Sebastian Roché

Sebastian Roché
Université Grenoble Alpes · Sciences Po Grenoble, Institute of Political Science

PhD in Political Science

About

194
Publications
44,433
Reads
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926
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 1991 - March 2020
Sciences Po Grenoble
Position
  • CNRS, National Center for Scientific Research.
Description
  • Trust and confidence in Police. Policing minorities. Comparative research in organizational design of police forces. Internal security sector oversight.
October 1991 - November 2016
Université Grenoble Alpes
Position
  • CNRS Research Professor

Publications

Publications (194)
Book
Full-text available
This book aims to provide a general support and awareness raising of core notions related to the democratic police system in a federal structure. The book presents the core concepts that are necessary to understand what policing means in federal contexts, what it entails in terms of legal and organizational features. Such a clarification is essenti...
Book
Full-text available
The book provides a cross-country study of regulations determining the oversight of all types of internal security forces and a set of recommendations which aimed at aligning Turkey with EU standards. How to compare the governance of internal security sector across nations? Based on national reviews, systematic tables are elaborated in order to com...
Article
Comparative Policing Review Issue #1, 2022 Comparative policing. Polities, regulatory agencies, organizations and their workers. Michael Tonry: “Foreword” Wesley Skogan: “Why study policing comparatively?” Sebastian Roché, Jenny Fleming, Cross-national research. A new frontier for police studies Beatrice Jauregui, “Police worker politics in I...
Book
La démocratie est en crise, le pays se fissure et notre boussole politique s’est démagnétisée. Le diagnostic ne trompe pas : le débat public se crispe sur l’identité nationale, les valeurs républicaines et la laïcité tandis que la participation électorale décline... Tout indique que le processus de fabrication de la nation et des citoyens libres se...
Article
Across different countries, there is extreme heterogeneity among police systems concerning the number and types of forces, their links to political authorities and territorial organization of control centres, their oversight mechanisms, agents’ status, and their behaviours. This heterogeneity is observed despite the apparent similarity between the...
Book
Across different countries, there is extreme heterogeneity among police systems concerning the number and types of forces, their links to political authorities and territorial organization of control centres, their oversight mechanisms, agents’ status, and their behaviours. This heterogeneity is observed despite the apparent similarity between the...
Article
Full-text available
To contain the spread of the COVID-19, governments have designed and implemented a large range of exceptional measures. Yet, the restrictive nature of the policy options chosen and the severity of their enforcement mechanisms considerably vary across countries. Focusing on the case of the European Union—a group of closely connected nations which de...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study of the profiles of young adults involved in attacks and bombings in 2015 and 2016 in France highlighted a violent rejection of Western lifestyle and national identification. The question arises whether conflicting religious beliefs (religion hypothesis) and delinquent subculture (rebel-without-a-cause hypothesis) characterize a handful of...
Preprint
To contain the spread of the Covid-19, governments have designed and implemented a large range of exceptional measures. Yet, the restrictive nature of the policy options chosen and the severity of their enforcement mechanisms considerably vary across countries. Focusing on the case of the European Union – a group of closely connected nations which...
Chapter
How are citizens’ judgments of the police best measured, and what do we know about the changing dynamics of public opinion about the police in France? What is the best way to measure citizens’ judgments of the police and the changing dynamics of those assessments in France? This chapter examines the current state of research in France on the comple...
Book
The study of the profiles of young adults involved in political violence in France (attacks and bombings in 2015 and 2016) highlighted that they grew up in France while at some point rejecting national identification, and more broadly the Western lifestyle. They justified theirs acts of violence against the state of French nationals in the name of...
Article
Full-text available
The policing of measures to control the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is a core aspect of the current corona crisis. This article concentrates on differences in policing the corona crisis in France and the Netherlands. There are huge differences in policing the corona crisis between the two jurisdictions: France with a very strict, repressive appr...
Chapter
We explore the links between religion/religiosity and school attitudes among junior high school students in five countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA). Socialization of children is undertaken, in part, through schools that equip them with skills, instill values and impose rules and sanctions (compulsory attendance, behavi...
Chapter
This chapter aims to set out the conceptual framework implicit in the chapters but also provides an introduction to the eight following chapters of the book. Social cohesion depends on a range of societal mechanisms that make individuals feel attached to one another, supportive of public organisations and bonded to a larger imagined community. The...
Data
Oberwtillter and Roché (2018) Police citizen relations across the world : How societal cleavages and political contexts shape trust and distrust, legitimacy and illegitimacy
Article
Full-text available
As a large-scale instance of dramatic collective behavior, the 2005 French riots started in a poor suburb of Paris, then spread in all of France, lasting about three weeks. Remarkably, although there were no displacements of rioters, the riot activity did traveled. Daily national police data to which we had access have allowed us to take advantage...
Chapter
Full-text available
How do individual integration to religion and to the political community combine? In the French context, characterized by a strong secularization, we analyze the effect of belonging to a faith group (Christian, Muslim, other) and the irreligiosity (measured as distance vis-à-vis religion) based on a large data set (n=9.000) of students attending ju...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the last twenty years, police trust and legitimacy has emerged as an important academic theme and a political issue. Procedural justice during interactions with police has surfaced as a leading theory in Western nations. However, Middle-Eastern, African, and Asian case studies show a distinct pattern. And, more generally, national realities...
Book
This book examines the processes for social integration and social cohesion among young people, drawing on data collected from the International Self-Report Delinquency (ISRD) study, which covered 35 studies.This report examines case studies from 5 selected countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States) to p...
Research
Full-text available
Mathematical Model Reveals How French Riots Spread via a Giant Wave of Contagious Violence. Violence can spread like a disease, say epidemiologists who have modeled the spread of riots through France in 2005. L’article montre que la propagation des émeutes a pris la forme d’une vague (une forme qui diffère des émeutes de Londres en 2011). En effet...
Book
Police-citizen relations are in the public spotlight following outbursts of anger and violence. Such clashes often happen as a response to fatal police shootings, racial or ethnic discrimination, or the mishandling of mass protests. But even in such cases, citizens’ assessment of the police differs considerably across social groups. This raises the...
Book
The goal of the chapter is to study the role of large groups and superordinate group belonging on the level of trust in police, in comparative manner. Their importance is assessed in the context of large cities in France and Germany on a large sample of adolescents by testing theoretical hypotheses on the relationship between ethnicity, religion an...
Article
Full-text available
Les études sur la confiance ont fait des progrès considérables, tant au plan empirique qu’au plan théorique. Il existe maintenant des outils pour saisir la qualité perçue de la police durant les interactions, et également des mesures internationales de la perception et des attitudes des citoyens, permettant de comparer les polices. nous comprendron...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Procedural justice (PJ) during police-citizen interactions has often been portrayed as a “silver bullet” to good policing, as it could function as a means to gain trust, voluntary obedience and public cooperation. PJ research is based on the assumption that there exists “true fairness.” However, it is still unclear what people actually mean...
Article
Full-text available
Research has indicated that many video games are saturated with stereotypes of women and that these contents may cultivate sexism. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between video game exposure and sexism for the first time in a large and representative sample. Our aim was also to measure the strength of this association when...
Book
Why do people allow police to act forcefully and illegally? This chapter aims to draw some of the societal aspects of attitudes toward the police to the forefront of police legitimacy discussion. Based on a national sample of Turkish respondents (2014), we demonstrate that social identity (ethnic, religious, regional) and above all political ideolo...
Article
Full-text available
There is no shared definition of police science. What exactly is police science? Should it be limited to the engineering of police methods and organisation? And how could progress towards science in policing be made when we have no definition of the police themselves, of the object or subject of the science? What are the police? Are they just the o...
Book
« La finalité des polices dans les démocraties ne devrait pas être de faire régner un ordre. L’ordre devrait, en réalité, n’être qu’un moyen. Mais un moyen de quoi ? Les agents ne forment pas une armée face à un adversaire – même si certains responsables aiment à les caricaturer ainsi. La mission éminente des polices est de produire de la certitude...
Article
Compared to the burgeoning literature on the determinants of penal policies in various Western countries, and compared to criminology in general, the comparative study of policing is an underdeveloped area of research. We acknowledge the practical and theoretical difficulties of such an approach, but we defend its main benefits. Studying policing c...
Article
Full-text available
By analysing French and German police stop and search on the streets based on embedded observations in police patrols and findings of a large school survey, this article comparatively questions their determinants. Control practices diverge in their frequency: the German police officers control less proactively than their French counterparts. The ta...
Article
Full-text available
Logics of checking Policing differences between France and Germany This paper, which is based on direct observation and interviews of police officers and also on questionnaires administered to the public, compares decisions of French and German police officers regarding identity checks and puts them in the context of the respective styles of polic...
Article
Full-text available
L’analyse de quatre focus groups (jeunes majeurs et adultes) nous apprend que le groupe ethnique majoritaire ne s’identifie pas au quartier et a des attitudes vis-a-vis de la police (ATP) positives. Dans les minorites ethniques, les ATP s’appuient sur l’idee d’un conflit collectif. Cependant, la construction des attitudes differe entre jeunes et ad...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of four focus groups (young adults and adults) teaches us that the majority group does not identify with the neighborhood and holds positive attitudes toward the police (ATP). Among ethnic minorities, ATP are based on a collective conflict. However, attitudes construction differs between youth and adults. Strong identification with “th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper, which is based on direct observation and interviews of police officers, and also on questionnaires administered to the public, compares decisions of French and German police officers regarding identity checks and puts them in the context of the respective styles of policing. Even though the objectives are similar (fighting crime, assert...
Article
The purpose of this study was to identify empirically, for the first time in France, the prevalence of adolescent weapon carrying with particular focus on the contribution of a broad range of social bonding, strain, social learning, and sociodemographic predictors. A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted using a backward elimination...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify empirically, for the first time in France, the prevalence of adolescent weapon carrying with particular focus on the contribution of a broad range of social bonding, strain, social learning, and sociodemographic predictors. A multivariate logistic regression model was conducted using a backward elimination...
Book
Full-text available
Oversight of internal security forces (ISFs) are compared systematically in Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, the UK an and Turkey. The principles as established in the constitutions are compared. Mechanisms as set up by laws setting hierarchical oversight (internal oversight in the ministry of Interior and governors for selected co...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the changing public/private as well as central/local relationships for the provision of public security in public places in France. It describes the emergence and development of a now frequent public-private mix in policing, based on the hot issue of regulating social behaviours in public places. The significance of the French m...
Article
Full-text available
Cette recherche a été financée par (par ordre de contribution) la Fondation MAIF, le Minis-tère de l'Intérieur (IHESI), le ministère de la Justice (GIP Droit et Justice, PJI), le Centre de Prospective, Gendarmerie Nationale, la Semitag, Grenoble. Elle a été conduite par Sebastian Roché, responsable scientifique, Cerat-IEP avec Sandrine Astor, charg...
Data
Full-text available
POLIS est une recherche comparée portant sur les relations entre les jeunes et les institutions, en particulier la police. Elle vise à mieux appréhender les attitudes et comportements des jeunes appartenant aux minorités vis-à-vis de la police et de l’autorité. L’enquête POLIS vise à étudier les rapports entre les jeunes et la police, dans un conte...
Chapter
Full-text available
We address the question of whether stigmatized minorities are over-represented in delinquency in France, based on an exhaustive database of all the juveniles below 19 years old convicted for serious crimes (liable to imprisonment according to the French Law) in the period 1985-2005 in Is\`ere (about 1 million inhabitants), one of the French Departm...
Article
Full-text available
POLIS is an acronym for “Police and Adolescents in Multiethnic Societies” and the title of a French-German research project run by the CNRS, PACTE research unit of Science-Po - University of Grenoble, and the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freiburg. What makes this project distinct from previous comparative studi...
Article
Full-text available
Ce rapport présente les premiers résultats d'une enquête quantitative conduite auprès de 13500 jeunes dans le cadre du projet POLIS. Recherche comparée portant sur les relations entre les jeunes et les institutions, POLIS vise à mieux appréhender les attitudes et comportements des jeunes appartenant aux minorités vis à vis de la police et de l'auto...
Article
Il n'y a toujours pas eu une seule évaluation rigoureuse de l'impact des politiques publiques ou des programmes publics en matière de prévention, dissuasion ou de répression des délinquances alors qu'elles se multiplient dans les pays leaders (Etats-Unis, Australie, Grande-Bretagne en particulier). Cette article décrit la situation française en mat...
Article
Alcohol is frequently related to interpersonal aggression , but information regarding the role of alcohol consumption by victims of severe aggression is however lacking. In order to better understand the dynamic of victimization, we investigated contextual, facilitator, and psychological impact variables related to victimization in a French sample...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ce chapitre présente des différentes manière de comptabiliser la délinquance par différents organismes (liés au système pénal, de santé notamment) et méthodes (statistiques dites officielles de la police, enquêtes sur les victimes ou les auteurs principalement). Il décrit les tendances à la hausse des délinquances entre 1950 et 1985/1990 pour tous...