Sebastian Urchs

Sebastian Urchs
McGill University | McGill · Montreal Neurological Institute

About

41
Publications
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601
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Publications

Publications (41)
Preprint
Full-text available
Polygenicity and pleiotropy are key properties of the genomic architecture of psychiatric disorders. An optimistic interpretation of polygenicity is that genomic variants converge on a limited set of mechanisms at some level from genes to behavior. Alternatively, convergence may be minimal or absent. We took advantage of brain connectivity, measure...
Preprint
Many imaging and genetics studies have aimed to clarify whether the brain acts as an intermediate phenotype mediating the influence of genes in human behaviour. Brain activations in response to task demands are heterogeneous at the individual level, but also follow common patterns at the group level. Some studies have addressed this tension between...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of multisite acquisition on rsfMRI connectivity has recently gained attention. We provide consistency values (Pearson's correlation) between resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) connectivity maps of an adult volunteer (Csub) scanned 25 times over 3.5 years at 13 sites using the Canadian Dementia Imaging Protocol (CDIP, www.cdip-pcid.ca). This dat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Copy number variants (CNVs) are among the most highly penetrant genetic risk factors for neuropsychiatric disorders. Their impact on brain connectivity remains mostly unstudied. Because they confer risk for overlapping conditions, we hypothesized that they may converge on shared connectivity patterns. We performed connectome-wide analyses using res...
Article
Full-text available
Automatic alignment of brain anatomy in a standard space is a key step when processing magnetic resonance imaging for group analyses. Such brain registration is prone to failure, and the results are therefore typically reviewed visually to ensure quality. There is however no standard, validated protocol available to perform this visual quality cont...
Article
Full-text available
Studies using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) are increasingly collecting data at multiple sites in order to speed up recruitment or increase sample size. The main objective of this study was to assess the long-term consistency of rsfMRI connectivity maps derived at multiple sites and vendors using the Canadian Dementia...
Preprint
Automatic alignment of brain anatomy in a standard space is a key step when processing magnetic resonance imaging for group analyses. Such brain registration is prone to failure, and the results are therefore typically reviewed visually to ensure quality. There is however no standard, validated protocol available to perform this visual quality cont...
Article
Full-text available
Background Clinical trials in Alzheimer's disease need to enroll patients whose cognition will decline over time, if left untreated, in order to demonstrate the efficacy of an intervention. Machine learning models used to screen for patients at risk of progression to dementia should therefore favor specificity (detecting only progressors) over sens...
Article
Full-text available
The functional architecture of the brain is organized across multiple levels of spatial resolutions, from distributed networks to the localized areas they are made of. A brain parcellation that defines functional nodes at multiple resolutions is required to investigate the functional connectome across these scales. Here we present the Multiresoluti...
Article
Background Copy Number Variants (CNVs) at the 16p11.2 BP4-BP5 locus are among the most common genetic risk factors associated with neurodevelopmental disorders [1]. Deletion (DEL) have been associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Duplication (DUP) with Schizophrenia and ASD. Voxel-based morphometry studies have revealed a robust associat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studies using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) are increasingly collecting data at multiple sites in order to speed up recruitment or increase sample size. Multisite studies potentially introduce systematic biases in connectivity measures across sites, which may negatively impact the detection of clinical effects. Long-t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Only a fraction of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) progress to Alzheimer's dementia. We explore here whether a high-risk MCI subgroup can be identified using a signature mixing cognitive assessments and structural neuroimaging. The signature was extracted using machine learning tools in the ADNI1 sample, and replicated known archetype...
Article
Full-text available
Early prognosis of Alzheimer's dementia is hard. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) typically precedes Alzheimer's dementia, yet only a fraction (30%-50%) of MCI individuals will progress to dementia. Even when a prognosis of dementia is established using machine learning models and biomarkers, the fraction of MCI progressors remain limited (50%-75%)....
Article
Full-text available
Functional brain connectomics investigates functional connectivity between distinct brain parcels. There is an increasing interest to investigate connectivity across several levels of spatial resolution, from networks down to localized areas. Here we present the Multiresolution Intrinsic Segmentation Template (MIST), a multi-resolution parcellation...
Preprint
Full-text available
Highlights Reliable functional brain network subtypes accompany cognitive impairment in AD Symptom-related subtypes exist in the default-mode, limbic and salience networks A limbic subtype is associated with a familial risk of AD in healthy older adults Limbic subtypes also associate with beta amyloid deposition and ApoE4 In Brief We found reliabl...
Article
Whereas a categorical difference in the genitals has always been acknowledged, the question of how far these categories extend into human biology is still not resolved. Documented sex/gender differences in the brain are often taken as support of a sexually dimorphic view of human brains ("female brain" or "male brain"). However, such a distinction...
Article
Full-text available
Although neural activity often reflects the processing of external inputs, intrinsic fluctuations in activity have been observed throughout the brain. These may relate to patterns of self-generated thought that can occur while not performing goal-driven tasks. To understand the relationship between self-generated mental activity and intrinsic neura...

Projects

Project (1)