Seok‐Jun Hong

Seok‐Jun Hong
Sungkyunkwan University | SKKU · Department of Biomedical Engineering

PhD

About

84
Publications
15,608
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,249
Citations
Introduction
Neurosubtyping, Connectome-based prediction, Biophysical brain network modeling, Semantic representation, Autism, Epilepsy
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - June 2020
Child Mind Institute
Position
  • Researcher
January 2011 - May 2016
McGill University
Position
  • PhD
January 2011 - May 2016
McGill University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Objective: To detect automatically focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II in patients with extratemporal epilepsy initially diagnosed as MRI-negative on routine inspection of 1.5 and 3.0T scans. Methods: We implemented an automated classifier relying on surface-based features of FCD morphology and intensity, taking advantage of their covariance....
Article
Objective: In temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), although hippocampal atrophy lateralizes the focus, the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict postsurgical outcome is rather modest. Prediction solely based on the hippocampus may be hampered by widespread mesiotemporal structural damage shown by advanced imaging. Increasingly complex and...
Article
Background Higher-order cognition is hypothesized to be implemented via distributed cortical networks that are linked via long-range connections. However, it is unknown how computational advantages of long-range connections reflect cortical microstructure and microcircuitry. Methods We investigated this question by (i) profiling long-range cortica...
Article
Background Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental diagnosis showing substantial phenotypic heterogeneity. A leading example can be found in verbal and nonverbal cognitive skills, which vary from elevated to impaired compared with neurotypical individuals. Moreover, deficits in verbal profiles often coexist with normal or supe...
Article
Full-text available
Brain imaging research enjoys increasing adoption of supervised machine learning for single-participant disease classification. Yet, the success of these algorithms likely depends on population diversity, including demographic differences and other factors that may be outside of primary scientific interest. Here, we capitalize on propensity scores...
Article
Clinical heterogeneity has been one of the main barriers to develop effective biomarkers and therapeutic strategies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Recognizing this challenge, much effort has been made in recent neuroimaging studies to find biologically more homogeneous subgroups (called ‘neurosubtypes’) in autism. However, most approaches have...
Preprint
Full-text available
Analysis and interpretation of neuroimaging datasets has become a multidisciplinary endeavor, relying not only on statistical methods, but increasingly on associations with respect to other brain-derived features such as gene expression, histological data, and functional as well as cognitive architectures. Here we introduce BrainStat - a toolbox fo...
Article
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anxiety disorders (ANX) are common neurodevelopmental conditions with several overlapping symptoms. Notably, many children and adolescents with ASD also have an ANX diagnosis, suggesting shared pathological mechanisms. Here, we leveraged structural imaging and phenotypic data from 112 youth (33 ASD, 37 ANX, 42 typ...
Preprint
Building precise and detailed parcellations of anatomically and functionally distinct brain areas has been a major focus in Neuroscience. Pioneer anatomists parcellated the cortical manifold based on extensive histological studies of post-mortem brain, harnessing local variations in cortical cyto- and myeloarchitecture to define areal boundaries. C...
Article
In drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), precise predictions of drug response, surgical outcome, and cognitive dysfunction at an individual level remain challenging. A possible explanation may lie in the dominant “one-size-fits-all” group-level analytical approaches that does not allow parsing inter-individual variations along the disease sp...
Preprint
A bstract Core features of higher-order cognition are hypothesized to be implemented via distributed cortical networks that are linked via long-range connections. However, these connections are biologically expensive, and it is unknown how the computational advantages long-range connections provide overcome the associated wiring costs. Our study in...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly understood as an alteration of brain networks, yet case-control analyses against typically-developing controls (TD) have yielded inconsistent results. Here, we devised a novel approach to profile the inter-individual variability in functional network organization and tested whether such idiosyncrasy contri...
Article
Objective To test the hypothesis that a multicenter-validated computer deep learning algorithm detects MRI-negative focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). Methods We used clinically-acquired 3D T1-weighted and 3D FLAIR MRI of 148 patients (median age, 23 years [range, 2-55]; 47% female) with histologically-verified FCD at nine centers to train a deep con...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is typically associated with hippocampal pathology. However, widespread network alterations are increasingly recognized and suggested to perturb cognitive function in multiple domains. Here we tested (1) whether TLE shows atypical cortical hierarchical organization, differentiating sensory and h...
Article
Full-text available
A notable characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is co-occurring deficits in low-level sensory processing and high-order social interaction. While there is evidence indicating detrimental cascading effects of sensory anomalies on the high-order cognitive functions in ASD, the exact pathological mechanism underlying their atypical function...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain-imaging research enjoys increasing adoption of supervised machine learning for single-subject disease classification. Yet, the success of these algorithms likely depends on population diversity, including demographic differences and other factors that may be outside of primary scientific interest. Here, we capitalize on propensity scores as a...
Article
Background Schizophrenia has been primarily conceptualized as a disorder of high-order cognitive functions with deficits in executive brain regions. Yet due to the increasing reports of early sensory processing deficit, recent models focus more on the developmental effects of impaired sensory process on high-order functions. The present study exami...
Article
Full-text available
The pathophysiology of autism has been suggested to involve a combination of both macroscale connectome miswiring and microcircuit anomalies. Here, we combine connectome-wide manifold learning with biophysical simulation models to understand associations between global network perturbations and microcircuit dysfunctions in autism. We studied neuroi...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have significantly enhanced our understanding of the striatal system of both humans and non-human primates (NHP) over the last few decades. However, its circuit-level functional anatomy remains poorly understood, partly because in-vivo fMRI cannot directly perturb a brain system and map its c...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood experiences play a profound role in conferring risk and resilience for brain and behavioral development. However, how different facets of the environment shape neurodevelopment remains largely unknown. Here we sought to decompose heterogeneous relationships between environmental factors and brain structure in 989 school-aged children from...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autism is a common neurodevelopmental condition characterized by substantial phenotypic heterogeneity, which hinders diagnosis, research, and intervention. A leading example can be found in marked imbalances in language and perceptual skills, where deficits in one domain often co-exist with normal or even superior performance in the other domain. T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly understood as a network disorder, yet case-control analyses against typically-developing controls (TD) have yielded somewhat inconsistent patterns of results. The current work was centered on a novel approach to profile functional network idiosyncrasy, the inter-individual variability in the association be...
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract Despite the importance of our ability to understand the thoughts and feelings of others, the social brain remains incompletely understood. Here, we studied the plasticity of social brain function in healthy adults following the targeted training of attention-mindfulness, socio-affective, and socio-cognitive skills for 9 months. All partic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is the most common epileptogenic developmental malformation and a prevalent cause of surgically amenable epilepsy. While cellular and molecular biology data suggest that FCD lesional characteristics lie along a spectrum, this notion remains to be verified in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that machine lear...
Article
Full-text available
Evolution provides an important window into how cortical organization shapes function and vice versa. The complex mosaic of changes in brain morphology and functional organization that have shaped the mammalian cortex during evolution, complicates attempts to chart cortical differences across species. It limits our ability to fully appreciate how e...
Article
Full-text available
Despite myriad demonstrations of feasibility, the high dimensionality of fMRI data remains a critical barrier to its utility for reproducible biomarker discovery. Recent efforts to address this challenge have capitalized on dimensionality reduction techniques applied to resting-state fMRI, identifying principal components of intrinsic connectivity...
Article
Objective To test the hypothesis that in periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH) structure and function of cortical areas overlying the heterotopic grey matter are preferentially affected. Methods We studied a group of 40 patients with PVNH and normal-appearing cortex and compared their quantitative MRI markers of brain development, structure a...
Article
Perinatal brain injuries in preterm neonates are associated with alterations in structural neurodevelopment, leading to impaired cognition, motor coordination, and behavior. However, it remains unknown how such injuries affect postnatal cortical folding and structural covariance networks, which indicate functional parcellation and reciprocal brain...
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract Both macroscale connectome miswiring and microcircuit anomalies have been suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of autism. However, an overarching framework that consolidates these macro and microscale perspectives of the condition is lacking. Here, we combined connectome-wide manifold learning and biophysical simulation models...
Preprint
Childhood experiences play a profound role in conferring risk and resilience for brain and behavioral development. However, how different facets of the environment shape neurodevelopment remains largely unknown. Here we sought to decompose heterogeneous relationships between environmental factors and brain structure in 989 school-aged children from...
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract Despite myriad demonstrations of feasibility, the high dimensionality of fMRI data remains a critical barrier to its utility for reproducible biomarker discovery. Recent studies applying dimensionality reduction techniques to resting-state fMRI (R-fMRI) have unveiled neurocognitively meaningful connectivity gradients that are present in b...
Article
Full-text available
There is a general consensus that substantial heterogeneity underlies the neurobiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). As such, it has become increasingly clear that a dissection of variation at the molecular, cellular, and brain-network domains is a prerequisite for identifying biomarkers. Neuroimaging has been widely used to characterize atypi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anxiety disorders (ANX) are common neurodevelopmental conditions with several overlapping symptoms. Notably, many children and adolescents with ASD also have an ANX diagnosis, suggesting shared pathological mechanisms. Here, we leveraged structural imaging and phenotypic data from 82 closely matched children (28 A...
Preprint
Full-text available
For decades, schizophrenia has been primarily conceptualized as a disorder of high-order cognitive functions with deficits in executive brain regions. Yet due to the increasing reports of early sensory processing deficit, recent models focus more on the developmental effects of impaired sensory process on high-order functions. The present study exa...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how cognitive functions emerge from brain structure depends on quantifying how discrete regions are integrated within the broader cortical landscape. Recent work established that macroscale brain organization and function can be described in a compact manner with multivariate machine learning approaches that identify manifolds often d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose : Previous imaging studies in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have examined the spatial distribution of changes in imaging parameters such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics and cortical thickness. Multi-compartment models offer greater specificity with parameters more directly related to known changes in TLE su...
Article
Objective: Considering the clinical heterogeneity of temporal lobe epilepsy with amygdala enlargement (TLE-AE), identifying distinct prognostic subgroups of TLE-AE has clinical implications. Until now, baseline volume of the enlarged amygdala (EAV) has consistently failed to predict prognosis in TLE-AE. Based on studies suggesting that patients re...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is a general consensus that substantial heterogeneity underlies the neurobiology in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). As such, it has become increasingly clear that a dissection of variation at the molecular-, cellular-, and system-level domains is a prerequisite for identifying biomarkers and developing more targeted therapeutic strategies in...
Article
In autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), the majority of neuroimaging studies have focused on the analysis of cortical morphology. White matter changes remain less understood, particularly their association to cortical structure and function. Here, we focused on region that has gained only little attention in ASD neuroimaging: the superficial white mat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding how higher order cognitive function emerges from the underlying brain structure depends on quantifying how the behaviour of discrete regions are integrated within the broader cortical landscape. Recent work has established that this macroscale brain organization and function can be quantified in a compact manner through the use of mul...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: MRI studies of genetic generalized epilepsies have mainly described group-level changes between patients and healthy controls. To determine the endophenotypic potential of structural MRI in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), we examined MRI-based cortical morphologic markers in patients and their healthy siblings. Methods: In this pro...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To study the intrinsic organization of the thalamocortical circuitry in patients with generalized epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) via resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) connectome analysis and to evaluate its relation to drug response. Methods: In a prospectively followed-up sample of 41 patients and 27 healthy controls, we obtai...
Preprint
Full-text available
Evolution provides an important window into how cortical organization shapes function and vice versa. The complex mosaic of changes to brain morphology and functional organization that have shaped the mammalian cortex during evolution, complicates attempts to chart cortical differences across species. It limits our ability to fully appreciate how e...
Article
Full-text available
While the role of cortical microstructure in organising neural function is well established, it remains unclear how structural constraints can give rise to more flexible elements of cognition. While nonhuman primate research has demonstrated a close structure-function correspondence, the relationship between microstructure and function remains poor...
Article
The adult functional connectome is well characterized by a macroscale spatial gradient of connectivity traversing from unimodal toward higher-order transmodal cortices that recapitulates known principles of hierarchical organization and myelination patterns. Despite an emerging literature assessing connectome properties in neonates, the presence of...
Article
Full-text available
One paradox of autism is the co-occurrence of deficits in sensory and higher-order socio-cognitive processing. Here, we examined whether these phenotypical patterns may relate to an overarching system-level imbalance-specifically a disruption in macroscale hierarchy affecting integration and segregation of unimodal and transmodal networks. Combinin...
Article
Neuroimaging studies have consistently shown distributed brain anomalies in epilepsy syndromes associated with a focal structural lesion, particularly mesiotemporal sclerosis. Conversely, a system-level approach to focal cortical dysplasia has been rarely considered, likely due to methodological difficulties in addressing variable location and topo...
Article
We present a publicly available dataset of 228 healthy participants comprising a young (N=154, 25.1±3.1 years, range 20–35 years, 45 female) and an elderly group (N=74, 67.6±4.7 years, range 59–77 years, 37 female) acquired cross-sectionally in Leipzig, Germany, between 2013 and 2015 to study mind-body-emotion interactions. During a two-day assessm...
Chapter
Imaging Biomarkers in Epilepsy - edited by Andrea Bernasconi January 2019
Article
Cambridge Core - Medical Imaging - Imaging Biomarkers in Epilepsy - edited by Andrea Bernasconi
Preprint
While the role of cortical microstructure in organising neural function is well established, it remains unclear how structural constraints can give rise to more flexible elements of cognition. While non-human primate research has demonstrated a close structure-function correspondence, the relationship between microstructure and function remains poo...
Article
Full-text available
The hippocampus plays key roles in cognition and affect and serves as a model system for structure/function studies in animals. So far, its complex anatomy has challenged investigations targeting its substructural organization in humans. State-of-the-art MRI offers the resolution and versatility to identify hippocampal sub-fields, assess its micros...
Chapter
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a prevalent surgically-amenable epileptogenic malformation of cortical development. On MRI, FCD typically presents with cortical thickening, hyperintensity, and blurring of the gray-white matter interface. These changes may be visible to the naked eye, or subtle and be easily overlooked. Despite advances in MRI ana...
Article
Full-text available
Objective In contrast to adult cohorts, neocortical changes in epileptic children with hippocampal damage are not well characterized. Here, we mapped multimodal neocortical markers of epilepsy‐related structural compromise in a pediatric cohort of temporal lobe epilepsy and explored how they relate to clinical factors. Methods We measured cortical...
Article
Rapid advances in neuroimaging and network science have produced powerful tools and measures to appreciate human brain organization at multiple spatial and temporal scales. It is now possible to obtain increasingly meaningful representations of whole-brain structural and functional brain networks and to formally assess macroscale principles of netw...
Article
Objective: In drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), relative to the large number of whole-brain morphological studies, neocortical T2 changes have not been systematically investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the anatomical principles that govern the distribution of neocortical T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FL...