May 2008 - May 2011
- SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME THEME Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities.
- Combating Youth Homelessnes
Sep 2006 - Nov 2007
- NODE project
- Civic participation and representation of refugees and asylum seekers in the EU
Mar 2005 - Mar 2007
- Role of Civil Society Organizations in Integration of Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Immigrants and National Minorities in the Czech Republic
Sep 2003 - Mar 2009
Charles University Faculty of Social Sciences
Field of study
- Public and Social Policy
Oct 1987 - Jun 1992
Belgrade University Faculty of Philosophy
Field of study
- Political Philosophy
Research Item (8)
This is a partial translation of the research results from questionnaire and focus group interviews that have been published in full in Czech. This translation into English was carried out by František Valeš and edited by Gwendolyn Albert. Selma Muhič Dizdarevič Ph.D. of Charles University’s Faculty of Humanities (email@example.com) was the Research Supervisor and author of this report. This research is specific in that it actively involved Romani women, from the development of the basic idea of the need to collect relevant data and determining the main topics for investigation that would best reveal the actual position of Romani women, to the implementation of the survey itself. The findings of this exclusive research can serve as a relevant source of information, for example, when designing Romani integration strategy or programs intended to respond to the actual needs of Romani women in the Czech Republic.
Muhič Dizdarevič and Valeš (2010: 8) make the observation that whilst official estimates of the number of Roma in the Czech Republic range from between 2.4% and 3.3% of the whole population of the country (around 250,000 to 350,000), hard data from the 2001 census states that only 23,211 people declared that they spoke Romanes and only half of these declared themselves to be Roma. 1 Rather worrying, ongoing stigmatisation (discussed in greater depth later in this report) and historic but real fears from World War Two - when Roma were persecuted and put in concentration camps - mean Roma are reluctant to declare their Roma ethnicity
Over the last decade there has been increasing awareness of the persistence of atypical or non-standard forms of work. Precarity is a part of neoliberal globalization, involving greater capital mobility, the search for flexibility and lower costs. All industrial countries are faced with the basic problem of balancing security due to precarity. This article analyses the economic significance, causes and effects of precarious work among young people and students ‘population of the Charles University, Faculty of Humanities in Prague and the extent to which it contributes to the flexibility of the labor market1. There is no precise definition of this concept in the Czech Republic on a statistical, legal or economic basis. Moreover there is no clear distinction between precarious employment and other non-standard work forms. Nevertheless, we argue that its definition is defined as forms of work for remuneration characterized by limited social benefits of the national welfare system. This research is carried out to find out what sort of paid work is undertaken by students during their studies, and to what extent it could be described as ‘precarious’.
- Jul 2014
- XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology
One of the most serious forms of discrimination in the CR is the discrimination against Roma children in primary education. Despite conclusions by the ECHR from 2007 in the case of D.H. vs. CR, which stated that there was discrimination and a violation of the right to education of the Roma children by placing them into so-called special (currently called practical) schools, a third, and in some municipalities one half, of Roma children receive education in these type of schools. The Concept of Roma Integration adopted by the Czech government also includes the removal of obstacles in regard to Roma children’s access to education and the aim to abolish segregation in education. One part of this is making changes to the work of pedagogical and psychological centers (which have to diagnose a child with disorders in order for it to be placed in a special school) in terms of improving their diagnostic methods and their work with socially disadvantaged children. In April 2010, the Czech Ombudsman concluded that the disproportionally high number of Roma children who are placed in such schools based on recommendations of the school counselling institutions, without being diagnosed with mental disorders, is indirectly discriminatory. Due to the segregation of Roma in education, the CR is continuously criticised by international institutions but, despite this, no efficient regulation has been adopted to remove this type of discrimination. By analyzing governmental policies, the psychological tests, which promote segregation and by interviewing civil society activists who seek to change the discriminatory practice I hope to explain in this paper how it is possible in the EU context to carry on with detrimental and costly policy of exclusion of some of the Czech citizens from the education process and what are the main consequences of such approach.
The goal of this paper is to question the reasons for low participation rates of the Czech Roma in political and civil society organizations considering such participation is theoretically perceived as crucial for excluded minorities’ empowerment. Issues related to active citizenship and rights awareness are somewhat low on the public agenda compared to overstressed agenda of social inclusion. Although most Roma face discrimination, there is no mobilization process that would lead to significant empowerment when it comes to political or civic engagement. The Czech government in its annual Report on the State of Roma Community in 2007 defines as one of the 3 priorities of Roma integration the human rights dimension focused on equality and protection from discrimination. However there have been no Roma political parties either in national, regional or local elections therefore there are no Roma representative in the Czech Parliament or any other elected body. Furthermore, the Czech Statistical Office does not desegregate votes by ethnicity, so it´s not possible to say how many Roma vote and for which political parties. However, there have been rumours in media about Roma selling their votes to some parties. Such rumours have not been confirmed before the court but further damage the public image of Roma and possibly discourage their participation. There are 52 civil society organizations concerning in various ways Roma related issues. It is hard to divide them into Roma and other civil society organizations since often bigger civil society organization have special Roma programs and often employ Roma. It´s noteworthy that Roma organization the Association of Roma in Moravia came out of a Roma political party, the Roma Civil Initiative. There are other Roma organizations in the field of media and culture.
- Aug 2012
- Second ISA Forum of Sociology 2012
Roma and foreigners are the most vulnerable groups in the Czech Republic. The economic crisis together with a repressive and inadequate integration policy contributed to the increase in job losses amongst migrant workers. Many migrants´ immigration status is tied to a particular job and if they are let go, they can fall very quickly into illegality. In addition, there is still lack of an efficient state response to mediation job agencies which often abuse migrant workers when they are trying to obtain an entry visa or when they are in the country. In the Czech Republic (CR) they often control migrants through debts they had to take in order to be able to live and work in the CR. In the field of racial violence in the given period we saw a stronger and a more efficient response of the state to neo-Nazi movements both in regard to their criminal and political activities including the dismissal of the neo-Nazi Workers Party. A re-codified Penal Code came into force containing stronger provisions to combat hate crimes. In practice the most serious problem remains the weak position of victims of crime, including of hate crime, both in legislation and in practice. Furthermore, inadequate statistics on hate crimes is problematic. The situation of migrant workers in the given period was marked by the introduction of a controversial voluntary returns programme as well as problems of increasing number of migrants falling into illegality, unemployment and the worsening of the working conditions. The Supreme Administrative Court in Brno passed a decision to dissolve the Workers Party for, according to the statement of the court, defining itself in opposition to the Jewish, Roma and Vietnamese ethnicities/nationalities, as well as in opposition to homosexuals, immigrants, and people of other skin colours in general.