Sean Waite

Sean Waite
The University of Western Ontario | UWO · Department of Sociology

Assistant Professor

About

17
Publications
2,801
Reads
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240
Citations
Introduction
I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at Western University. My research focuses on work, occupations and labour market inequality. I also study criminology, deviance, and LGBT issues. For more information about my research please visit my website at www.seanwaite.ca.
Education
September 2011 - August 2016
McGill University
Field of study
  • Sociology
September 2007 - June 2011
Kings University at The University of Western Ontario
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Using data from the 2008 to 2018 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), we explore compositional differences between single, common-law, and married individuals by sexual orientation in Canada. Specifically, we focus on how single versus partnered lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals differ in sociodemographic characteristics, education,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As a group, gender and sexual minorities in Canada – including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and Two-spirit (LGBTQ2S+) self-identified people – are more likely to live in poverty, face greater barriers to employment (including stigma and discrimination), and earn less at work, despite often having higher levels of education than their...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As a group, gender and sexual minorities in Canada – including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and Two-spirit (LGBTQ2S+) identified people – are more likely to live in poverty, face greater barriers to employment, and earn less at work than their cisgender, heterosexual counterparts, in addition to reporting poorer health and social out...
Article
There is a growing body of literature on the labor market outcomes of gay, lesbian and bisexual (LGB) individuals. To date, much of this literature has relied on samples of same- and different-sex couples, such as those drawn from censuses, to study gay men and lesbian women’s labor market outcomes. By design, these studies exclude single people an...
Article
There is a growing literature interested in the workplace experiences of transgender individuals. The biggest limitation for researchers in this field continues to be the dearth of population-level data that captures information on gender identity and employment characteristics. Using the 2017 Public Service Employee Survey, this paper explores emp...
Article
Full-text available
Background The last two decades have witnessed a considerable growth in the literature focusing on LGBTQ2S+ employment, labour market inequality, and income. During the same period, Canada has emerged as a trailblazer in employment protections for both sexual and gender minorities. Unfortunately, the Canadian literature on LGBTQ2S+ employment outco...
Article
A number of mechanisms contribute to the gender earnings gap – both its level and trends in it. We focus on three of them: occupational demand, the cumulation of disadvantage that originates in the unequal domestic division of labour, and labour market statuses which also may originate in the domestic division of labour. We show that changes in occ...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research focuses on the labor market experiences and outcomes of LGBTQ+ people. Yet sexual orientation has been incorporated unevenly into research on labor market inequality, developing in parallel across work in labor economics and the sociology of work and organizations. In this review, we describe research on sexual orientatio...
Article
There is a growing international literature on the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals. One of the biggest limitations for researchers in this field continues to be the dearth of population-based surveys that include questions on sexual orientation, gender identity, and high-quality demographic, health, social, polit...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1990s, enrolment in postgraduate programs has increased significantly in Canada. In more recent years, this has led to concerns regarding overproduction and the labour market outcomes of those with postgraduate education. Women have played an important role in this growth, but questions remain as to whether women’s progress into the highe...
Article
In this paper we use data on consecutive cohorts of recent graduates from community colleges or community college-like institutions to address the following questions about the gender earnings gap: i) What was the trend in the gender earnings gap for these recent graduates? ii) What role in the observed trends in the gender earnings gap was played...
Article
Full-text available
Growing interest in the labour market outcomes of sexual minorities presents novel methodological and theoretical challenges. In this note, we outline important challenges in the study of wage inequality between sexual minorities and heterosexuals in Canada. We discuss the current state of available data on sexual orientation and economic outcomes...
Article
Mounting evidence suggests that sexual orientation matters in the labour market. Research in Canada points to a wage hierarchy not only by gender, but also by sexual orientation, with heterosexual men out-earning gay men, lesbians, and heterosexual women. While previous work has considered how human capital characteristics, occupation and industry...
Article
This study presents novel evidence on the relationship between sexual orientation and self-employment. Using data from the 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada and the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey, we explore the propensity for self-employment among same- and opposite-sex couples. We examine the demographic, human capital, and family character...
Article
Growing interest in the labour market outcomes of sexual minorities presents novel methodological and theoretical challenges. In this note, we outline important challenges in the study of wage inequality between sexual minorities and heterosexuals in Canada. We discuss the current state of available data on sexual orientation and economic outcomes...
Article
With few exceptions, it has been found that gay men earn less and lesbians earn more than their heterosexual counterparts. Most of the current literature has used single cross-sectional datasets to test possible sources of these wage differentials. This study adds to this literature by presenting a theoretical framework, grounded in gender theory,...
Article
Drawing from the gender wage gap literature, we explore four possible causes of sexual minority earnings gaps: (1) variation in human capital and labor force participation, (2) occupational and industrial sorting, (3) differences in the institutional organization of the public and private sector, and (4) different returns to marriage and parenthood...

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