Sayed H. Saghaian

Sayed H. Saghaian
University of Kentucky | UKY · Department of Agricultural Economics

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100
Publications
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650
Citations

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
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Entrepreneurship and innovation are the fuel of economic growth. Understanding the motivational factors that lead to the success of entrepreneurs in agribusiness can be useful in affecting the degree of successful investment that accelerates development and economic growth in the agriculture sector. In this study, we investigated the factors affect...
Article
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This study examines the impact of remittance on household welfare measured by consumption expenditures in the western region of Nepal. We used regional-level microeconomic data obtained from the Nepal Living Standards Survey (2010/2011) and employed Propensity Score Matching (PSM). Our results show that remittance-receiving households spend 34% and...
Article
This study explores the relationship between energy and food nutrition prices through food calorie, fat, protein, and crude oil price links in the case of eight net oil importing (U.S., Korea, China, and Japan) and exporting (Canada, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirate, and Iran) countries. For this purpose, we use a Panel-VAR model with data for the...
Article
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The U.S. is the top producer, exporter, and consumer of tree nuts in the world. Tree nuts are a significant part of U.S. agricultural exports to the world. In 2019, the U.S. exported about USD 9.1 billion worth of tree nuts, just behind soybean exports at USD 18.7 billion. Tree nuts, such as almonds and pistachios, are mostly produced in the state...
Article
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The U.S. imports about two billion dollars of fresh bananas, accounting for over 99 percent of domestic banana consumption annually. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the fresh banana supply chain and caused unexpected price movements along the marketing channel. This research investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on price adjustments in t...
Article
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This paper explores the effects of using a hybrid virtual/traditional classroom, a blended teaching and learning approach, on undergraduate learning outcomes during the initial stage of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study aimed to investigate the prominent problems that appeared in the process of online teaching and learning and to measure the impact...
Article
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This research investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the dynamics of vertical price transmission in the U.S. beef industry using monthly farm, wholesale, and retail prices for the period 1970–2021. Contemporary time-series techniques and historical decomposition graphs were used to test for possible asymmetries and structural breaks in...
Article
This paper analyzes the nature and determinants of product innovation for food and agribusiness firms in India. The study is based on the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey and the India Innovation Follow-up Survey from 2014. These surveys included 294 Indian food and agribusiness firms operating in different regions of the country. Simple statistical...
Article
This paper examines the innovative behavior of agri-food firms located in Central and Eastern Europe. In the literature, empirical analyses on innovation activities of firms focus on various case studies from around the world. However, very few studies explore the innovation of small and medium sized enterprises from Central and Eastern Europe’s ag...
Article
In this research, we used a gravity model to investigate whether water scarcity variables influence agricultural trade of cereal crops for Saudi Arabia. We compare the OLS, Fixed effects, Random effects, and Poisson Pseudo-Maximum Likelihood (PPML) estimators to determine the best model. The AIC, and multicollinearity, heteroskedasticity, and autoc...
Article
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Previous studies have shown that the quality of property rights, farm size and market imperfections significantly affect agricultural efficiency. This article investigates the interaction between the quality of property rights and size when the countries are heterogeneous in degree of market imperfection, using a multilevel statistical approach for...
Article
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We quantified the impact of consumer awareness about beef safety on U.S. beef exports. An index to reflect consumer awareness is constructed based on publicized reports in the media. Results showed a 0.8% reduction in U.S. beef exports arose from foodborne-disease news. In addition, using impulse response functions derived from a panel vector autor...
Article
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The Federal Reserve shifted monetary policy from early 2016 by gradually increasing nominal interest rates till very recently (July 2019). A decline in commodity prices is expected in response to a contractionary policy. According to the overshooting hypothesis, agricultural prices could decrease more than their long-run equilibrium levels (i.e., o...
Chapter
In this chapter, using various techniques such as lifecycle assessment and economic valuation of nonmarket services, the positive and negative consequences of saffron production on the environment and human life are included an economic analysis. The most important environmental impacts and functions of saffron production are included. Saffron is a...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss saffron production from an economic perspective. Research shows that the amount of saffron available, its cultivation area, as well as its price have been increasing since 2010 in response to demand. In this chapter, we present results of studies conducted on economic efficiency in Iran indicating determinants of economi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between US farmers’ adoption of organic farming and direct marketing, both of which are increasingly important practices in the US agricultural and food sector. In addition, the effects of the two practices on farm income are evaluated. Design/methodology/approach The research uses t...
Article
Governance is a basic factor explaining the poor economic, social and environmental performance of many developing countries. Since good governance impacts the environment and management of carbon emissions, in this study, we examine the relationship between governance and economic performance and its impact on CO2 emissions, employing the World Ba...
Article
Climate change is an important threat to agriculture and food security. The trade of climate-smart goods (CSGs) develops climate-friendly technologies, which could reduce the negative effects of climate change. This article aims to investigate the determinants of CSGs trade in some Middle East and North Africa countries. For this purpose, spatial p...
Article
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Intra industry trade compared to inter-industry trade imposes a lower cost on economic, so identifying the effective factors is important. Since Iran’s Agricultural sector has high potential in production and trade, the aim of this paper is identifying the determinants on agricultural intra-industry trade between Iran and Asian partners as well as...
Article
This paper investigates the impact of high U.S. maximum residue limit (MRL) standards on U.S vegetable exports to 102 countries utilizing the hierarchical model. MRL, which is one of non-tariff barriers with respect to food safety, is applied to home and foreign countries at the same time. Thus, firms in countries with higher food safety standards...
Article
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Linkages between agricultural commodity and energy prices have become more complex with increased ethanol production. The concern is whether the new corn–ethanol links lead to volatility spillover transmission between food and energy prices. We investigate asymmetric volatility spillovers between oil, corn, and ethanol prices using a BEKK-multivari...
Article
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Relationships between organic and conventional counterpart’s prices have become complex with changes in the organic market structure. The concern is whether these fluctuations lead to changes in price dynamics between these products. We investigate price dynamics between organic and conventional apple prices, using an MS-AVECM approach. Additionall...
Article
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Researchers believe that greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from livestock are an emerging problem. Beef cattle is one of the most emission-intensive sectors, which is responsible for 54% of total GHGs from livestock. This study has two purposes. First, we quantify the environmental loading of U.S. beef sector by calculating emission levels over the pe...
Research
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The objective of this research is to estimate the residual demand elasticity that rice exporters face in Saudi Arabia. The inverse residual demand methods as proposed by Reed and Saghain 2004, for rice exporters to Saudi Arabia during the period 1993-2014, was specified and estimated. The results show that India had the largest market share and pen...
Article
The U.S. fluid milk market has been experiencing two trends in the recent decade: the fast growth of private label milk and organic milk. Using the data from Nielsen Homescan Panel, we estimate a censored demand system to study the demand relations among types of milk differentiated by brand types and organic status. We find that sociodemographic f...
Article
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In today’s competitive world, employing marketing concepts and methods while prioritizing the marketing mix approach for products can play an important role in increasing sales and ensuring greater success in the marketplace. The main objective of this study is to prioritize the marketing mix in each stage of the product lifecycle using the ANP app...
Article
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This study analyzes price adjustment of the U.S. beef sector with a focus on the Great Recession. To this purpose, the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) and historical decomposition graphs are applied to monthly data. The results indicate that retail prices have lower speeds of adjustment than wholesale prices. Also, the magnitude of price adjus...
Article
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This paper investigates market integration and asymmetric price transmission in the world rice export markets. Using monthly rice prices from Thailand, Vietnam, and United States, we employ the Johansen test and estimate the threshold vector error correction model (TVECM). Our main findings are that export prices in the three countries are cointegr...
Conference Paper
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In a competitive market, a rise in output prices at the wholesale level is expected to be passed through to consumers via retailers, Asymmetric price transmission exists when an increase in the producer price moves faster and more completely to consumers than do a reduction in the producer price. The research question is how product heterogeneity a...
Conference Paper
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The revolution of information and communication technologies has made service offshoring possible and economically feasible. Only a few studies are available on the impact of service offshoring on productivity in the agri-food sector even if service offshoring in agri-food industries has been increasing rapidly in recent years. This paper uses the...
Conference Paper
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Service sectors are really important since most of service sectors are used by other sectors (forward linkage). In this reason, the service trade may have huge effects on domestic industries. There has been the scare research between the service trade and domestic industries especially in agricultural and food industry sector since there is scare i...
Article
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Many studies show that product quality plays an important role in determining the direction of trade. This paper uses the Safe Quality Food (SQF) certification as a proxy variable for quality to investigate its effect on U.S. exports. The results of this study show that only the highest level of SQF quality certification has a positive effect on U....
Article
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Exchange rate pass-through is one of the most important issues in the international economic studies. Determining the degree of exchange rate pass-through can be used to define the effectiveness of foreign policy, market structure and exporters behavior. The main objective of this study is to investigate the exchange rate pass-through to export pri...
Article
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The Brazilian sugarcane-ethanol industry has undergone substantial changes after the 2008 financial and economic crisis. The industry has seen a large decrease in production and policy changes concerning gasoline, the main substitute for ethanol. In this context, price linkages of commodities in this industry, including Brazilian ethanol, gasoline,...
Article
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This article addresses the recent beef price increases in Turkey where spikes occurred due to the impact of low milk prices that led to the liquidation of dairy herds, and suppliers' and retailers' market power behavior. In this research, we empirically investigate these issues by concentrating on the mechanism of price transmission along the beef...
Article
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In 2009, the Competition Authority (CA) in Turkey penalized 27 broiler chicken producers for agreeing to restrict supply and controlling prices, hence forming a cartel. The CA based its punishment decision on communication records among major broiler chicken producers, using raw price series and without any statistical or econometric analysis. In t...
Chapter
This article investigates the effects of HACCP implementation on U.S. exports of three seafood categories: fish, mollusks, and shellfish other than mollusks. The Poisson Pseudo-Maximum-Likelihood method with fixed effects is used to control for unobserved country characteristics and zero trade observations. The results indicate that food safety reg...
Article
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Iran is the major producer of pistachio nuts in the world. Iran dominated the international pistachio export markets until 1982, when a new competitor, the United States, emerged in the international markets. Currently, both Iran and the United States are major pistachio exporters to Japan. In this study, we address the following empirical question...
Article
This article addresses the recent beef price spikes in Turkey, using contemporary time-series analysis. The arguments point to the impact of low milk prices that led to liquidation of dairy herds and decline of beef prices initially due to the liquidation and increased meat supply, and subsequent price increases in the next year due to decreased su...
Article
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International pork trade has not only been influenced by trade agreements but also altered by consumer perceptions on disease-infected animals. This study uses a gravity model with fixed-effects to investigate how pork trade is affected by foot-and-mouth disease among 186 countries. Results confirm that pork export falls when an exporting country d...
Article
As the U.S. consumption of sweeteners has increased, analysis of the demand for sweeteners has become more important. In this paper, consumer willingness-to-pay (WTP) for selected four types of sweeteners is evaluated. The four types of sweeteners are Kentucky grown pure maple syrup, artificially maple flavored syrup, sorghum syrup and molasses. Re...
Article
Raisins are one of important products of California. Almost all U.S. raisins are produced near Fresno California’s central valley due to its hot growing season and abundant water supply. U.S. is the leading exporter of raisins in the world. This paper investigates the export demand function of U.S. raisins for the top five importer countries. The r...
Article
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This study evaluates the U.S. role in world production and trade of pistachios and identifies major factors affecting export demand for U.S. pistachios. We incorporate 21 major markets accounting for 78 percent of total U.S. pistachio exports. The impacts of market conditions and the effects of food safety shocks are investigated. The results indic...
Article
The focus of this study is the effects of exchange rate, commodity price, and ocean freight cost risks on import demand with forward-futures markets. The case of U.S. and Brazilian soybeans is analyzed empirically using monthly data. A two-way error component two-stage least squares procedure for panel data is used for the analysis. Risk for these...
Article
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The interconnections of agriculture and energy markets have increased through the rise in the new biofuel agribusinesses and the oil–ethanol–corn linkages. The question is whether these linkages have a causal structure by which oil prices affect commodity prices and through these links, instability is transferred from energy markets to already...
Article
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Article
In this research, time-series analysis and periodic decomposition based on monthly prices received by farmers and export prices are used to address the dynamics of price adjustment and causality along the Turkish hazelnut marketing channel. In this paper, the impact of eliminating price subsidies on the Turkish hazelnut sector is investigated by fo...
Article
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The recent wide fluctuations in diesel fuel costs and subsequent trucking costs has raised speculation within the produce industry of potential structural shifts in the location of production. Recent increases in demand for local produce seem to further support speculation toward this end. A component pricing model is used to actually examine the i...
Chapter
Media attention devoted to recent food safety events has increased consumers' awareness and further complicated the marketing aspects of agricultural products. Recently, E. coli outbreaks in ground beef and fresh spinach and Salmonella-tainted fresh tomatoes have captured news headlines nationwide. Economic losses associated with these events can d...
Article
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The Atlantic bonito rush experienced in Turkey in the Fall of 2005 coincided with the avian influenza food scare that happened exactly at the same time-period in the country. This study examines the reactions of Turkish retail prices to those events. In this research, using time-series techniques, we investigate how the food scare and the excess fi...
Article
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Using the case of the 2005-2006 Avian Influenza crisis also experienced in Turkey, we present its impacts on consumers' concerns on the pandemic. Based on our cross-sectional dataset derived from a household survey, results from our probit estimations imply that the negative impact of the pandemic on the poultry sector could have been alleviated by...
Article
The Atlantic bonito rush experienced in Turkey in the Fall of 2005 coincides with the avian influenza food scare that happened exactly at the same time-period in the country. In this research using time-series techniques, we investigate how the food scare and the excess fish caught jointly influence the demand for meat products in Turkey.
Article
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This article addresses the dynamic impact of the 2005 H5N1 avian influenza outbreak on the Turkish poultry sector. Contemporary time-series analyses with historical decomposition graphs are used to address differences in monthly price adjustments between market levels along the Turkish poultry supply channel. The empirical results show that price a...
Article
Fish is a low-fat protein source high in omega-3 fatty acids, but in 2004 consumers also heard that farmed salmon had high levels of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs). This research evaluated how Canadian consumers and processors reacted to the conflicting health messages. Demand estimates and time-series analysis of 2001-2006 frozen meat scanner dat...
Article
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This paper examines problems being faced by agribusiness firms in developing countries in meeting the food-safety standards imposed by importing countries in their respective markets. Based on existing institutional frameworks in developing countries such as India, it is suggested that in order to meet the prescribed standards in international mark...
Article
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Recently there have been many highly publicized food-safety events affecting marketing and policy channels of agricultural products. This research examines the impact of food-safety events on consumers’ behavior and trust of information in the chicken and beef markets using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) developed by Ajzen (1991). Of partic...
Article
This study examines Japanese retail price reactions to the 2001 bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) discovery, the 2000 outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD), and the 1996 E. coli food poisoning events. Historical decomposition of retail-level price series aids in explaining the behavior of beef prices in a neighborhood (period-by-period time...
Article
This article addresses the dynamic impact of the 2003 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy discovery on the U.S. beef sector. Time series analysis and historical decomposition with weekly feedlot, wholesale, and retail beef price series is used to address the dynamics of price adjustment and causality along the U.S. beef marketing channel. The results...
Article
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This study tests the hypothesis that competition policy positively impacts a country's production and export competitiveness. The results show that competition policy has a significantly positive impact on manufacturing production. The results also show that exports for both total manufacturing and food manufacturing are positively related to compe...
Article
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This study examines the impact of two beef safety scares on retail-level meat per capita consumption and prices in Japan. The objective is to investigate the Japanese consumer reactions to the news of FMD and BSE discoveries, as reflected in the quantity and price changes in the immediate neighborhood of each event. Better understanding of consumer...
Article
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A warehouse location model was utilized in order to expand upon previous research. The aim was to more accurately depicting the optimal location for an agribusiness firm providing precision agriculture technologies in the state of Kentucky. It was determined that the optimal solution was Muhlenberg County.
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We present a new approach to study empirically the effect of the introduction of the euro on currency invoicing. Our approach uses a compositional multinomial logit model, in which currency choice depends on the characteristics of both the currency and the country. We use unique quarterly panel data of Norwegian imports from OECD countries for the...
Article
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This article addresses the dynamic impact of the 2005 H5N1 Avian Influenza discovery on the Turkish poultry sector which is heavily influenced by the crisis. Time-series analysis and historical decomposition with monthly farm, wholesale, and retail chicken price series are used to address the dynamics of price adjustment and causality along the Tur...
Article
Due to the differing levels of adoption of precision agriculture, it is difficult for potential agribusiness firms to determine where to locate their business in order to minimize costs (e.g.-transportation to deliver) and supply services to all demand centers. In this study, an optimization model was developed for Kentucky, USA using mathematical...