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Sébastien Rodriguez

Sébastien Rodriguez
Université Paris Cité & IUF · Institut de Physique du Globe

PhD

About

308
Publications
33,633
Reads
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4,179
Citations
Introduction
Actual research projects: Mars dust devils and new impacts (in support to InSight mission) ; Titan dunes and rivers ; Titan surface composition ; MAJIS/JUICE calibration campaign
Additional affiliations
October 2004 - September 2006
University of Nantes
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (308)
Article
Full-text available
We imaged the near-surface sedimentary structures of a large linear dune, flanking dune forms and an associated crossing linear dune never before studied in the northern Namib Sand Sea using 200-MHz Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR). The dry, uniform sandy conditions and wavelength used allowed for highly detailed observations of sedimentary structure...
Preprint
Full-text available
In landscape-scale experiments at the edge of the Gobi desert, we show that various dune types develop simultaneously under natural wind conditions. Using 4 years of high-resolution topographic data, we demonstrate that, depending on sand availability, the same wind regime can lead to two different dune orientations, which reflect two independent d...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Dune fields are characterized by the occurrence of both isolated dunes and periodic bedforms of variable shape and orientations. However, there is no field evidence whether these isolated and periodic dune patterns develop at the same time and from the same growth mechanism. Here, by leveling neighboring parcels of a dune fie...
Article
Full-text available
Geophysical observations will provide key information about the inner structure of the planets and satellites and understanding the internal structure is a strong constraint on the bulk composition and thermal evolution of these bodies. Thus, geophysical observations are a key to uncovering the origin and evolution of the Moon. In this article, we...
Preprint
Titan's rich and dense atmosphere, composed mainly of methane and nitrogen, maintains a methane cycle that shapes its surface, like the water cycle on Earth. Methane precipitations erodes Titan's surface and forms complex river networks observed at all latitudes by the Cassini-Huygens mission. However, precipitation rates are poorly constrained and...
Article
Full-text available
Geophysical observations will provide key information about the inner structure of the planets and satellites and understanding the internal structure is a strong constraint on the bulk composition and thermal evolution of these bodies. Thus, geophysical observations are a key to uncovering the origin and evolution of the Moon. In this article, we...
Article
Full-text available
The NASA InSight mission to Mars successfully landed on 26 November 2018 in Elysium Planitia. It aims to characterize the seismic activity and aid in the understanding of the internal structure of Mars. We focus on the Cerberus Fossae region, a giant fracture network ∼1,200 km long situated east of the InSight landing site where M ∼3 marsquakes wer...
Article
Full-text available
In response to ESA’s “Voyage 2050” announcement of opportunity, we propose an ambitious L-class mission to explore one of the most exciting bodies in the Solar System, Saturn’s largest moon Titan. Titan, a “world with two oceans”, is an organic-rich body with interior-surface-atmosphere interactions that are comparable in complexity to the Earth. T...
Article
In response to ESA’s “Voyage 2050” announcement of opportunity, we propose an ambitious L-class mission to explore one of the most exciting bodies in the Solar System, Saturn’s largest moon Titan. Titan, a “world with two oceans”, is an organic-rich body with interior-surface-atmosphere interactions that are comparable in complexity to the Earth. T...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to ESA Voyage 2050 announcement of opportunity, we propose an ambitious L-class mission to explore one of the most exciting bodies in the Solar System, Saturn largest moon Titan. Titan, a "world with two oceans", is an organic-rich body with interior-surface-atmosphere interactions that are comparable in complexity to the Earth. Titan i...
Preprint
Full-text available
The InSight mission has operated on the surface of Mars for nearly two Earth years, returning detections of the first Marsquakes. The lander also deployed a meteorological instrument package and cameras to monitor local surface activity. These instruments have detected boundary layer phenomena, including small-scale vortices. These vortices registe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Modern dune fields are valuable sources of information for the large-scale analysis of terrestrial and planetary environments and atmospheres, but their study relies on understanding the small-scale dynamics that constantly generate new dunes and reshape older ones. Here we designed a landscape-scale experiment at the edge of the Gobi desert, China...
Article
Full-text available
Aeolian activity, the movement of dust and sand by the wind, is common on Earth and has been observed on other planets, including Mars. A new Mars lander, InSight, has for the first time monitored aeolian changes by combining imaging with weather, seismic and magnetic field measurements. Sand grains are seen moving along the ground and dust is lift...
Article
Full-text available
Modern dune fields are valuable sources of information for the large-scale analysis of terrestrial and planetary environments and atmospheres, but their study relies on understanding the small-scale dynamics that constantly generate new dunes and reshape older ones. Here, we designed a landscape-scale experiment at the edge of the Gobi desert, Chin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Titan's surface was revealed by Cassini's instruments, showing the presence of liquid hydrocarbons in lakes, and features like dry riverbed. In order to study the sediment transport in Titan's channels and to map distribution of the water-ice signature in these terrains, we use a radiative transfer model to retrieve the surface albedo, after we est...
Article
Full-text available
Geologic and climatic processes on modern‐day Mars are heavily influenced by aeolian surface activity, yet the relationship between atmospheric conditions and sediment mobilization is not well understood. The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy, and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft is uniquely able to address this issue, d...
Article
Titan's surface was revealed by Cassini's instruments, showing the presence of liquid hydrocarbons in lakes, and features like dry riverbed. In order to study the sediment transport in Titan's channels and to map distribution of the water-ice signature in these terrains, we use a radiative transfer model to retrieve the surface albedo, after we est...
Article
Full-text available
The Science Case for a Titan Flagship-class Orbiter with Probes White paper #325 submitted to the Planetary Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032. Topics: giant planets systems; ocean worlds; other: Mission Studies by Conor Nixon, James Abshire, Andrew Ashton, Jason W. Barnes, Nathalie Carrasco, Mathieu Choukroun, Athena Coustenis, Lo...
Article
Full-text available
As one of two planetary objects (other than Earth) that have solid surfaces, thick atmospheres, and astrobiological significance, Titan, like Mars, merits ongoing study with multiple spacecraft. We propose that a Titan orbiter dedicated to geophysics, geology, and atmospheric science be added to the New Frontiers menu for the coming decade.
Preprint
Full-text available
Thanks to the Cassini-Huygens mission, Titan, the pale orange dot of Pioneer and Voyager encounters has been revealed to be a dynamic, hydrologically-shaped, organic-rich ocean world offering unparalleled opportunities to explore prebiotic chemistry. And while Cassini-Huygens revolutionized our understanding of each of the three layers of Titan--th...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary In 2018, the InSight mission placed a seismic instrument on the surface of Mars in order to measure the motion of the Martian ground. As on Earth, there are fluctuations of pressure in the Martian atmosphere caused by small local variations in the atmospheric weight. Whirlwinds, for example, have a lower pressure in their cen...
Article
Full-text available
Studying the atmospheric Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) is crucial to understand the climate of a planet. The meteorological measurements by the instruments onboard InSight at a latitude of 4.5⁰ N make a uniquely rich dataset to study the active turbulent dynamics of the daytime PBL on Mars. Here we use the high-sensitivity continuous pressure, win...
Article
Full-text available
As one of two planetary objects (other than Earth) that have solid surfaces,thick atmospheres, and astrobiological significance, Titan, like Mars, merits ongoing studywith multiple spacecraft. We propose that a Titan orbiter dedicated to geophysics, geology,and atmospheric science be added to the New Frontiers menu for the coming decade.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
EP023-08 The NASA InSight mission on Mars is a unique opportunity to study atmospheric processes both from orbit and in situ observations. We use post-landing high-resolution satellite images (HiRISE) to monitor dust devil activity during almost one martian year. We detected and mapped newly formed dust devil tracks and analyze their characteristic...
Article
Full-text available
River valleys have been observed on Titan at all latitudes by the Cassini‐Huygens mission. Just like water on Earth, liquid methane carves into the substrate to form a complex network of rivers, particularly stunning in the images acquired near the equator by the Huygens probe. To better understand the processes at work that form these landscapes,...
Preprint
Full-text available
We outline a flagship-class mission concept focused on studying Titan as a global system, with particular emphasis on the polar regions. Investigating Titan from the unique standpoint of a polar orbit would enable comprehensive global maps to uncover the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere, and the topography and geophysical environment of the...
Article
Full-text available
A new 1.5 m diameter impact crater was discovered on Mars only ~40 km from the InSight lander. Context camera images constrained its formation between 21 February and 6 April 2019; follow‐up High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment images resolved the crater. During this time period, three seismic events were identified in InSight data. We derive...
Article
Full-text available
We identify and document the instances of bright ephemeral features (BEF)—bright areas that appear, disappear, and shift from flyby to flyby on Titan’s north pole, using the Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer data set, thereby developing a sense of their spatial distribution and temporal frequency. We find that BEFs have differing geo...
Article
Full-text available
The NASA InSight mission on Mars is a unique opportunity to study atmospheric processes both from orbit and in situ observations. We use post-landing high-resolution satellite images to monitor dust devil activity during the first eight months of the mission. We perform mapping and semi-automatic detection of newly formed dust devil tracks and anal...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Pressure fluctuations of the Mars' atmosphere induce tiny deformations of the ground that can be measured by the very sensitive seismometer of the InSight mission. The amount of deformation depends on the elastic properties of the sandy regolith (the surface layer exposed and highly fractured by impacts) and of the underlying...
Preprint
Full-text available
Between 2004 and 2017, spectral observations have been gathered by the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) on-board Cassini (Brown et al., 2004) during 23 Enceladus close encounters, in addition to more distant surveys. The objective of the present study is to produce a global hyperspectral mosaic of the complete VIMS data set of Encela...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studying the atmospheric Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) is crucial to understand the climate of a planet. The meteorological measurements by the instruments onboard InSight make a uniquely rich dataset to study the active turbulent dynamics of the daytime PBL on Mars. Here we use the high-sensitivity continuous pressure, wind, temperature measureme...
Article
Between 2004 and 2017, spectral observations have been gathered by the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) on-board Cassini (Brown et al., 2004) during 23 Enceladus close encounters, in addition to more distant surveys. The objective of the present study is to produce a global hyperspectral mosaic of the complete VIMS data set of Encela...
Article
Full-text available
Mars’s seismic activity and noise have been monitored since January 2019 by the seismometer of the InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) lander. At night, Mars is extremely quiet; seismic noise is about 500 times lower than Earth’s microseismic noise at periods between 4 s and 30 s. The recorded sei...
Article
Full-text available
The atmosphere of Mars is thin, although rich in dust aerosols, and covers a dry surface. As such, Mars provides an opportunity to expand our knowledge of atmospheres beyond that attainable from the atmosphere of the Earth. The InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) lander is measuring Mars’s atmosph...
Article
Full-text available
The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft landed successfully on Mars and imaged the surface to characterize the surficial geology. Here we report on the geology and subsurface structure of the landing site to aid in situ geophysical investigations. InSight landed in a degraded impact cra...
Article
The atmosphere of Mars is thin, although rich in dust aerosols, and covers a dry surface. As such, Mars provides an opportunity to expand our knowledge of atmospheres beyond that attainable from the atmosphere of the Earth. The InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) lander is measuring Mars’s atmosph...
Article
Full-text available
NASA’s InSight (Interior exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) mission landed in Elysium Planitia on Mars on 26 November 2018. It aims to determine the interior structure, composition and thermal state of Mars, as well as constrain present-day seismicity and impact cratering rates. Such information is key to understa...
Conference Paper
The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) mission landed in Elysium Planitia at ~4.5N, 136E on November 26th 2018 in local winter (Ls~295deg). Since then, nearly half a Mars year ago, InSight has continuously monitored the evolution of surface pressure, air temperature, wind speed and direction, and...
Article
Full-text available
The texture, composition, and morphology of dunes observed in the equatorial regions of Titan may reflect present and/or past climatic conditions. Determining the physio-chemical properties and the morphodynamics of Titan's dunes is therefore essential to understanding of the climatic and geological history of the largest moon of Saturn. We quantit...
Article
InSight landed on Mars on November 26, 2018 in western Elysium Planitia. The Mars crust beneath the lander is subject to complex geologic history next to the great topographic and crustal dichotomy of Mars. Understanding this part of the Martian crust in the subsurface would aid future investigations of the internal structure of the planet based on...