Scott C Cutmore

Scott C Cutmore
Queensland Museum · Biodiversity and Geosciences Program

BSc (Hons), PhD

About

148
Publications
21,427
Reads
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1,415
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - June 2022
The University of Queensland
Position
  • PostDoc Position
December 2011 - May 2014
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
August 2004 - November 2011
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Marine Parasitology
March 2000 - October 2003
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Marine Biology, with an Honours in Parasitology

Publications

Publications (148)
Article
The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) holds the richest array of marine life found anywhere in Australia, including a diverse and fascinating parasite fauna. Members of one group, the trematodes, occur as sexually mature adult worms in almost all GBR bony fish species. Although the first reports of these parasites were made 100 years ago, the fauna has been...
Article
Phylogenetic analyses of a range of gorgoderid trematodes based on ITS2 and partial 28S rDNA data lead us to propose the Degeneriinae n. subfam. for the genus Degeneria in recognition of its phylogenetic isolation and distinctive morphology and biology. The current concepts of the subfamilies Anaporrhutinae and Gorgoderinae were supported. Within t...
Article
SUMMARY We explored the distribution of Cardicola chaetodontis in chaetodontid fishes from the Great Barrier Reef. We found just four infections of adult worms in 238 individuals of 26 chaetodontid species. By contrast, eggs were present in hearts of 75 fishes (31·5%) and 19 of 26 chaetodontid species (all Chaetodon species). In 10 cases eggs conta...
Article
To date, morphological analysis has been the cornerstone to trematode systematics. However, since the late-1980s we have seen an increased integration of genetic data to overcome problems encountered when morphological data are considered in isolation. Here, we provide advice regarding the ‘best molecular practice’ for trematode taxonomy and system...
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Plesiochorus Looss, 1901 is a genus of Gorgoderidae infecting the urinary bladders of marine turtles globally. Currently, just two morphologically similar species are recognised, Plesiochorus cymbiformis (Rudolphi, 1819) Looss, 1901 and Plesiochorus elongatus Pigulevsky, 1953, which have been distinguished by molecular data and subtle morphological...
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A new cryptogonimid trematode, Siphoderina hustoni n. sp. , is reported, collected off Lizard Island, Queensland, Australia, from the Maori snapper Lutjanus rivulatus (Cuvier). The new species is moderately distinctive within the genus. It is larger and more elongate than most other species of Siphoderina Manter, 1934, has the shortest forebody of...
Article
Species of the digenean genus Enenterum Linton, 1910 (Lepocreadioidea: Enenteridae) are characterised primarily by their elaborate oral suckers, which are divided into varying numbers of anteriorly directed lobes, and their host-restriction to herbivorous marine fishes of the family Kyphosidae. We describe Enenterum petrae n. sp. from the brassy ch...
Data
Metadata and Museum registration numbers for all sequenced and unsequenced specimens submitted to the Queensland Museum, Australia, as part of the following publication: First elucidation of a didymozoid life cycle: Saccularina magnacetabula n. gen. n. sp. infecting an arcid bivalve. Relevant DNA sequences were submitted in GenBank.
Article
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A new species of lepocreadiid, Opechonoides opisthoporus n. sp. , is described infecting 12 pomacentrid fish species from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with Abudefduf whitleyi Allen & Robertson as the type-host. This taxon differs from the only other known member of the genus, Opechonoides gure Yamaguti, 1940, in the sucker width ratio, cirrus...
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We report on Neoechinorhynchus aldrichettae Edmonds, 1971 (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae), obtained from yellow-eye mullet Aldrichetta forsteri (Valenciennes) (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) from the Huon River, Tasmania, Australia. We provide new 18S and 28S rDNA gene sequence data for N. aldrichettae, assess its phylogenetic position relative to...
Article
The taxonomy of species of Bivesicula Yamaguti, 1934 is analysed for samples from holocentrid, muraenid and serranid fishes from Japan, Ningaloo Reef (Western Australia), the Great Barrier Reef (Queensland), New Caledonia and French Polynesia. Analysis of three genetic markers ( cox 1 mtDNA, ITS2 and 28S rDNA) identifies three strongly supported cl...
Article
We report four new species of monorchiids infecting teleost fishes from Australian waters. Two new species of Paralasiotocus Wee, Cutmore, Pérez-del-Olmo & Cribb, 2020, Pa. abstrusus n. sp. and Pa. tectus n. sp., are described from haemulids of the Great Barrier Reef. The two species are morphologically cryptic and occur in sympatry but differ sign...
Article
The first first-intermediate host for a species of Didymozoidae (Trematoda: Hemiuroidea), a bivalve of the family Arcidae, is identified using multi-loci molecular data. First intermediate, (likely) third intermediate, and adult stages of a new didymozoid taxon (Saccularina magnacetabula n. gen. n. sp.) from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia were...
Article
We report new collections of the Aporocotylidae from Australia, French Polynesia, and Japan. A new species of Cardicola Short, 1953 is described from Scomberomorus commerson (Lacépède) (Scombridae), off Lizard Island. Cardicola nolani n. sp. can be distinguished from its congeners based on the position of the oötype, the position of the male genita...
Article
We report specimens of monorchiids infecting Haemulidae from the waters off Japan and Australia; these specimens represent five species of Helicometroides Yamaguti, 1934, three of which are unambiguously new. Helicometroides murakamii n. sp. infects Diagramma pictum pictum from off Minabe, Japan; Helicometroides gabrieli n. sp. infects Plectorhinch...
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We genetically characterised larval and adult specimens of species of Echinocephalus Molin, 1858 (Gnathostomatidae) collected from various hosts found within Australian waters. Adult specimens of Echinocephalus were collected from a dasyatid stingray [Pastinachus ater (Macleay); n = 2] from Moreton Bay, Queensland and larvae from a hydrophiine sea...
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Ankistromeces Nolan & Cribb, 2004 and Phthinomita Nolan & Cribb, 2006 are sister genera of threadlike blood flukes (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae) infecting teleost fishes of the tropical Indo-west Pacific. Here, we report new collections of these genera from Australia, Indonesia, and Japan. A new species of Ankistromeces, Ankistromeces kawamurai n. sp...
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We report eight species of Lintonium from tetraodontiform fishes from Australian waters and describe six of them as new. Two species are described from tetraodontids from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR): Lintonium kostadinovaen. sp. from Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch & Schneider) and Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus); and Lintonium dronenin. sp. from A. n...
Article
Blood flukes of the family Spirorchiidae Stunkard, 1921 are significant pathogens of marine turtles, both in the wild and in captivity. Despite causing considerable disease and mortality, little is known about the life cycles of marine species, with just four reports globally. No complete life cycle has been elucidated for any named species of mari...
Article
Molecular data have transformed approaches to trematode taxonomy by providing objective evidence for the delineation of species. However, although the data are objective, the interpretation of these data regarding species boundaries is subjective, especially when different markers conflict. Conserved markers can lead to an underestimation of richne...
Article
Trematodes are the richest class of platyhelminths in the marine environment, infecting all classes of marine vertebrates as sexual adults and many phyla of marine invertebrates as part of their life cycles. Despite the cryptic nature of their existence (almost all marine trematodes are internal parasites), they have been the focus of study for alm...
Article
Novel multi-locus sequence data were used to assess the molecular phylogenetic relationships of fish blood flukes showing similarity to the genus Cardicola Short, 1953 (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae). Analyses of three ribosomal (ITS2, 28S & 18S) subregions and one mitochondrial (cox1) DNA subregion shows that the hitherto-monophyletic clade formed by...
Article
Of over 250 species of Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911, just four are known from gerreid fishes. Here, we report adult specimens of a new species infecting Gerres oyena (Forsskål) and Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier from off Heron Island and North Stradbroke Island, Queensland, Australia. The species is morphologically most similar to the concept of Lasiotocu...
Article
The trematode superfamily Monorchioidea comprises three families of teleost parasites: the Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911, Lissorchiidae Magath, 1917, and Deropristidae Cable & Hunninen, 1942. All presently known lissorchiid and deropristid life cycles have gastropods as first intermediate hosts, whereas those of monorchiids involve bivalves. Here, we r...
Article
The digenetic trematode family Gorgocephalidae comprises just a few species, and the literature devoted to the lineage consists of only a handful of reports. With one exception, all reports have been based on material collected in the Indo-West Pacific, an expansive marine ecoregion stretching from the east coast of Africa to Easter Island, Hawaii...
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A new genus and three new species of blood flukes (Aporocotylidae) are described from squirrelfishes (Holocentridae) from the Great Barrier Reef. Holocentricola rufus n. gen., n. sp. is described from Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål), from off Heron Island, southern Great Barrier Reef, and Lizard Island, northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Holoce...
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Prior to the present study, species of the trematode family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 had been reported from four of the ten families of tetraodontiform fishes: the Balistidae, Monacanthidae, Ostraciidae and Tetraodontidae. Here we report the first monorchiid from the family Triacanthidae, Pseudohurleytrema yolandae n. sp. infecting Tripodichthys a...
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The Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 are well represented in tropical and subtropical marine fishes worldwide but rarely reported from the Lutjanidae, an important family of tropical fishes that prey mainly on demersal fishes, decapods and cephalopods. Here, we report the first monorchiid from a lutjanid in Australian waters, Retroporomonorchis pansho n....
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Three new species of the family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 (Trematoda: Digenea) are described from the yellowtail pike, Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Sphyraenidae), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. The three species are morphologically consistent with the present broad concept of the genus Bucephalus Baer, 1827, but significant phylogenetic and...
Article
Lasiotocus Looss, 1907 is the largest genus within the Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911, with 52 species currently considered valid. Species belonging to this genus exhibit wide morphological variation and it is likely that many of them belong in other genera; however, testing the validity of the group has been hampered by a lack of molecular sequence dat...
Article
Three new monorchiid trematodes are reported from fishes of the families Nemipteridae and Pomacanthidae; two species are described from the southern Great Barrier Reef and the third from off Moorea, French Polynesia. Allobacciger polynesiensis sp. nov. is described from Centropyge flavissima (Cuvier), Allobacciger brevicirrus sp. nov. from Scolopsi...
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The superfamily Pronocephaloidea Looss, 1899 comprises digeneans occurring in the gut and respiratory organs of fishes, turtles, marine iguanas, birds and mammals. Although many life cycles are known for species of the Notocotylidae Lühe, 1909 maturing in birds and mammals, relatively few are known for the remaining pronocephaloid lineages. We repo...
Article
The diversity of colour vision systems found in extant vertebrates suggests that different evolutionary selection pressures have driven specialisations in photoreceptor complement and visual pigment spectral tuning appropriate for an animal's behaviour, habitat and life history. Aquatic vertebrates in particular show high variability in chromatic v...
Article
We explore the growing issue of cryptic speciation in the Digenea through study of museum material and newly collected specimens consistent with the enenterid genus Koseiria from five species of the Kyphosidae and Chaetodontoplus meredithi Kuiter (Pomacanthidae) collected in the Indo-Pacific. We use an integrated approach, employing traditional mor...
Article
The Pseudoplagioporinae n. subf. (Opecoelidae) is proposed for species of Pseudoplagioporus Yamaguti, 1938, Fairfaxia Cribb, 1989, and Shimazuia Cribb, 2005, a small group of relatively distinctive, Indo‐West Pacific taxa reliably known almost entirely from emperor fishes (Perciformes: Lethrinidae). These taxa were previously recognized in the Plag...
Article
The arrows or lines are missing from the published Fig. 1b and Fig. 1d of this article. The correct Fig. 1 is included here. This mistake does not affect the concept or any other information provided in other parts. In addition, the results and conclusions of the paper also remain valid.
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The monotypic genus Deraiotrema Machida, 1982 has only been reported once, from the orbicular batfish Platax orbicularis (Forsskål) in the waters around Palau in Micronesia (Machida, 1982). It has a body-shape similar to other lepocreadiids from batfishes, such as species of Bianium Stunkard, 1930 and Diploproctodaeum La Rue, 1926, but differs in h...
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Four new monorchiid trematodes are reported from Moreton Bay, Australia; three new species of Provitellus Dove & Cribb, 1998 and one species of Ovipusillus Dove & Cribb, 1998, are described from Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål) (Carangidae), the golden trevally. Provitellus chaometra n. sp., Provitellus infrequens n. sp. and Provitellus infibrova n...
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The Enenteridae Yamaguti, 1958 and Gyliauchenidae Fukui, 1929 exhibit an interesting pattern of host partitioning in herbivorous fishes of the Indo-West Pacific. Enenterids are known almost exclusively from fishes of the family Kyphosidae, a group of herbivorous marine fishes common on tropical and temperate reefs. In contrast, gyliauchenids are fo...
Article
The movements, and hence stock structures, of bigeye tuna, Thunnus obesus, and yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, remain poorly defined despite their importance to food security, livelihoods and government revenue in many nations. We examined the parasite fauna of juvenile bigeye tuna and juvenile yellowfin tuna from areas within and outside Indone...
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Many shark species are at risk of overexploitation due to their high economic value, slow maturation, and low recruitment compared to most teleosts. However, there is insufficient knowledge about population structure at different spatial scales necessary to optimise fisheries models. We used single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) obtained through c...
Article
We report on Scorpidotrema longistipes and two new species belonging to a new genus: Holsworthotrema enboubal ichthys gen. et sp. nov. and Holsworthotrema chaoderma sp. nov. These taxa are the first representatives of the subfamily Stenakrinae included in molecular phylogenetic analyses of the Opecoelidae. They resolve among the deep-sea + freshwat...
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Parasitological examination of elasmobranchs of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, resulted in the discovery of cestodes belonging to several armed genera of the Tetraphyllidea and Onchoproteocephalidea. Two new tetraphyllideans, Yorkeria moretonensis n. sp. and Yorkeria williamsi n. sp., are described from Chiloscyllium cf. punctatum (Hemiscyllii...
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Eight species of the trematode family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 are reported from teleost fishes in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Heterobucephalopsis yongi n. sp. is described from Gymnothorax eurostus (Muraenidae); the new form is distinguished from its congeners in the possession of a tiny cirrus-sac relative to body length, the length of th...
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We review species of the genus Lepotrema Ozaki, 1932 from marine fishes in the Indo-West Pacific. Prior to the present study six species were recognised. Here we propose eight new species on the basis of combined morphological and molecular analysis: Lepotrema acanthochromidis n. sp. ex Acanthochromis polyacanthus from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR);...
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Opistholebetine opecoelids are reported following examination of 1,041 individual tetraodontiform fishes, comprising 60 species and seven families, collected in Australian waters between 1986 and 2018. Nine species consistent with Opistholebes Nicoll, 1915, Heterolebes Ozaki, 1935 or Maculifer Nicoll, 1915 were recovered. However, phylogenetic anal...
Article
Podocotyloides stenometra Pritchard, 1966 (Digenea: Opecoelidae) is the only trematode known to infect anthozoan corals. It causes disease in coral polyps of the genus Porites Link (Scleractinia: Poritidae) and its life-cycle depends on ingestion of these polyps by butterflyfishes (Perciformes: Chaetodontidae). This species has been reported throug...
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Two new species of Bacciger Nicoll, 1914 (Faustulidae) are described infecting clupeids collected from the waters off Queensland, Australia; Bacciger minor n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys castelnaui (Ogilby) in Moreton Bay, southern Queensland and Bacciger major n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell) collected o...
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A survey of the trematode fauna of lutjanid fishes off the east coast of Queensland (QLD), Australia revealed the presence of two species of Neometadena Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970 (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae). Neometadena paucispina n. sp. is described from the intestine and pyloric caeca of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål) and L. russellii (Bleeker)...
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The nematode Philometra pellucida (Jägerskiöld, 1893) (Philometridae) is redescribed from female specimens obtained from the abdominal cavity of the marine tetraodontiform fish (blackspotted puffer) Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch & Schneider) (Tetraodontidae) off Lizard Island, Australia and off Okinawa, Japan. This is just the second record of thi...
Article
Fishes of the elasmobranch superorder Batoidea and the basal teleost superorder Elopomorpha were assessed for blood flukes (Digenea: Aporocotylidae) during a parasitological survey conducted in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. A new blood fluke genus and species, Ogawaia glaucostegi n. gen., n. sp., is described from the Giant shovelnose ray, Gl...
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Digeneans of the lepocreadioid families Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905 and Aephnidiogenidae Yamaguti, 1934 from Moreton Bay, off southern Queensland, Australia, are recorded, along with the erection of a new family, Gibsonivermidae. Molecular data were generated for all representatives of these families collected during this study and a phylogram for...
Article
A rich fauna of digenetic trematodes has been documented from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), yet little is known of the complex life-cycles of these parasites which occur in this diverse marine ecosystem. At Heron Island, a small coral cay at the southern end of the GBR, the intertidal marine gastropod Clypeomorus batillariaeformis Habe & Kusage (Ce...
Article
Two new species of Cardicola Short, 1953 (Aporocotylidae) are described from fishes from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia. Cardicola abu sp. n. infects the Whitley’s sergeant Abudefduf whitleyi Allen & Robertson (Pomacentridae), and is described from Wistari Reef of the Capricorn-Bunker Group, on the southern GBR. Cardicola yuelao sp. n. inf...
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Two species of the trematode genus Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899 (Gorgoderidae) are reported infecting teleost fishes from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Phyllodistomum hyporhamphi n. sp. is described from two species of garfishes (Hemiramphidae), Hyporhamphus regularis ardelio (Whitley) and H. australis (Steindachner). The new species differs fr...
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Choerodonicola Cribb, 2005 is a minor genus of opecoelid trematodes defined for species with exceptionally small eggs but otherwise generalised morphology. Four species are currently recognised, all from fishes collected in Japanese waters but each from different perciform families: a labrid, a scarid, a sparid and pinguipeds. We report on a new sp...
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Two monorchiid species are reported from the freckled goatfish, Upeneus tragula Richardson, from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Specimens of a species new to science were most morphologically similar to species of the genus Timonia Bartoli & Prevot, 1966, but significant differences in the arrangement of the testes (symmetrical vs oblique) and...
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Combined morphological and molecular analyses are used to characterise two new species of Haplorchoides Chen, 1949 (Digenea: Heterophyidae) from an Australian siluriform fish. Haplorchoides maiwariensis n. sp. and H. daguilarensis n. sp. are described from the intestine of the Blue salmon catfish, Neoarius graeffei (Kner & Steindachner) (Siluriform...
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The Opecoelidae Ozaki, 1925, the largest trematode family, currently lacks an adequate subfamilial organisation. In particular, recent analyses have shown that the sequenced representatives of the Opistholebetinae Fukui, 1929 are nested among taxa currently recognised in the Plagioporinae Manter, 1947, which itself is polyphyletic. The concept of t...
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Despite morphological and ecological inconsistencies among species, all plagioporine opecoelids with a pedunculate ventral sucker are currently considered to belong in the genus Podocotyloides Yamaguti, 1934. We revise the genus based on combined morphological and phylogenetic analyses of novel material collected from haemulid fishes in Queensland...
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The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef ecosystem on the planet and supports a diverse community of marine fishes, as well as the organisms that parasitise them. Although the digenetic trematodes that parasitise fishes of the Great Barrier Reef have been studied for over a century, the species richness and diversity of many trematode linea...