Sebastián Pérez-Díaz

Sebastián Pérez-Díaz
Universidad de Cantabria | UNICAN · Geography Urban and Regional planning

Professor

About

173
Publications
56,747
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2,327
Citations
Citations since 2017
89 Research Items
1838 Citations
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Introduction
My research line is focused on how the landscapes have changed along the geological history of the Earth; in particular I focus my research on the vegetal landscape through palynology, magnetic susceptibility, microcharcoal and geochemical analysis. Main results are related tochanges forced by climatic events or anthropogenic activities.

Publications

Publications (173)
Article
The tempo and mode of colonization of the Iberian Peninsula (IP) by Cannabis sativa, its further internal spreading and the potential cultural and environmental factors involved remain unknown. The available continental-wide European meta-analyses using pollen and archaeological evidence account for only a few IP sites, insufficient for a sound ass...
Preprint
The tempo and mode of colonization of the Iberian Peninsula (IP) by Cannabis sativa , its further internal spreading and the potential cultural and environmental factors involved remain unknown. The available continental-wide European meta-analyses using pollen and archaeological evidence account for only a few IP sites, insufficient for a sound as...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal accumulated in lake, bog or other anoxic sediments through time has been used to document the geographical patterns in changes in fire regimes. Such reconstructions are useful to explore the impact of climate and vegetation changes on fire during periods when human influence was less prevalent than today. However, charcoal records only pro...
Article
Full-text available
Sedimentary charcoal records are widely used to reconstruct regional changes in fire regimes through time in the geological past. Existing global compilations are not geographically comprehensive and do not provide consistent metadata for all sites. Furthermore, the age models provided for these records are not harmonised and many are based on olde...
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The Black Death (1347–1352 ce ) is the most renowned pandemic in human history, believed by many to have killed half of Europe’s population. However, despite advances in ancient DNA research that conclusively identified the pandemic’s causative agent (bacterium Yersinia pestis ), our knowledge of the Black Death remains limited, based primarily on...
Article
Precipitation is a key climate parameter of vegetation and ecosystems in the Iberian Peninsula. Here, we use a regional pollen–climate calibration model and fossil pollen data from eight sites from the Atlantic coast to southern Spain to provide quantitative reconstructions of annual precipitation trends and excursions and their regional patterns f...
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The Iberian Central System (ICS) is a clue region to reveal Mediterranean/Atlantic inferences over Iberia. We present a multidisciplinary study from western Spain conducted in the Navamuño depression (ND), covering the last 16.8 ka (cal BP). A reconstruction of the palaeotemperature from the resulting geochemical data highlights four cold and dry i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sedimentary charcoal records are widely used to reconstruct regional changes in fire regimes through time in the geological past. Existing global compilations are not geographically comprehensive and do not provide consistent metadata for all sites. Furthermore, the age models provided for these records are not harmonised and many are based on olde...
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Full-text available
Resumen: En este trabajo exponemos nuestra investigación sobre los usos de la tierra en el valle de altura de Jutia (Yeste-Nerpio, Albacete) dentro del Prebético interno y de la cuenca alta del río Segura. Hemos considerando el valle como unidad de trabajo y hemos integrado fotointerpretación, prospección arqueológica y geofísica, sondeos y una ser...
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As the south-westernmost region of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula stands as a key area for understanding the process of modern human dispersal into Eurasia. However, the precise timing, ecological setting and cultural context of this process remains controversial concerning its spatiotemporal distribution within the different regions of the peninsul...
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The Iberian Peninsula is an area of the Western Mediterranean among the most sensitive to climatic and anthropogenic change. It has formed the centre-piece of numerous palaeoenvironmental studies of mountain and valleys, covering different chronologies and historical periods. These studies, however, include no palaeoenvironmental background to the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Black Death is the most reknown pandemic in human history, believed by many to have killed half of Europe's population. However, despite the advances in ancient DNA research that allowed for the successful identification of the pandemic's causative agent (bacterium Yersinia pestis), our knowledge of the Black Death is still limited, based prima...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on palaeoenvironmental conditions and climate variability during the Upper Late Pleistocene (c. 28,000–11,700 cal BP) in SW Europe (Iberian Peninsula) and their influence on human settlement patterns. All the palaeoenvironmental and archaeological sequences available for this period are analysed, together with a new palaeoenviron...
Preprint
Full-text available
Charcoal accumulated in lake, bog or other anoxic sediments through time has been used to document the geographical patterns in changes in fire regimes. Such reconstructions are useful to explore the impact of climate and vegetation changes on fire during periods when the human influence was less prevalent than today. However, charcoal records only...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo evalúa la posible influencia de la pandemia altomedieval conocida como «plaga de Justiniano» como uno de los factores que contribuyeron a configurar los ecosistemas de montaña enclavados en el Sistema Central de la península ibérica. Para ello, el artículo se centra en dos registros polínicos naturales de alta resolución y bien...
Chapter
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Resumen: Los pinsapares de Abies pinsapo son una de las formaciones boscosas más originales de la península ibérica. A pesar de la singularidad de estos ecosistemas, hasta el momento ningún análisis de microfósiles polínicos había sido emprendido en aquellos territorios donde esta especie, en peligro de extinción, aún pervive. Con este trabajo se p...
Article
Human impact on western Mediterranean mountains is gaining more attention, as they harbour a rich plant diversity threatened by global change. This paper presents an analysis of two pollen records from both sides of Sierra Nevada, the prime plant-diversity centre of the Mediterranean, spanning the last 5400 years. The analysis sought to answer the...
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This paper presents the prehistoric ditched enclosure of Cerro de los Vientos located in Puente del Obispo (Jaén, Spain). The study has made possible the characterization of the site, including its complete layout, main architectural features, two unpublished radiocarbon dates, and the pottery, lithic, and pollen analyses. The site consists of two...
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Cómo citar este artículo / How to cite this paper: López-Sáez, J.A.; Sánchez-Mata, D.; Alba-Sánchez, F.; Luelmo-Lautenschlaeger, R.; Gavilán, R.G.; Pérez-Díaz, S.; Abel-Schaad, D. (2020). Contribución paleoambiental a la sectorización biogeográfica de la Sierra de Gredos (Ávila, Sistema Central): el Subsector Paramero-Serrotense como caso de estudi...
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Cómo citar este artículo / How to cite this paper: Abel-Schaad, D.; Alba-Sánchez, F.; Pérez Díaz, S.; Sabariego-Ruiz, S.; Luelmo-Lautenschlaeger, R.; González-Hernández, A.; López-Sáez, J.A. (2020). Dinámica de los bosques de Sierra Nevada (sur de la Península Ibérica) a lo largo del Holoceno reciente. Carracedo, V.; García-Codron, J.C.; Garmendia,...
Article
This paper presents a palynological study of the archeological layers from the Neanderthal site Abrigo 3 del Complejo del Humo, in southern Spain (Málaga), with the aim of reconstructing the environmental conditions in the vicinity of this hominin site. The Upper Pleistocene vegetation and its variability are described, revealing a high diversity o...
Article
A set of 30 modern pollen samples collected in pine communities of the Gúdar Range (southeastern Iberian System) has been investigated to determine the relationships between pollen percentages and vegetation composition along a ~ 1000 m elevation transect. Pollen representation was estimated by comparing the presence of plant taxa from a recent veg...
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A high resolution core (9.7 yr cm–1) from the Chao de Veiga Mol raised bog (NW Iberian Peninsula) was analysed to identify plant macrofossils, estimate peat humification and calculate hydroclimatic indices based on current bog species, with the overall aim of determining the climate conditions associated with evolution of the bog during the Medieva...
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En el presente trabajo se evalúan los efectos de la peste negra bajomedieval (1348–1351 AD) sobre los bosques y las actividades agroforestales de un valle intramontano de la Meseta sur española, a partir de análisis polínicos de alta resolución. Para comprender mejor los efectos de aquella pandemia se analiza la secuencia paleoambiental de cinco tu...
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The NeoArabia project tries to understand how environmental, social, economic and technological factors work in concert to influence settlement and abandonment along a latitudinal transect of 1200 km from UAE to southern Oman. This region was affected by wide north–south variations in the Indo‐Arabian monsoon, marine upwelling activity and eustatic...
Article
A new record from a long sediment core (S3) in Navamu~ no (1505 m asl, western Iberian Central System) provides the reconstruction of the vegetation history and environmental changes in the region between 15.6 and 10.6 ka cal BP, namely during the Late Glacial and the early Holocene, using a multiproxy analysis (pollen-based vegetation and climate...
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The Toledo Mountains are a mid-elevation mountain range that separates the Tagus and Guadiana basins in the central area of the Iberian Peninsula. The location of these mountains allows the development of typical Mediterranean vegetation with some Atlantic influence. Consequently, typical broadleaved evergreen Mediterranean vegetation currently dom...
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Long-term fire ecology can help to better understand the major role played by fire in driving vegetation composition and structure over decadal to millennial timescales, along with climate change and human agency, especially in fire-prone areas such as the Mediterranean basin. Investigating past ecosystem dynamics in response to changing fire activ...
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As a cultural construction, the result of the interaction between human beings and nature, the study of the landscape must be considered within a dimension Historical and archaeological. This is basically articulated at two scales, the spatial and the temporal, which delimit the rhythmicity of the process and its typology. From a historical perspec...
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Knowledge of the current status of Fagus sylvatica in the Western Pyrenean Region (Northern Iberian Peninsula) is based on its widespread presence in mountain areas. However, the past evolution of this taxon and its links to natural and anthropogenic activities is not well defined. We have compiled all the published palaeobotanical data (macro and...
Article
Agrarian landscapes are among the least understood features of first millennium B.C. societies in the western Mediterranean. Studies of such landscapes in the context of the Iberian Iron Age have been based essentially on the archeological record in places used for purposes other than farming, particularly settlements and areas reserved for burials...
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Precipitation is a key climate driver of vegetation and ecosystems of the Iberian Peninsula. Here, we use a regional pollen-climate calibration model and fossil pollen data from seven sites from different parts of Spain to provide quantitative reconstructions of annual precipitation values for the last 15 000 years. Our records show that in the Lat...
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Current knowledge of climate change effects on forest ecology and species conservation should be linked to understanding of the past-time. Abies pinsapoforests constitute a model of an endangered ecosystem, highly vulnerable to ongoing warming, whose populations have been declining for centuries, while the drivers of this local depletion trend rema...
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High-resolution pollen, macrofossil and charcoal data, combined with multivariate analysis, were used to reconstruct Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics at Manaderos. The studied mire is located in a highly valued location in the supra-Mediterranean belt of the Gredos Range (central Iberian Peninsula). The record started at 1260 calendar years (c...
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Morphometric analysis offers an alternative or augmentation to traditional archaeobotanical methods to address differences within and between plant species and their remains, refining and enhancing taxonomic resolution. Morphometrics, the measurement of size and shape, and the multivariate statistical analysis of generated quantitative variables, h...
Article
Post-fire forest resilience must be quantified in a long-term perspective considering changes in land-use related to fire dynamics. Historical land-use changes leading to increased wildfire severity may produce no analogue regime shifts including a loss in post-fire growth recovery. Here we reconstruct the historical fire dynamics by combining pale...
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En este artículo se presentan tres crómlechs excavados en la Sierra de Aralar. Ondarre I tiene un diámetro de siete metros y está conformado por 35 testigos. El túmulo de tierra tiene 45 cm de altura. En su zona central había 4 losetas de caliza, y una pequeña cubeta con huesos incinerados, pertenecientes a dos individuos y abundantes carbones. A s...
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The northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula is home to a unique ecosystem of bogs, which are particularly sensitive to projected climate change. In this context, the rate of carbon (C) accumulation in Chao de Veiga Mol, an intact raised bog, was analysed. Changes in the accumulation rate over the past 10 millennia were determined in a peat core o...
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The study of the Neolithic in the Levant of the Iberian Peninsula has a long research trajectory, being well known in some river valleys such as Serpis or Clariano. The excavation of a large number of cave and open-air deposits has made this area an outstanding reference on a peninsular scale and in the western Mediterranean. However, other nearby...
Article
A multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental study (pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs, charcoal particles, mollusk mac-rofauna) of coastal marshland in Doñana National Park (southwestern Iberian Peninsula) was undertaken to trace environmental change, human activities related to woodland clearance, and past land-use during the mid-late Holocene (~5000-2800 cal...
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Mid-mountain ecosystems provide a broad diversity of resources, heterogeneous relief, and a mild climate, which are all very useful for human necessities. These features enable different strategies such as the terracing of the slopes as well as wide crop diversification. Their relations lead to a parallel co-evolution between the environment and hu...
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The Mediterranean species included in the genus Abies, and Cedrus atlantica show very limited distribution ranges at present. In this work, we outline the origin and migratory routes followed by Abies pinsapo, A. marocana, A. tazaotana and Cedrus atlantica, from the beginning of the Tertiary to the present, as well as the likely causes which have l...
Article
Quantifying and reconstructing past vegetation changes is an important step to fully understand human-environment interactions in the past. In this study we present a reconstruction of arboreal cover of six study sites in the Gredos Range (central Spain) over the last 3000 yr based on multivariate statistical analysis (cluster analysis and non-metr...
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The study of anthropogenic activities in prehistoric landscapes has increased greatly in recent decades in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, particularly through pollen records from low altitude areas where settlement was more frequent throughout Prehistory. However, little is known about the evolution of landscapes in highlands, particularly in the...
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Background: High-mountain pine forests and broom communities in central Spain today have led to contrasting interpretations of their natural or human-induced origin. Aims: We evaluated the vulnerability and resilience of high-mountain Pinus sylvestris/P. nigra forests and derived Cytisus broom scrub communities to climate and anthropogenic disturba...
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Cedrus atlantica (Atlas cedar) is a relict and endemic endangered species from northwestern African mountains, whose distribution range has undergone a dramatic reduction over recent decades. Long-term studies are needed for a better understanding of the development of its range as well as for assisting in the implementation of sustainable conserva...