Seppo Yrjola

Seppo Yrjola
Nokia Oulu Finland · Nokia Enterprise

Professor

About

122
Publications
53,732
Reads
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1,787
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Introduction
Seppo Yrjölä is a Principal Engineer at Nokia Enterprise and Professor of Practice (part-time) at the University of Oulu. He holds a Dr. Sc. degree in Telecommunications Engineering from the University of Oulu. He conducts multi-disciplinary techno-economic research combining technology, business and regulation for the development of future wireless communication networks and services. Authored more than 100 peer-reviewed publications and awarded over €10 million in competitive research funding.

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
A fundamental challenge for interorganizational innovation projects is employing diverse actors’ knowledge, expertise and perspectives for situation-specific demands of complex innovation. Innovation advancement is dependent on the degree to which knowledge is used and synthesized to address emerging and situation-specific demands of innovation. Th...
Chapter
Wireless communication research has recently expanded to address the use of 5G in enterprise application, which has led to the introduction of local private industrial networks. At the same time, the use of wireless communication services offshore has increased both in improving the productivity of the incumbent oil and gas segment, and particularl...
Conference Paper
Local 5G networks are emerging as a concept. The local micro operator concept has been initially defined as ”an entity that combines connectivity with specific content services in spatially confined domains, dependent on the availability of spectrum resources” (Ahokangas, M. Matinmikko, Yrjölä, YEAR). Local 5G networks have gained attention in rece...
Chapter
Applying a business model approach, this chapter identifies various challenges in digital platform and platform-based business model development in the case of a physical port ecosystem. Using an empirical case, the chapter identifies the prerequisites and consequences of opportunities, value, and advantages for an existing ecosystem that aims to c...
Article
In the sixth generation of mobile communication networks (6G) era, in which the convergence of wireless and Internet technologies will drive the digital economy and automation across industries, the focus of innovation will shift from individual technology or products towards innovation within platforms and ecosystems. This paper provides a compreh...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing Industry 4.0 transformation places significant pressures on how businesses create and capture value. Technological advancements such as next-generation mobile communications are reshaping the business ecosystem of Industry 4.0, resulting in emerging business opportunities for new players, such as local operators, to collaborate and comp...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainability has entered all aspects of life, calling for an active approach from the wireless and mobile communications community to help in solving fundamental challenges facing societies. Societal, economic, and environmental aspects of sustainability have become increasingly important design criteria in developing future technologies, along w...
Chapter
6G (sixth generation of mobile communications) is one of the least understood future technologies from a management perspective, although the dynamics associated with it, like the internet of things (IoT), open service-based architecture (SBA) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are increasingly visible in telecommunications sector. 6G envisions a hig...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to build possible future scenarios for indoor connectivity in a venue such as a university campus and build alternative value network configurations (VNCs) defining different local network deployment options, focused on the Finnish telecom market. Design/methodology/approach In this paper, Schoemaker’s scenario...
Article
Full-text available
Enabling and empowering the diverse energy resources to have active yet efficient participation in the smart grid and energy market is an unrivaled challenge for the energy industry. This research expands the four dominant archetypes of business models in the energy and electricity market, creating a fifth archetype, the “blockchain marketplace”. T...
Article
Full-text available
Network slicing is a key enabler for providing new services to industry verticals. In order to enable network slice provisioning, it is important to study the network slice type allocation for different device types in a real industrial case. Furthermore, the costs of the required virtualization infrastructure need to be analyzed for various cloud...
Article
Network slicing is widely studied as an essential technological enabler for supporting diverse use case specific services through network virtualization. Industry verticals, consisting of diverse use cases requiring different network resources, are considered key customers for network slices. However, different approaches for network slice provisio...
Article
Data and connectivity platforms play a crucial role in the digitalization of different sectors of our society. In complex industrial multi-stakeholder ecosystem contexts connectivity and data platforms are increasingly becoming converged, and private, vertical-specific local 5G networks are emerging. For this context, we depict and analyze alternat...
Article
Cognitive radio (CR) was coined to address evolving user needs two decades ago. Since then, it also has been considered a way to mitigate perceived spectrum scarcity in various application areas. In this article, the status of military CR research is assessed through a systematic literature review of 193 articles, from 2013 to 2020, using IEEE them...
Chapter
New spectrum bands are being released to respond to the growing need for locally deployed industrial and private networks. This calls for new licensing schemes and spectrum sharing approaches. New challenges are faced from the ever-increasing variety of released spectrum bands with different technical and operational requirements and the increasing...
Chapter
The ongoing 5G evolution transforming network from connectivity driven to service dominant logic will impact the stakeholder roles, ecosystem and business models. Systemic change will lower the barriers to entry and expand the ecosystem to new roles such as local operators, edge cloud services providers and resource aggregators and agents. Spectrum...
Chapter
Mobile communication research is increasingly addressing the use of 5G in verticals, which has led to the emergence of local and often private 5G networks. At the same time, research on 6G has started, with a bold goal of building a strong linkage between 6G and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs). Both of these developments...
Article
Full-text available
With digitalization and the emergence of disruptive technologies, organizations should restructure their business models within their ecosystems to achieve sustainable revenues and value creation. This paper presents a business model configuration for ecosystem contexts by using the port ecosystem as an example. The paper concludes with a business...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change, the deterioration of the environment and exceeding Earth's carrying capacity are major threats in operating environment which require new actions in industrialized and digitalized society. In parallel with the global deployment of 5th generation (5G) mobile communication networks, the telecommunication community has already started...
Preprint
Full-text available
The commercial launch of 6G communications systems and United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, UN SDGs, are both targeted for 2030. 6G communications is expected to boost global growth and productivity, create new business models and transform many aspects of society. The UN SDGs are a way of framing opportunities and challenges of a desirabl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Developing products, services and vertical applications for the future digitized society in the 6G era requires a multidisciplinary approach and a re-definition of how we create, deliver and consume network resources, data and services for both communications and sensing purposes. This development will change and disrupt the traditional business mo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Emerging private LTE and 5G services and applications have created need for local radio spectrum licensing. The existing pricing models for licenses do not work well in this context. This paper introduces three new location dependent pricing methods that aim to produce more accurate pricing for local licenses. We use Traficom Frequency Fee as our b...
Presentation
Full-text available
Professoriluento, Oulun Yliopisto, 8.10.2019 Työelämäprofessori, TkT Seppo Yrjölä https://youtu.be/VhPHWspReUw
Article
Factories become increasingly dependent on network connectivity. The next generation of mobile communications, 5G, will enable better flexibility and service quality through network slicing. Network slicing is a means of creating logically separated use case specific virtual networks over the same physical network. However, there is a lack of techn...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As fifth generation (5G) research is maturing towards a global standard, the research community must focus on the development of beyond-5G solutions and the 2030 era, i.e. 6G. It is not clear yet what 6G will entail. It will include relevant technologies considered too immature for 5G or which are outside the defined scope of 5G. This white pape...
Book
Full-text available
As fifth generation (5G) research is maturing towards a global standard, the research community has started to focus on the development of beyond-5G solutions and the 2030 era, i.e. 6G. In the future, our society will be increasingly digitised, hyper-connected and globally data driven. Many widely anticipated future services will be critically depe...
Chapter
Emerging private LTE and 5G services and applications have created need for local radio spectrum licensing. The existing pricing models for licenses do not work well in this context. This paper introduces three new location dependent valuation methods that aim to produce more accurate pricing for local licenses. We use FICORA Frequency Fee as our b...
Chapter
Ubiquitous connectivity is one of the foundational technologies enabling data sharing amongst participating components of an industrial internet of things (IIoT) system. The growing pressure to open the mobile market for location specific networks has resulted in new regional licensing and sharing-based models for spectrum access, to allow the emer...
Chapter
5G emerges with ultra-dense deployments of small cell networks to serve various vertical sectors’ location specific service requirements. While the development of technical solutions for network densification is progressing, less attention is paid to the spectrum models for the new ultra-dense networks and location specific service offerings. This...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
5G emerges with ultra-dense deployments of small cell networks to serve various vertical sectors' location specific service requirements. While the development of technical solutions for network densification is progressing, less attention is paid to the spectrum models for the new ultra-dense networks and location specific service offerings. This...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ubiquitous connectivity is one of the foundational technologies enabling data sharing amongst participating components of an industrial internet of things (IIoT) system. The growing pressure to open the mobile market for location specific networks has resulted in new regional licensing and sharing-based models for spectrum access, to allow the emer...
Article
Radio spectrum is a scarce natural resource, whose efficient management calls for a thorough understanding of its value. A number of spectrum valuation approaches has emerged considering different elements, some with potentially high uncertainty as future profits, total cost of ownership and societal benefits. Spectrum valuation is important in reg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
5G evolution will change the mobile communication business ecosystem by introducing location specific high-quality wireless networks. This development will change the traditional business models and ecosystem roles, as well as open the market for new stakeholders like micro-operators and resource brokers. Paper discusses unprecedented challenges of...
Article
5G will change the mobile communication business ecosystem by introducing location specific high-quality wireless networks that can be operated by different stakeholders. This development will change the traditional business models and ecosystem roles, as well as open the market for new local mobile network operators. These operators, such as recen...
Article
Full-text available
Before the implementation of a solution, it is cost efficient and practical to be able to evaluate and analyze the expected value of use cases. Especially, this is emphasized in blockchain use cases, which typically have a wide business ecosystem and possibly disruptive business models. This paper presents two blockchain use case value evaluations...
Chapter
The interest in private LTE and private 5G radio licenses is increasing along the IMT frequency bands, higher frequencies, new spectrum assignments, and demand for wireless industrial communication. This paper studies the private LTE and 5G license pricing using Finland as an example. The methods for pricing are the actual block license-based frequ...
Chapter
Spectrum availability is challenged everyday as the consumer consumption of mobile data increases. At the same time, the public safety and military authorities have the need to secure spectrum access for their mandated tasks that may vary temporally and spatially. Current spectrum administration and management schemes do not facilitate such short-t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
5G emerges with ultra-dense deployments of small cell networks to serve various vertical sectors' location specific service requirements. While the development of technical solutions for network densification is progressing, less attention is paid to the spectrum models for the new ultra-dense networks and location specific service offerings. This...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper will introduce the framework that should be accounted for when assessing the feasibility of the US Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) concept based business models and implications for access to and value of spectrum. Study reviews terms for General Authorized Access (GAA) and Priority Access License (PAL) and the access mechanisms...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Increasing consumer consumption of mobile data challenges spectrum availability. The mandated tasks of military and public safety need secure spectrum access that varies in time and location even for normal/peacetime duties not excluding responses to large-scale disasters, catastrophes, hybrid warfare or homeland defense scenarios. Rapid short-term...
Chapter
This paper tackles today’s unprecedented challenges of enabling and stimulating multiple energy stakeholders to have a more active participation in the smart grid electricity market. The research extends the existing four archetypes of orchestrator-driven business models for the electricity market and proposes a fifth type of electricity market, th...
Article
The exponential growth of wireless services with diversity of devices and applications depending on connectivity has inspired the research community to come up with novel concepts to improve the efficiency of spectrum use. Recently, several spectrum sharing system concepts have been introduced and widely researched to cope with spectrum scarcity, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
5G Network Slice Broker concept aims to enable mobile virtual network operators, over-the-top providers, and industry vertical market players to request and lease resources from infrastructure providers dynamically according to needs. In the future digital factory, the leasing of resources could also happen autonomously by manufacturing equipment....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses the regulatory and standardization status of the Licensed Shared Access (LSA), compares it with the US Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) concept, and reviews results from the ongoing feasibility study in the European Telecommunications Standards Institute on temporary spectrum access for local high-quality wireless networ...
Article
Full-text available
s This paper presents the results from a field trial of the Licensed Shared Access (LSA) concept using TD-LTE network in the 3rd Generation Partnership Project spectrum band 40 (2.3–2.4 GHz) in Finland. In the field trial, the LTE network shared the spectrum with a program making and special events Incumbent. New LSA concept elements, LSA Repositor...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses a spectrum broker service for micro-operator and Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) Priority Access Licenses (PAL). The spectrum broker service provides a marketplace for selling and leasing of spectrum resources. The micro-operator licenses are regional, and possibly temporal, mobile network spectrum licenses for a confin...
Article
This paper presents the Italian pilot on Licensed Shared Access (LSA) in the IMT Band 40 to explore the potential and logistics of spectrum sharing from a regulatory perspective. Organised on a small cell / micro cell scale, it verified both the technical feasibility and regulatory compliance of LSA in a real, LTE-TDD network, constrained by the na...
Article
Full-text available
Future digital society depends heavily on timely availability of high quality wireless connectivity the offering of which today is dominated by mobile network operators (MNOs). Future 5G systems aim at connecting billions of devices to serve versatile location and case specific needs of vertical sectors in parallel with the provisioning of traditio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper seeks to identify and analyze the sources of value creation and capture by key stakeholders in the new Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) three tier spectrum sharing framework introduced by the US President’s Council of Advanced Science & Technology. More flexible and dynamic use of the 3.5 GHz spectrum aims to increase the efficien...
Conference Paper
The exponential growth of wireless services with diversity of devices and applications depending on connectivity has inspired the research community to come up with novel concepts to improve the efficiency of spectrum use. Recently, several spectrum sharing system concepts have been introduced and widely researched to cope with spectrum scarcity, t...
Thesis
Sharing is emerging as one of the megatrends influencing future business opportunities, and wireless communications is no exception to this development. Future mobile broadband networks will operate on different types of spectrum bands including shared spectrum, which calls for changes in the operation and management of the networks. The creation a...