Sebastien Monette

Sebastien Monette
Université du Québec à Montréal | UQAM · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.-Psy.D. in psychology
Conducting neuropsychological et psychological assessment of children in CPS and conducting research

About

37
Publications
37,436
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
405
Citations
Introduction
I'm a clinical neuropsychologist working for CPS and an associate professor at UQAM (psychology). I work on Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) within CPS (e.g. prevalence, validation of measures, risk factors of RAD-DSED). I’m also interested in maltreatment (prevalence, measure), neurodevelopmental and psychiatric Dx in children in CPS and the convergence (or not) of parent report, neuropsychological and implicit measures (e.g. R-PAS).

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) categorizes reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) as two separate disorders, and their criteria are revised. For DSED, the core symptoms focus on abnormal social disinhibition, and symptoms regarding lack of selective attachment have bee...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In DSM 5, three disorders are related to trauma and/or maltreatment: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) but how these disorders relate to each other and to traumatic events is unknown. Objective: We examined 1. Prevalence of Potentially Traumati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Studies on children with disinhibited social engagement behavior (DSEB) and their caregivers have primarily been limited to institution-reared children. Objective Using a sample of intact parent-child dyads, the current study examined the distinct contributions of dysfunctional (disconnected/extremely insensitive) parental behaviors and...
Article
Children with disinhibited social engagement disorder show reduced reticence with strangers, do not check back with their caregiver after venturing away, and may willingly leave with an unfamiliar adult. The recent DSM-5 has moved away from an attachment framework to understand disinhibited social engagement behavior (DSEB) due to studies indicatin...
Article
Background: A review of the scientific literature showed few valid tools for assessing reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED), two diagnostic entities traditionally grouped under “attachment disorders.” The Early TRAuma-related Disorders Questionnaire (ETRADQ), a caregiver report, was developed to asse...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to present the EMMCS (Extended Modified Maltreatment Classification System) to researchers and preliminary results on inter-rater agreements.
Poster
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to verify whether administrative data underestimate the prevalence of types and subtypes of maltreatment in Quebec, compared to the coding of full-length CPS narrative reports the EMMCS (Extended Modified Maltreatment Classification System).
Article
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographic characteristics, academic training and types of professional activities of clinical neuropsychologists in Canada. Method 282 participants completed an online-based survey. Results Respondents were women for the most part and had a mean age of 43 years. They typically had docto...
Article
During runaway episodes, adolescents engage in various high-risk behaviors and are exposed to various dangers. This situation is even more pronounced among runaway youths from residential care centers, given their personal and familial backgrounds that place them at risk. The current study attempted to disentangle the heterogeneous characteristics...
Poster
Attachment Disorders represent the second most common disorder in child welfare services (Lehmann et al., 2019). Given that psychiatric disorders usually involve functional impairment, there are surprisingly few studies that document the functional impairment of attachment disorder children. Our results suggest that reactive attachment disorder was...
Poster
L'entrevue semi-structurée RADA est un outils d'évaluation du trouble réactionnel de l'attachement et du trouble de déshinibition du contact social, selon le DSM5. La validation de l'entrevue donne une excellente validité interjuge. Les résultats des accords interjuge suggèrent que le trouble de désinhibition du contact social est relativement comm...
Poster
La conceptualisation du trouble réactionnel de l'attachement (TRA) et du trouble de désinhibition du contact social (TDCS) a considérablement changé depuis la parution du DSM-5 (APA, 2013), ce qui implique le développement des nouveaux outils d’évaluation. À ce jour, peu d'instruments sont disponibles pour évaluer le TRA et le TDCS suivant les crit...
Conference Paper
Le Conners CBRS (Comprehensive behavior rating scale) est un questionnaire permettant d’évaluer un large spectre de psychopathologie chez les enfants. Il est peu connu au Québec, car il n’était pas disponible en français jusqu’à tout récemment. Il a été publié en 2008, puis révisé en 2014 avec l’arrivée du DSM-5. Nous l’avons traduit l’année derniè...
Article
Une recension de la documentation scientifique montre un manque d’instruments valides pour l’évaluation du trouble réactionnel de l’attachement (TRA) et du trouble de désinhibition du contact social (TDCS), deux entités diagnostiques habituellement regroupés sous le terme « troubles de l’attachement » (TA). Cette recherche vise à valider la version...
Article
Une recension de la documentation scientifique montre un manque d’instruments valides pour l’évaluation du trouble réactionnel de l’attachement (TRA) et du trouble de désinhibition du contact social (TDCS), deux entités diagnostiques habituellement regroupés sous le terme « troubles de l’attachement » (TA). Cette recherche vise à valider la version...
Article
A review of the scientific literature shows a lack of valid tools for the assessment of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED), two diagnostic entities usually grouped under the term “attachment disorders” (AD). The objective of this study is to validate the short form of the Early TRAuma-related Disor...
Poster
Full-text available
Attachment Disorders (AD), namely Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD), and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED), are mental health problems that children may develop as a result of social neglect (e.g., maltreatment, orphanage, repeated change of caregivers). Although there are some tools for measuring AD, there are several gaps: most focu...
Poster
Full-text available
Title: Validation of a new questionnaire on attachment disorders: the ETRAD-Q short version Introduction Attachment Disorder (AD), namely Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD), and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED), are mental health problems that children may develop as a result of social neglect (e.g., maltreatment, orphanage, repeated...
Article
Full-text available
Citations suggérée: Zephyr, L., Monette, S., Cyr, C., St-André, M. (2015). Coup d'oeil sur les troubles de l'attachement. Les troubles de l'attachement durant l'enfance : état des lieux. Sources : <http//observatoiremaltraitance.ca/Pages/Coup_d'oeil_sur_les_troubles_de_l'attachement_durant_%20l'enfance.aspx>
Article
Executive function (EF) deficits have yet to be demonstrated convincingly in children with disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD), as only a few studies have reported these. The presence of EF weaknesses in children with DBD has often been contested on account of the high comorbidity between DBD and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine the role of executive functions (EFs) in early school achievement when a variety of potential confounding factors were controlled. Measures of EF (inhibition, flexibility, and working memory) and school readiness were administered to a sample of 85 kindergartners (39 boys and 46 girls, 5-6years old). School ac...
Poster
Full-text available
Résumé Cette affiche présente les résultats préliminaires d’une étude portant sur les fonctions exécutives (FE) chez les enfants d’âge préscolaire. Plus précisément, nous présentons le Stroop des fruits, une mesure d’inhibition inspirée du célèbre test d’interférence de Stroop. Cette mesure adaptée pour les enfants fut d’abord utilisée par Archibal...
Article
Full-text available
Étant donné le nombre grandissant de tests utilisés en recherche au cours des deux dernières décennies et leur potentiel d'application pour l'intervention précoce, nous proposons dans cet article une recension critique d'une soixantaine d'instruments permettant d'évaluer les fonctions exécutives (FE) chez les enfants d'âge préscolaire (2 à 6 ans)....
Article
Full-text available
Given the increasing number of tests used in research over the last two decades and their application potential for early intervention, we propose in this article a critical review of about sixty tools assessing executive functions (EF) in preschool age children (2 to 6 years old). In order to introduce the EF notion, we will briefly discuss theore...

Questions

Questions (4)
Question
What is the the most validated measure of Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT)/Concentration deficit disorder (CDD) for 6-12 YO?
Ideally a questionnaire with a parent and teacher report version
Question
if not, what is the best stop signal software available for school age children?
Question
Are there any new questionnaires to measure PTSD in children (parent report) based on DSM-5 criteria?

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Main objective: 1) Identify the risk factors in the history of maltreatment (type, severity, frequency, chronicity) associated with symptoms of RAD or DSED in preschool age childen reported to child protective services (n = 400); Secondary objectives 2) Provide validation data (inter-coder reliability, convergent validity) for an updated version of the Modified Maltreatment Classification System (MMCS, English et al., 1997, 2005) that comprises 20 subtypes of maltreatment (e.g., the Emotional maltreatment code 500, was split into 8 subtypes). 3) Examine the extent of RAD and DSED symptoms among preschoolers reported to CPS; 4) Explore the association of RAD and DSED symptoms with developmental delays Funding: SSHRC (Insight program) 2020-2025
Project
A group of neuropsychologists (lead by Prof. Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Spain) from ten countries has come together to study the state of professional practices in the field of neuropsychology. This group has put together an international survey to collect information on academic and clinical practices, as well as professional activities of neuropsychologists around the world. As many as 4,500 professionals from 40 different countries have already completed the survey and a few articles have already been published in academic journals such as The Clinical Neuropsychologist, Applied Neuropsychology. This survey documents different aspects of the neuropsychologist profession in Canada (academic training, practice environment, services offered, type of clientele, issues encountered in clinical neuropsychology practice, etc.).
Project
Main objective: 1) Identify the risk factors in the history of maltreatment (type, severity, frequency, chronicity) associated with a diagnosis of RAD or DSED in school age childen in out-of home care (n = 100 in foster care, n= 100 in residential care); Secondary objectives 2) Provide validation data (inter-coder reliability, convergent validity) for an updated version of the Modified Maltreatment Classification System (MMCS, English et al., 1997, 2005) that comprises 20 subtypes of maltreatment (e.g., the Emotional maltreatment code 500, was split into 8 subtypes). 3) Examine the extent of RAD and DSED among children in foster care and residential care (using ETRAD-Q questionnaire and then RADA semi-structured interview) ; 4) Examine the maltreatment history among children in foster care and residential care using an updated version the MMCS 5) Examine the impact of the symptoms of RAD and DSED on the child's functioning in everyday life. 6) Explore the association between RAD and DSED symptoms and executive functions (working memory, inhibition, flexibility, etc.). 7) Explore the association between RAD and DSED symptoms and social cognition 8) Explore the association between DSED symptoms and impulsivity (negative urgency, lack of persistence, lack of planning, sensation seeking and positive urgency). 9) Examine the psychometric properties of the RADA interview with school-age children Funding: SSHRC (Insight Development program) 2019-2021