Seamus Grimes

Seamus Grimes
National University of Ireland, Galway | NUI Galway · Whitaker Institute for Innovation and Societal Change

PhD
China and global technology value chains

About

123
Publications
27,513
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Introduction
China's integration into global technology value chains by focusing on the role of foreign technology companies in China. A longitudinal study from 2010 interviewing foreign R&D centres.
Additional affiliations
January 1980 - June 2012
National University of Ireland, Galway
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
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Transboundary water cooperation (TWC) is an important theme of international cooperation. We conducted macro-level research on TWC from the perspective of inter-country relations and constructed a theoretical framework in which multidimensional proximity influences the formation of global TWC. We explained how multidimensional proximity and the con...
Article
The global model of semiconductor development has resulted in an asymmetric and interdependent relationship between China's critical role in semiconductor production and those regions such as the US which control the key inputs into the value chain. While this unbalanced relationship has facilitated many of the companies involved in the value chain...
Article
Although existing studies questioned the simple positive correlation between the technology transfer speed and the benefits, they have been widely condemned for lacking empirical evidence. Using the patent transfer data at the city scale in China, and distinguishing fast from slow by dividing technology transfer speed into four levels, this paper a...
Book
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2018年中美贸易摩擦成为全球关注的焦点,各方给予了各个层面的解读。实际上,特朗普总统早在竞选期间就提出了一个非常有趣且迷人的问题,如何将像苹果等美国公司的制造从中国迁回美国。 本书认为,在全球化的知识经济时代,基于知识和创新活动的价值创造和分配是经济发展的核心。过去40年,全球化促进中国经济发展转型,是一把双刃剑。一方面,中国从全球化中获益,已经成为全球第二大经济体、全球制造基地和全球最大的高技术产品出国口;另一方面,中国仍然高度依赖国外的资本和技术。本书主要是从全球价值链(GVC)视角探索中国经济的核心,综合分析了FDI、国家贸易、科学技术创新和经济发展。具体而言,本书考察了中国在全球价值链中的位置演变,有一些中国创新型公司已经出现在全球市场上,中国正在持续努力成为创新型国家。中国的经...
Book
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This book will explore the core of the Chinese economy from the perspective of the Global Value Chain (GVC), combining analysis of inward investment, international trade, Science and Technology and Innovation (S&TI) and economic development. Specifically, it investigates China’s evolving role in GVCs with some innovative Chinese companies emerging...
Article
This paper investigates the actors- and relations-based mechanisms within the evolutionary process of inter-regional network using a unique database of China's technology transaction between regions. The results show that a focal region's level of technological and economic development has a significantly positive influence on its network position,...
Article
China’s integration into the information and communications technology global value chain has taken place as global technology corporations outsourced and offshored an increasing range of functions, including manufacturing, assembly, and to some extent innovation to more competitive regions within China. Initially disappointed with low levels of te...
Article
In today’s world, the innovation of science and technology has become the key support for improving comprehensive national strength and changing the mode of social production and lifestyle. The country that possesses world-class scientific and technological innovation cities maximizes the attraction of global innovation factors and wins a strategic...
Article
Using Apple’s 2015 published list of supplier companies and their subsidiaries, this paper analyses how one of the world’s most significant lead technology companies and its network of core and non-core suppliers have become increasingly embedded in China’s information and communications technology (ICT) global value chain. By mapping both the glob...
Article
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The state is still the significant unit for innovative studies during the age of R&D globalization and innovation regionalization. Using the bibliometric method, this paper attempts to provide a comprehensive picture of national innovation studies based on data derived from the Web of Knowledge. In particular, we identify the most significant count...
Article
This paper synthesises evidence from international trade data of China-based ICT companies in order to map their involvement in the ICT global value chain (GVC). The ICT GVC is divided into three types of companies: Own Brand Manufacturers (OBMs), component companies and Electronic Manufacturers (EMS)/Original Design Manufacturers (ODMs). The firm-...
Article
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While r&d potential attractive, climate made tougher by price pressure, regulatory complexities Despite China's ambitions to promote its pharmaceutical sector, it is likely to continue to depend on significant contributions from foreign companies for some time. While the situation provides opportunities for big pharma companies to expand their mark...
Data
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China's increasing integration into the global pharmaceutical value chain is occurring at a time when big pharma's traditional R&D model has entered a period of crisis, and when China faces significant challenges in providing healthcare for its huge and rapidly ageing population. Despite China's ambitions of promoting its own pharmaceutical sector,...
Chapter
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Our understanding of complex networks of production associated with transnational corporations in an increasingly globalised economy is hampered by a reliance on traditional conceptualisations and methodologies based on economic data for distinct sectoral areas of activity mainly confined to separate economies. Multiscalar and relational perspectiv...
Article
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Although much of the foreign investment in Africa has come from established Western multinational companies, the media have paid particular attention to the more recent growth in Chinese investment in Africa, sometimes questioning the motives for that investment, and in some cases suggesting that China is partly responsible for a new phase of colon...
Chapter
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This chapter examines aspects of the recent growth in foreign-owned R&D activity in China, within the context of China's new push for indigenous innovation. While China is facing signficant challenges to adpat its development model to increase the value-added component of its role as a major global manufacturing location, a major dirver of R&D inve...
Article
This paper examines the on-going high level of dependency of China’s economy on foreign sources of technology during the period since accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Because this dependency is a major cause of concern for China’s leaders and policymakers, they have sought to shift the direction of the economy particularly since 200...
Article
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Hyper-capitalism in global information and communication technology (ICT) markets during the late 1990s created a new global production network, shaped by multinational corporations, international capital flows, and a flourishing of high-tech entrepreneurship. Each of the cities considered here benefited substantially from this growth, but their po...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the contribution of multinational R&D activity in China within an evolving policy environment which increasingly emphasizes indigenous innovation and the reduction of dependence on foreign sources of technology. This drive to ensure the development of Chinese-owned technology in the medium term is an understandable attempt by...
Article
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The persistent relatively high levels of fertility and population growth in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa are considered by many policymakers as a major obstacle towards economic progress on the continent. This neomalthusian interpretation of demographic trends is, however, disputed by some scholars, who insist on the need to examine demogra...
Article
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This paper examines the contribution of multinational R&D activity in China within an evolving policy environment which increasingly emphasizes indigenous innovation and the reduction of dependence on foreign sources of technology. This drive to ensure the development of Chinese-owned technology in the medium term is an understandable attempt by Ch...
Article
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Much More time and effort are necessary before China can become R&D hub of the world China is moving from an export processing model, in which foreign companies have played a key role in the past 30 years or so, particularly in the high technology areas, to a new growth model more focused on domestic consumption. However, despite the significant gr...
Article
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In the early days of 2009 the city of Limerick in the mid-west region of Ireland was dealt a massive blow by the PC manufacturer Dell. After months, if not years, of speculation, the company had finally decided to move all its European manufacturing from Limerick to Lodz in Poland. Among the many reasons cited – from the global economic downturn to...
Article
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This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the cont...
Article
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URBAN PATRONAGE AND SOCIAL AUTHORITY: THE MANAGEMENT OF THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE'S TOWNS IN IRELAND, 1764–1891, by Lindsay Proudfoot. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1995. 398pp. $69.95. ISBN 0-8132-0819-X. Reviewed by ARNOLD HORNER. MAYNOOTH, by Arnold Horner. Fascicle No.7, Irish Historic Towns Atlas, edited by Anngret Simin...
Article
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This paper traces the evolution of R&D investment by overseas companies in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in Ireland in recent years. This investment is seen as a further stage in the evolution of ICT subsidiaries from an earlier focus on manufacturing to an increasing involvement in higher value-added activities such as...
Chapter
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Promotion of the knowledge-based economy, and more generally, the information society has been prominent in both the Republic of Ireland (RoI) and Northern Ireland (NI) over recent years. In Ireland, the current public spending emphasis on Research and Development (R&D) and innovation through Science Foundation Ireland and other initiatives emphasi...
Article
For some, Ireland's pursuit of an exogenous-led development model has proved to be the cornerstone of recent economic success. Others point to recent high-profile closures and argue that foreign-owned operations are attracted to Ireland solely because of the advantageous tax breaks and lucrative grants scheme offered by the Irish government. We pay...
Article
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Although researchers examining the internationalization of service activity emphasize the need to see it as a holistic process because of the interdependency between production and services, conceptualization of the internationalization process to date has been constrained by the common tendency to focus on specialist service corporations. The most...
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The authors explore Ireland’s growing involvement in the world economy. For many years, Ireland’s foreign-direct-investment-led (FDI-led) development policy was associated heavily with low-skill, dependent branch plants. However, over the past fifteen years the shift towards internationally traded services notably improved the quality of this inves...
Article
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As economic activity becomes increasingly globalized, partly by means of new information and communication technologies (ICTs), one of the key expectations of European policy-makers was that businesses in rural regions, and particularly in peripheral rural regions, would overcome some of the disadvantages of their locational contexts, and become mo...
Article
In the context of the global production network (GPN) paradigm, this paper considers the combination of local and global factors which have contributed to the development of the ICT clusters in three small countries. Developments in each country reflect the combination of local advantages in human, knowledge and institutional capital and each natio...
Chapter
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Throughout most of the 20th century the Republic of Ireland suffered from persistently high unemployment and chronic emigration and as a result employment creation drove industrial policy. During a period of rapid growth in the 1990s, Ireland achieved near full employment and the focus of industrial policy shifted from employment creation to actual...
Chapter
While major parts of the South continue to be characterised by widespread poverty and deprivation, many analyses of development problems tend to adopt either a pragmatic or economistic perspective of the issues involved, or in some cases a neo-malthusian interpretation. While expressing a real concern for the considerable injustice and inequity ass...
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The success of the Irish economy, and the technology sector in particular, over the last decade has been well noted. This article seeks to uncover the role that Irish participation in the ESPRIT programme of the European Union's Fourth Framework Programme has played in the building of Ireland's knowledge economy through its promotion of research co...
Article
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While there is little dispute that rural SMEs have much to gain from an effective engagement with e-commerce, the experience to date, particularly for firms operating in remote locations, points to considerable barriers to their involvement in the digital economy in the short term. Despite the considerable effort being made by the European Union to...
Article
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This paper examines the emergence of information economy related activity through inward investment and the indigenous sector in one of Europe's most peripheral regions. Ireland's recent economic resurgence has benefited considerably from international corporate restructuring as US multinationals in particular reconfigured their operations within E...
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This article is an evaluation of Ireland's participation in the Telematics Applications Programme (TAP), which was part of the European Commission's Fourth Framework Programme for the period 1994-1998. TAP was primarily concerned with public sector bodies and their ability to adapt to the Information Society. The article explores Irish participatio...
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Article
Books reviewed: Industrial Location Economics, Philip McCann. The Color of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology, and Fair-Lending Enforcement, Stephen L. Ross and John Yinger. Start-Up Factories: High-Performance Management, Job Quality, and Regional Advantage, Peter B. Doeringer, Christine Evans-Klock, and David G. Terkla. Economi...
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From the early 1980s, commentators have been suggesting that information society technologies would bring about a reversal of the urbanisation process and open up opportunities for peripheral regions. The Irish experience to date provides some convincing evidence that peripheral regions can benefit significantly from exploiting these technologies,...
Article
This paper examines the prospects for rural areas within the Information Society, referring particularly to the EU experience. Among these are the diminishing effects of distance from core markets and enhancing the learning capacities of rural areas by improving access to relevant information. EU policy to date has been influenced by a strong techn...
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While well-informed policy intervention can have a significant impact on the prospects arising from IST for peripheral areas, it is essential to realise that the underlying logic of IST is profitability, competitiveness and productivity. Although there is no doubt that IST is bringing about a r evolutionary change in the geography of economic activ...
Article
Information and Communication technologies, and in particular, broadband services, are now regarded as key determinants of competitiveness and of economic growth in the global economy. As computing, telecommunications and communications media converge, they are having a profound effect on business structures, business models and business interactio...
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This paper is a review of the interdisciplinary literature examining ideological influences which have helped to shape population control policy in recent decades. A powerful critique of what has become a top-down, ethnocentric approach towards a narrowly focused policy has emerged both from scholars within the Third World itself and from those in...
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In terms of peripherality and size, Norway and Ireland have much in common as small European regions, but their economic and demographic experiences since the beginning of the 1980s have been reflected in important differences in how their labour forces have evolved. While both countries are part of the advanced industrial world, Ireland can be des...
Article
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Despite the many negative indicators such as falling population and high emigration which are characteristic of the Northwest, the town of Ballymote appears to be booming. In explaining this apparent contradiction, three questions suggested themselves; (a what influences at the EU, national or local levels have enabled the town to survive (b given...
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This paper examines the influence of population control ideology on the draft plan for the UN Cairo Conference on Population and Development. It is argued that this draft plan can only be fully understood in the context of the recent history of the population control movement and of the empirical reality of population control in particular countrie...
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The less deterministic view of the potential contribution of information technology to rural development suggests a range of possible outcomes including centralization and decentralization. Evidence from the Republic of Ireland indicates a weak trend towards rural areas benefiting from the new technologies, and an expansion of the information econo...
Article
In this review of literature dealing with the postwar immigrant experience in urban Australia, some of the key interpretations of residential segregation are assessed. The article focuses on studies which have examined ethnic clusters formed by southern Europeans in Sydney and Melbourne and more recently by Indochinese refugees. Much of the analysi...
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"In this review of literature dealing with the postwar immigrant experience in urban Australia, some of the key interpretations of residential segregation are assessed. The article focuses on studies which have examined ethnic clusters formed by southern Europeans in Sydney and Melbourne and more recently by Indochinese refugees. Much of the analys...
Article
In this issue of the Policy Review Section Roland Waniek of the University of Bochum presents a critical account of the attempt by North-Rhine Westphalia to partially devolve its economic developmemt policies through a planning mechanism known as ZIN. In the second article Stephen Page and Thea Sinclair of the University of Kent examine the impact...
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This article examines the issue of strategies to foster indigenous enterprise in the Irish Republic. Recent economic trends in Ireland are examined in the context of what is frequently referred to as the emerging information economy. There is increasing agreement that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have a key role to play in economic gro...
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This paper examines how information technology (IT) might be exploited to promote rural development; it also considers how IT impacts on the rural periphery. The appropriate adaptation of this technology for indigenous development is considered and whether it may lead to greater centralisation or decentralisation. It is suggested that much can be l...
Article
The Dynamics of European Integration, W. WALLACE (Ed), Frances Pinter London (1990), xi + 308 pp. £37.50 (hbk). ISBN 0 86187 843 4. Britain in the European Community, M. FRANKLIN with M. WILKE, Council on Foreign Relations Press, New York (1991). viii + 133 pp. US$14.95 (pbk). ISBN 0 87609 095 1. Local Economic Development: Public--Private Partners...

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I am in the early stages of compiling a geography of Catholic China.

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