Saskia K Nagel

Saskia K Nagel
RWTH Aachen University

Professor

About

58
Publications
15,875
Reads
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980
Citations
Introduction
Saskia K Nagel currently works at RWTH Aachen University. Their most recent publication is 'Pädiatrisches Neuro-Enhancement'.

Publications

Publications (58)
Chapter
Next Generation Manufacturing promises significant improvements in performance, productivity, and value creation. In addition to the desired and projected improvements regarding the planning, production, and usage cycles of products, this digital transformation will have a huge impact on work, workers, and workplace design. Given the high uncertain...
Conference Paper
The future of industrial manufacturing and production will increasingly manifest in the form of cyber physical production systems. Here, Digital Shadows will act as mediators between the physical and digital world to model and operationalize the interactions and relationships between different entities in production systems. Until now, the associat...
Article
Full-text available
The increased presence of medical AI in clinical use raises the ethical question which standard of explainability is required for an acceptable and responsible implementation of AI-based applications in medical contexts. In this paper, we elaborate on the emerging debate surrounding the standards of explainability for medical AI. For this, we first...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the role and resolution of disagreements between physicians and their diagnostic AI-based decision support systems (DSS). With an ever-growing number of applications for these independently operating diagnostic tools, it becomes less and less clear what a physician ought to do in case their diagnosis is in faultless conflict wit...
Chapter
The term fake news has become an integral part of private and political debates. But what exactly is fake news? Is the term suitable as an instrument with which to analyse current and historical discourses? Questions like these are the focus of this volume, which examines the term fake news from interdisciplinary perspectives. What strategies are u...
Article
In this paper, we first classify different types of second opinions and evaluate the ethical and epistemological implications of providing those in a clinical context. Second, we discuss the issue of how artificial intelligent (AI) could replace the human cognitive labour of providing such second opinion and find that several AI reach the levels of...
Chapter
How might empirical research enrich our understanding of the nature of autonomy? This chapter sets out two main insights gleaned from our interdisciplinary work into this question. The first concerns critical reflection, a fundamental internalist condition for autonomy, and its relation to how a person's beliefs and values relate to reality. We set...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Wearables unterstützen ihre Nutzer:innen in unterschiedlichen Kontexten. Dabei erzeugen und nutzen sie eine Vielzahl von oft sehr persönlichen (Gesundheits-)Daten, ohne dass Nutzer:innen über die notwendigen Kenntnisse und Erfahrungen verfügen, um reflektierte Entscheidungen über die Nutzung dieser Daten treffen zu können. In der ak...
Article
Full-text available
Robotic and artificially intelligent (AI) systems are becoming prevalent in our day-to-day lives. As human interaction is increasingly replaced by human–computer and human–robot interaction (HCI and HRI), we occasionally speak and act as though we are blaming or praising various technological devices. While such responses may arise naturally, they...
Chapter
Digitalization in the production sector aims at transferring concepts and methods from the Internet of Things (IoT) to the industry and is, as a result, currently reshaping the production area. Besides technological progress, changes in work processes and organization are relevant for a successful implementation of the “Internet of Production” (IoP...
Preprint
Culture is part of an extensive series of feedback loops, which involve multiple organismic levels including social contexts, cognitive mediations, neural processes, and behavior. Recent studies in neuroscience show that culturally contingent social processes shape some neural pathways. Studying the influence of cultural context on neural processes...
Chapter
Wie kann Kindheit so gestaltet werden, dass diese Zeit ein guter Start in ein gesundes und glückliches Leben sein kann? Was ist das Beste für ein Kind? Was macht eine gute Kindheit aus? Diese Fragen liegen Überlegungen elterlichen, pädagogischen und ärztlichen Handelns zugrunde, sie beschäftigen Erzieher, Psychologen und Sozialwissenschaftler, um n...
Article
Trust in technology is an important factor for the design and use of technology in general. While there is growing interest in the role of trust on this general level, so far little attention has been given to the particularities of trust in persuasive technologies, i.e. technologies that serve to persuade users into certain behaviours. Those techn...
Article
Culture contextualizes the contents and intentionality of many mental statuses. Cognitive mediation of cultural information shapes these contents and intentionalities, as well as many of the false beliefs of pathology. Flexibility of cognitive mediation processes and resulting beliefs and pathologies may vary by individual, be a key mechanism of th...
Book
The volume offers a unique collection of articles on pediatric neuroenhancement from an international and multidisciplinary perspective. In recent years, the topic of “neuroenhancement” has become increasingly relevant in academia and practice, as well as among the public. While autonomous adults are free to choose neuroenhancement, in children it...
Article
Full-text available
Fünfzehn Jahre nach ihrer Entstehung ist die Neuroethik ein internationales wissenschaftliches Feld mit enormer Dynamik. Innerhalb weniger Jahre wurden eigene Kongresse, Zeitschriften, Forschungsförderprogramme, Fachgesellschaften und Institute gegründet. Gleichwohl besteht erheblicher Dissens über die Definition und den Gegenstandsbereich dieses n...
Chapter
Sind wir frei in unseren Entscheidungen? Diese Frage lässt sich auf viele Weisen verstehen und beantworten. Unsere Antwort auf die Frage zeigt uns etwas über unser Bild vom Menschen, über unsere Erwartungen und Deutungen und nicht zuletzt über unser Selbstverständnis. Wie selbstbestimmt sind wir? Wie frei können wir entscheiden? In der Klinik stell...
Article
Full-text available
In the present article the authors propose to modernize relationship therapy by integrating novel sensor and actuator technologies that can help optimize people’s thermoregulation, especially as they pertain to social contexts. Specifically, they propose to integrate Social Thermoregulation Theory (IJzerman et al., 2015a; IJzerman and Hogerzeil, 20...
Article
Full-text available
Addiction appears to be a deeply moralized concept. To understand the entwinement of addiction and morality, we briefly discuss the disease model and its alternatives in order to address the following questions: Is the disease model the only path towards a ‘de-moralized’ discourse of addiction? While it is tempting to think that medical language su...
Article
Full-text available
One key theme in sociological analysis of neuro-enhancement has been the question of whether the drive for enhancement promotes the cultural value of individualism. It has been argued that neuro-enhancement discourses implicitly propagate new responsibilities that oblige individuals to continually " work on " their brain to ensure its health and pr...
Chapter
Living in the modern world entails substantial interaction with information technologies. The ways in which people interact with these devices—how they enter into daily practices—has become so profound that they qualify as technologies of the extended mind. This chapter distinguishes between these devices acting as cognitive support versus becoming...
Article
Full-text available
Theories of embodied cognition propose that perception is shaped by sensory stimuli and by the actions of the organism. Following sensorimotor contingency theory, the mastery of lawful relations between own behavior and resulting changes in sensory signals, called sensorimotor contingencies, is constitutive of conscious perception. Sensorimotor con...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the past decade, findings from cultural neuroscience have demonstrated that functional neural processes vary significantly across populations. These findings add a new dimension to the well-established literature describing cultural differences in human behavior. Although these findings are informative for understanding complex relationships b...
Book
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Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as “enactive.” This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts...
Chapter
In this entry, the field of bioengineering will be discussed, including the large field of biomedical engineering and the nonmedical fields of biosystems and bioprocess engineering and biomimetics. The focus is on ethical issues in bioengineering. Associated ethical issues include clinical-related issues concerning manipulation of the human genome,...
Article
It is by now well known that one of the key predictors for a healthier life is high quality relationships. But why is this so? It has been suggested that co-regulation - regulating each other’s physiological and emotional states - is one crucial mediating mechanism. Indeed, couples that co-regulate have healthier and happier relationships. Improvin...
Chapter
This final Reflection looks at our natural desire to enhance our mental states, and improve upon them. Humans have tried many methods of enhancing mental states including psychoactive substances which act to achieve different perceptions, thoughts, and feelings. The most relevant way to enhance faculties in the modern world is through psychoactive...
Article
Culture is part of an extensive feedback loop, which simultaneously influences and is influenced by many organismic levels including cultural context, neural events, and behavior, among others. Aside from behavioral variations, however, the influence cultural contexts have on the form and expression of psychiatric disorders has not been widely stud...
Chapter
In this entry, the field of bioengineering will be discussed, including the large field of biomedical engineering and the nonmedical fields of biosystems and bioprocess engineering and biomimetics. The focus is on ethical issues in bioengineering. Associated ethical issues include clinical-related issues concerning manipulation of the human genome,...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses is rising. ADHD is closely linked to its treatment with medications such as methylphenidate and amphetamines, which have popular appeal as neuroenhancement drugs by persons without a neurological disorder. The three main reasons for the increase in ADHD medication demand, p...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need to diversify mental health research that uses brain imaging. Currently, this research almost exclusively includes participants from the 'Western' world, a majority of whom are Caucasian (Henrich et al, 2010a; 2010b). In light of studies from cultural neuroscience, which use brain imaging to demonstrate that people from different cou...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that brains generate predictions only within the constraints of the action repertoire. This makes the computational complexity tractable and fosters a step-by-step parallel development of sensory and motor systems. Hence, it is more of a benefit than a literal constraint and may serve as a universal normative principle to understand sensor...
Article
The use of prescription medication to augment cognitive or affective function in healthy persons-or neuroenhancement-is increasing in adult and pediatric populations. In children and adolescents, neuroenhancement appears to be increasing in parallel to the rising rates of attention-deficit disorder diagnoses and stimulant medication prescriptions,...
Chapter
Die Affektwissenschaft (affective science; manchmal auch affective sciences) ist in ähnlich interdisziplinärer Weise mit dem wissenschaftlichen Studium affektiver Phänomene befasst wie die Kognitionswissenschaft mit dem Studium kognitiver Phänomene. Darüber hinaus ergänzt sie die Kognitionswissenschaft in vielen Gegenstandsbereichen, da sich gezeig...
Article
Full-text available
Common navigational aids used by blind travelers during large-scale navigation divert attention away from important cues of the immediate environment (i.e., approaching vehicles). Sensory augmentation devices, relying on principles similar to those at work in sensory substitution, can potentially bypass the bottleneck of attention through sub-cogni...
Article
There is a remedy available for many of our ailments: Psychopharmacology promises to alleviate unsatisfying memory, bad moods, and low self-esteem. Bioethicists have long discussed the ethical implications of enhancement interventions. However, they have not considered relevant evidence from psychology and economics. The growth in autonomy in many...
Article
Full-text available
We outline the framework of the new project of Critical Neuroscience: a reflexive scientific practice that responds to the social, cultural and political challenges posed by the advances in the behavioural and brain sciences. Indeed, the new advances in neuroscience have given rise to growing projects of the sociology of neuroscience as well as neu...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid advances in neuroscience have sparked numerous efforts to study the neural correlate of consciousness. Prominent subjects include higher sensory area, distributed assemblies bound by synchronization of neuronal activity and neurons in specific cortical laminae. In contrast, it has been suggested that the quality of sensory awareness is determ...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Many people are increasingly surrounded by digital technologies and applications that collect, process and share personal data. At the same time, few read and understand the often long and complicated privacy statements of their individual devices and applications. Within the InviDas project, we ensure that users of smart wearables, such as fitness watches, will in future have better insight into their data profiles and will thus be able to make informed decisions more easily. New forms of data visualization and gamification are being researched, with which both manufacturers and users can make data privacy declarations more comprehensible and transparent. The project is funded by the BMBF. The InviDas project is jointly realized by the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V., Stiftung Digitale Chancen, Garmin Würzburg GmbH, RWTH Aachen University (Software Engineering, Chair and Institute of Industrial Engineering and Ergonomics and Applied Ethics), Universität Bremen and Otto-Friedrich Universität Bamberg.