Serena Sabatini

Serena Sabatini
University of Exeter | UoE · Medical School

PhD in Psychology

About

35
Publications
2,055
Reads
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91
Citations
Introduction
I am a Postdoctoral Research Associate (University of Exeter, Medical School) working on the IDEAL study. During my PhD I explored the associations of awareness of age-related change with objective and subjective measures of cognitive, mental, and physical health. I am also conducted several studies on subjective ageing, attitudes toward ageing in people with and without dementia, and subjective cognitive decline.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
University of Exeter
Position
  • Graduate teaching assistant
Education
September 2014 - July 2016
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Master Degree in Clinical Dynamic Psychology
September 2011 - July 2014
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Psychological Sciences of Personalities and Interpersonal Relations

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
Background It is unclear whether people with dementia (PwD) have more negative attitudes toward own aging (ATOA) than people without dementia and what factors influence ATOA among PwD. We investigated whether PwD have more negative ATOA than individuals without dementia and whether cognition and dementia subtype are associated with ATOA in PwD. Me...
Article
Objective: We explored (1) social, cultural, and economic capital in spousal carers of people with dementia; (2) profiles of carers with different levels of capital; (3) whether the identified profiles differ in levels of stress and positive experiences of caring, and likelihood of depression over time. Methods: Baseline (2014-2016), 12-month, a...
Article
Background and objectives Understanding whether and how caregivers’ capability to ‘live well’ changes over time, and the factors associated with change, could help target effective caregiver support. Research design and methods We analyzed three timepoints (12 months apart) of IDEAL cohort data from co-resident spouse caregivers of community-dwell...
Preprint
Background Aims We 1) described levels of informant-rated involvement of people with dementia in everyday decision-making; 2) explored whether functional, behavioral, and psychological factors related to the person with dementia and the caregiver explain variability in involvement of people with dementia in everyday decision-making at baseline; 3)...
Article
Background: Social restriction measures imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the United Kingdom impacted on carers of people with dementia, limiting access to support services and increasing perceived burden of caring. Few studies have compared data collected both during and before the pandemic to examine the effect of these changes. Objecti...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Research suggests a decline in the mental health and wellbeing of people with dementia (PwD) during the COVID-19 pandemic; however few studies have compared data collected pre-pandemic and during the pandemic. Moreover, none have compared this change with what would be expected due to dementia progression. We explored whether PwD experien...
Preprint
Background Lockdown and social restriction measures imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19 in the United Kingdom impacted on carers of people with dementia, limiting their access to support services and increasing perceived burden of caring. Few studies have compared data collected during the pandemic and data collected before the pandemic to exami...
Preprint
The continuing COVID-19 pandemic and social restrictions have impacted on the cognitive decline and mental health of people with dementia. Social isolation and loss of activities due to social restrictions may also have implications as to sense of identity for people with dementia. As part of the INCLUDE component of the IDEAL cohort study, the ove...
Article
Full-text available
Higher awareness of positive age-related changes (AARC gains) is related to better mental health, whereas higher awareness of negative age-related changes (AARC losses) is related to poorer mental and physical health. So far perceived gains and losses have been explored separately, but people report gains and losses concurrently in varying degrees,...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We aimed to examine change over time in self-rated quality of life (QoL) in people with mild-to-moderate dementia and identify sub-groups with distinct QoL trajectories. Method We used data from people with mild-to-moderate dementia followed up at 12 and 24 months in the IDEAL cohort study (baseline n=1537). A latent growth model approa...
Article
Research exploring whether health predicts self-perceptions of aging (SPA) has mostly focused on single predictors and has been hampered by short observational intervals. We examined whether 20-year changes in cognitive functioning, physical and mental health predict SPA. We used data of 103 German participants who remained of a sample of 500 parti...
Article
Full-text available
Contact with older adults impact the perceptions people have towards their own aging self (Jarrott & Savla, 2015) and how they prepare for their own age-related change (Kornadt et al., 2015). Caregivers have close, intimate contact with older adults, yet no research explores how that contact may impact caregivers’ perceptions of their own aging. In...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Older people describe positive and negative age-related changes, but we do not know much about what contributes to make them aware of these changes. We used content analysis to categorize participants’ written comments and explored the extent to which the identified categories mapped onto theoretical conceptualizations of influences on a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Only one study has explored the associations of subjective sleep difficulties with self-perceptions of aging. It focused on a global indicator of self-perceptions of aging (subjective age) despite individuals reporting different experiences of aging in relation to different life domains. The concept of awareness of negative age-related...
Article
Full-text available
Objective We explored which factors are associated with subjective age (SA), i.e. feeling younger, the same as, or older than one’s chronological age, and whether these factors differ between men and women and between two age sub-groups. Design Cross-sectional study using qualitative and quantitative data for 1457 individuals (mean age= 67.2 years...
Preprint
Full-text available
Higher awareness of positive age-related changes (AARC gains) is related to better mental health, whereas higher awareness of negative age-related changes (AARC losses) is related to poorer mental and physical health. So far perceived gains and losses have been explored separately, but people report gains and losses concurrently in varying degrees,...
Article
Research studies exploring the association of cognitive complaints with objectively assessed cognitive decline report inconsistent results. However, many of these have methodological limitations. We investigated whether 1) more severe subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and subjective memory decline (SMD) predict change in objectively assessed globa...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Evidence linking subjective concerns about cognition with poorer objective cognitive performance is limited by reliance on unidimensional measures of self-perceptions of aging (SPA). We used the awareness of age-related change (AARC) construct to assess self-perception of both positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and los...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: It is unclear whether people with dementia (PwD) have more negative attitudes toward own aging (ATOA) than people without dementia and what factors influence ATOA among PwD. We investigated whether PwD have more negative ATOA than individuals without dementia and whether cognition and dementia subtype are associated with ATOA in PwD. Me...
Article
Full-text available
Objective A primary goal for dementia research is to understand how to best support people to live well with dementia. Among cognitively healthy older individuals, more positive attitudes toward their own aging (ATOA) and/or feeling younger than their chronological age (i.e. having a younger subjective age: SA) are associated with better quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Existing evidence suggests that individuals’ subjective experience of cognitive decline may be a risk state for dementia. However, whether self-awareness of positive changes confer cognitive protection is unknown. We examined the extent to which awareness of positive (AARC gains) and negative (AARC losses) age-related changes explains variability i...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the impact of age views on cognition has seen a strong momentum in recent years, fitting the stereotype embodiment theory prediction that the stereotypes taken in from a culture can impact older persons‘ cognition. These studies utilize experimental, longitudinal, and ecological momentary assessments (EMA), as well as a wide reach of co...
Article
Full-text available
Higher awareness of negative age-related changes (AARC-losses) is related to poorer mental and physical health whereas higher awareness of positive age-related changes (AARC-gains) is related to better mental health. Associations of health with AARC-gains and losses have been explored separately, but often people experience gains and losses concurr...
Article
Full-text available
Awareness of age‐related changes (AARC), including perceived losses (e.g., memory decline) and gains (e.g., wisdom), comprise an important component of the aging process. Indeed, subjective perceptions of aging and health can reveal critical information not captured by objective measures. In particular, growing biomarker evidence suggests that subj...
Article
Full-text available
Background Awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) captures the perceived changes that older individuals experience in several domains of their lives including physical, cognitive and social functioning; interpersonal relationships; and lifestyle. Exploring antecedents of AARC is important to identify those in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over. M...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over. M...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over. Me...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over. M...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: A questionnaire assessing awareness of positive and negative age-related changes (AARC gains and losses) was developed in the US and Germany. We validated the short form of the measure (AARC-10 SF) and the cognitive functioning subscale from the 50-item version of the AARC (AARC-50) questionnaire in the UK population aged 50 and over. M...
Article
Full-text available
Associations of awareness of age-related change (AARC) with emotional and physical well-being and cognitive functioning were synthesised in a systematic review with a correlational random-effects meta-analysis. Twelve studies were included in the review, nine exploring the association between AARC and emotional well-being and eleven exploring the a...
Article
Full-text available
Given a growing body of evidence for the developmental relevance of the perceived experience of aging and for the presence of interindividual variability in the way people experience aging, this symposium examines the determinants and outcomes of various subjective aging constructs. This session will explore the role of various psychological variab...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives: This systematic review aimed to synthesize and quantify the associations of awareness of age-related change (AARC) with emotional well-being, physical well-being, and cognitive functioning. Research design and methods: We conducted a systematic review with a correlational random effects meta-analysis. We included quant...
Poster
Full-text available
In the present study we found interesting associations between empathy, countertransference and electrodermal concordance in dyads during simulations of psychotherapy sessions.

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