, we attempted to identify key factors possibly explaining the v...
Article
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Concerns about the prospect of a global pandemic have been triggered many times during the last two decades. These have been realised through the current COVID‐19 pandemic, due to a new coronavirus SARS‐CoV2, which has impacted almost every country on Earth. Here, we show how considering the pandemic through the lenses of the evolutionary ecology o...
Article
Full-text available
In 2018, extensive field studies of diversity and prevalence of helminth infection in synanthropic rodents and non-rodent small mammals from public parks and citified areas in the Bangkok Metropolitan were conducted. Rattus rattus complex was the dominant small mammal in public parks. Of the 197 animals, 147 individuals were infected with one or mo...
Article
Full-text available
Malaria control is an evolving public health concern, especially in times of resistance to insecticides and to antimalarial drugs, as well as changing environmental conditions that are influencing its epidemiology. Most literature demonstrates an increased risk of malaria transmission in areas of active deforestation, but knowledge about the link b...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article considers a broad perspective of 'OneHealth' that includes local and animal knowledge. Drawing from various colonial efforts to link human, animal, and environmental health, it first shows that the current 'OneHealth' initiative takes its roots during the colonial engagement and coinciding with a need to secure the health of administra...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: As the largest group of mammalian species, which are also widely distributed all over the world, rodents are the natural reservoirs for many diverse zoonotic viruses. A comprehensive understanding of the core virome of diverse rodents should therefore assist in efforts to reduce the risk of future emergence or re-emergence of rodent-bor...
Article
Full-text available
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues across the globe, leaving governments and public health services in shock and disarray, calls have been made for the need to adopt One Health approaches to address the failure to predict and halt the emergence of COVID-19. The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is widely suggested to have origin...
Preprint
Full-text available
1. Most species in ecological communities are rare whereas only a few are common. This distributional paradox has intrigued ecologists for decades but the interpretation of species abundance distributions remains elusive. 2. We present Fuzzy Quantification of Common and Rare Species in Ecological Communities (FuzzyQ) as an R package. FuzzyQ shifts...
Article
« Moi qui suis si peu médecin, si peu vétérinaire… La science est une… C'est l'homme seulement qui en raison de la faiblesse de son intelligence, y établit des catégories. » Extrait du discours de 1880 de Louis Pasteur à la Société Centrale de Médecine Vétérinaire, ancêtre de l’Académie Vétérinaire de France.La France est le pays de Descartes, de C...
Article
Infectious diseases, biodiversity loss and livestock expansion are increasing globally, and examining patterns that link them is important for both public health and conservation. This study is a first attempt to analysis globally these patterns using General additive modelling and Structural equation modelling. A positive association between the n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Molecular advances have accelerated our understanding of nematode systematics and taxonomy. However, comparative analyzes between various genetic markers have led to discrepancies in nematode phylogenies. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of using mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes for nematode molecular systemati...
Article
Full-text available
Cypriniformes, which exhibit a wide geographical distribution, are the most species-rich group of freshwater fishes. Despite considerable research on their parasites, no reliable estimates of their parasite diversity on a large geographical scale are available. In the present review, we analyse species richness of two parasitic flatworm groups (mon...
Article
Full-text available
Viruses and their hosts are locked in an evolutionary race where resistance to infection is acquired by the hosts while viruses develop strategies to circumvent these host defenses. Forming one arm of the host defense armory are cell autonomous restriction factors like Fv1. Originally described as protecting laboratory mice from infection by murine...
Article
Full-text available
Gastrointestinal helminth infection likely affects the gut microbiome, in turn affecting host health. To investigate the effect of intestinal parasite status on the gut microbiome, parasitic infection surveys were conducted in communities in Nan Province, Thailand. In total, 1047 participants submitted stool samples for intestinal parasite examinat...
Article
Chigger mites (Trombiculidae) are temporary habitat-specific ectoparasites that often occur on rodents. Little ecological data are available on chiggers associated with rodents in South Africa. The study aims were to (1) record the chigger species associated with rodents in the savanna, (2) assess if chigger species display parasitope preference on...
Book
Full-text available
Integrated approaches to health address health challenges arising from the intertwined spheres of humans, animals and ecosystems. This eBook is the product of an interdisciplinary effort to establish how One Health, EcoHealth and other integrated approaches to health are conceptualized, framed, implemented and evaluated today. It supplements the ha...
Article
In less than five months, COVID-19 has spread from a small focus in Wuhan, China, to more than 5 million people in almost every country in the world, dominating the concern of most governments and public health systems. The social and political distresses caused by this epidemic will certainly impact our world for a long time to come. Here, we synt...
Article
Full-text available
We present an approach to assess the disease ecology of rickettsial species by investigating open databases and by using data science methodologies. First, we explored the epidemiological trend and changes of human rickettsial disease epidemics over the years and compared this trend with knowledge on emerging rickettsial diseases given by published...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Molecular advances have accelerated our understanding of nematode systematics and taxonomy. However, comparative analyzes between various genetic markers have led to discrepancies in nematode phylogenies. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of using mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes for nematode molecular systematic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Molecular advances have accelerated our understanding of nematode systematics and taxonomy. However, comparative analyzes between various genetic markers have led to discrepancies in nematode phylogenies. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of using mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes for nematode molecular systematics...