Sebastian Wolf

Sebastian Wolf
University of Tuebingen | EKU Tübingen · Institute of Sports Science

PhD in Psychology
Junior Research Group "Exercise & Mental Health"

About

37
Publications
7,058
Reads
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290
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Background: COVID-19-related confinements pose a threat to mental health. We investigated prevalence rates of symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety and insomnia in German adults. Furthermore, we explored associations of exercise behavior with disorder-specific symptoms and assessed whether specific affect regulation skills enhance the effect...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mental disorders are prevalent and cause considerable burden of disease. Exercise has been shown to be efficacious to treat major depressive disorders, insomnia, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods This pragmatic, two arm, multi-site randomised controlled trial will evaluate the...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Covid-19 pandemic is affecting the entire world population. During the first spread, most governments have implemented quarantine and strict social distancing procedures. Similar measures during recent pandemics resulted in an increase in post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression symptoms. The development of novel interventions t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Exercise efficaciously reduces disorder-specific symptoms of psychiatric disorders. The current study aimed to examine the efficacy of a group exercise intervention on global symptom severity and disorder-specific symptoms among a mixed outpatient sample. Methods: Groups of inactive outpatients, waiting for psychotherapy, with depres...
Article
Full-text available
Background This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of regular, moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods RCTs including children and adolescents with clinically diagnosed ADHD, implementing regu...
Article
Current meta-analyses demonstrate convincing evidence regarding the efficacy of exercise on depression, insomnia, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and ADHD. However, exercise and sports therapy approaches for patients with psychological disorders are mostly integrated in psychiatric inpatient or rehabilitation settings, but not applied in the outpa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Covid-19 pandemic is affecting the entire world population. During the first spread, most governments have implemented quarantine and strict social distancing procedures. Similar measures during recent pandemics resulted in an increase in post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression symptoms. The development of novel interventions to mitigate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Social distancing and quarantine measures applied during the COVID-19 pandemic might result in mental health problems. In this cross-sectional study we examined if perceived social support, exercise in minutes per week and change in exercise are protective factors regarding symptoms of depression, anxiety, and sleeping disorders. Meth...
Book
Full-text available
Regelmäßige sportliche Aktivität wirkt sich nicht nur auf das körperliche Wohlbefinden aus, sondern hat auch positive Effekte auf die psychische Verfassung. Sport verringert bei Depressionen, Angststörungen, Schlafstörungen und ADHS die Symptomatik deutlich. Trotz dieser klinisch relevanten Effekte gibt es bisher vor allem im ambulanten Versorgungs...
Article
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequent disorder in childhood and adolescence; however, approximately 50% of patients receive treatment that does not conform to the guidelines. For these untreated patients physical exercise, which is only mentioned in passing in the current guidelines, could be an alternative treatment option....
Article
Aufgrund der Gewalttaten des „Islamischen Staats“ (IS) und der Fluchtbewegungen (Binnenflüchtlinge und Geflüchtete aus Syrien) stiegen im Irak die Prävalenzen für psychische Störungen, insbesondere affektive Störungen und Traumafolgestörungen, deutlich an. Allein in der Region Dohuk leben noch über 300.000 Binnenflüchtlinge in Lagern. Aufgrund besc...
Article
Full-text available
The performance enhancing (ergogenic) placebo effect is elicited by an inert treatment and caused by positive affective appraisal of effort perception. Frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) is a neurobiological correlate of positive affect. This study investigates, whether receiving an ergogenic placebo increases FAA and whether scores on the behavioral in...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric care of refugees in Africa and the Middle East. Challenges and solutions Abstract Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters first initiatives to improve psychiatric care in as well as the absence of a psychosocial refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan. healthcare system are major psychological Moreover, we provide first...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Previous research shows that endurance performance can be enhanced by placebo ergogenic aids. This study investigates the ergogenic placebo response, which we define as an increase in objective and physiological effort without an increase in subjective effort, in competitive cyclists. The primary objective of this study is to explore the ro...
Data
Original study protocol (German). (DOCX)
Data
Translation of the participant information and consent form (English). (DOCX)
Data
Translation of the study protocol (English). (DOCX)
Data
Original participant information and consent form (German). (DOCX)
Article
Objective Neurophysiologic monitoring parameters related to cognition in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are sparse. Previous work reported an association between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) alpha-1 activity and information processing speed. While this remains to be replicated by more available electroencephalographic (EEG) methods, also other establishe...
Article
Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters as well as the absence of a psychosocial healthcare system are major psychological burdens for refugees. The level of provision of mental healthcare is particularly low in developing countries. Internally displaced people and refugees place high demands on the healthcare system because they often suff...
Chapter
Mounting evidence in the last years has demonstrated that self-regulation of brain activity can successfully be achieved by neurofeedback (NF). These methodologies have constituted themselves as new tools for cognitive neuroscience establishing causal links between voluntary brain activations and cognition and behavior, and as potential novel appro...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested two hypotheses: (1) compared with amateurs and young elite, expert table tennis players are characterized by enhanced cortical activation in the motor and fronto-parietal cortex during motor imagery in response to table tennis videos; (2) in elite athletes, world rank points are associated with stronger cortical activation. To th...
Article
Full-text available
Standard interventions, such as antidepressive medication or psychotherapy, show only medium effect sizes in the reduction of depressive symptomatology. In addition, medication has problematic and not well accepted side-effects therefore it seems reasonable to look for alternative, cost-effective, easily available treatments which show no side-effe...
Article
A literature review about an evolutionary model of fetal loss depression is presented. This model conceptualizes depression following miscarriage or stillbirth as an evolutionary protective mechanism to avoid further fetal loss. It postulates that depressive symptoms delay the next reproduction and save maternal resources. These symptoms along with...

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The study aims to evaluate the prospective associations between multiple lifestyle domains and incident mental health problems. A nested case-control study will evaluate the physical health and level of inflammatory biomarkers of those students with mental health problems and paired controls.
Project
Physical activity has positive effects on mental health. Several studies report positive effects of a single bout of exercise positive affect and rumination. In addition, first results show positive effects of regular exercise on the subjective and objective stress experience. Cross-sectional and cohort studies report preventive effects of exercise on mental illness. However, up to date there are only few experimental studies that assess the long term preventive effects of exercise. This might be especially beneficial to college students, who are highly exposed to stress and have a higher prevalence of mental the general population. Physical activity levels, however, decline in the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Therefore, we designed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of two different types of exercise (endurance sports, ball sports) in comparison to a passive control group for college students. The change in physical fitness, psychopathological symptoms, subjective and objective stress experience will be assessed pre- and post-intervention as well as at follow-up. In addition, we will assess acute effects on mood and rumination after the exercise sessions. The intervention groups will receive six weeks of supervised exercise sessions (2x/week). In addition, they will receive (online) counseling that promotes the consistent continuation of the physical activity.
Project
Since the outbreak of the corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) in December 2019, protective measures have been established worldwide to contain COVID-19. A current review reports negative consequences on various psychosocial parameters caused by quarantine, such as emotional imbalance, flattened mood, depressive symptoms, sleep disorders, or posttraumatic stress symptoms. Initial studies show that measures to contain the Covid-19 pandemic (travel restrictions, contact reduction through "social distancing", quarantine, lockdown) are also associated with strong negative psychological effects such as increased anxiety symptoms , depressive symptoms, stress and moderate to severe psychological strain. Numerous studies show preventive effects of exercise and social support social support on the symptoms of mental illness associated with said measures. In order to be able to use the preventive effect of exercise in emergencies such as the Covid-19 pandemic, the preventive effect of exercise on psychological variables during the pandemic needs to be investigated. We address this gap by conducting a longitudinal questionnaire-based survey, that assesses the preventive effects of regular exercise before social distancing as well as the effects of the change in exercise activity during the protective measures on affect and psychopathological symptoms at three time points: during ongoing full protective measures, after loosening of the regulations and after return to the initial state. Goal is using the obtained findings to develop online courses implementing preventive measures.