Sebastiaan Rothmann

Sebastiaan Rothmann
North-West University | NWU · Optentia Research Unit

PhD

About

268
Publications
261,158
Reads
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7,567
Citations
Introduction
Sebastiaan Rothmann currently works at the Optentia Research Focus Area, North West University South Africa. Sebastiaan does research in Positive Psychology, Organizational Psychology and Psychometrics. Current projects include 'Unemployment experiences in South Africa', "From job insecurity to job satisfaction in higher education institutions', 'Flourishing in organisations', and Ácademic boredom in schools.'
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - present
North-West University
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2010 - August 2010
University of Namibia
Position
  • Head of Department
September 2008 - December 2009
Ian Rothmann & Associates
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
February 1978 - December 1996
Potchefstroom University, South Africa
Field of study
  • Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Publications

Publications (268)
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: Graduate employability remains high on researchers’ and practitioners’ agendas. Consequently, many studies have been conducted on the topic (also from a managerial perspective). A synthesis of these studies is however lacking, complicating decision-making for stakeholders with a vested interest in the topic. Research purpose: This stu...
Article
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Positive psychology is one of the fastest-growing sub-disciplines of psychology and established itself as a genuinely transdisciplinary science. It has broadened our understanding of the elements of wellbeing and the factors that undermine it. However, despite its growth and contribution, positive psychology is not without its challenges. Since its...
Article
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Despite its popularity in practice, the Grit-O Scale has shown inconsistent factorial structures and differing levels of internal consistency in samples outside the USA. The validity of the Grit-O Scale in different contexts is, therefore, questionable. As such, the purpose of this paper was to determine whether the Grit-O Scale could be used as a...
Article
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This study aimed to identify the capabilities of secondary school teachers-valued aspects of work that are enabled and can be realized-and investigate the effects of these capabilities on three functionings: flourishing at work, organizational citizenship behavior, and intention to leave. A convenience sample of secondary school teachers (N = 144)...
Article
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Academic self-efficacy (ASE) refers to a student's global belief in his/her ability to master the various academic challenges at university and is an essential antecedent of wellbeing and performance. The five-item General Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (GASE) showed promise as a short and concise measure for overall ASE. However, of its validity and...
Article
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In general, being unemployed has negative implications for the individual and the mental health of the public as a collective. One way to escape this situation is to search for a job. However, following self-determination theory (SDT), unemployed people’s different reasons (i.e., their motivation) for engaging in a job search influence their well-b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Positive psychology is one of the fastest-growing sub-disciplines of psychology and established itself as a genuinely transdisciplinary science. It has broadened our understanding of the elements of wellbeing and the factors that undermine it. However, despite its growth and contribution, positive psychology is not without its challenges. Since its...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate how job crafting, work engagement, and workaholism were related in public sector organizations. The participants (N = 213) were civil servants from three Finnish public organizations, representing different professions, such as school personnel, secretaries, directors, parking attendants, and ICT specialists...
Article
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Caregiver monitoring and warmth have protective mental health effects for adolescents, including vulnerable adolescents. However, combinations of the aforesaid parenting behaviours and their relationship with adolescent mental health are underexplored, especially among younger and older South African (SA) adolescents challenged by structural disadv...
Article
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Orientation: Employee social well-being is likely to influence individual and organisational outcomes, especially in African countries where a high premium is often placed on one’s personhood being rooted in one’s relations with others. Research purpose: This study investigated the associations between social well-being, job satisfaction, organisa...
Article
Using person-centered latent profile analyses, this article reports two distinct sub-groups—nominal versus robust cultural allegiance—that characterize how a sample of 14- to 24-year-olds from stressed environments in South Africa ( n = 576, n females = 314, n males = 257) and Canada ( n =V481; n females = 270, n males = 211) engage with four cultu...
Article
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According to the self-determination theory, individuals' basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness should be satisfied for optimal psychological growth. The satisfaction of these needs seems to vary due to changes in a person's social context, and the outcomes of the satisfaction of these needs also vary along with the nee...
Article
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The study aimed to identify trust profiles in the work domain and to study how these patterns related to psychological need satisfaction, work engagement, and intentions to leave. A cross-sectional survey with a convenience sample (N = 298) was used. The Behavioral Trust Inventory, the Work-related Basic Need Satisfaction Scale, the Work Engagement...
Article
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Strengths use is an essential personal resource to consider when designing higher-educational programs and interventions. Strengths use is associated with positive outcomes for both the student (e.g., study engagement) and the university (e.g., academic throughput/performance). The Strengths Use Scale (SUS) has become a popular psychometric instrum...
Article
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Orientation: Teachers face a demanding work environment which might cause stress. Depending on teachers’ coping profile, distress might indirectly affect teachers’ intentions to resign from their jobs via their flourishing. Research purpose: This study aimed to investigate the associations between teachers’ perceived stress, flourishing at work, i...
Article
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The COVID-19 lockdown has significantly disrupted the higher education environment within the Netherlands and led to changes in available study-related resources and study demands of students. These changes in study resources and study demands , the uncertainty and confusion about educational activities, the developing fear and anxiety about the di...
Article
This study aimed to identify teachers’ stress profiles from their perceived stress responses, and to determine the relationships between their stress profiles, coping strategies, and mental health. Participants were a convenience sample of teachers (n = 209) in the Sedibeng East District in South Africa (female = 80.4%; mean age = 41.59 years, SD =...
Book
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Positive organizational interventions (POIs) have emerged as popular mechanisms to facilitate the professional development and well-being of employees. These interventions draw from positive psychological principles, processes, and practices to enhance the positive capabilities of individuals, teams and organizations; the goal is to improve perform...
Article
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Unemployment has negative consequences for individuals’ psychological well-being. Consequently, interventions should be designed and implemented to alleviate the psychological burden of unemployment. The design of these interventions should, however, be approached with care, as ‘the unemployed’ may not be a homogeneous group. The aim of the study w...
Article
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Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the associations leader empowering behaviour have with person–environment fit, job satisfaction and intention to leave. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional survey design was used with a sample (N = 398) of retail employees from Gauteng. The Leader Empowering Behaviour Questionnaire, Job Satisf...
Article
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Purpose: This exploratory study aimed to provide a description of the experiences and perceptions of survivalist entrepreneurs in under-resourced communities. These survivalist entrepreneurs perceived themselves as ‘temporary’ entrepreneurs. They engaged in entrepreneurial ventures, whilst actively searching for secure formal employment. Design/me...
Article
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ORIENTATION: Research has been conducted regarding job demands, job resources and well-being of individuals in a variety of jobs. However, no studies have focused on the work experiences of judges in an African context RESEARCH PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore job demands and job resources, and the effects thereof, on the well-being of judges i...
Article
Introduction: Previous studies have revealed the significant influence of electronic devices, especially social media use, on sleep difficulties among adolescents. In this study, disturbed sleep due to social media use (DSSM) was defined as reduced or troubled sleep caused by nighttime-specific behaviors such as waking to check updates, being noti...
Article
This study explored work beliefs, work-role fit, well-being, intention to leave, and organisational citizenship behaviour in a sample of judges in South Africa. We employed an exploratory, multi-method design to survey South African judges (n = 25 for the qualitative study and n = 28 for the quantitative study). Findings from qualitative analyses i...
Article
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No validated intervention that specifically addresses the psychosocial needs of unemployed people exists in the South African context. This study intends to evaluate an evidence-based job-search program, called the JOBS intervention, that is aimed at the self-efficacy, amotivation, and self-esteem related to participants searching for jobs. A quasi...
Article
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Orientation: Research indicates that teachers are more vulnerable to work-related stress, psychological distress and burnout than many other occupational groups. Despite these hindrances, and against all odds, some teachers are able to feel and function well at work. As positive teacher functioning is an achievable objective, it is important that m...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to identify distinctive mental health profiles for industrial psychologists based on the Mental Health Continuum. Further, it aimed to determine how these profiles differ with respect to work-role fit, meaningfulness and work engagement. It also aimed to investigate whether industrial psychologists within managerial or...
Article
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Orientation: Positive organisational functioning is a paradox. Both positive and negative tendencies could enable positive functioning. While an overemphasis on either the positive or the negative aspect is dysfunctional, positive factors must be given extra emphasis for positivity to occur because negativity usually dominates. Research purpose: T...
Article
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Background: South Africa is challenged with high levels of unemployment, comprising many people with low levels of education and also individuals who have never held a job before. Despite having many vulnerable participants, interventions aimed at the unemployed generally exclude psychosocial training and are methodologically weak. Aim: The JOBS p...
Article
This study aimed to identify latent mental health profiles for managers in agribusinesses. Additionally, we aimed to investigate how these profiles differed regarding the managers’ job satisfaction, organisational citizenship behaviour, and intention to leave. Managers (N = 507) from agribusinesses in South Africa participated in the study. The man...
Article
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Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) for diff erent language groups working in a chemical factory, and to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and demographic variables. The study was carried out with a sample (N = 583) representing diff erent job levels in a chemical factory. The 20-item MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were admin...
Chapter
In the long-term future, the quality, brand and reputation of universities would be crucial factors impacting experiences of work of knowledge and innovation workers. Academics in universities will play a significant role in preparing knowledge and innovation workers for their work. The aim of this chapter was to investigate the relationship betwee...
Article
This study investigated possible pathways to flourishing among pharmacy students attending a South African university (N = 799; females = 81.6%; Afrikaans-speakers = 84.7%, mean age = 20.42 years, SD = 2.25 years). The students completed the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form (MHC-SF) and an Overload and Lecturer Support Survey. Of the 779 pharma...
Chapter
This study aimed to validate a scale that could be used to measure the effectiveness of interventions aimed at enhancing flourishing at work. A cross-sectional survey design was used, with a stratified random sample of 779 employees in a company in the fast-moving consumer goods industry. The Flourishing-at-Work Scale and Job Demands-Resources Scal...
Chapter
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Positive psychological interventions (PPIs) have been subjected to considerable criticism in recent years. Following similar movements across other domains of psychology, attempts to replicate classic PPI studies have failed or have produced mixed results. Such failures are often justified with arguments that invoke the complexity of human nature,...
Article
This study investigated the relationships among strength use, training and development, psychological need satisfaction, thriving, and intention to leave of academics in higher education institutions. A cross-sectional survey design was used, with a convenience sample of 276 academic employees from three universities of technology in South Africa....
Article
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Orientation: Given the absence of organised and accessible information on programmes relating to unemployment in South Africa, it may be difficult for beneficiaries to derive value from existing programmes; and for stakeholders to identify possible gaps in order to direct their initiatives accordingly. Research purpose: The purpose of this study w...
Article
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Alleviating the psychological burden of unemployment and preventing the unemployed from withdrawing from the labor market remains a priority for unemployment researchers and practitioners alike. Job search motivation and the differential relationships with experienced psychological need satisfaction (and need frustration) potentially induce differe...
Article
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Orientation: Research regarding strengths use, deficit correction and thriving of academics in higher education institutions is necessary, given the possible effects thereof on their task and contextual performance. Research purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationships among strengths use and deficit correction, thriving at work and...
Article
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Orientation: Research regarding subjective well-being (including life satisfaction and domain- specific satisfaction) is necessary, given the effects thereof on health, work performance, social relationships and ethical behaviour of employees. Research purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationships among life satisfaction, job satisfact...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: The continuous growth of employee attrition, especially within the highly skilled talent pool, is becoming increasingly problematic. Therefore, one should continually explore the different factors that impact employee retention and performance. This casts the attention to the person–environment fit and workplace flourishing (WF).Resear...
Chapter
Meaningful work appears to be critical to individual and organizational outcomes for different countries and diverse individuals and cultures. Steger (2017) suggests that it is necessary to move beyond engagement and commitment to focus on meaningful work as an essential lever to improve individual functioning and organizational performance. Yeoman...
Book
This volume presents innovative and contemporary methodologies and intervention protocols for the enhancement of positive psychological attributes in multicultural professional and organizational contexts. Most methods, models and approaches that underpin positive psychological interventions are confined to clinical samples, closed systems or monoc...
Book
This volume presents clearly defined and described evidence-based positive psychology interventions (PPIs), which have been validated in multi-cultural contexts. It discusses validated PPIs which have been shown to have a significant impact in both clinical and real-world settings. From the late 1990s, there has been an upsurge in popular psycholog...
Chapter
The study reported in this chapter contributes to understanding the retention of teachers by analysing the relationships between perceived school principal support, and teachers’ psychological need satisfaction, engagement and intention to leave. A total of 513 secondary school teachers in public schools in South Africa participated in a cross-sect...
Article
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This study explored the relationship between religiosity, hope, and subjective well-being among 430 South African university students (n = 324) and their family members (n = 104) (70.2% female; 88.4% black; 8.4% white). Data were gathered utilising measures of religiosity, hope, satisfaction with life, and affect balance. We applied structural equa...
Article
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We investigated the extent to which perceived job demands and resources influenced work-related flourishing and job performance among academic staff in South African universities of technology. Participants were 339 lecturers from three universities of technology (female = 53.8%; junior lecturers = 15.7%; mean age = 45 years, SD = 10 years; job ten...
Article
The primary aim of the study that this article reports was to model and test a social ecological explanation of resilience as explained by Ungar. Its secondary aim was to investigate resilience-promoting supports in school-going Black South African adolescents. School attendance was specified as a culturally appropriate, functional outcome of resil...
Article
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This study aimed to review qualitative studies on the contextual factors affecting the experience of unemployed individuals. From the analysis of the findings of 13 qualitative studies, the conclusion was reached that the contextual factors, namely the broader society, the surrounding community, and the individual as actor or agent, had a direct im...
Article
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Orientation: Meaningful work and personal engagement are important dimensions of flourishing of employees, especially when individuals work in challenging jobs. Research purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between demands–abilities fit, work beliefs, meaningful work and engagement in individuals in nature-based jobs. Motivat...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the unemployment experience of residents of a historically disadvantaged South African neighbourhood. Informants were twelve black community members (females = 75%; age ranges: 20 to 29 = 58.3%, and 30 to 39 = 33.3%). Individual interviews were conducted with the participants. Thematic analysis of the data revealed that...
Article
The first aim of the study was to investigate the effects of flourishing at work (as measured by the Flourishing-at-Work Scale—Short Form) on intention to leave, performance, and organizational citizenship behavior. The second aim was to determine the prevalence of workplace flourishing and to examine differences in the perceived flourishing levels...
Article
This study tested a structural model that identifies the nature of relationships between trust, autonomy satisfaction, and personal engagement at work. A cross-sectional survey design with a convenience sample ( n = 252) was used. The Behavioral Trust Inventory, Work-Related Basic Need Satisfaction Scale, and Work Engagement Scale were administered...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether flourishing students use different emotion regulation strategies from moderately mentally healthy and languishing students. Methods: Registered pharmacy students (779) at the North-West University in South Africa completed the emotion regulation profile and Mental Health Continuum - Sh...
Article
This study investigated the relationships between sexual values and attitudes, self-esteem, and mental health among black South African adolescents. Adolescent males (n = 522) aged between 13 and 21 years participated in the study. They completed the Mathteck Sexuality Questionnaire for Adolescents: Attitude and Value Inventory, the Rosenburg Self-...
Article
The objective of this study was to validate the new Social Axioms Survey II (SASII) . The study sample comprised university students (n = 793) as well as their family members and friends (n = 645) . Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) following an initial exploratory factor analysis yielded a five-factor model: social cynicism, social complexity, re...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relationships between sexual values and attitudes, self-esteem, and mental health among black South African adolescents. Adolescent males (n = 522) aged between 13 and 21 years participated in the study. They completed the Mathteck Sexuality Questionnaire for Adolescents: Attitude and Value Inventory, the Rosenburg Self-...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relationship between supervisor support, flourishing at work, and intention to leave in a South African higher education setting. Participants comprised a convenience sample of 339 academic employees from three universities of technology. They completed the Supervisor Behaviour Scale (SBS), Flourishing-at-Work Scale (Sho...
Article
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The aim of this study was to validate the Flourishing-at-Work Scale Short Form (FWS-SF) in a South African fast-moving consumable goods industry. Participants were a stratified random sample of 779 employees of an alcoholic beverage company (female = 40.4%, black = 33.4%). The FWS-SF and a biographical questionnaire were administered. Latent variab...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate coping self-efficacy and aspects of psychosocial well-being amongst youth from marginalised backgrounds. A total of 794 black South African marginalised youth (males = 54%, females = 46%, age range between 18 and 30 years) voluntarily participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants completed sur...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate whether there were different types of unemployed people in South Africa. A psychosocial typology, developed in Europe, identified five types of unemployed people based on their attitudes, behaviour, and experiences. To determine whether the same types could be found in South Africa, we studied a convenience...
Article
The aims of this study were to investigate antecedents of flourishing in the workplace. A cross-sectional survey design was used with a stratified random sample of 779 employees in a fast-moving consumer goods company in South Africa (females = 40.4%, blacks = 33.4%). The participants responded to the Flourishing-at-Work Scale -Short Form, Job Dema...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: Retaining staff is vital to ensure that universities accomplish their missions. To optimise the potential of staff members and retain staff, it is necessary to study their flourishing and fit in their jobs and organisations.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between person-environment fit, flour...