Savino Sciascia

Savino Sciascia
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche

MD, PhD

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330
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Publications

Publications (330)
Article
Background: AL amyloidosis is a systemic disorder characterized by extracellular deposition of characteristic fibrils that results in progressive multi-organ failure and premature death. Recently daratumumab has been demonstrating higher hematological and organ response rates when compared to the standard of care. We hereby report our long-term exp...
Article
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Background: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a cluster of potentially life-threatening disorders often involving the kidney with a necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with scanty deposition of immunoglobulins and complement. Historically the role of complement has been considered ancillary. Recently,...
Article
Objectives To describe the outcomes of pregnancies in antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-positive patients since the inception of the AntiPhospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking Registry. Methods We identified persistently aPL-positive patients recorded as ‘pregnant’ during prospective follow-up, and defined ‘a...
Article
Objectives We aimed to apply and compare the QRISK3 and the adjusted Global AntiPhospholipid Syndrome (APS) Score (aGAPSS) in a cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, with and without a concomitant diagnosis of APS, in order to assess their augmented risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Methods Patients (25–85 yo) wit...
Article
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Background: The gold standard for diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is still represented by renal biopsy, and serological prognostic biomarkers are still lacking. Dickkopf homolog-3 (DKK3) has been suggested as a marker of tissue fibrosis in different conditions; however, its role in autoimmune diseases needs to be elucidated. Here, we investigate...
Article
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To support the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tofacitinib, we designed the TuTOR (tailoring tofacitinib oral therapy in rheumatoid arthritis) mobile app. The impact of the app on medical adherence was evaluated using a crossover design alternating a paper-diary and the TuTOR App. Twenty patients with RA (mean age at i...
Article
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Vulnerable subjects, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, have been prioritised to receive anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Few data about the safety of these vaccines in SLE are available. The aim of our study is to investigate the safety of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in SLE. We included 452 SLE patients, referring to seven tertiary centr...
Article
Introduction: To date, almost 7 billion doses of the different types of vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 have been administered worldwide. Although the severity of new cases of SARS-CoV-2 has progressively decreased, and the pressure on national health systems has declined, the development of de novo glomerular injuries has been suggested. Methods: Th...
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The public catering sector has important responsibilities in seeking a change toward more sustainable choices for many aspects related to the environmental impacts of their services. The environmental impact of production processes can be studied through life cycle assessment (LCA), which allows a greater awareness of choices and has rarely been ap...
Article
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In the countries where HCV infection is still endemic, about 90% of subjects with mixed cryoglobulinemia had previously been infected with HCV and about 80% are RNA positive. Remarkable results in severe HCV-related cryoglobulinemic vasculitis have been obtained with Rituximab. Details of the clinical characteristics and effective treatment of non...
Article
Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis (ATTR) is either an inherited condition or a non hereditary disease due to misfolding of wild-type (WT) TTR. Amyloid deposits can be mainly detected in nerves in the inherited form and in myocardium in the acquired variant. Renal involvement has been described only in the Val30Met mutation of the familial form and is...
Article
The rate of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) negativization in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) patients is uncertain, but it is estimated to be as high as 8%. Currently, a consensus definition of aPL negativization is lacking, as well as international recommendations on how to approach treatment in patients with a persistent aPL negative seroconve...
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Rituximab (RTX), an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has shown to be an effective induction treatment for small-vessel vasculitides associated with antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (AAV) in both newly diagnosed and relapsing patients. However, the role of RTX in the management of the most severe cases of AAV remains to be fully elucidated. The aim...
Article
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Objective: Since of the last publication of last recommendations on primary large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) endorsed by the Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) in 2012, new evidence emerged regarding the diagnosis and the treatment with conventional and biologic immunosuppressive drugs. The associated potential change of clinical care supported th...
Article
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Objective: To develop recommendations for cardiovascular risk (CVR) management in gout, vasculitis, systemic sclerosis (SSc), myositis, mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Methods: Following European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) standardised...
Article
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Background: Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is a rare autoimmune disorder with an estimated prevalence of 40-50 cases per 100.000 persons. Patients suffering from low prevalence diseases are more likely to face diagnostic challenges, given the limited knowledge of most clinicians. The main aim of this study was to investigate the time between symp...
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Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by episodes of thrombosis, obstetric morbidity or both, associated with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Studying the profile of a rare disease in an admixed population is important as it can provide new insights for understanding an autoimmune disease. In this se...
Article
While the pathogenesis of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody associated vasculitis (AAV) is still not fully elucidated, there is a mounting evidence that it is initiated by inflammation and activation of innate immunity in the presence of predisposing factors, innate immunity, aberrant responses of the adaptive immune system, and complement s...
Article
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with heterogeneous clinical manifestations that can potentially affect every organ and system. SLE is usually identified on the basis of clinical or serological manifestations; however, some individuals can present with signs and symptoms that are consistent with SLE but are not sufficient...
Conference Paper
Background/Purpose: Damage Index in APS (DIAPS) is a scoring system developed to assess long-term damage in thrombotic primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS), which also correlates with impaired quality of life (EuroQoL) in Latin Americans. DIAPS is not validated in aPL-positive patients without thrombosis. Our primary objective was to quantify d...
Chapter
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have dramatically improved the treatment of certain types of cancer and represent an example of applied precision medicine (PM). However, some patients treated with ICI can develop immune-related adverse events (irAE) that can progress to overt life-threatening diseases. During the past years, there have been a fl...
Article
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Objectives When treating Behçet’s disease (BD), anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents have become a second-line therapy when conventional immunosuppressive drugs have failed. However, in the case of failure of treatment with anti-TNFα drugs, further options are limited. Based on previous reports of the efficacy of vedolizumab (VDZ) in inflammat...
Article
Introduction: While renal biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosing lupus nephritis (LN), the prognostic and diagnostic role of non-invasive biomarkers for LN is currently debated. Methods: Available studies published in last 5 years (2015-2020) assessing the diagnostic and prognostic value of urinary and/or serological biomarkers in subje...
Article
Objectives: The impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains unclear and data on clinical manifestations after infection are lacking. The aim of this multicentre study is to describe the effect of SARS-CoV-2 in SLE patients. Methods: SLE patients referring to 4...
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Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an antimalarial agent with pleiotropic effects and now represents a cornerstone in the management of patients with autoimmune conditions. While clinical series suggest anti-thrombotic properties, the way in which HCQ exerts this effect remains to be fully explained. Following a 24-h incubation of human umbilical vein end...
Article
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The interest of extra-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies is growing, especially in patients negative for conventional antibodies. In this study we aimed to assess the clinical utility of anti-phosphatidyl-serine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT) testing in patients negative for Beta2-Glycoprotein 1(β2GPI)-dependent tests, for identifying antiphosph...
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The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes. In addition to the authors, the following members of the group, APS ACTION Executive Committee
Article
Objectives: To investigate the rate of disease evolution in a cohort of patients with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) and to determine clinical and immunological features more frequently associated with disease progression. Methods: This retrospective single-centre long-term follow-up cohort study included patients with UCTD di...
Article
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The clinical significance of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in the context of infections has attracted attention since their first discovery in patients with syphilis. In fact, the recognition of aPL in patients with infections has been described in parallel to the understating of the syndrome. Since the first description of aPL-positive tests i...
Book
Rheumatic and autoimmune diseases are often present in women during the childbearing years and as such, correct management of pregnancy throughout its course is of significance to all those affected. Previously women with systemic rheumatic diseases were counselled against pregnancy as the majority of medications carried potential or perceived tera...
Article
Most of the knowledge in pediatric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is derived from studies performed on the adult population. As in adults, antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can contribute to thrombosis, especially cerebrovascular thrombosis, in neonates and children. Since aPL have the potential to cross the placental barrier, and since the pediat...
Article
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Purpose of Review APS ACTION is an international research network created to design and conduct large-scale, multicenter research in persistently antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)–positive patients. Given the expanding research activities of the network in the last decade since its creation, the purpose of this article is to review the scientific con...
Article
Background In this large worldwide TAK registry, we report 209 patients treated with TNF-α antagonists and tocilizumab aiming to compare their safety and efficacy, and determine the predictive factors of treatment response and relapse. Objectives To assess safety and efficacy of TNF-α antagonists and tocilizumab in patients with Takayasu arteritis...
Article
Aims: To assess the efficacy of nonpharmacologic treatments for burning mouth syndrome (BMS). Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched. Reference lists from the latest systematic reviews (2015 to 2020) on BMS treatment in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and C...
Article
The objectives of the 16th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL) Task Force on Clinical Manifestations of Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) were to critically analyze: a) the definition of “APS”; b) the current knowledge on non-traditional manifestations associated with aPL; and c) the risk stratification strategies in aPL-posit...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in more than 2 million deaths globally. Two interconnected stages of disease are generally recognised; an initial viral stage and a subsequent immune response phase with the clinical characteristics of hyperinflammation associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Therefore, many immune modulators and immu...
Article
Introduction Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease with a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, combining genetic background, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, disease-specific features such as the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), and an imbalance of various immune system functions. Recent data support...
Article
Introduction: As soon as the association of lupus anticoagulant (LAC) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) with thrombosis and miscarriages was described in the 1980s, the definition of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) became a need. Early descriptions of the disease by members of the Graham Hughes team included broad categories and unexplained...
Article
Objectives: The present study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) compared to tocilizumab (TCZ), assumed as a gold standard biologic treatment in the management of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA). Methods: Thirty-three biospy-proven GCA consecutive patients were prospectively collected. Odd patients (from 1 to 33) were a...
Article
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Previous research has suggested that activities such as community gardens could offer a wide range of health benefits. The aim of the article is to systematically review the available literature to analyse the magnitude of the phenomenon, the geographical distribution, and the main characteristics in terms of health outcomes and target populations....
Article
The clinical spectrum of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) encompasses additional manifestations other than thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity, which may potentially affect every organ and system. The pathophysiology of APS indeed cannot be explained exclusively by a prothrombotic state and the "extra-criteria" manifestations of the syndrome shou...
Article
Rheumatic diseases reach across continents with some similarities as well as unique challenges. The intersection between genetic factors, environmental exposures and socioeconomic factors, as well as challenges, with delays in access to subspecialty care and medications, manifest in different ways. By understanding both the challenges and successes...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the incidence of first thromboembolic events (TEs) in a cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The patients were positive for anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies and tested negative for anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-β2–glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) antibodies [r...
Article
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Background we aim to investigate the safety and efficacy of an intensified B-cell depletion induction therapy (IBCDT)without immunosuppressive maintenance regimen compared to standard of care in biopsy-proven Lupus Nephritis (LN). Methods Thirty patients were administered an IBCDT (4 weekly Rituximab 375mg/m2 and 2more doses after 1&2 months;2 inf...
Article
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Background: B-cells have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc), representing, therefore, a potential therapeutic target. Objectives: We aimed at investigating the 36-month outcomes of 20 SSc patients who underwent an intensified B-depletion therapy (IBCDT) scheme, including both Rituximab (RTX) and cycloph...
Article
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Background The diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) requires the presence of thrombosis and/or recurrent miscarriages along with one or more anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). The role of aPL has been largely investigated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with minimal data on other autoimmune rheumatic diseases. In this review, we aim...
Chapter
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity occurring in patients with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Prevention of thrombosis and proper management of women during pregnancy are the major goals of therapy in patients with aPL. Treatment of APS has long been the subject of intens...
Chapter
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by arterial and/or venous thromboses and/or obstetric morbidity in patients persistently positive for moderate to high titres of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) according to the current classification criteria. Pregnancy morbidity includes unexplained consecutive recurrent 1st trimester pregnancy l...
Chapter
A variety of autoantibodies associated with Rheumatic diseases have been associated with adverse maternal and foetal pregnancy outcomes. For instance, pregnancy morbidity in women with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) include unexplained consecutive recurrent 1st trimester pregnancy loss (<10 weeks’ gestation), any 2nd or 3rd trimester pregnancy l...
Article
A systematic review was carried out to identify if periprocedural administration of systemic antibiotics could decrease risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) in patients under antiresorptive and/or biologic agents for teeth extraction. PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were systematically searched for case-series with more than 10 pa...
Article
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Among “extra-criteria” antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies, are considered a part of risk assessment strategies when investigating patients suspected of having antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). aPL detection is currently performed by solid-phase assays to identify anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-β2...
Article
Introduction: Onconephrology is an emerging medical subspecialization that focuses on the numberless interrelations between cancer and kidney diseases. Tumor cells evade immune surveillance through activation of immune checkpoint pathways that suppress antitumor immune responses. By blocking checkpoints, new anticancer agents disrupt immune homeos...
Article
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As in many autoimmune diseases, the pathogenesis of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the result of a complex interplay between predisposing genes and triggering environmental factors, leading to a loss of self-tolerance and immune-mediated tissue damage. While the first genetic studies in APS focused primarily on the human leukocytes antigen...
Article
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Background: A considerable minority of patients on waiting lists for kidney transplantation either have no diagnosis (and fall into the subset of undiagnosed cases) because kidney biopsy was not performed or histological findings were non-specific, or do not fall into any well-defined clinical category. Some of these patients might be affected by a...
Article
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IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated disorder often showing elevated serum IgG4 concentrations, dense T and B lymphocyte infiltration, and IgG4-positive plasma cells and storiform fibrosis. We prospectively evaluated for 4 years 5 patients with histologically proven IgG4-RD of whom 3 had tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) and 2 had...
Article
Objectives An international multi‐disciplinary initiative, jointly supported by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), is underway to develop new rigorous classification criteria to identify patients with high likelihood of Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) for research purposes. We applied an evidence‐...
Article
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, most of the clinical manifestation share a vascular component triggered by endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial cells (ECs) activation occurs both on the arterial and venous side, and the high vascular density of kidneys accounts for the detrimental outcomes of SLE through lupus nephritis (LN). Kidney...
Article
Cryoglobulinemia is defined by the presence of immunoglobulins having the following characteristics: forming a gel when temperature is < 37°C, precipitate in a reversible manner in the serum, and re-dissolve after re-warming. The presence of either of polyclonal IgG and monoclonal IgM (type II), or of polyclonal IgG and polyclonal IgM (type Ill) in...
Preprint
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Background and objective Systemic small vessel vasculitides carry an increased risk of acute arterial and venous thromboembolic events (AVTE); however, this risk has not been systematically explored in Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA). This study assessed the occurrence and main risk factors of AVTE among EGPA patients as compar...
Article
Objectives: To validate the global antiphospholipid syndrome score (GAPSS) in a cohort of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Methods: This retrospective study included 143 women ever pregnant with SLE who presented in our outpatient clinic were included. Data on cardiovascular risk factors and aP...
Article
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Objectives: This paper aims to describe the clinical experience with Daratumumab (DARA), a first-in-class anti-CD38 human monoclonal IgG1κ antibody monotherapy, in severe patients with AL and biopsy-proven renal involvement. Immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis with multi-organ involvement is characterized by short survival. Novel powerful...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective: There is an urgent need for robust data on the trajectories and outcomes of pregnancies in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). In particular when rare outcomes or rare diseases are to be investigated, collaborative approaches are required. However, joint data analyses are often limited by the heterogeneity of...
Article
Full-text available
Backgrounds: ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) frequently present with a chronic relapsing course. Relapse leads to an increased need for therapeutic agents and consequent toxicity. Summary: When referring to the available options for the management of AAV, the efficacy of glucocorticoids (GCs) is unquestionable. However, similarly unquestionable...