Serena Grumi

Serena Grumi
IRCCS Fondazione Istituto Neurologico Nazionale C. Mondino | Mondino · Department of Child Neurology

PhD

About

55
Publications
5,183
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
412
Citations
Introduction
I am a researcher in the field of developmental psychology. I received my Ph.D. in Psychology at the Università Cattolica in Milan, where I’m also an adjunct professor for two courses in Developmental Psychology and Child Protection. From 2020 I work as a post-doc researcher at the Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit at the IRCCS Mondino Foundation (Pavia, Italy). The main areas of scientific interest focus on developmental psychology and psychobiology during the first years of life.

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically affected healthcare professionals’ lives. We investigated the potential mental health risk faced by healthcare professionals working in neonatal units in a multicentre cross-sectional observational study. Methods We included all healthcare personnel of seven level-3 and six level-2 neonatal units i...
Article
Full-text available
Background High levels of mental health problems have been consistently reported among neonatal healthcare professionals. While studies suggest that personality, coping strategies and safety culture might contribute to the psychological wellbeing of healthcare professionals, they have not been systematically investigated in low-risk (i.e., neonatal...
Article
In the pediatric context, parents’ and patients’ engagement in the care process is strongly rec- ommended and could be pursued using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), which therefore become useful for planning and monitoring treatments. Nevertheless, few data are available from families of children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a particularly adverse and stressful environment for expecting mothers, possibly enhancing feelings of anxiety and parenting stress. The present work assesses mothers' anxiety levels at delivery and parenting stress after 3 months as moderated by home-visiting sessions. Methods Women (n = 177) in their...
Article
Full-text available
Stress exposure during pregnancy is critically linked with maternal mental health and child development. The effects might involve altered patterns of DNA methylation in specific stress-related genes (i.e., glucocorticoid receptor gene, NR3C1, and serotonin transporter gene, SLC6A4) and might be moderated by the gestational timing of stress exposur...
Article
Background Sex-specific differences in DNA methylation of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) have been shown in adults and are related to several mental disorders. Negative affectivity early in life is a trans-diagnostic risk marker of later psychopathology and is partly under genetic control. However, sex-specific variations in OXTR methylation (OX...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research suggests that early physical touch provided by caregivers may play a critical role in cognitive and affective development. The discovery of the C-tactile fibers – which selectively respond to low-speed physical stimulations, such as maternal affectionate touch and caresses – opened a promising field of research into the physiologica...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic is a collective trauma that may expose susceptible individuals to high levels of stress. Pregnant women represent a high-risk population, considering that pregnancy is a period of heightened neuroplasticity and susceptibility to stress through epigenetic mechanisms. Previous studies showed that the methylation statu...
Preprint
Stress exposure during pregnancy is critically linked with maternal mental health and child development. The effects might involve altered patterns of DNA methylation in specific stress-related genes (i.e., glucocorticoid receptor gene, NR3C1 , and serotonin transporter gene, SLC6A4 ) and might be moderated by the gestational timing of stress expos...
Article
The dynamic systems (DS) theory has been previously applied to the regulatory processes that characterize the parent-child dyad. These processes provide infants with adequate flexibility to respond and adapt to environmental stimulations and sufficient stability to develop and maintain coherent self-organization. The State Space Grid (SSG) tool was...
Article
Full-text available
Human parenting is a fundamental educational context including complex caregiving tasks finalized to nurture and protect young children [...]
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Infants with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDs) show emotional, cognitive and sociointeractive dysregulation dramatically impacting on caregiving behaviour. Early video-feedback interventions (VFIs) are effective in promoting sensitive parenting, which in turn supports infants’ development, even in case of ND. In the light of limit...
Article
Full-text available
Il presente articolo presenta due studi riguardanti l’esperienza di lockdown durante l’emer- genza Covid-19 in genitori di bambini con disabilità. Il primo studio ha indagato, tramite un que- stionario online, l’impatto dell’emergenza sanitaria e dell’interruzione dei servizi di riabilitazione sul benessere di 84 caregiver. Le preoccupazioni per il...
Article
Parents of children with developmental disabilities face many daily challenges that can lead to emotional and affective problems, difficulties in caregiving, and partial mental representations about themselves and their children. The multi-faceted nature of these parents’ needs requires a multi-component approach that should include the analysis of...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is a collective trauma that is threatening citizens’ mental health resulting in increased emotional stress, reduced social support, and heightened risk for affective symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of antenatal pandemic-related emotional stress and perceived social support on the symptoms of depres...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic represents a collective trauma that may have enduring stress effects during sensitive periods, such as pregnancy. Prenatal stress may result in epigenetic signatures of stress-related genes (e.g., the serotonin transporter gene, SLC6A4) that may in turn influence infants’ behavioral development. Methods In April 20...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a collective trauma that may have enduring stress effects during sensitive periods, such as pregnancy. Prenatal stress may result in epigenetic signatures of stress-related genes (e.g., the serotonin transporter gene, SLC6A4) that may in turn influence infants’ behavioral development. In April 2020, we launched a lo...
Article
Background Parent-child interaction is essential to promote adaptive emotional, cognitive, and social development. The majority of previous research on parent-child interaction is largely dependent on face-to-face exchanges that require the interactive partners to visually recognize reciprocal communicative bids. Therefore, previous findings in the...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic is a global traumatic experience for citizens, especially during sensitive time windows of heightened plasticity such as pregnancy and neonatal life. Pandemic-related stress experienced by mothers during pregnancy may act as an early risk factor for infants' regulatory capacity development by altering maternal psychosocial wel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically affected healthcare professionals’ lives. We investigated the potential mental health risk faced by healthcare professionals working in neonatal units in a multicentre cross-sectional observational study. Methods We included all healthcare personnel of 7 level-3 and 6 level-2 neonatal units in Tusc...
Article
Full-text available
Following school closures due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, for some months, children received only distance learning. The effects of this approach, however, are not clear for children with dyslexia. We conducted a cross-sectional comparison between children with and without dyslexia after the so-called “lockdown” and a comparison between pre- and po...
Article
Full-text available
As fathers are increasingly involved in childcare, understanding the neurological underpinnings of fathering has become a key research issue in developmental psychobiology research. This systematic review specifically focused on (1) highlighting methodological issues of paternal brain research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with increasing incidence. An expanding body of literature is examining connections between ASD and dietary interventions. Existing reports suggest a beneficial effect of ketogenic dietary therapies (KDTs) in improving behavioral symptoms in ASD. In this context, the purpose of this sc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a collective trauma that may have enduring stress effects during sensitive periods, such as pregnancy. Prenatal stress may result in epigenetic signatures of stress-related genes (e.g., the serotonin transporter gene, SLC6A4 ) that may in turn influence infants’ behavioral development. In April 2020, we launched a l...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To analyze the oral motor, speech and language phenotype in a sample of pediatric patients with GLUT 1 transporter deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS). Methods: eight Italian-speaking children with GLUT1DS (aged 4.6-15.4 years) in stable treatment with ketogenic diet from a variable time underwent a specific and standardized speech and lan...
Article
Objective During the first months of 2020, the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly and soon reached a pandemic level. With the increasing number of hospitalizations, medical and nursing personnel resources were soon inadequate. As a consequence, medical volunteers became a key human resource and young medical residents in any spec...
Article
With the consolidation of fathers’ engagement in caregiving, understanding the neu- roendocrine and hormonal mechanisms underlying fatherhood becomes a relevant topic. Oxytocin (OT) has been linked with maternal bonding and caregiving, but less is known about the role of OT in human fatherhood and paternal caregiving. A system- atic review of metho...
Article
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate care needs, emotional and behavioral changes, and parental stress indices in a cohort of pediatric patients with epilepsy with neurocognitive and emotional comorbidities at the time of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: This is a prospective observational study involving...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction COVID-19 is a highly infectious respiratory disease that rapidly emerged as an unprecedented epidemic in Europe, with a primary hotspot in Northern Italy during the first months of 2020. Its high infection rate and rapid spread contribute to set the risk for relevant psychological stress in citizens. In this context, mother–infant heal...
Article
Background: The present study investigated the impact of the COVID-19-related rehabilitation services lockdown on the mental health of caregivers of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Methods: Between 26 March and 11 May 2020, 84 caregivers filled out ad-hoc and standardized ques- tionnaires through an online survey in order to measure...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective. During the first months of 2020, the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread as an unprecedented pandemic. With the increasing number of hospitalizations, the resources of medical and nursing personnel needed for the direct and indirect care of patients were soon inadequate. Consistently, medical volunteers became a key...
Article
Northern Italy was dramatically affected by COVID‐19 during early 2020. Suspending educational and rehabilitation services during the lockdown that followed increased the burden on the parents of children with special healthcare needs, including those diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, psychomotor delays and other neurodevelopmental disabilit...
Conference Paper
Background. With the consolidation of fathers’ engagement in daily infants’ caregiving, understanding the neuroendocrine and hormonal mechanisms underlying the transition to fatherhood and paternal caregiving becomes a relevant topic with implications for both research and clinical practice. Among hormones, oxytocin (OT) has been consistently linke...
Article
CPS (Child Protection Services) workers are required to assess the level of safety of referred minors and to identify the best intervention to protect them. CPS workers’ decision making, in particular the child removal decision, has been the focus of a growing number of studies in order to identify which factors influence workers’ evaluation. The p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Child maltreatment is a major public health issue, which threatens psychophysical well-being of almost 100,000 minors in Italy. The prevalence and social burden of this issue clearly indicate the need for preventive efforts, early identification of victimized children, and a rapid risk assessment of families referred to Child Protection Services (C...
Article
Full-text available
Use of videogames (VGs) is almost ubiquitous in preadolescents’ and adolescents’ everyday life. One of the most intriguing research topics about positive effects of VG use is about the domain of visuospatial competencies. Previous research show that training with videogames enables children and adolescents to improve their scores in visuospatial te...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have documented the existence of a behavioral addiction related to Video Games, which appears to be similar to other forms of addiction (gambling and substance-related) in terms of characteristics and consequences. Literature about this topic has suffered from the lack of a standard definition of this disorder before the publication...
Article
Full-text available
Online video gaming is now widely considered an activity possibly related to addictive behaviors, so that the diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) is now included both in DSM-5 and ICD-11; however, there is still debate about some specific features of such disorder. One debated aspect is time spent playing: IGD gamers certainly play a high a...
Conference Paper
This research adopted a judgment analysis approach to investigate the association of a set of familial risk and protective factors and the workers’ decisions about the placement of children referred to Child Protection Services (CPS). This is a challenging task, especially if we considered a multicultural context. 340 social records of families ref...
Article
In order to identify discriminative factors related to high-risk fathers among parents reported to Child Protection Services, 34 factors included in the Protocol of Risk and Protective Factors (Di Blasio, 2005) were investigated. Social records of 247 families referred to Social Services were analyzed and data concerning 163 fathers were retrospect...
Article
Decision-making in the child protection services is a challenging task, in particular for workers who operate in a multicultural context. Studies have found that children from immigrant groups are overrepresented in the rates of cases reported to CPSs because of the higher prevalence of some distal risk factors. However, it remains unclear whether...
Article
Il maltrattamento verso i minori costituisce un importante problema di salute pubblica, minacciando l’integrità psicofisica di circa 100.000 minori in Italia. Al fine di meglio tutelare i diritti di crescita di tali minori e favorirne il buon adattamento, è importante individuare precocemente quelli che presentano un elevato rischio di subire condo...
Article
Child abuse is a major public health issue, which threatens psychological and physical well-being of almost 100.000 minors in Italy. In order to better protect those minors and to favour their positive adaptation, an early assessment of those that are at risk of being maltreated is crucial. The assessment of risk is particularly difficult in migran...
Conference Paper
Introduzione La letteratura internazionale sembra aver confermato l’esistenza della dipendenza patologica da videogame, assimilabile ad altre forme di dipendenza come il disturbo da gioco d’azzardo patologico (Kuss & Griffiths, 2012). Tale dipendenza pare correlarsi con problematiche comportamentali, difficoltà sociali (Hussain & Griffiths, 2009),...
Article
Partner influence on future plans has been investigate in romantic couple with a nomothetic approach, whereas fewer studies used a idiographic approach or integrate the two approaches. The present paper evaluates, between (nomothetic) and within (idiographic) couples, the differences in perception of partner influence on future plans linked to gend...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (10)
Project
Is wearing mask really affecting the ability of young children to elaborate and process emotional signals?  There is a general concern about the short- and long-term effects of mask-wearing by adults who take care of young infants and children. We know that face processing is key to emotional elaboration and regulation. Nonetheless, we don't know if hiding details behind the mask is resulting in significant alterations of emotional regulation and socio-cognitive skills. In this study, we want to explore this research question by assessing the emotional and socio-cognitive response to an adult wearing a protective mask in siblings of children with autism and in age-matched controls. The study is supported by the Italian Ministry of Health. This is a collaboration between the IRCCS Mondino Foundation and the NIDA Network.
Project
How does infants' visual impairment affect the way mothers interact with them? In this research project, we want to explore if and how the presence of visual impairment in the child affects the way mothers behave during the interaction. We will take advantage of eye-tracking techniques, in order to focus on the visual exploration that mothers make when interacting with the children and when trying to interpret their children's emotional state. The study is supported by the Italian Ministry of Health. This is a collaboration between the IRCCS Mondino Foundation (Pavia, Italy) and the Italian Institute of Technology (Genova, Italy).
Project
What are the developmental milestones that children with visual impairment and their parents consider to be key for adaptive functioning in daily life? With this project, we aim to develop a new tool to assess the adaptive functioning and daily autonomy of children with visual impairment assuming a patient/parent-reported experience measure (PREM) approach. The project is led by dr. Sabrina Signorini - NOFT, IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.