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Serafim Armindo Dias de Carvalho

Serafim Armindo Dias de Carvalho
Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Porto, Portugal · Serviço B

MD, PhD
Consultant psychiatrist. Professor of psychopathology.

About

63
Publications
14,126
Reads
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478
Citations
Introduction
Serafim Armindo Dias de Carvalho currently works at the Serviço B, Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Porto, Portugal. Serafim does research in Psychiatry. Their current project is 'QoL in patients with and without headache in a psychiatric outpatient clinic.'.
Additional affiliations
February 2000 - March 2000
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Position
  • Intern
September 1999 - present
Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 1997 - present
Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário
Position
  • Professor (Assistant), MD, PhD
Education
October 2005 - February 2012
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 1996 - July 1999
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Medicine
October 1976 - July 1982
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder in occidental countries, with symptoms including abdominal pain and/or bloating and alteration of bowel transit, such as diarrhea and/or constipation (Rome IV Criteria). Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is driven by interpersonal instability and affec...
Article
Full-text available
Background Only a small number of consistent processes predict which depressed patients will achieve remission with antidepressant medication. One set of processes is that of social ranking strategies/variables that are related to life events and severe difficulties. Particularly, defeat and entrapment predict poorer response to antidepressants. Ho...
Article
Schizophrenia-like psychosis induced by levetiracetam in a patient with epilepsy Cátia P. Martins1 Serafim Carvalho1 Ana P. Correia2 Mariana Pinto da Costa3,4 1 Service B – Acute Inpatient Unit, Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Porto, Portugal 2 Functional Unit of Neurology, Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Porto, Portugal 3 Unit for Social and Community P...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment theory provides a model for understanding impairments in social and interpersonal functioning. Schizophrenia is a neuropsychiatry disorder frequently associated with compromised social functioning and limited social support networks. However, the relationship between attachment style and psychopathology dimensions, including insight, isn...
Article
Introduction First wave cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) focuses essentially on classical conditioning and operant learning and second wave on information processing. They are based on the premise that certain cognitions, emotions and physiological states lead to dysfunctional behaviour and so, by eliminating the first ones, changes in behaviour...
Article
Introduction Conversion disorder is a condition defined by the presence of symptoms of altered voluntary motor or sensory function, not intentionally produced or feigned, presumed to be the expression of a psychological conflict or stressor, but mimicking neurological diseases or other medical conditions, that must be excluded before this diagnosis...
Article
Background: Major depressive disorder is a condition associated with dysregulated cytokine levels; among these, IL6. Furthermore, genetic variations within cytokine genes have been proposed to predict antidepressant treatment outcome. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the role of IL6-174G > C and IL6R D358A A > C functional polymorphisms i...
Article
Recent studies suggest that immune activation and cytokines, such as IL-18, are involved in depression. IL-18 is expressed in brain and is increased in patients with moderate to severe depression. In this study we aim to evaluate the role of IL18-607C>A and IL18-137G>C promoter polymorphisms in antidepressant treatment phenotypes, specifically rela...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The first generation of behaviour therapy, which can be dated as far back as the 1920s, sought to modify problematic behaviour by the application of basic principles of classical or respondent conditioning; and/or operant conditioning, in which behavior change is linked to reinforcing consequences. The potential contribution that language and cogni...
Article
Background: Hippocampal neurogenesis has been suggested as a downstream event of antidepressants (AD) mechanism of action and might explain the lag time between AD administration and the therapeutic effect. Despite the widespread use of AD in the context of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) there are no reliable biomarkers of treatment response phen...
Article
Introduction Recent studies suggested that immune activation and cytokines might be involved in depression. The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18) is less reported in depression but is still relevant since it is expressed in the brain and serum levels of IL-18 have been found to be increased in patients with moderate to severe depressi...
Article
Full-text available
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent disorder, which has been associated with an abnormal response of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Reports have argued that an abnormal HPA axis response can be due to an altered P-Glycoprotein (P-GP) function. This argument suggests that genetic polymorphisms in ABCB1 may have an e...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Psychiatry is influenced by society changes, so it should be permanently updating itself, foreseeing future behaviours and pathologies. This study aims to describe psychiatry trainee's opinion in Portugal concerning their training and the modifications they would want to witness in the near future. Material and methods: A structure...
Article
Full-text available
The social rank and arrested defenses model for mood disorders bridges between animal and human models of psychopathology. There is increasing evidence that depression is associated with subordinated and loss of social rank, feeling inferior, shame, submissive behavior, and feeling defeated. These stressful states activate threat coping responses o...
Article
Although there are several reports on the benefits of exercise on Major DepressiveDisorder, none has monitored these exercise programs with accelerometers. We haveconducted a 12 week home based moderate intensity exercise program in 33 treatmentresistantMajor Depressive Disorder patients and, based on accelerometer data,determined compliance, exerc...
Article
Although several international guidelines recommend exercise to reduce symptomsof Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), data concerning the long-term effects of exercisein depression are still extremely scarce. Therefore, and in order to assess these long-termeffects, we have evaluated treatment-resistant MDD patients previously enrolled in amoderate in...
Article
Physical exercise has shown promising results as an adjuvant therapy for depression. However, most studies rely on self-reported measures, which are subject to bias.AimsTo assess, using accelerometer data, compliance to a moderate intensity 12 week exercise program, exercise patterns and relationship between exercise dose and response to treatment,...
Article
Physical exercise has shown promising results as an adjuvant therapy for depression. However, follow-up information assessing its long-term effects after the exercise program is suspended, is scarce.AimsTo assess depression and functional parameters at follow-up, 6 months after a population sample of patients with treatment-resistant Major Depressi...
Article
Depression is the most common mental disorder, affecting a large population worldwide. Of the psychiatric syndromes which present mood disorders, major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most severe due to the long periods of depressed mood, somatic symptoms, cognitive disturbances, clinically significant distress and impairment in everyday fu...
Article
Aim: To assess the impact of a moderate physical exercise programme on the Quality of Life (QoL) of patients with treatment-resistant Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and evaluate the relationship between QoL and response to treatment. Conclusions: Our results suggest that physical exercise can be used as an effective therapy, adjuvant to pharmacolo...
Article
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex condition, with very low remission rates. Physical exercise has been used, with some encouraging results, as an alternative therapy in other depressive disorders. This study assessed the impact on depression and functioning parameters of a moderate intensity exerc...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews the current knowledge on drug-induced movement disorders (DIMD) epidemiology, pathophysiology, phenomenology and treatment. This review is justified by its high prevalence in certain medical specialties, the need to include them on movement disorders etiologic differential diagnosis and the potential economical burden. The acro...
Article
Introduction Female premature orgasm (FPO) is almost unknown in scientific literature. In Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, two lines of text are written about this condition, which is classified as a not otherwise specified (NOS) sexual dysfunction. Whatever this entity is or not, it's a common topic in internet sexual foru...
Article
Introduction L’orgasme prématuré féminin (OPF) est presque inconnu en littérature scientifique. Kaplan et Sadock dans leur Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry accordent deux lignes à ce sujet, qui est classifié comme dysfonction sexuelle non spécifique (DSNS). Que cet orgasme prématuré existe ou non, c’est un sujet commun sur les forums et les cha...
Article
Background: Treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex condition, with very low remission rates. Physical exercise has been used, with some encouraging results, as an alternative therapy in other depressive disorders. This study assessed the impact on depression and functioning parameters of a moderate intensity exercise progr...
Article
A Escala Multidimensional de Suporte Social Percebido (MSPSS), originalmente desenvolvida por Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, e Farley (1988), foi criada para avaliar subjectivamente o suporte social proveniente da família, dos amigos e de outros significativos. Neste trabalho apresentam-se as características psicométricas da versão portuguesa da MSPSS. A es...
Article
Full-text available
A teoria do posto social (social rank theory), no contexto da psicopatologia evolucionária, sugere que a derrota é uma resposta psicobiológica adaptativa presente sobretudo em situações de conflitos agonísticos. Estudos em animais e no homem demonstraram o impacto neurobiológico negativo das situações de derrota. No ser humano, o estado de derrota...
Article
Full-text available
O papel das estratégias evolucionárias na psicopatologia vem sendo amplamente estudado nos últimos anos, particularmente os mecanismos de luta e fuga. O entrapment designa a inibição da estratégia de fuga quando esta está psicobiologicamente activada. Contextos de vida com características de entrapment estão ligados a stress, ansiedade, depressão e...
Article
Full-text available
A navegação consulta e descarregamento dos títulos inseridos nas Bibliotecas Digitais UC Digitalis, UC Pombalina e UC Impactum, pressupõem a aceitação plena e sem reservas dos Termos e Condições de Uso destas Bibliotecas Digitais, disponíveis em https://digitalis.uc.pt/pt-pt/termos. Conforme exposto nos referidos Termos e Condições de Uso, o descar...
Article
Full-text available
A Escala Multidimensional de Suporte Social Percebido (MSPSS), originalmente desenvolvida por Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, e Farley (1988), foi criada para avaliar subjectivamente o suporte social proveniente da família, dos amigos e de outros significativos. Neste trabalho apresentam-se as características psicométricas da versão portuguesa da MSPSS. A es...
Article
Full-text available
A teoria do posto social (social rank theory), no contexto da psicopatologia evolucionária, sugere que a derrota é uma resposta psicobiológica adaptativa presente sobretudo em situações de conflitos agonísticos. Estudos em animais e no homem demonstraram o impacto neurobiológico negativo das situações de derrota. No ser humano, o estado de derrota...
Article
Aims Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) involved in the structure and function of cell membranes in the brain. Because both compounds must be obtained from diet, by eating oily fish or fish oil, the consumption of fish or supplements of omega-3 could be correlated with neur...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary medicine is an emergent basic science that offers new and varied perspectives to the comprehension of the human health and disease, considering them as a result of a gap between our modern lives and the environment where human beings evolve. This work's goals are to understand the importance of the evolutionary theories on concepts of...
Article
Every day there are 10,000 scientific articles published. Since the Consultation-Liaison ("C-L") psychiatrist may be asked to consult on a patient with any medical illness, e.g., severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), malaria, cancer, stroke, amytrophic, lateral sclerosis, and a patient who may be on any medical drug, methods need to be develope...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the state of the art of the Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry service of the Porto-Sul department at the Hospital of Magalhães Lemos. The presentation of the surgical-medical wards and the type of the C-L psychiatry interventions are described. The psychiatric C-L team intervention, takes place not only in primary care setting a...
Article
Every day there are 6000-7000 papers published in science. Since the C-L psychiatrist may be asked to consult on a patient with any medical illness, and who may be on any medical drug, methods need to be developed to review the recent literature and have an awareness of current findings. At the same time, teachers need to develop a current listing...
Article
Psychological adjustment and psychopathological morbidity issues during rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury, have been documented in international literature. However, most authors are faced with methodological difficulties, and results are contradictory. In this prospective study, the first to be made in the Portuguese population, a...
Article
Full-text available
After the discussion of the introduction of CL psychiatry in the large field of female reproductive function, the authors emphasize the importance of early identification of postpartum disorders in the CL psychiatric setting. They review the assessment and clinical features of the four major types of postpartum psychiatric conditions: postpartum bl...
Article
Full-text available
Minho; 3 Hospital de S. João; 4 Universidade do Porto Perspectivas Futuras O estudo do eixo depressão-perfil genético-exercício físico poderá levar à identificação e caracterização de novos genes de susceptibilidade e eventuais interacções ambientais, conduzindo à aplicação da farmacogenética e da ecogenética à depressão, como já acontece com outra...
Article
Full-text available
Dissertação de Mestrado em Psiquiatria apresentada à Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto Objectivos- As características clínicas dos doentes com perturbação de pânico nunca foram exaustivamente estudadas entre nós. Por outro lado a perturbação de pânico pode ser uma realidade clínica mais heterogénea do que geralmente é suposto. Partimos...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
What do you think about "female premature orgasm". Either as as prticular momentum, or as a variant of norm, in a certain group of women, in a orgasm response similar to male premature orgasm!
Thanks

Projects

Project (1)
Project
1. Prevalence of headaches in psychiatric consultation 2. Type of headche per psychiatric diagnostic 3. Impact on QoL