Sebastian Mutz

Sebastian Mutz
University of Tuebingen | EKU Tübingen · Department of Geosciences

Dr. rer. nat.

About

37
Publications
4,677
Reads
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158
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
158 Citations
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Introduction
My research interests are centred around climate - Earth surface interactions in the past (late Cenozoic), present and near future. I primarily employ process-based and empirical models to better quantify and understand these interactions, and to refine reconstructions and predictions of climate change impacts at or near the Earth's surface.
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - present
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2012 - present
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Research Associate
November 2008 - December 2011
University of Wuerzburg
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
November 2008 - December 2011
University of Wuerzburg
Field of study
  • Climatology and Glaciology
October 2004 - June 2008
University of Leicester
Field of study
  • Geology with Palaeobiology

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Miocene (15.99–11.65 Ma) of Europe witnessed major climatic, environmental, and vegetational change, yet we are lacking detailed reconstructions of Middle Miocene temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe. Here, we use a high-resolution (∼0.75°) isotope-enabled general circulation model (ECHAM5-wiso) with time-specific boundary...
Article
Full-text available
Frost cracking is a dominant mechanical weathering phenomenon facilitating the breakdown of bedrock in periglacial regions. Despite recent advances in understanding frost cracking processes, few studies have addressed how global climate change over the late Cenozoic may have impacted spatial variations in frost cracking intensity. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Miocene (15.99–11.65 Ma) of Europe witnessed major climatic, environmental, and vegetational change, yet we are lacking detailed reconstructions of Middle Miocene temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe. Here, we use a high‐resolution (∼0.75°) isotope‐enabled general circulation model (ECHAM5‐wiso) with time‐specific boundary...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reconstructions of topography and surface uplift histories of mountain ranges over geological time help constrain the geodynamic evolution of collisional domains and improve our understanding of the interactions between climate, tectonics, and surface processes. Stable isotope palaeoaltimetry is a powerful tool to estimate past surface elevations....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many issues related to contemporary climate change (e.g. reduced crop yield and diminishing water reservoirs) cannot be effectively addressed without improving the understanding of the climate system in future scientists, communicators and policy makers. Many higher education climate courses, however, are overspecialised, inaccessible and didactica...
Article
Full-text available
The hydroclimate of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and Central Asia (CA) plays a crucial role in sustaining surface water reservoirs and thus water resources in the respective regions. In this study, we investigate the changes in Asian hydroclimate and its driving forces during specific time intervals in the last 3 Ma. We conduct high‐resolution (∼0.75°...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The topographic formation of large mountains and plateaus significantly impacts regional and global climate. Previous studies demonstrated that major mountain ranges can explain important aspects of synoptic scale climate dynamics and notable features of the climate system, such as the position of the intertropical convergence zone. Quantifying the...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate relationships between synoptic-scale atmospheric variability and the mass-balance of 13 Andean glaciers (located 16-55°S) using Pearson correlation coefficients (PCCs) and multiple regressions. We then train empirical glacier mass-balance models (EGMs) in a cross-validated multiple regression procedure for each glacier. We find four...
Article
Full-text available
This is the supplemental material to Mutz and Aschauer (2022): Empirical glacier mass-balance models for South America. Journal of Glaciology. https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2022.6
Preprint
Frost cracking is a dominant mechanical weathering phenomenon facilitating the breakdown of bedrock in periglacial regions. Despite recent advances in understanding frost cracking processes, few studies have addressed how global climate change over the Late Cenozoic may have impacted spatial variations in frost cracking intensity. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
Reconstructing Oligocene-Miocene paleoeleva-tion contributes to our understanding of the evolutionary history of the European Alps and sheds light on geodynamic and Earth surface processes involved in the development of Alpine topography. Despite being one of the most intensively explored mountain ranges worldwide, constraints on the elevation hist...
Article
Full-text available
The Qaidam Basin (QB) in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau held a megalake system during the Pliocene. Today, the lower elevations in the basin are hyperarid. To understand to what extent the climate plays a role in the maintenance of the megalake system during the Pliocene, we applied the Weather Research and Forecasting model for dynamical downsca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconstructing Oligocene-Miocene paleoelevation contributes to our understanding of the evolutionary history of the European Alps and sheds light on geodynamic and Earth’s surface processes involved in the development of Alpine topography. Despite being one of the most intensively explored mountain ranges worldwide, constraints on the elevation his...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we have created 10 geoscience video lessons that follow the paired-teaching pedagogical approach. This method is used to supplement the standard school curriculum with video lessons, instructed by geoscientists from around the world, coupled with activities carried out under the guidance of classroom teachers. The video lessons intro...
Article
Full-text available
Local scale estimates of temperature change in the twenty-first century are necessary for informed decision making in both the public and private sector. In order to generate such estimates for Chile, weather station data of the Dirección Meteorológica de Chile are used to identify large-scale predictors for local-scale temperature changes and cons...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lack of access to science-based natural hazards information impedes the effectiveness of school-based disaster risk reduction education. To address this challenge, we have created ten geoscience video lessons that follow the paired teaching pedagogical approach. This method is used to supplement the standard school curriculum with video lessons ins...
Article
Full-text available
Many stable isotope paleoaltimetry studies have focused on paleoelevation reconstructions of orogenic plateaus such as the Tibetan or Andean Plateaus. We address the opportunities and challenges of applying stable isotope paleoaltimetry to “smaller” orogens. We do this using a high‐resolution isotope tracking general circulation model (ECHAM5‐wiso)...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting and explaining differences between palaeoclimates can provide valuable insights for Earth scientists investigating processes that are affected by climate change over geologic time. In this study, we describe and explain spatiotemporal patterns in palaeoclimate change that are relevant to Earth surface scientists. We apply a combination of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paleoelevation reconstructions have gained attention over the past decades due to the importance of quantifying surface uplift for understanding the subsurface density structure, isostatic compensation of orogens, and interactions between surface processes, tectonics and climate. However, most studies to date have focused on paleoel-evation reconst...
Article
Assessing paleo-climatic changes and the underlying driving mechanisms are an essential (and often poorly understood) first-step for understanding if natural variability in Earth's climate system from tectonic processes and orbital forcing could produce observed changes in surface processes. In this study, we take this first step of evaluating clim...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting and explaining differences between palaeoclimates can provide valuable insight into climatic tipping points and a useful framework of information for Earth scientists investigating processes that are affected by climate change over geological time. We apply a combination of multivariate cluster- and discriminant analysis techniques to a s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster education in schools can raise awareness among students, teachers, and parents, leading to more accurate risk perception and better understanding of protective measures. For a disaster education curriculum to be effective, particularly in the context of earthquakes, the curriculum must be science-based. For example, to prepare for earthqua...
Poster
Full-text available
Disaster education plays a key role in reducing vulnerability and increasing safety and community resilience to disaster risks. Geoscientists can inform mitigation and resilience strategies as they collect and analyze data relevant to disaster risks. However, many of the approaches they use to engage with the public involve one-way, asymmetric comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Central Asia is one of the largest arid regions in the world, however, multiple lakes have existed here since the Neogene. These lakes were able to sustain themselves despite the aridification trend in Asia through the Plio-Pleistocene. For example, long-term geological multiproxy records, including carbonate δ 18 O, from lake sediments of the Qaid...
Article
Full-text available
The denudation history of active orogens is often interpreted in the context of modern climate gradients. Here we address the validity of this approach and ask what are the spatial and temporal variations in palaeoclimate for a latitudinally diverse range of active orogens? We do this using high-resolution (T159, ca. 80 × 80 km at the Equator) pala...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster education plays a key role in reducing vulnerability and increasing safety and community resilience to disaster risks. Geoscientists can inform mitigation and resilience strategies as they collect and analyze data relevant to disaster risks. However, many of the approaches they use to engage with the public involve one-way, asymmetric comm...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing paleo-climatic changes across the Tibetan Plateau and the underlying driving mechanisms provides insights for the natural variability in the Earth's climate system in response to tectonic processes and global climate change. In this study, we use a high-resolution regional climate model to investigate various episodes of distinct climate...
Article
Previous studies related to the active deformation within the India-Asia collision zone have relied on slip rate data from major faults to test kinematic models for the region. However, estimated geodetic and Quaternary slip rates demonstrate large variability for many of the major faults in the region (e.g., Altyn Tagh and Karakorum faults). As a...
Article
Full-text available
The denudation history of active orogens is often interpreted in the context of modern climate and vegetation gradients. Here we address the validity of this approach and ask the question: what are the spatial and temporal variations in paleo-climate for a latitudinally diverse range of active orogens? We do this using high-resolution (T159, ca. 80...
Article
The Himalaya–Tibet orogen contains one of the largest modern topographic and climate gradients on Earth. Proxy data from the region provide a basis for understanding Tibetan Plateau paleo climate and paleo elevation reconstructions. Paleo climate model comparisons to proxy data compliment sparsely located data and can improve climate reconstruction...
Article
Variations in oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) measured from modern precipitation and geologic archives provide a promising tool for understanding modern and past climate dynamics, as well as tracking elevation changes over geologic time. In areas of extreme topography, such as the Tibetan Plateau, the interpretation of δ18O has proven challenging. Thi...
Article
Variations in oxygen isotope compositions (δ18O) provide insight into modern climate and past changes in climate and topography. In addition, in regions such as Tibet, geologic archives of isotope ratios record climate change driven by plateau uplift and therefore also provide information about the surface uplift history. A good understanding of mo...
Thesis
The glaciers in Norway exert a strong influence on Norwegian economy and society. Unlike many glaciers elsewhere and despite ongoing climate change and warming, many of them showed renewed advances and positive net mass changes in the 1980's and 1990's, followed by rapid retreats and mass losses since 2000. This difference in behaviour may be attri...
Article
Full-text available
The long-term behaviour of Norwegian glaciers is reflected by the long mass-balance records provided by the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. These show positive annual mass balances in the 1980s and 1990s at maritime glaciers followed by rapid mass loss since 2000. This study assesses the influence of various atmospheric variables...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Goal: REAL aims to reconstruct the eastward propagation of surface uplift in the Alps by integrating stable isotope palaeoaltimetry and palaeoclimate modelling. It is a collaboration between Tübingen University and Senckenberg BiK and part of the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) priority programme MB-4D („Mountain Building Processes in 4D“) and aims to link Earth surface processes to lithospheric dynamics with the aid of palaeoclimate simulations and stable isotope altimetry. MB-4D website: www.spp-mountainbuilding.de
Project
Q-TiP is - together with CAHOL - a joint project of CAME II, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF). The project is looking at the mechanisms that preserve large lake systems over long periods of time in the arid zone and what causes tipping points which lead to their disappearance. Q-TiP focuses on the effects of tipping points on the landscape system, especially with regard to current and future climate changes. The aims are to investigate various climate proxies, to carry out geomorphological field work and to apply climate models. www.senckenberg.de/CAME_II
Project
Q-TiP is a project funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) and investigates the climatic controls on water resources in Central Asia with regard to the development of arid environments and their relevance for scenarios of ongoing and potential future climate change. Project website: www.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=18583