• Home
  • TU Wien
  • Institute of Management Science
  • Sebastian Schlund
Sebastian Schlund

Sebastian Schlund
TU Wien | TU Wien · Institute of Management Science

Univ.Prof. Dr.-Ing.

About

77
Publications
25,531
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
839
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - August 2013
Independent Researcher
Independent Researcher
Position
  • AssiEff (Assistance Systems for order-related energy-efficient production)
Description
  • Energy Efficiency, Mobile Applications, Production Management
September 2010 - May 2017
Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO
Position
  • Head of Department
July 2006 - June 2011
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Position
  • Collaborative Research Center 696
Description
  • Intralogistics, Quality Management, Requirements Management

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Augmented reality (AR) promises to enable use cases in industrial settings that include the embedding of assembly instructions directly into the scene, potentially reducing or altogether obviating the need for workers to refer to such instructions in paper form or on a statically situated screen. Spatial AR, in turn, is a form of AR whereby the aug...
Chapter
The collaborative robot safety mode ‘power and force limiting’ requires the compliance of biomechanical limits to ensure human safety. As part of the risk assessment, it is common to test possible contact points of a collaborative application for a) quasi-static contact (e.g. squeezing or clamping) and b) transient contact (collision with free impa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As production shifts from mass produced items towards customisation, human cognitive capabilities will become difficult to substitute by automation. However, as Europe's population is aging, labour shortage will put additional pressure on workers and businesses, if they want to remain competitive. Therefore, in this paper, we examine re-humanisatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The formation of complex skills in collaborative robotics (cobotics) involves both a theoretical-cognitive and practical-empirical side. Measuring learning success is key to efficient skills development. Although the most common means of gauging learning are quiz-based tests or other subjective means that screen factual knowledge, they do not provi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Teaching collaborative robots to non-experts/laypersons has been an ongoing research topic to unfold the promising possibilities of this technology in manufacturing. A teaching concept was designed, implemented as a comprehensive one-day workshop, conducted and evaluated in several EU countries to engage and teach participants from different backgr...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper introduces a novel voice-based programming approach and software framework for collaborative robots (cobots) based on the Web Speech API, which is now supported by most modern browsers. The framework targets human programmable interfaces and human-machine interfaces, which can be used by people with little or no programming experience. T...
Article
An Adaptive Spatial Augmented Reality system with dynamic in-situ projection of work instructions and information guidance already shows benefits in the field of industrial site assembly of aircraft components. Furthermore, the user-adaptive gesture control offers advantages for a human-centered and natural interaction directly in the assembly proc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Der Mangel an digitalen Kompetenzen wird von Unternehmen häufig als eine große, wenn nicht gar als größte, Barriere auf dem Weg der digitalen Transformation gesehen. Gleichzeitig verfolgen die meisten Unternehmen keine übergeordnete Strategie zur Erhöhung der ihrer Kompetenzen im Zuge der aktuellen Integration von Digitalisierungs- und Automatisier...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The future of collaborative robots (cobots) is shaped by the desire for a flexible and beneficial cooperation between humans and cobots. We reviewed the state of the art regarding human-cobot interaction in manufacturing. In this paper we present a digital worker assistance system, based on the Business Process Model and Notation Language (BPMN), w...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial robot programming tools increasingly rely on graphical interfaces, which aim at rendering the programming task more accessible to a wide variety of users. The usability of such tools is currently being evaluated in controlled environments, such as laboratories or companies, in which a group of participants is asked to carry out several t...
Article
In Prozessen mit hoher Varianz, kurzen Lieferzeiten sowie veränderlichen Produkten ermöglicht eine simulationsbasierte Planung sowie eine adaptive Anpassung der Produktionspläne eine zielgerichtete Kapazitätsauslastung der Produktion. Die Simulation der Ofenbelegung, die Implementierung einer automatisierten Maschinenansteuerung und die dadurch res...
Article
Im Rahmen der Planung von Arbeitssystemen mit Mensch-Roboter-Zusammenarbeit können digitale Planungswerkzeuge mit ihren Funktionen zur Visualisierung und parametrischen Simulation in Kombination mit ergonomischen Bewertungen der Arbeitsprozesse einen wesentlichen Mehrwert zur wirtschaftlichen Arbeitssystemgestaltung darstellen. Im Beitrag wird anha...
Article
Der Einsatz von kollaborativen Robotern schafft neue Herausforderungen für die Gewährleistung der Personensicherheit. Speziell im Falle einer Kollision muss die Einhaltung biomechanischer Grenzwerte sichergestellt werden. Da diese zum aktuellen Stand nicht, beziehungsweise nicht vollständig, in Prozesssimulationsprogramme integriert sind, ist eine...
Book
The continuous acquisition of new digital competences and the development of situational learning assistance systems will become more important than ever in the coming years, because the world of work is becoming more complex, more informative and all above more data-driven. Jobs are changing due to increasing digitalisation, whereby the use of mod...
Article
In diesem Beitrag wird eine neue Form des Lernens und Lehrens mit Hilfe von digitalen und kompakten Lernein- heiten, sogenannten Learning Nuggets, vorgestellt. Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem Einsatz dieser Lehrform auf dem interdisziplinären Gebiet der Robotik, zeigt ihre Vorteile, Feedback der Lernenden und Möglichkeiten der Personalisier...
Chapter
The technology to support Augmented (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) applications are considered increasingly mature for a broader, productive application in corporate environments. As yet, they have been underused, among other reasons, due to doubts about the acceptance and productive performance by employees. This paper presents a study that collect...
Thesis
Full-text available
A new wave of collaborative robots designed to work alongside humans is bringing the automation historically seen in large-scale industrial settings in new, diverse contexts[95]. However, the research has shown that the innovation gap between robot hardware and software doesn’t seem to close- the hardware development reached extremely high levels....
Article
Die gezielte und zukunftsorientierte Aus- und Weiterbildung von Mitarbeiter:innen in technischen Unternehmen erfordert im Kontext des rapiden technologischen und demographischen Wandels innovative Lösungsansätze. Die Identifizierung und Strukturierung von kompetenzrelevanten Informationen aus unstrukturierten Unternehmensdaten mithilfe von Methoden...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The market for cyber-physical systems, such as collaborative robots (cobots), continues to grow fast. Primarily, this is driven by megatrends, such as smart factories, which include interconnected machines and human-robot interaction. On the one hand, these new technologies lead to flexible manufacturing and a higher level of automation. On the oth...
Chapter
Tracking and tracing of objects have found widespread application in industry and logistics for the last decade. Profound information about the position and the status of an object allows better planning and scheduling, thus leads to more flexible processes, stock reductions and even new business models become possible. The implementation of tracki...
Chapter
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is an emerging technology in the field of software automation, which is making rapid progress within efficiency-driven industries. Whilst it has found broad dispersion in the automation of office tasks, its potentials in manufacturing and industrial engineering are unexhausted. This paper explores the basic concepts...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of the digitization of production facilities, tracking and tracing of assets in the supply chain is becoming increasingly relevant for the manufacturing industry. The collection and use of real-time position data of logistics, tools and load carriers are already standard procedure in entire branches of the industry today. In addition...
Article
Collaborative robots (cobots) are vital for agile concepts of industrial manufacturing and regarded as flexible and low-cost automation solutions. Therefore, learning factory concepts increasingly include handling with cobot technology, their industrial applications and safety concepts. In addition to these fields of knowledge, it is widely conside...
Conference Paper
Der Einsatz von kollaborativen Robotersystemen schafft neue Herausforderungen für die Gewährleistung der Personensicherheit. Speziell im Falle einer Kollision muss die Einhaltung biomechanischer Grenzwerte sichergestellt werden. Da diese zum aktuellen Stand nicht in Prozesssimulationsprogramme integriert sind, ist eine automatisierte Si-cherheitsze...
Chapter
The industrial assembly of large equipment is usually organized as site assembly, requires a high degree of manual work. Humans, with their cognitive skills and abilities, still carry out a significant share of manual and cognitive tasks in this context. For process-efficient as well as human-centered design of workplaces, anthropometric characteri...
Conference Paper
The ongoing development of collaborative robots (cobots) bears great potential for assembly processes by enabling new possibilities of task allocation between humans and machines. A detailed, empirically based evaluation of how cobots can live up to these possibilities in industrial practice is still missing in the manufacturing literature. In this...
Preprint
Full-text available
Industrial enterprises increasingly identify their employee's digital competences as a main barrier towards modern manufacturing paradigms-such as Industry 4.0. Considering shorter technology cycles, they find a key enabler in timely capturing existing digital competences in order to forecast future competence requirements relating to identified tr...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new voice-based programming approach and software framework for collaborative robots (cobots) based on the Web Speech API, which is now supported by most modern browsers. The framework targets human programmable interfaces (HPIs), which can be used by people with little or no programming experience. The framework follows a meta-program...
Article
Collaborative robots (cobots) are becoming a significant part of smart factories, due to their potential for collaborative operation, relatively low cost, and high flexibility of use. They are increasingly being deployed in Learning and Teaching Factories, but industrial application still lags behind earlier enthusiastic expectations. Aside from sa...
Article
Industrial enterprises increasingly identify their employee’s digital competences as a main barrier towards modern manufacturing paradigms – such as Industry 4.0. Considering shorter technology cycles, they find a key enabler in timely capturing existing digital competences to forecast future competence requirements relating to identified trends. T...
Article
Today, industrial assembly of large components is mostly organized as site assembly. The human-centered information provisioning for assembly tasks still bears significant optimization potential. The paper presents first results of the integration of a dynamic projection system with visual human position and gesture recognition. Work instructions a...
Article
Although human-robot work systems seem promising in terms of addressing flexibility due to dynamic changes in market demands, SMEs often do not see their potential when it comes to cycle time requirements. The reason for this is the lack of planning methods capable of mapping dynamic interactions between humans and robots and thus supporting the de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a user acceptance survey (based on the Technology Acceptance Model-TAM) of the humanoid social robot Pepper as a communication channel in different information retrieval scenarios in a business context. In total, 239 passers-by participated in the survey, which had a specific focus on the impact of perceived safet...
Chapter
Neben der Einführung von Methoden und Projekten aus dem Bereich des Lean Managements erlebt die Implementierung von IT-getriebenen Lösungen in der Produktion eine Renaissance. Angesichts des breiten Angebotsspektrums neuer Technologien und der Vielzahl verschieden verwendeter Begriffe rund um Industrie 4.0 stehen Unternehmen nicht selten vor der He...
Article
Full-text available
Seit 2018 führt die TU Wien eine Panelbefragung zum Thema Produktionsarbeit in Österreich durch. Dabei werden allgemeine Fragen zur strategischen, operativen und wirtschaftlichen Situation produzierender Unternehmen durch spezifischere Fragen hinsichtlich der Anwendung bestimmter Technologien ergänzt. Im heurigen Jahr standen insbesondere die Anwen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today, industrial assembly of large equipment is often organized as site assembly. Information is provided on paper or stationary PC-terminals and employees have to walk long distances to receive information. An augmented dynamic projection system allows direct display of work-instructions and interaction on the component. The paper presents the re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a new voice-based programming approach and software framework for collaborative robots (cobots) based on the Web Speech API, which is now supported by most modern browsers. The framework targets human programmable interfaces (HPIs), which can be used by people with little or no programming experience. The framework follows a meta-program...
Preprint
The goal of the thesis is to: 1. Conduct and summarize a complete literature review of robot programming interface evaluation methods and practices published in various robotics-related conferences, scientific papers and journals within the last 6 years. 2. Design user evaluation scenarios and surveys, consisting of several programming tasks and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Augmented Reality (AR) applications are increasingly being used in many different areas, such as architecture, healthcare, manufacturing, and education. With AR, virtual information is merged into the real world. The use of AR systems in manufacturing opens up new ways of providing information and is shaping a new form of interaction of employees....
Article
Full-text available
Up to now, industrial robots were considered as machines working for humans. In this sense, programming required special coding knowledge and skills as teaching approaches were based on imperative programming methods, formulating the solving of a problem line by line. As novel work principles consider the robot rather a tool, assisting or collabora...
Conference Paper
Der zunehmende Einsatz verschiedenartiger Assistenzsysteme für Produktionsprozesse führt zur Frage ihrer Vergleichbarkeit. Am Beispiel von Augmented Reality (AR)-Anwendungen wurde eine systematische Literaturrecherche durchgeführt. Die Auswertung der Veröffentlichungen zeigt, dass derzeit nur vereinzelt ein ausgewogener Kriteriensatz zur Evaluation...
Chapter
This paper introduces the notion of epistemic debt as an analytical tool for understanding and managing the effects of technical ignorance in smart manufacturing. Drawing on the concepts of technical and social debt from software engineering, the metaphor of epistemic debt refers to the implied long-term costs of rework (e.g., redesign, replacement...
Preprint
Full-text available
Collaborative robots (cobots) can improve productivity by flexibly assisting production workers. Nevertheless, due to missing use cases, cobots have yet to be widely adopted in manufacturing. Democratizing robot programming by introducing cobots in public fablabs (or makerspaces) could lead to new applications transferrable to industry thanks to th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autonome Produktionsumgebungen führen tendenziell zu weniger Interaktion mit zunehmend selbstgesteuerten Prozessen und bieten weniger Gelegenheit für menschliches Lernen. Das vorgestellte Konzept für ein Assistenzsystem zum arbeitsplatznahen, reziproken Ler-nen zielt auf die gleichzeitige Verbesserung der Fähigkeiten von auto-nomen Systemen und Men...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces the notion of epistemic debt as an analytical tool for understanding and managing the effects of technical ignorance in smart manufacturing. Drawing on the concepts of technical and social debt from software engineering, the metaphor of epistemic debt refers to the implied long-term costs of rework (e.g., redesign, replacement...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative robots (cobots) can improve productivity by flexibly assisting production workers. Nevertheless, due to missing use cases, cobots have yet to be widely adopted in manufacturing. Democratizing robot programming by introducing cobots in public fablabs (or makerspaces) could lead to new applications transferrable to industry thanks to th...
Article
Full-text available
Field assembly of large components for aircraft, ships, trains or big machinery is often done in a rather unstructured environment, with little concern for the individual needs of the involved personnel. Confronted with a shortage of qualified personnel and a generally aging workforce, workstation designers need to put more emphasis on improving er...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Verbesserung der Ergonomie ist ein zentrales Ziel der Arbeitswissenschaft im Spannungsfeld von Rationalisierung und Humanisierung. Während die konventionelle Gestaltung von Montagearbeitsplätzen heute bereits in vielen Punkten als ausgereizt gilt, eröffnen aktuelle technologische Entwicklungen neue Möglichkeiten für die Gestaltu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores the concept of mutual (reciprocal) learning as an enabler of the emergence of a collective human-machine intelligence across a smart factory. The interlinking of digital profiles of humans and machines permits the identification and measurement of learning outcomes through participating in and performing of (shared) tasks. To ac...
Conference Paper
Digitization is dramatically changing economy and society. With current developments in the field of e.g. artificial intelligence and machine learning, big data and data analytics, cloud computing, conversational systems and adaptive architectures, robotics as well as virtual and augmented reality work life is facing huge challenges. On the other s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die Diskussion über die Ausgestaltung der Arbeitswelt der Zukunft erlebt gerade eine Hochkonjunktur. Prognosen und Szenarien hinsichtlich der Auswirkung von Digitalisierung und Automatisierung auf die Beschäftigung sind notwendig, um heute die richtigen Weichenstellungen zu treffen. Noch unterscheiden sich diese jedoch drastisch und reichen von ein...
Chapter
Neben der Einführung von Methoden und Projekten aus dem Bereich des Lean Managements erlebt die Implementierung von IT-getriebenen Lösungen in der Produktion eine Renaissance. Angesichts des breiten Angebotsspektrums neuer Technologien und der Vielzahl verschieden verwendeter Begriffe rund um Industrie 4.0 stehen Unternehmen nicht selten vor der He...
Article
Kurzfassung Angesichts des breiten Angebotsspektrums neuer Technologien und der Vielzahl verschieden verwendeter Begriffe rund um Industrie 4.0, stehen Unternehmen nicht selten orientierungslos vor der Herausforderung, individuelle Umsetzungsstrategien abzuleiten. Das vorliegende Reifegradmodell ermöglicht die Erfassung bereits im Produktionssystem...
Technical Report
Der Statusreport "Arbeitswelt Industrie 4.0" richtet sich an Unternehmen, Politik und Verbände, die die Digitale Transformation in produktionsnahen Bereichen gestalten und dabei besonders arbeitswissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse berücksichtigen wollen.
Article
Kurzfassung Die Ergebnisse der zweiten großen Industrie-4.0-Studie, die Ingenics gemeinsam mit dem Fraunhofer Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO durchgeführt hat, liegen vor. Unter dem Titel „Industrie 4.0 – Wo steht die Revolution der Arbeitsgestaltung?“ wurden die Antworten von 844 Entscheidern in Unternehmen unterschiedlichster...
Article
Full-text available
Volatile markets and global and inter-industrial networks are creating a radically more dynamic market environment which calls for considerably greater on-demand flexibility in resource deployment. Today's businesses have to respond to evolving trends. As well as increasing flexibility, this also means taking action in two further areas, namely inc...
Article
Kurzfassung Die Studie „Industrie 4.0 – Eine Revolution der Arbeitsgestaltung – Wie Automatisierung und Digitalisierung unsere Produktion verändern werden“ zeichnet auf der Grundlage einer Befragung von Produktionsverantwortlichen ein Bild des Umsetzungsstands von Industrie 4.0 in deutschen Industrieunternehmen. Die Ergebnisse bestätigen, dass die...
Article
Full-text available
In new product development processes the ramp-up phase is the most critical. For the first time the new product will be produced under standard production conditions. Thereby companies are facing enormous challenges relating to new products: increasing product and process complexities, less time-to-market and highest quality requirements. In additi...
Article
Already today cities are the biggest entities of industrial and economic activity and the growth of urban populations is steadily increasing. By 2030 the number of people living in cities will rise to five billion, facing great challenges to infra- structure, economic development and life-quality induced by scarce resources, climate change and the...
Article
In the study "Production Work of the Future - Industrie 4.0" 661 company representatives and 21 Industrie-4.0-experts draw a clear picture of the future challenges for the production location Germany and the solutions which Industrie 4.0 offer. Although automation is getting more flexible, the workers will be the central in production as they are t...
Chapter
Increasing scarcity of resources and high energy costs have led to an increasing relevance of energy-efficiency over the last few years. While a lot of efforts are already being made to optimize energy-efficient production in large companies, there is still a lack of practicable support for small and medium enterprises (SME). While new equipment is...
Article
Full-text available
The production will dramatically change in the next few years due to new technical possibilities offered by cheap sensors and networked objects. Therefore the Fraunhofer IAO has conducted a survey to get a clearer understanding of what the future could look like. More than 660 corporate representatives have drawn a significant picture of the future...
Article
The supply of mechanical energy accounts for 64% of the overall industrial energy consumption in Germany. While substantial efforts are already being made to optimize energy-efficient production in large companies, there is still a lack of suitable support for small and medium enterprises (SME). While new equipment is mostly designed with the most...
Chapter
Das hier vorgestellte DeCoDe-Modell (Demand Compliant Design) ermöglicht eine strukturierte Betrachtung der Wechselwirkungen innerhalb technischer Systeme. Dies wird erreicht durch eine Beschreibung der Systeme anhand ihrer Anforderungen, Funktionen, Prozesse und Komponenten. Durch die Betrachtung der Beziehungen zwischen diesen Systemelementen wir...
Article
Kurzfassung Durch die zunehmende Integration verschiedener Fachdisziplinen werden stetig die Anzahl der Schnittstellen und somit die Komplexität der Produktentwicklung erhöht. Die daraus resultierenden Probleme treten jedoch oft erst in späteren Phasen in Form von Fehlern zutage. Die konsequente Ausrichtung an Anforderungen sowie der Einsatz und di...
Article
The ever-growing integration of different engineering domains leads to an increasing number of interfaces and complexity during product development. Problems caused due to this fact often occur as faults and failures in later stages of product life. The consequent alignment on product requirements as well as the use and integration of methods and s...