Sébastien Lechevalier

Sébastien Lechevalier
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Fondation France-Japon

PhD

About

72
Publications
9,831
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596
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
374 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Introduction
Sébastien Lechevalier is an Economist and a Professor at EHESS (School of Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, Paris), specialised in Asian Capitalisms. He is also founder and president of the Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS (FFJ) and coordinator of the project INCAS (“Understanding Institutional Change in Asia: A Comparative Perspective with Europe”) under the EU Horizon 2020 programme. His book, The Great Transformation of Japanese Capitalism (Routledge, 2014) was published in three languages.

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Why are some countries characterized by more income redistribution than others? Based mainly on Trans‐Atlantic comparisons, the literature has referred to dissimilarities in preferences for redistribution. In this article, we extend this literature by focusing on multiple dimensions of redistributive preferences and adding Japan to the comparison....
Article
Full-text available
There are significant differences across countries in terms of redistribution by the government. This corresponds to underlying dissimilarities in preference for redistribution. Particularly, previous literature compared the US and Europe and proposed several explanations of these differences, from aggregation of individual determinants (e.g. one’s...
Chapter
For a few decades now, innovation—mainly derived from technological advances—has been considered a driving force of economic and societal development and prosperity. The dominant view is that, in the context of globalization, and the accompanying rise of international competition, OECD countries have a choice between two options: innovate or perish...
Book
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During the last 30 years, the Japanese political economy system has experienced significant changes that are usually not well understood or analysed because of their complexity and contradictions. This book provides new analyses and insights on the process of evolving Japanese political economy including Japan’s current economic policy known as Abe...
Book
The major purpose of this book is to clarify the importance of non-technological factors in innovation to cope with contemporary complex societal issues while critically reconsidering the relations between science, technology, innovation (STI), and society. For a few decades now, innovation—mainly derived from technological advancement—has been con...
Article
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Abenomics initially generated high expectations but it has more recently come to be seen as yet another failed economic experiment. In addition, discussion of Abenomics often verges on caricature. It is thus crucial to provide a critical and balanced evaluation. We argue that, over the past five years, the proactive policies pursued under Abenomics...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to analyze the revival of industrial policies from the late 2000. s in Japan and Korea and their limitations. Our approach has two major characteristics. First, we adopt the perspective of historical institutionalism to focus on the relation between IPs and financial systems and study their evolution over the last 40...
Article
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This introductory article to the special issue on “Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Diverse Corporate Change, Institutional Transformation, and Abenomics” starts with a short summaryof the changing perceptions of Japan's political economy from its meteoric rise as worldwide leading model in the 1970s and 1980s to its demotiontoa problem and re...
Article
Recent economic, commercial and political evolutions in Japan seen from Europe Four recent evolutions in Japan are discussed here: economic hierarchies and commercial and R&D relations; economic crises and political reactions; economic structures and the rôle of national and transnational public powers; the Fukushima disaster and its consequences.
Article
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« Les recherches qui identifient les reformes institutionnelles souhaitables du point de vue de l’efficacite economique placent le debat a un niveau different de celui sur lequel se jouent les mutations concretes des systemes capitalistes. » (B. Amable & S. Palombarini, 2005) « The core argument is that labour market institutions, and especially ca...
Article
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In this introduction, we review the arguments that underpin the rationale for the special section, and provide a structured sequence for the contents of the six selected papers that comprise the section.
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to propose a synthesis and an original interpretation of recent empirical works dealing with inequalities in Japan. Most of them have been able to use panel micro data – and sometimes linked employers-employees data – and it has allowed them disentangling individual and firm effects and linking the evolutions of product...
Conference Paper
Contrary to the dominant vision, according to which Japan is suffering from "arthritis", we argue that Japanese capitalism has experienced a great transformation from the early 1980s. We get this result from an analysis at three levels: - corporate level, characterized by an increasing heterogeneity in terms of organization and performance - instit...
Conference Paper
In this paper, which focuses on Japan, Korean and China, we argue that these previous analyses of Asian capitalisms have underestimated or ignored in-depth analyses of Asian capitalisms from the viewpoint of welfare, in adopting, at least implicitly, a perspective, inspired by the over-simplified typology of Esping Andersen, which can be qualified...
Article
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Premières lignes en appelant à une intervention visible et massive des pouvoirs publics, la crise de 2008 a remis au premier plan le rôle de l’État dans la régulation de l’économie, ou a justifié du moins son intervention en dernier ressort. Sans entraîner une remise en cause structurelle du discours néolibéral, elle a ainsi renouvelé l’intérêt pou...
Book
In the 1980s the performance of Japan's economy was an international success story, and led many economists to suggest that the 1990s would be a Japanese decade. Today, however, the dominant view is that Japan is inescapably on a downward slope. Rather than focusing on the evolution of the performance of Japanese capitalism, this book reflects on t...
Article
This paper aims at explaining two stylized facts of the Lost Decade in Japan: rising wage inequalities and increasing firm-level productivity differentials. We build a model where firms can choose between efficiency wages with endogenous effort and competitive wages, and show that it can replicate those facts. Using Japanese microeconomic data, we...
Article
Full-text available
The growing trend of collaborative R&D initiated by firms has been well documented. However, the evidences regarding basic questions such as the benefits of collaboration and the motives of firms are still mixed. The main novelty of this paper is to investigate these questions by using comprehensive patent data with a focus on information concernin...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the real – as opposed to the monetary – side of the economy to explain price dynamics in Japan between 1981 and 2001. We use a panel industry dataset to examine the impact of institutional and structural factors on the heterogeneous price dynamics in 10 manufacturing sectors. Although the evolution of unit labor costs may...
Article
Full-text available
The growing trend of collaborative R&D initiated by firms has been well documented. However, the evidences regarding basic questions such as the benefits of collaboration and the motives of firms are still mixed. The main novelty of this paper is to investigate these questions by using comprehensive patent data with a focus on information concernin...
Article
Full-text available
Although heterogeneity in the performance of firms is a well-established stylized fact, we still lack full understanding of its origins and the reasons why it persists. Instead of assuming that performance differences are exogenous, this article focuses on two endogenous strategies--innovation and global engagement--and interprets them as two ways...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary economic analysis is largely subject to rather bizarre schizofrenic syndromes. On the one hand, over the last thirty years or so, macro theories have tried to squeeze the interpretation of whatever aggregate dynamics down to some sort of decision-theoretic framework in which the increasingly mythical ''representative agent'' was doing...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to provide an alternative framework to previous studies of deflation in Japan. We focus on the real dimension of the price dynamics and propose an imperfect competition model, which describes a rent economy, where the formation of prices can be separated into the markup (level of the rent in the goods market) and the unit labor cost...
Article
Full-text available
Two stylized facts characterized Japan during the so-called Lost Decade (1992-2005): rising wage inequalities and increasing productivity differentials at the firm level. Surprisingly, these features have never been connected in the literature. This paper attempts to fill this gap by proposing an explanation focusing on labor market mechanisms. We...
Article
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There is a growing body of literature analyzing empirically the evolution of productivity dispersion at the firm level and its determinants. This paper contributes to this literature by investigating the case of Japanese firms during the so-called "Lost Decade" (1992-2005), which is still under-analyzed. We use a firm-level panel dataset taken from...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the effect of participation in government-sponsored R&D consortia on the R&D productivity of firms in the case of robot technology in Japan. We attempt to provide a new empirical analysis and discussions on the issue of government project evaluation by investigating the impact of the evolution of government programs, and to comp...
Article
Full-text available
Most institutional theories of the diversity of capitalism (at least implicitly) assume the existence of a representative firm in each type of capitalism. Based on a case study of Japan during the Lost Decade (1992-2005), this paper aims at showing that this assumption introduces severe drawbacks in the analysis of Japanese capitalism in crisis. Af...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to provide an alternative framework to previous studies of deflation in Japan. We focus on the real dimension of the price dynamics and propose an imperfect competition model, which describes a rent economy, where the formation of prices can be separated into the markup (level of the rent in the goods market) and the unit labor cost...
Article
Full-text available
The growing trend of collaborative R&D has been well documented recently, both at a global level and through national and industry case studies. However, there is no general agreement on its causes as well as on the motives of the firms collaborating in R&D with other players. The Japanese innovation system (JIS) is no exception. Furthermore, in th...
Article
Full-text available
The growing trend of collaborative R&D has been well documented recently, both at a global level and through national and industry case studies. However, there is not yet any consensus regarding the following decisive questions: what are the exact level and evolution of R&D collaboration? What are the benefits of collaboration? What are the motives...
Article
Kozo Yamamura and Wolfgang Streeck (eds.), The End of Diversity? Prospects for German and Japanese Capitalism (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003. 424pp, $24.95) - - Volume 13 Issue 1 - SEBASTIEN LECHEVALIER
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the changing situation of the Japanese working women since the beginning of the 1990s in the 1990s in a Regulationist perspective. We enrich the concept of Toyotist wage-labour nexus by taking into account the gender. It means, we do not restrain the analysis of working women to the labour market, but we also...
Article
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The inequality men-women at the centre of segmentation of the Japanese labour market. Taking into account gender in the analysis of the Toyotist wage labour nexus. This article is an attempt to analyze the changing male – female inequalities in Japan since the beginning of the current crisis. First, the male-female wage differential is put into a h...
Article
Full-text available
This article is an attempt to analyze the changing male - female inequalities in Japan since the beginning of the current crisis. First, the male-female wage differential is put into a historical perspective, from the 1950s. Then, we review two kinds of interpretations - positive and negative - of the evolution since the beginning of the 1990s. We...
Article
Full-text available
A vast and often confusing economics literature relates competition to investment in innovation. Following Joseph Schumpeter, one view is that monopoly and large scale promote investment in research and development by allowing a firm to capture a larger fraction of its benefits and by providing a more stable platform for a firm to invest in R&D. Ot...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose de r�investir le concept de segmentation pour penser les transformations contemporaines du march� du travail japonais, � distance � la fois des �tudes centr�es sur les grandes entreprises et qui pr�disent la fin du syst�me d'emploi � la japonaise, et de celles qui insistent sur la mont�e des in�galit�s de salaires et de richesse...

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