Scott John Turner

Scott John Turner
Canterbury Christ Church University · Department of Computing

Doctor of Philosophy

About

141
Publications
59,271
Reads
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379
Citations
Introduction
Research Interests Robotics Problem-solving and computer-related pedagogy Genetic Algorithms and Neural Network Applications Signal Progressing Sustainable use of the web
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
Canterbury Christ Church University
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2013 - August 2020
The University of Northampton
Position
  • Lecturer
February 2011 - August 2020
The University of Northampton
Position
  • Web Sustainability
Description
  • Looking into how to sustainably 'rescue' a web-site of an organisation that was being disbanded. Looking how web sites can be maintained and be publicly accessible for free.
Education
January 1996 - November 2000
University of Leicester
Field of study
  • Neurophysiological Signal Processing
January 1994 - December 1994
University of Dundee
Field of study
  • Biomedical Instrumentation engineering
October 1989 - July 1993
University of Hull
Field of study
  • Electronic Engineering with Specialism in Environmental and Ecological Engieering

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Somatosensory evoked potentials, recorded at the spine or scalp of a patient, are contaminated by noise. It is common practice to use ensemble averaging to remove the noise, which usually requires a large number of responses to produce one averaged signal. In this paper a post-processing technique is shown which uses a combination of wavelets and e...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the experiences of teaching on a module where problem-solving is taught first, then programming. The main tools for the problem-solving part, alongside two problem-solving approaches, are tasks using Mindstorm (LEGO, Denmark) robot kits. This is being done as a foundation step before the syntax of a language (Java) is taught to...
Article
Full-text available
In 1965 Melzack and Wall proposed the influential gate control theory of pain. This theory postulates that the substantia gelatinosa, located within the spinal cord, acts like a gating mechanism, which modulates the flow of information through the spinal cord to the brain and thus impacts on the pain experience. Subsequent research has, in general,...
Article
Full-text available
This study was inspired by looking at the central role of emotion in the learning process, its impact on students’ performance; as well as the lack of affective computing models to detect and infer affective-cognitive states in real time for students with and without Asperger Syndrome (AS). This model overcomes gaps in other models that were design...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditionally computer sciences courses will assess software code. It is common and accepted good practice (as in written reports) to reference other sources of appropriate material. However there appears to be no explicit method, recommendation or advice available to computer science tutors and students on a referencing approach! This paper aims...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, video streaming services consumption has grown massively and is foreseen to increase even more in the future. The tremendous traffic usage has negatively impacted the network’s quality of service due to network congestion and end-to-end customers’ satisfaction represented by the quality of experience, especially during evening peak hours....
Article
Full-text available
It is critical today to provide safe and collision-free transport. As a result, identifying the driver’s drowsiness before their capacity to drive is jeopardized. An automated hybrid drowsiness classification method that incorporates the artificial neural network (ANN) and the gray wolf optimizer (GWO) is presented to discriminate human drowsiness...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Video streaming services such as Amazon Prime Video, Netflix and YouTube, continue to be of enormous demands in everyday peoples’ lives. This enticed research in new mechanisms to provide a clear image of network usage and ensure better Quality of Service (QoS) for these applications. This paper proposes an accurate video streaming traffic classifi...
Chapter
Full-text available
With the proliferation of complex computer systems, end users face a never-ending increase in the number of tasks, methods, inputs, passwords, usernames (and so on) when using online and standalone computer-based systems and applications. This paper examines a method and approach to measure how complex a system is to use, and how to reduce the comp...
Article
Full-text available
Any viable algorithm to infer affective states of individuals with autism requires natural and reliable data in real time and in an uncontrolled environment. For this purpose, this study provides a new natural-spontaneous affective-cognitive dataset based on facial expressions, eye gaze, and head movements for adult students with and without Asperg...
Chapter
Full-text available
Developers of Software Defined Network (SDN) faces a lack of or difficulty in getting a physical environment to test their inventions and developments that drives them to use a virtual environment for their experiments. This work addresses the differences between the SDN virtual environment and physical SDN switches, which leads to equip a more rea...
Chapter
Full-text available
Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) offers peer-to-peer communications without any plug-ins. However, WebRTC cannot provide scalability because of its method that depends on a single server or due to the resource limitations and network topology in the architectural of the WebRTC. This paper aims to design a real environment using MATLAB simulatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) has been interested in many developers for video conferencing. The major aim is to create a scalable WebRTC signalling mechanism called (WebNSM) for bi-directional video conferencing via Ethernet of LAN and WAN networks. WebNSM was designed for many users over star topology (one-to-many) using Socket.io (API) me...
Chapter
Due to the dramatic increase in population and the rapid developments of the automobile industry, tremendous issues have emerged in road traffic systems, such as traffic congestion. In some big cities, traffic congestion occurs due to several factors, such as roadworks, car accidents, and drivers’ behaviour. Consequently, it negatively impacts on e...
Chapter
Full-text available
Lameness is a vital welfare issue in most sheep farming countries, including the UK. The pre-detection at the farm level could prevent the disease from becoming chronic. The development of wearable sensor technologies enables the idea of remotely monitoring the changes in animal movements which relate to lameness. In this study, 3D-acceleration, 3D...
Presentation
Full-text available
Invited talk on the importance of student volunteering in STEM
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays, road congestion issue is considered one of the most serious problems facing road users in various cities of the world. Therefore, tremendous research has been done in this field. Road information could significantly help to estimate congestion level on streets, leading to reduce traffic jams and decrease journey time, fuel consumption and...
Presentation
Full-text available
Invited talk
Poster
Full-text available
This poster is presented in STEM for Britain 2018. 180 posters were shortlisted out of 600 to present their work at House of Commons at the UK Parliament in STEM for Britain 2018 poster competition.
Article
Full-text available
WebRTC (Web Real-Time Communication) is a technology that enables browser-to-browser communication. Therefore, a signalling mechanism must be negotiated to create a connection between peers. The main aim of this paper is to create and implement a WebRTC hybrid signalling mechanism named (WebNSM) for video conferencing based on the Socket.io (API) m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Turning drinks cans, motors, tape; along with Crumble controller into simple slightly controllable bots. Add pens makes them draw (put lines on the paper) under program control.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) offers peer-to-peer communications without any plug-ins. However, WebRTC cannot provide scalability because of its method that depends on a single server or due to the resource limitations and network topology in the architectural of the WebRTC. This paper aims to design a real environment using MATLAB simulatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many developers are interested in using Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) for video conferencing. But, selecting the appropriate topology in the architectural design of the WebRTC application is considered as one of the most potential issues. This paper aims to create a novel WebRTC signalling mechanism called WebNSM for one-to-many (bi-directio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reflection from two areas on the issues of getting students in Higher Education (HE) to become better problem-solvers earlier. Asks some questions about should HE increase the use of unplugged activities? If so, is there any evidence that it will help? What lessons can HE learn from what is happening in Primary Schools? What can schools learn from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Spreadsheets have and are being used as valuable tools in variety of subjects including Engineering. Providing a tool for simulating and exploring models. In this paper their role in allowing students to explore two AI approaches, basic neuron and a simple genetic algorithm, is considered.
Article
Full-text available
Description: The application of the blockchain technology to track, register, certify, and enhance the utilisation of acquired learning assets Abstract: Following a series focused on measurement and transaction of intangible and non-financial value, Whitepaper 5.0 extends the use of the Ethereum based platform with integrated S/E Ratio SaaS to offe...
Article
Full-text available
Human head gestures convey a rich message, containing information deliver for peoples as a communication tool. Nodding,shaking are commonly used gestures as non-verbal signals to communicate their intent and emotions. However, the majority of head gestures classification systems focused on head nodding and shaking detection. while they ignored othe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lameness is a clinical symptom referring to locomotion changes that widely differ from normal gait or posture [1]. Lameness has a negative impact on both farm productivity and sheep welfare. The annual loss to the British sheep industry, because of the footrot only ;which is one of the common lameness causes, is estimated by £10 for each ewe[2]. S...
Conference Paper
Wireless Networks-on-Chip (WiNoCs) have emerged to solve the scalability and performance bottleneck of conventional wired NoC architectures. However unlike communication in the macro-world, on-chip communication poses several constraints, hence there is the need for simulation and design tools that consider the effect of the wireless channel at the...
Chapter
This chapter will provide ways of linking art and computing activities together in the classroom, by using practical art skills to explore ways of representing data and applying computational thinking to produce art.
Poster
Full-text available
Use of Python to create junkbot. One using Raspberry Pi and two based around the BBC Micro:Bit details on the three builds: Raspberry Pi based: http://bit.ly/2c87qex Basic Micro:Bit build: http://bit.ly/2cmJo0B Radio Control Micro:Bit Junkbot: http://bit.ly/2cMHpDa
Conference Paper
With the advent of cloud computing and the virtualisation of computer systems, challenges exist in managing resources and Virtual Machines (VMs) effectively. Cloud computing platform services offer scalable and resilient platforms, but are still not without complexity to the end user community; this paper proposes an alternative solution for the de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There has been a strong focus on the evaluation of Quality of Service (QoS) and multimedia transmission over protocols of internet protocol (IP). The main goal of this paper is to evaluate the performance of QoS in real implementation, also a comparison of an appropriate video and voice (CODECS) over IP schemes depending on the SIP and IAX2 protoco...
Presentation
Full-text available
Lameness is a clinical symptom referring to locomotion changes, resulting in impaired and erratic movements that differ widely from normal gait or posture. Lameness has an adverse impact on both sheep welfare and farm economy; therefore, the preclinical detection of lameness will improve both sheep health and, in turn, support farming businesses. A...
Chapter
Full-text available
Student volunteering is growing in the UK and elsewhere, and there is an ongoing debate about whether it is really “self-evidently a ‘good thing’” or there is a greater need for reflection to determine whether this statement is true (Holdsworth and Quinn, Studies in Higher Education, 35(1), 113–127, 2010). This paper presents a personal reflection...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract- Software Defined Network (SDN) provides a new fine-grained interface enables the routing algorithm to have an a global view of the network throughputs, connectivity and flows at the data-path. This paper aims to provide a novel approach for dynamic routing algorithm for Software Defined Network in Wide Area Network (SDN-WAN); based on usi...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Management of Distributed Software Defined Network in Smart cities (Presentation) Ameer Al-Sadi, Ali Al-Sherbaz, James Xue, Scott Turner The University of Northampton School of Science and Technology Department of Computing and Immersive Technologies Keywords: SDN, Software-Defined Network, NFV, Network Function Virtualization. The emergence of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is noticeable that most of VANETs communications tests are assessed through simulation. In a majority of simulation results, the physical layer is often affected by an apparent lack of realism. Therefore, vehicular channel model has become a critical issue in the field of intelligent transport systems (ITS). To overcome the lack of realism probl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The future internet will include a cloud of assisted living and smart applications that serve a user by providing a remote communication and management for specific resources. It will contain a numerous number of fixed and movable devices, sensors, and actuators. This requires very fast and dynamic communication, which is performed by a novel parad...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Model-based software development has been shown to improve productivity and quality of software through automation. This involves using abstractions or models at several stages of development. This work reports on preliminary attempts to automate the generation of test cases from software requirement models using an industrial case study. The requi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is noticeable that most of VANETs communications tests are assessed through simulation. In a majority of simulation results, the physical layer is often affected by an apparent lack of realism. Therefore, vehicular channel model has become a critical issue in the field of intelligent transport systems (ITS). To overcome the lack of realism probl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
t—The work described in this paper is about building a general model capable of simulating human behaviour and emotions using virtual characters. To make the simulation realistic enough, virtual characters need to express emotions according to the environment and deal with those emotions in a parallel way where an emotional experience can be trigge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The work described in this paper is about building a general model capable of simulating human behaviour and emotions using virtual characters. To make the simulation realistic enough, virtual characters need to express emotions according to the environment and deal with those emotions in a parallel way where an emotional experience can be triggere...
Research
Full-text available
A short opinion piece looking at the issues around the games industry and gender imbalance.
Research
Full-text available
An opinion piece on AI and jobs losses. To be published as a news article http://www.northampton.ac.uk/news/will-machines-replace-people-in-the-workplace-are-we-creating-our-own-destruction-
Presentation
Full-text available
A brief description of network innovations such as Software Defined Network (SDN) and Network Function Visualization (NFV). How they support each others. How they are different from a current network. What are the new requirements of the future internet? Finally, How they could be used to optimize the management of the future internet.
Research
Full-text available
Present as part of the Department of Computing and Immersive Technology, University of Northampton, UK Research Seminar Series. Discusses the junkbot project and it's link to computational thinking.
Poster
Full-text available
A brief description of network innovations such as Software Defined Network (SDN) and Network Function Visualization (NFV). How they support each others. How they are different from a current network. What are the new requirements of the future internet? Finally, How they could be used to optimize the management of the future internet.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vehicular ad hoc networks VANETs has recently received significant attention in intelligent transport systems (ITS) research. It provides the driver with information regarding traffic and road conditions which is needed to reduce accidents, which will save many people’s lives. In Vehicle-to-vehicle V2V communication the high-speed mobility of the n...
Chapter
Vehicular ad hoc networks VANETs has recently received significant attention in intelligent transport system (ITS) research. It provides the driver with information regarding traffic and road conditions which is needed to reduce accidents , which will save many people's lives. In Vehicle-to-vehicle V2V communication the high-speed mobility of the n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Student volunteering is growing in the UK and elsewhere, and there is an on-going debate about whether it is really “self-evidently a ‘good thing’” with there is a greater need for reflection of whether this is true [2]. This paper presents a personal reflection of Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) volunteering as a potential route...
Article
Full-text available
The energy inefficiency of electronic devices is the major limiting factor for the adoption of these devices in Machine–to–Machine Communications (M2M)/Internet of Things (IoT). In order to address this, different emerging M2M communications standardisation organisations have proposed perceived energy efficient protocols. The essence of this paper...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the recent year’s vehicular ad hoc networks VANETs has received significant attention in the intelligent transport system research. Vehicle-to-vehicle V2V communication can be considered an important approach to help the drivers to satisfy requirements like less congestion, accident warning, road exploration, etc. The propagation issues such as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the recent year's vehicular ad hoc networks VANETs has received significant attention in the intelligent transport system research. Vehicle-to-vehicle V2V communication can be considered an important approach to help the drivers to satisfy requirements like less congestion, accident warning, road exploration, etc. The propagation issues such as...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the need to focus initial programming education on problem-solving, prior to the teaching of programming syntax and software design methodology. The main vehicle for this approach is simple Lego based robots programmed in Java, followed by the programming of a graphical representation/simulation to develop programming skills. P...
Article
This paper considers the need to focus initial programming education on problem-solving, prior to the teaching of programming syntax and software design methodology. The main vehicle for this approach is simple Lego based robots programmed in Java, followed by the programming of a graphical representation/simulation to develop programming skills. P...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy efficiency of machine to machine (M2M) communications terminals is one of the major design goals of M2M networks, resulting from anticipated over 50 billion M2M communications devices to be deployed into the networks by 2020. The stakeholders in the M2M communications have observed that it will be environmental and economic catastrophic to d...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Introduction Virtual reality fieldtrips have been used by a number of HE institutions for a number of reasons. • to give students the opportunity to prepare for a 'real-life' field trip (risk assessments, kit selection, project preparation etc.) • to allow students to reflect on a recent field trip • to provide an additional field trip experience w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Countries around the world are adopting e-government as a tool to provide online public services to their citizens, businesses and other stakeholders in a manner that reduces cost, saves time, and increases efficiency and effectiveness that leads to high quality services and greater engagement with citizens. However, the adoption of e-government fa...