Saunier Amélie

Saunier Amélie
Trees Everywhere

PhD

About

24
Publications
5,090
Reads
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302
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
299 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - present
University of Eastern Finland
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2013 - May 2017

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Tropospheric ozone (O3) mixing ratios have increased substantially since preindustrial times and high O3 peaks are increasingly common. Plant-pollinator interactions are central to natural ecosystem functioning and food production systems but could be negatively affected by unfavourable environmental conditions such as elevated O3. Ecosystem functi...
Article
Full-text available
The intensification of summer drought expected with climate change can induce metabolism modifications in plants to face such constraints. In this ex-periment, we used both a targeted approach focused on flavonoids, as well as an untargeted approach to study a broader fraction of the leaf metabolome of Quercus pubescens exposed to amplified drought...
Article
Essential oils from Lavandula angustifolia Mill. and Lavandula x intermedia Emeric x Loisel composed of concentrated terpene mixtures, and are highly produced due to their economic value. In the Mediterranean area, the production is threatened by the increasing frequency and intensity of drought events, leading to the loss of crops. Thus, we aimed...
Article
Plant-to-plant volatile-mediated communication and subsequent induced resistance to insect herbivores is common. Less clear is the adaptive significance of these interactions; what selective mechanisms favour plant communication and what conditions allow individuals to benefit by both emitting and responding to cues? We explored the predictions of...
Article
Full-text available
Chemical communication plays an important role in mammalian life history decisions. Animals send and receive information based on body odour secretions. Odour cues provide important social information on identity, kinship, sex, group membership or genetic quality. Recent findings show, that rodents alarm their conspecifics with danger-dependent bod...
Article
Full-text available
Since preindustrial times, concentrations of tropospheric ozone, a phytotoxic pollutant, have risen in the Northern Hemisphere. Selective breeding has intentionally modified crop plant traits to improve yield but may have altered plant defenses against abiotic and biotic stresses. This study aims to determine if cultivated and wild plants respond d...
Article
Full-text available
Tropospheric ozone is a strong oxidant which affects human health, agricultural yields as well as ecosystems functioning. Thus, it is very important to understand what factors determine ozone formation in order to control air pollution. It is well known that isoprene participates in ozone formation. In this study, we assess the potential impact of...
Article
Full-text available
Concentrations of tropospheric ozone have more than doubled in the Northern Hemisphere since pre-industrial times. Plant responses to single abiotic or biotic stresses, such as ozone exposure and herbivore-feeding, have received substantial attention, especially for cultivated plants. Modern cultivated plants have been subjected to selective breedi...
Article
Full-text available
Research Highlights: Long-term exposure of paper birch to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) and ozone (O3) modified metabolite content of over-wintering buds, but no evidence of reduced freezing tolerance was found. Background and Objectives: Atmospheric change may affect the metabolite composition of over-wintering buds and, in turn, impact growth ons...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous factors can affect the Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOC) emitted by plants. One of these factors is the microbial communities living on leaf surfaces (phylloplane). Bacteria and fungi can use compounds produced and emitted by plants for their own metabolism. Thus, microorganism communities can modulate BVOC emissions and affect in...
Article
Full-text available
Isoprene, the main volatile released by plants, is known to protect the photosynthetic apparatus in isoprene emitters submitted to oxidative pressures caused by environmental constraints. Whether ambient isoprene contributes to protect negligible plant emitters under abiotic stress conditions is less clear, and no study has tested whether ambient i...
Article
Tropospheric ozone is a major atmospheric pollutant; it is phytotoxic and has a strong effect on phytochemicals, which are constitutively present in plant tissues, but also produced de novo in response to stress. It has been shown that ozone exposure can modify volatile phytochemical emissions from leaves, which could disturb interactions between p...
Article
Full-text available
REVIEW Tropospheric ozone (O3) is one of the most prominent air pollution problems in Europe and other countries worldwide. Human health is affected by O3 via the respiratory as well the cardiovascular systems. Even though trees are present in relatively low numbers in urban areas, they can be a dominant factor in the regulation urban O3 concentrat...
Poster
Full-text available
The poster displays the ojectives of my PhD project. The work focuses on the impact of ozone on plant BVOCs emissions, degradation, and perception, in order to determine if the plant-plant interactions are disturbed by elevated trophospheric ozone. I am also interested in ozone impact on insects development and on their chemical perception. This p...
Article
Full-text available
The capacity of a Quercus pubescens forest to resist recurrent drought was assessed on an in situ experimental platform through the measurement of a large set of traits (ecophysiological and metabolic) studied under natural drought (ND) and amplified drought induced by partial rain exclusion (AD). This study was performed during the 3rd and 4th yea...
Article
Full-text available
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emitted by plants represent a large source of carbon compounds released into the atmosphere, where they account for precursors of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosols. Being directly involved in air pollution and indirectly in climate change, understanding what factors drive BVOC emissions is...
Article
Full-text available
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emitted by plants can originate from both anabolism (metabolite production through anabolic processes) and catabolism (metabolite degradation by oxidative reactions). Drought can favor leaf oxidation by increasing the oxidative pressure in plant cells. Thus, under the precipitation decline predicted for th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emitted by plants are a large source of carbon compounds released into the atmosphere where they are precursors of ozone and secondary organic aerosols. Being directly involved in air pollution and indirectly in climate change, it is very important to understand what factors drive the BVOC emissions in ord...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to plant-animal interactions, the conceptual framework regarding the impact of secondary metabolites in mediating plant-plant interference is currently less well defined. Here, we address hypotheses about the role of chemically-mediated plant-plant interference (i.e., allelopathy) as a driver of Mediterranean forest dynamics. Growth and...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The objective is to explore volatile-mediated communication attributes of wild and cultivated Brassicaceae and mechanisms by which air pollution affects those communication processes. It addresses effects of pollution on herbivore-induced volatiles, mechanisms by which volatile degradation affects the detection of a signal, and direct effects of pollutants on receiving organisms.