Scott Tonidandel

Scott Tonidandel
University of North Carolina at Charlotte | UNC Charlotte · Department of Management

PhD

About

72
Publications
57,429
Reads
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3,621
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Position
  • Professor
August 2002 - June 2018
Davidson College
Position
  • Professor
January 1999 - August 2002
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Despite a tremendous amount of research on the topic, we still have little evidence regarding the extent to which transformational leader behaviors (TLBs) cause a number of outcomes. The primary inhibitors include a lack of theoretical precision, the conflation of leader (follower) behaviors with evaluations, as well as measurement and design issue...
Article
This study explores how researchers in the organizational sciences use and/or cite methodological ‘best practice’ (BP) articles. Namely, are scholars adhering fully to the prescribed practices they cite, or are they cherry picking from recommended practices without disclosing? Or worse yet, are scholars inaccurately following the methodological bes...
Article
This paper leverages technological and methodological advances in natural language processing to advance our understanding and approaches to leadership research by introducing structural topic models (STM) to researchers wanting to inductively code massive amounts of unstructured texts. Specifically, we illustrate the application of STM applied to...
Article
Big data and related technologies are radically altering our society. In a similar way, these approaches can transform the psychological sciences. The goal of this commentary is to motivate psychologists to embrace big data science for the betterment of the field. Big data sources, algorithmic methods, and a culture that embraces prediction has the...
Article
Full-text available
The psychometric soundness of measures has been a central concern of articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP) since the inception of the journal. At the same time, it isn't clear that investigators and reviewers prioritize psychometric soundness to a degree that would allow one to have sufficient confidence in conclusions regar...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we examined whether greater personality dissimilarity would indirectly lead to lower organizational commitment as a result of heightened emotional exhaustion. We also proposed and tested the notion that the experience of being dissimilar to one’s workgroup members in the traits of (a) agreeableness, (b) conscientiousness, or (...
Article
Meta-analyses are well known and widely implemented in almost every domain of research in management as well as the social, medical, and behavioral sciences. While this technique is useful for determining validity coefficients (i.e., effect sizes), meta-analyses are predicated on the assumption of independence of primary effect sizes, which might b...
Article
In describing measures used in their research, authors frequently report having adapted a scale, indicating that they changed something about it. Although such changes can raise concerns about validity, there has been little discussion of this practice in our literature. To estimate the prevalence and identify key forms of scale adaptation, we cond...
Article
A variety of alternative mechanisms, strategies, and “ways of doing” have been proposed for improving the rigor and robustness of published research in the psychological sciences in recent years. In this article, we describe two existing but underused publication models—registered reporting (RR) and results-blind reviewing (RBR)—that we believe wou...
Article
Credibility and trustworthiness are the bedrock upon which any science is built. The strength of these foundations has been increasingly questioned across the sciences as instances of research misconduct and mounting concerns over the prevalence of detrimental research practices have been identified. Consequently, the purpose of this article is to...
Article
Background Studies conducted in male rats report that social contact can either facilitate or inhibit drug intake depending on the behavior of social partners. The purpose of the present study was to: (1) examine the effects of social contact on cocaine intake in female rats, (2) examine the behavioral mechanisms by which social contact influences...
Article
Advances in data science, such as data mining, data visualization, and machine learning, are extremely well-suited to address numerous questions in the organizational sciences given the explosion of available data. Despite these opportunities, few scholars in our field have discussed the specific ways in which the lens of our science should be brou...
Article
This study empirically examined the statistical and methodological issues raised in the reviewing process to determine what the “gatekeepers” of the literature, the reviewers and editors, really say about methodology when making decisions to accept or reject manuscripts. Three hundred and four editors’ and reviewers’ letters for 69 manuscripts subm...
Book
The amount of data in our world has been exploding, and analyzing large data sets-so called big data-will become a key basis of competition in business. Statisticians and researchers will be updating their analytic approaches, methods and research to meet the demands created by the availability of big data. The goal of this book is to show how adva...
Article
The world is awash in data. Data is being created and stored at ever-increasing rates through a variety of new methods and technologies. Data is accumulating in all sorts of accessible places. Much of that data is of great interest to industrial–organizational (I-O) psychologists, often in ways never anticipated by those who develop technologies an...
Article
Prior research suggests that segregation in the U.S. workplace is on the rise (Hellerstein, Neumark, & McInerney, 2008); as such, leaders are more likely to lead groups of followers composed primarily of their own race (Elliot & Smith, 2001; Smith & Elliott, 2002). Drawing from theory on stigma-by-association, the authors posit that such segregated...
Article
Background: In 1993, Hood and Dewan published the results of a trial comparing obstetric and anesthetic outcomes of 117 morbidly obese parturients with matched controls. The authors demonstrated a higher initial epidural anesthesia failure rate, a higher cesarean delivery rate and an increased risk of obstetric complications. We replicated the pre...
Article
The present study uses relative weight analysis to garner support for the incremental validity of political skill over more traditional managerial skills for predicting managerial effectiveness and to help identify the underlying theoretical mechanisms driving this relationship. In addition, we explore boundary conditions, in terms of gender and or...
Article
Purpose The use of credit checks or credit scores in personnel selection has received widespread media attention of late. Though there is speculation that basing hiring decisions (even partially) on credit-related variables may produce or increase adverse impact, virtually no empirical literature exists to support or refute this claim. The present...
Article
Over the last 15 years, a number of methodological developments have enabled researchers to draw more accurate inferences concerning the relative contribution (i.e., relative importance) among multiple (often correlated) predictor variables in a regression analysis. One such development has been relative weight analysis (RWA). Researchers can use a...
Article
The current article notes that the standard application of relative importance analyses is not appropriate when examining the relative importance of interactive or other higher order effects (e.g., quadratic, cubic). Although there is a growing demand for strategies that could be used to decompose the predicted variance in regression models contain...
Article
One purpose of this study was to extend integrity research in organizations into the ranks of middle management. We therefore examined whether middle-level managers' behavioral manifestations of integrity related to ratings of their performance. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that direct report ratings of a middle-level manag...
Article
Social-learning theories of substance use propose that members of peer groups influence the drug use of other members by selectively modeling, reinforcing, and punishing either abstinence-related or drug-related behaviors. The objective of the present study was to examine the social influences on cocaine self-administration in isolated and socially...
Article
Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is often categorized as a tool for experimental psychologists. However, it also continues to be a popular statistical procedure used by organizational scientists. Unfortunately, when the dependent variables (DV) are correlated with one another, interpreting the significant omnibus test in MANOVA becomes di...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relative importance of four managerial skill dimensions (technical skill, administrative skill, human skill, and citizenship behavior) for predicting managerial effectiveness. In addition, it aims to explore whether the relative importance of these skill dimensions varies as a function of gender...
Article
This article considers the efficacy of matching the racioethnicity of employees and the customer base as a human resource strategy within service organizations. Despite being advocated widely, the literature on its effectiveness is scant and riddled with conflicting findings. We revisit the theoretical rationale underlying this strategy, formulate...
Article
Full-text available
Although research has shown that mentors contribute significantly to employees' job-related outcomes, less research has examined the influence of diverse mentors have on similarly diverse protégés. As such, the current research examined the job-related outcomes of gay/lesbian workers who had a gay/lesbian mentor, a heterosexual mentor, or no mentor...
Data
Methods for data collection and analysis. Data collection and analysis for the surveys conducted on individual reaction to create vs. construct framing.
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: Members of the synthetic biology community have discussed the significance of word selection when describing synthetic biology to the general public. In particular, many leaders proposed the word "create" was laden with negative connotations. We found that word choice and framing does affect public perception of synthetic biology. In a co...
Chapter
Variable Importance in Multiple RegressionHistorical Measures of Relative ImportanceModern Relative Importance StatisticsRecent Developments in Relative Importance ResearchConclusions and Suggestions For Future ResearchReferences
Article
This article advocates for the wider use of relative importance indices as a supplement to multiple regression analyses. The goal of such analyses is to partition explained variance among multiple predictors to better understand the role played by each predictor in a regression equation. Unfortunately, when predictors are correlated, typically reli...
Article
A previous Monte Carlo study examined the relative powers of several simple and more complex procedures for testing the significance of difference in mean rates of change in a controlled, longitudinal, treatment evaluation study. Results revealed that the relative powers depended on the correlation structure of the simulated repeated measurements....
Article
In the focal article, we suggested that more thought be given to the concepts of test bias, measurement bias, and differential prediction and the implicit framework of fairness underlying the Cleary model. In this response, we clarify the nature and scope of our recommendations and address some of the more critical comments of our work.
Article
In recent decades, the Cleary (1968) approach for testing for differences in regression lines among demographic groups has been codified as a central approach to evaluate a test for bias. However, this approach is fraught with numerous shortcomings, a preponderance of implicit assumptions, and outcomes that are not sufficient to conclude that there...
Article
Purpose – Though a number of demographics (e.g. sex, age) have been associated with work overload, scholars have yet to consider the potential impact of immigrant status. This is important because immigrants constitute a significant proportion of the workforce, and evidence suggests many employers believe they are easier to exploit. This paper aims...
Article
Full-text available
Relative weight analysis is a procedure for estimating the relative importance of correlated predictors in a regression equation. Because the sampling distribution of relative weights is unknown, researchers using relative weight analysis are unable to make judgments regarding the statistical significance of the relative weights. J. W. Johnson (200...
Article
Full-text available
The need to enhance recruitment and retention of students in the sciences to strengthen the economic and scientific foundation of the United States was recently underscored by the National Science Board. The SOMAS Program (Support Of Mentors And their Students) addresses this need using a two-pronged strategy: 1) Junior faculty receive mentoring an...
Article
Full-text available
Techniques such as dominance analysis and relative weight analysis have been proposed recently to evaluate more accurately predictor importance in ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. Similar questions of predictor importance also arise in instances where logistic regression is the primary mode of analysis. This article presents an extension of...
Article
Last-observation-carried-forward (LOCF) originated as a way of replacing missing measurements for use in classical repeated measurements analysis of variance (ANOVA) where complete data are required. As mathematical statisticians developed newer methods in the attempt to deal effectively with missing data, LOCF fell largely by the wayside. This pap...
Article
This article concerns methodology for testing the significance of differences in mean rates of change in controlled repeated measurements designs with limited sample sizes, autoregressive error structures, nonlinear patterns of underlying true mean change, dropout rates exceeding 50%, plus other missing data. Each of these is problematic for ordina...
Article
Several relational demography studies have demonstrated asymmetrical effects of dissimilarity across different groups of employees. Some groups of employees appear to be more influenced by differences from fellow employees, whereas other groups of employees appear indifferent. Although numerous theoretical explanations have been developed to accoun...
Article
Full-text available
For years, organizational scholars have sought effective ways to evaluate the importance of predictors included in a regression analysis. Recent techniques, such as general dominance weights and relative weights, have shown great promise for guiding evaluations of predictor importance. Nevertheless, questions remain regarding how one should investi...
Article
Although prior evidence has demonstrated racial differences in employee absenteeism, no existing research explains this phenomenon. The present study examined the roles of 2 diversity cues related to workplace support—perceived organizational value of diversity and supervisor–subordinate racial/ethnic similarity—in explicating this demographic diff...
Article
An increasing number of organizational researchers examine the effects of ethnic identity and other-group orientation. In doing so, many use Phinney's (1992) Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), which purportedly allows simultaneous assessment of various groups. Although several studies demonstrate adequate validity and reliability for scores...
Article
Given considerable racial differences in voluntary turnover ( Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2006 , Table 28), the present study examined the influence of diversity climate perceptions on turnover intentions among managerial employees in a national retail organization. The authors hypothesized that pro-diversity work climate perceptions would correlat...
Article
Full-text available
The Genome Consortium for Active Teaching (GCAT) facilitates the use of modern genomics methods in undergraduate education. Initially focused on microarray technology, but with an eye toward diversification, GCAT is a community working to improve the education of tomorrow's life science professionals. GCAT participants have access to affordable mic...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the effects of mentor–protégé similarity (sex and attitudinal) and relationship duration on the quantity of mentoring (psychosocial and career) received. Survey data collected from 97 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I women’s basketball head coaches in the USA indicated both types of similarity were associated...
Article
This study examined the effects of mentor success, relationship duration, and the amount of mentoring received on protégés' performance after the supervisory mentoring relationship had ended. Data collected from former protégés paired with objective measures of performance indicated that a mentor's success moderated the impact of mentoring function...
Article
Differences in mean rates of change are of primary interest in many controlled treatment evaluation studies. Generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) procedures are widely conceived to be the preferred method of analysis for repeated measurement designs when there are missing data due to dropouts, but systematic dependence of the dropout probabilities...
Article
Recent contributions to the statistical literature have provided elegant model-based solutions to the problem of estimating sample sizes for testing the significance of differences in mean rates of change across repeated measures in controlled longitudinal studies with differentially correlated error and missing data due to dropouts. However, the m...
Article
This article is about a simple two-stage analysis that utilizes slope coefficients as the dependent variable for testing the significance of difference in mean rates of change in repeated measurement designs with missing data. The ANCOVA test on the doubly weighted slope coefficients provides power comparable to that of more complex maximum likelih...
Article
A split-sample replication criterion originally proposed by J. E. Overall and K. N. Magee (1992) as a stopping rule for hierarchical cluster analysis is applied to multiple data sets generated by sampling with replacement from an original simulated primary data set. An investigation of the validity of this bootstrap procedure was undertaken using d...
Article
Generalized linear model analyses of repeated measurements typically rely on simplifying mathematical models of the error covariance structure for testing the significance of differences in patterns of change across time. The robustness of the tests of significance depends, not only on the degree of agreement between the specified mathematical mode...
Article
Autocorrelated error and missing data due to dropouts have fostered interest in the flexible general linear mixed model (GLMM) procedures for analysis of data from controlled clinical trials. The user of these adaptable statistical tools must, however, choose among alternative structural models to represent the correlated repeated measurements. The...
Article
Previous research has failed to demonstrate a consistent relationship between a leader's prior experience and his/her effectiveness. In this study, the relevance of a leader's experience, as well as several novel measures of experience, were examined. Two measures of previous leadership experience, experience in the subordinate's job and experience...
Article
Event history models represent a general class of models designed to examine binary, cross-sectional, time-series data. Although event history models have had a long history in the fields of demography, biostatistics, and engineering, they have only recently become familiar to researchers in the social sciences, particularly the organizational scie...
Article
The purpose of the study was to examine how specific aspects of adaptive testing influence test-takers pre-test reactions. Specifically, three different psychological reactions were examined in the study: perceived fairness of the test, attitude toward the test, and expectations about the test. Fifty-three undergraduates were presented with descrip...
Article
This paper examines the implications of the correlational structure of repeated measurements for three indices of change that can be used to evaluate treatment effects in longitudinal studies with scheduled assessment times and fixed total duration. The generalized least squares (GLS) regression of repeated measurements on time, which is usually re...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined how specific features of adaptive tests are related to test takers' reactions. Participants took a computer-adaptive test in which 2 features, difficulty of the initial item and difficulty of subsequent items, were manipulated, then responded to questionnaires assessing their reactions to the test. The data show that the relatio...
Article
Controlled clinical trials in neuropsychopharmacology, as in numerous other clinical research domains, tend to employ a conventional parallel-groups design with repeated measurements. The hypothesis of primary interest in the relatively short-term, double-blind trials, concerns the difference between patterns or magnitudes of change from baseline....
Article
A project that originated with the aim of documenting the implications of dropouts for tests of significance based on general linear mixed model procedures resulted in recognition of problems in the use of SAS PROC.MIXED for this purpose. In responding to suggestions and criticisms, we have further analyzed simulated clinical trial data with realis...
Article
The purpose of the study was to examine how specific aspects of adaptive testing influence test-takers pre-test reactions. Specifically, three different psychological reactions were examined in the study: perceived fairness of the test, attitude toward the test, and expectations about the test. Fifty-three undergraduates were presented with descrip...

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Project
To give first year students genuine research experience.