Serena Mazzucchelli

Serena Mazzucchelli
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "Luigi Sacco"

Biology

About

93
Publications
79,860
Reads
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1,628
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Research Associate
August 2012 - August 2015
Ospedale Luigi Sacco
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2010 - August 2013
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) overexpressing breast cancer is a breast cancer subtype characterized by high aggressiveness, high frequency of brain metastases and poor prognosis. HER-2, a glycoprotein belonging to the ErbB receptor family, is overexpressed on the outer membrane of cancer cells and has been an important therapeuti...
Article
Full-text available
Loss of pancreatic beta cells is a central feature of type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes, but a therapeutic strategy to preserve beta cell mass remains to be established. Here we show that the death receptor TMEM219 is expressed on pancreatic beta cells and that signaling through its ligand insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3)...
Article
Full-text available
Indocyanine green (ICG) is one of the most commonly used fluorophores in near-infrared fluorescence-guided techniques. However, the molecule is prone to form aggregates in saline solution with a limited photostability and a moderate fluorescence yield. ICG was thus formulated using protein-based nanoparticles of H-ferritin (HFn) in order to generat...
Article
Full-text available
Protein nanocages have been studied extensively, due to their unique architecture, exceptional biocompatibility and highly customization capabilities. In particular, ferritin nanocages (FNs) have been employed for the delivery of a vast array of molecules, ranging from chemotherapeutics to imaging agents, among others. One of the main favorable cha...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bariatric surgery (BS) is an important procedure used for the treatment of morbid obesity and has been proven to improve, or even cure, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, of the patients with T2DM who initially go into remission, a proportion experience a relapse during the follow-up. In this context, Raman spectroscopy (RS) coul...
Article
Full-text available
A major concern in the management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is the absence of accurate and specific biomarkers to drive diagnosis and monitor disease status timely and non-invasively. Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) represents a hallmark of IBD bowel strictures, being overexpressed in stenotic intestinal myofibroblasts. The present st...
Article
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Background Breast cancer Patient Derived Organoids (PDO) have been demonstrated to be a reliable model to study cancer that promised to replace and reduce the use of animals in pre-clinical research. They displayed concordance with the tissue of origin, resuming its heterogenicity and representing a good platform to develop approaches of personaliz...
Article
Full-text available
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) represent a class of lipoproteins very heterogeneous in structure, composition, and biological functions, which carry out reverse cholesterol transport, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and vasodilator actions. Despite the evidence suggesting a clear inverse relationship between HDL cholesterol (HDL-c...
Article
Background Currently, a major point of concern in the management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) is the absence of accurate and specific circulating biomarkers able to drive diagnosis in a timely and noninvasive manner. Aim of the present study was to explore blood biomarkers of IBD by coupling the targeted detection of circulating fibroblast...
Article
Full-text available
Protein nanocages represent an emerging candidate among nanoscaled delivery systems. Indeed, they display unique features that proved to be very interesting from the nanotechnological point of view such as uniform structure, stability in biological fluids, suitability for surface modification to insert targeting moieties and loading with different...
Article
Full-text available
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a near infrared fluorescent tracer used in image-guided surgery to assist surgeons during resection. Despite appearing as a very promising tool for surgical oncology, its employment in this area is limited to lymph node mapping or to laparoscopic surgery, as it lacks tumor targeting specificity. Recently, a nanoformulatio...
Article
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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are key actors in regulating cancer progression. They promote tumor growth, metastasis formation, and induce drug resistance. For these reasons, they are emerging as potential therapeutic targets. Here, with the aim of developing CAF-targeted drug delivery agents, we functionalized H-ferritin (HFn) nanocages wit...
Article
Full-text available
Existing therapies for Parkinson’s disease (PD) are only symptomatic. As erythropoietin (EPO) is emerging for its benefits in neurodegenerative diseases, here, we test the protective effect driven by EPO in in vitro (SH-SY5Y cells challenged by MPP+) and in vivo (C57BL/6J mice administered with MPTP) PD models. EPO restores cell viability in both p...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Assessment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) currently relies on aspecific clinical signs of bowel inflammation. Specific imaging of the diseased bowel regions is still lacking. Here, we investigate mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) as a reliable and specific endothelial target for engineered nanoparticles delivering...
Article
Everolimus (Eve) is an immunosuppressive macrolide that is being analyzed in various biological matrices and fluids. Its antitumor activity makes this drug suitable not only for organ transplantation but also for breast cancer treatments. In the attempt to reduce the incidence and severity of its side effects, Eve was loaded in H-ferritin (HFn), a...
Article
Full-text available
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been established as the standard of care for HER2-positive breast cancer since it allows cancer down-staging, up to pathological complete response. The standard of care in the neoadjuvant setting for HER2-positive breast cancer is a combination of highly cytotoxic drugs such as anthracyclines and the anti-HER2 monoclona...
Article
Full-text available
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a Food and Drug Administration–approved near-infrared fluorescent dye, employed as an imaging agent for different clinical applications due to its attractive physicochemical properties, high sensitivity, and safety. However, free ICG suffers from some drawbacks, such as relatively short circulation half-life, concentratio...
Article
Full-text available
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a fluorescent dye with a strong emission in the near-infrared spectral range that allows deep signal penetration and minimal interference of tissue autofluorescence. It has been employed in clinics for different applications, among which the more interesting is certainly near-infrared fluorescence image-guided surgery. Th...
Article
Systemic chemotherapy has not significantly reduced clinical demand for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) treatments. To address the need for more effective therapy, the use of nonviral nanoparticles is explored to deliver suicide gene therapy as valuable alternative to protect nucleic acids in the bloodstream and improve their tumor uptake. Bio...
Article
Backgrounds & aims: There is no accurate and reliable circulating biomarker to diagnose Crohn's disease (CD). Raman spectroscopy is a relatively new approach that provides information on the biochemical composition of samples in minutes and virtually without any sample preparation. We aimed to test the use of Raman spectroscopy analysis of plasma...
Article
Raman spectroscopy has been vastly employed for the characterization of different bio-molecular species spanning from single protein to the in-vivo analysis of tissues. However, despite the huge work done, a detailed description of the Raman spectra acquired from the main classes of plasma lipoproteins is still missing. In this work, we extracted,...
Article
Full-text available
Everolimus (Eve) is an FDA approved drug that inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). It is employed in breast cancer treatment even if its responsiveness is controversial. In an attempt to increase Eve effectiveness, we have developed a novel Eve nanoformulation exploiting H-ferritin nanocages (HEve) to improve its subcellular delivery. We...
Article
Background: The oncologic benefit of upfront re-excision of involved margins after breast-conserving surgery in the context of current multimodal clinical management of breast cancer is unclear. The aim of the present study was to assess the 5-years locoregional recurrence (LRR)-free and distant metastases (DM)-free survival probabilities in patie...
Article
Full-text available
LncRNAs play crucial roles in cellular processes and their regulatory effects in the adult brain and neural stem cells (NSCs) remain to be entirely characterized. We report that 10 lncRNAs (LincENC1, FABL, lincp21, HAUNT, PERIL, lincBRN1a, lincBRN1b, HOTTIP, TUG1 and FENDRR) are expressed during murine NSCs differentiation and interact with the RNA...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Patient-derived organoids (PDO) technology represents an emerging tool for the study of tumor biology and drug responsiveness, thus being useful to design personalized medicine approaches. Despite several studies and clinical trials are ongoing using PDO from colorectal and pancreatic cancer, only few research papers have been publishe...
Article
Introduction: Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is widely adopted for breast reconstruction, but its long-term oncologic safety is still not clearly established. The aim of the present study was to compare the 10-year loco-regional recurrence (LRR)-free and distant metastases (DM)-free survival probabilities in AFT vs. control patients, also evaluatin...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are the most abundant cells of the tumor stroma and they critically influence cancer growth through control of the surrounding tumor microenvironment (TME). CAF-orchestrated reactive stroma, composed of pro-tumorigenic cytokines and growth factors, matrix components, neovessels, and deregulated immune cells, is a...
Article
This abstract was withdrawn by the authors. Citation Format: Corsi F, Andreata F, Truffi M, Sorrentino L, D'Addio F, Monieri M, Gambaro A, Bellini M, Prosperi D, Mazzucchelli S. Withdrawn [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2018 Dec 4-8; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(4 Suppl):A...
Article
Background: HER2⁺ breast cancer (BC) accounts for 20-25 % of BCs and it is characterized by high aggressiveness.¹ Despite the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody Trastuzumab (TZ) has improved BC clinical outcome, it could induce severe cardiac reversible dysfunction:² HER2 signaling is also essential for growth and survival of myocardiocytes.³ Therefore,...
Article
Background and Objectives An accurate localization is mandatory to tailor breast lumpectomy in nonpalpable cancers. The aim of this study was to compare radio‐guided localization (ROLL) vs ultrasound localization of a titanium clip with collagen (TCC) in nonpalpable mass‐like breast cancers. Methods Two hundred seventy‐three consecutive patients w...
Article
The use of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has revolutionized cancer treatment. The conjugation of mAbs to nanoparticles has been broadly exploited to improve the targeting efficiency of drug nanocarriers taking advantage of high binding efficacy and target selectivity of antibodies for specific cell receptors. However, the therapeutic imp...
Article
Full-text available
Targeted therapies have profoundly changed the clinical prospect in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. In particular, the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab represents the gold standard for the treatment of HER2+ breast cancer patients. Its contribution in dampening cancer progression is mainly attributed...
Article
Background: Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) could be not-inferior to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in selected patients, but toxicities, self-perception of body image, quality of life, and resumption of work or daily activities have been poorly explored. The aim of the present study was to compare these outcomes between EBRT, IORT full-dose...
Chapter
Successful application of nanoconjugates either in vitro or in vivo does depend on the design strategy used for their development. In this chapter, we focus on the most important factors that need to be taken into account to optimize nanoparticle biofunctionalization and provide an overview of recent approaches yielding the efficient and orientatio...
Article
Background: The identification of new strategies aimed to optimize the treatment of breast cancer and its metastases represents a great technical and medical challenge. Target-specific therapies, such as Trastuzumab (TZ), have revolutionized the clinical scenario in certain subsets of cancer. However, the huge variability in response to therapy and...
Article
Background: Currently the standard techniques for sentinel node (SLN) detection in breast cancer are radioisotope (RI) and blue dye, but both methods present some drawbacks. Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence has been recently proposed as an alternative technique. However, the equipment to detect ICG fluorescence is not widely accessible, limitin...
Article
Background: PolyADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are a novel promising strategy toward triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which often shows genomic instability or BRCA mutations. However, clinical results are controversial, and no benefits were demonstrated in case of wild type BRCA, possibly due to poor bioavailability, and inadequate nu...
Article
Background: The equipment to detect indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in breast cancer is not widely accessible nor optimal. The fluorescence appears as a poorly defined white shine on a black background, and dimmed lighting is required. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, accuracy and healt...
Article
Full-text available
Background Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic bowel inflammation that ultimately leads to fibrosis, for which medical therapy is currently unavailable. Fibrotic strictures in CD are characterized by excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition, altered balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs), and overe...
Article
Background Bowel fibrosis is a chronic and progressive process characterised by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) and imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). This phenomenon represents a severe end-stage of some chronic inflammatory disorders such as Crohn’s disease (CD), for which ef...
Article
Full-text available
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors represent a promising strategy toward the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which is often associated to genomic instability and/or BRCA mutations. However, clinical outcome is controversial and no benefits have been demonstrated in wild type BRCA cancers, possibly due to poor drug bioa...
Article
Chemotherapeutic treatment of breast cancer is based on maximum tolerated dose (MTD) approach.1 However, advanced stage tumors are not effectively eradicated by MTD owing to suboptimal drug targeting, onset of therapeutic resistance and neoangiogenesis. In contrast, “metronomic” chemotherapy is based on frequent drug administrationsat lower doses,...
Article
Background Currently, reinterventions for involved margins after breast-conserving surgery remain common. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of the cavity shave margins (CSM) technique to reduce positive margin rates and reoperations compared with simple lumpectomy (SL). The impact of CSM on the various biological portraits of breas...
Article
Full-text available
Chemotherapeutic treatment of breast cancer is based on maximum tolerated dose (MTD) approach. However, advanced stage tumors are not effectively eradicated by MTD owing to suboptimal drug targeting, onset of therapeutic resistance and neoangiogenesis. In contrast, "metronomic" chemotherapy is based on frequent drug administrations at lower doses,...
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Tables.
Article
Full-text available
Active targeting of nanoparticles to tumours can be achieved by conjugation with specific antibodies. Specific active targeting of the HER2 receptor is demonstrated in vitro and in vivo with a subcutaneous MCF-7 breast cancer mouse model with trastuzumab-functionalized gold nanoparticles. The number of attached antibodies per nanoparticle was preci...
Article
This study describes the development of simple, rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous analysis of doxorubicin and its major metabolite, doxorubicinol, in mouse plasma, urine and tissues. The calibration curves were linear over the range 5-250 ng/ml for doxorubicin and 1.25-25 ng/ml for doxoru...
Article
logo Search In Vitro Permeation of FITC-loaded Ferritins Across a Rat Blood-brain Barrier: a Model to Study the Delivery of Nanoformulated Molecules SUMMARY ABSTRACT Brain microvascular endothelial cells, supported by pericytes and astrocytes endfeet, are responsible for the low permeation of large hydrosoluble drugs through the blood-brain ba...
Article
In HIV-1 management, eradication of the virus from sanctuaries represents a major and challenging goal. The genital tract, gut associated lymphoid tissue, lymph nodes, central nervous system, macrophages and latently infected CD4+ T lymphocytes are typical sites where HIV-1 compartmentalizes. To circumvent this problem, a consistent number of studi...
Article
In this study, insulin-containing nanoparticles were loaded into pellet cores and orally administered to diabetic rats. Polyethylene imine-based nanoparticles, either placebo or loaded with insulin, were incorporated by extrusion and spheronization technology into cores that were subsequently coated with three overlapping layers and a gastroresista...
Article
Full-text available
Metastatic breast cancer represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge due to tumor heterogeneity and to various physiological barriers that hinder drug delivery to the metastatic sites. To overcome these limitations, nanoformulated drugs have been developed and tested in preclinical studies, and few of them have been successfully translated in...