Sarojni Choy

Sarojni Choy
Griffith University · School of Education and Professional Studies

PhD

About

102
Publications
38,040
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
888
Citations
Citations since 2016
41 Research Items
609 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Sarojni Choy currently works at the School of Education and Professional Studies, Griffith University. Her research and writing activities focus on the foundations of adult learning, workplace learning, integration of learning in different sites, employment based training, continuing education and training, and workforce capacity building. Her current projects include: Modularisation and micro-credentialing to expand learner pathways; Practice based learning in the workplace; Enhancing the standing of vocational education and the occupations it serves; Lifelong learning for workforce development.

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
The concept of employability extends beyond initial occupational preparation into the ability to remain employable as, inevitably, occupational capacities and workplace requirements change frequently across working lives. Hence, the need to continually learn to remain occupationally current and respond to changing workplace requirements becomes par...
Chapter
The low standing of vocational education (VET) and the occupations it serves is emerging as a concern in countries with both advanced and developed industrial economies. This issue manifests itself differently across countries depending on the economic trajectory and where VET sits within their schooling or tertiary education systems. In most insta...
Chapter
The decisions that young people make about post-school pathways are becoming increasingly important because of implications for: (i) personal educational and employment trajectories and goals, (ii) allocation of educational resources, and (iii) meeting a range of community needs associated with the development of occupational capacities. Indeed, th...
Chapter
Investigating issues associated with and strategies for enhancing the standing of vocational education necessarily involves engaging with a range of perspectives, insights and suggestions. This includes those who organise and implement educational experiences, those who enact them, and also those who directly influence the decision-making of young...
Chapter
The low standing of vocational education and training (VET) generates reluctance amongst young people and their parents to consider VET as a viable post-school option. A survey was developed and administered to verify and elaborate the findings from an earlier round of interviews. In all, 168 school-aged students, 148 schoolteachers, 296 vocational...
Chapter
Changing personal and societal sentiments about the status of vocational education and the occupations it serves requires information, education, action at societal and local levels and will, inevitably take time. With entrenched issues such as the standing of occupations and the education systems that they serve, it is more likely incremental and...
Chapter
Parents, teachers and other familiars each play a significant role in the process of young people’s decision-making about occupations and educational pathways, albeit sometimes inadvertently and unintentionally. Other factors such as societal sentiments about occupations also shape the decision-making, while students, parents and teachers may be un...
Article
The transitions adults negotiate across their working lives need to be further understood for governments, workplaces, and the community to effectively support these adults. Through analyses of worklife history interview data with 30 working age adults, distinct kinds of changes comprising these transitions have been delineated as representative of...
Article
Although vocational education and training (VET) can lead to lucrative and fulfilling careers and plays a vital role in skilling workers for contemporary workplaces, it continues to have a low status in schools, among parents, and in the wider community. Many countries are now seeking to enhance the status of VET to increase its uptake by school le...
Article
Full-text available
Although vocational education and training (VET) can lead to lucrative and fulfilling careers and plays a vital role in skilling workers for contemporary workplaces, it continues to have a low status in schools, among parents and in the wider community. Many countries are now seeking to enhance the status of VET to increase its uptake by school-lea...
Chapter
This chapter reports findings of researchresearch into the practicepractices of teaching conducted by members of the Pedagogypedagogy, Education and Praxis (PEP) international research networkPedagogy, Education and Praxis (PEP) international research network, much of it using the theory of practice architecturestheory of practice architectures as...
Article
In Australia, the relatively low standing of vocational education and the occupations it serves is of growing concern. This standing is held to contribute to an increased number of young people preferring to engage in higher education and to look past vocational education as a potential post-school pathway. Consequently, there are skill shortages i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to report on a study that used the practice theory lens to understand how Chinese ethnic culture influences restaurant workers' learning through engagement in everyday work practices. Design/methodology/approach A multiple case study approach was used. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews and site observation...
Article
Full-text available
This article is based on research about upper secondary students' experiences in vocational becoming as they develop conceptualized knowing through interactions with others. Interactions for meaning-making by vocationalising concepts also involve feedback relating to occupation-specific tasks. The aim was to understand this constructivist process o...
Article
The study reported here used a practice theory lens to understand vocational education and training (VET) teachers’ current practices in supporting integration of learning in educational institutions and workplaces – specifically for refugee and migrant students. A case study was conducted with 10 teachers delivering aged care programmes in South E...
Book
This book draws on experiences from a range of vocational education systems in different nation states and re-examines the purpose of providing experiences outside educational institutions; the kinds and extent of those experiences; and efforts made to ensure the integration of students’ experiences across sites. Analyses of the various vocational...
Book
This book draws on experiences from a range of vocational education systems in different nation states and re-examines the purpose of providing experiences outside educational institutions; the kinds and extent of those experiences; and efforts made to ensure the integration of students’ experiences across sites. Analyses of the various vocational...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to present findings from a qualitative case study which investigated how workers engage in workplace learning for safe work in a precarious workplace. The findings from this research suggest that learning to work safely is firmly embedded within the social cultural fabric of workplaces, and is intentionally driven to mainta...
Book
This book draws on experiences from a range of vocational education systems in different nation states and presents an understanding of the purposes for providing experiences outside educational institutions; the kinds and extent of those experiences; and efforts enacted to secure an integration of students’ experiences across sites. Analyses of th...
Chapter
Integration of students’ experiences in and between education institutions (as in schools, vocational colleges and universities) and workplaces, to develop vocational competence, is a central tenet of contemporary educational systems and provisions. Educational institutions and workplaces are no longer seen in isolation for pre-employment preparati...
Chapter
The concept of integrating two sets of experiences implies a duality, that is, a consideration of the contributions of and relations between these two entities. For vocational education, it means accounting for experiences in at least two separate physical and social settings (i.e. workplaces and educational institutions) and how these can be and a...
Chapter
Educational institutions are fundamentally designed for teaching and learning, whereas learning in workplaces remains a secondary function supported through engagement in routine and nonroutine work tasks, direct and indirect guidance and opportunities and accessibility to a range of work tasks to gain experience (Billett, Stud Contin Educ 23(1):19...
Chapter
How comprehensively learners make connections between what is taught in educational institutions and in the workplace has significance for developing competencies as productive workers. However, connectivity of learning in the two sites has been problematic for some time (Akkerman SF, Bakker A, Vocat Learn, 5:153–173, 2012; Fuller and Unwin 2011)....
Chapter
The focus in this chapter is on the teaching practices of novice Vocational Education and Training (VET) teachers in Australian schools. An Australian case illuminates the local practice architectures that shape teachers’ vocation and their ways of working, the ways practice architectures constrain and enable their practice, and the ways these teac...
Article
Over the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in doctoral enrolments of Asian international students in Australian universities. While policies have been developed to meet the needs of these students, there seems to be some confusion around the terms internationalisation, globalisation, bi-cultural, inter-cultural, multi-cultural, and trans...
Chapter
There has emerged, since the turn of the century or so, a cohesive body of work centred on theorising education as practice. These practice theories come from a range of theoretical and philosophical traditions, but collectively they draw attention to the sociality of practices, and the ontological nature of practice. A ‘practice turn’ also emphasi...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent times practice theory has been used to analyse occupations and the dynamics of occupational reproduction. This kind of analysis throws a distinctive light on learning and teaching, which emerge as integral to the reproduction of practices . In contemporary society, however, the process of developing learners’ capacities for occupations ha...
Chapter
To understand the accounts of practice and the theories that draw attention to the sociality and situatedness of practices presented in this volume, we take up the challenge of reflecting critically and concisely on the present state and the relevance of practice theory in education research. We do this by writing the chapter in the form of a Rundb...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines the way in which the “practice turn” in education and pedagogy offers unique perspectives on the nature of educational work. Through a plurality of “practice theories” deeper understandings emerge about a range of education and concepts, providing useful tools for advancing and developing practice theory in education and pedagogy...
Article
The quality of curriculum connectivity and integration across educational institutions and authentic practice settings, such as workplaces, is influenced by the conceptions of the different agents. Connectivity is about mediating connections between different situations to meet demands arising from educational institution-based knowledge and the ev...
Article
Learning through active participation and engagement in education and workplace settings is a prerequisite for effective professional competence development through Vocational Education and Training (VET). Equally important is that learning from multiple sites and sources needs to be purposefully connected and integrated to construct meaningful kno...
Article
Full-text available
Site-based education development now constitutes a common approach to preparing learners for particular occupations, enabling them to secure employment and at the same time achieve broader social, economic and personal outcomes. New forms of partnerships, other than traditional vendor–client relations, are necessary to achieve such multi-faceted go...
Chapter
There is a growing need for a comprehensive and informed account of how learning across working life can be conceptualised, its range of purposes outlined, and processes supporting that learning understood. Consensus exists across governments and supra-national agencies, spokespersons for industry, occupations, employees, workplaces, education syst...
Chapter
This chapter sets out the context, framing, procedures and broad outcomes of a 3-year investigation of continuing education and training in Australia. The investigation sought to identify what might comprise approaches to and models of continuing education and training that might be applied across Australia, nationally, its regions and industry sec...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this final chapter, some considerations are advanced towards what might constitute a national system of continuing education and training. The discussion here draws upon findings from the interviews, survey and focus groups with workers, their managers and CET providers who participated in the Australian study noted in earlier chapters in this s...
Article
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate how aged care workers prefer to learn and be supported in continuing education and training activities.Methods Fifty-one workers in aged care facilities from metropolitan and rural settings across two states of Australia participated in a survey and interviews. Survey responses were analysed...
Book
This volume considers, rethinks and reorganizes how support for learning across working life can be best conceptualized, organized and enacted. It considers educational and learning support processes that include approaches that fit well within working lives and workplaces, and support work and learning as a co-occurrence. These are the key focuses...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a case for appraisal of the current curriculum provisions for international students. In this paper, the authors summarise the key challenges of Asian international research graduate students pursuing doctorate studies in Australian universities to become researchers for the global communities. The...
Article
Development of researchers through higher degree research studies is a high priority in most universities. Yet, research about supervision as pedagogy and models of supervision is only recently gained increasing attention. Charged with producing good researchers within very limited resources, academics are constantly looking for more efficient mode...
Chapter
Full-text available
Across the world, and particularly in developed countries, workplaces are changing, arguably more rapidly than ever before in response to external and internal forces. Altering the ways workplaces operate inevitably requires changes in the knowledge and skills workers need. This relationship is evident in the conclusion by the Australian Workforce...
Chapter
Full-text available
An increasingly common means by which learning across working life is being provided is through provisions of continuing education and training (CET) organised and enacted in partnerships between tertiary education organisations and employers. Often, these provisions are seen as an extension or variation of initial occupational preparation, the tra...
Article
Full-text available
Development of researchers through higher degree research studies is a high priority in most universities. Yet, research about supervision as pedagogy and models of supervision is only recently gained increasing attention. Charged with producing good researchers within very limited resources, academics are constantly looking for more efficient mode...
Chapter
An increasingly common means by which learning across working life is being provided is through provisions of continuing education and training (CET) organised and enacted in partnerships between tertiary education organisations and employers. Often, these provisions are seen as an extension or variation of initial occupational preparation, the tra...
Article
Full-text available
Learning experiences in the circumstances of work (i.e. where work is undertaken) are becoming increasingly discussed, included in educational programs at all levels, and seen as a key means for addressing individuals’ learning across working lives. These experiences are also now being directed to a widening range of personal, workplace, community...
Article
Full-text available
Current tertiary education and training provisions are designed mainly to meet the learning needs of those preparing for entry into employment and specific occupations. Yet, changing work, new work requirements, an ageing workforce and the ongoing need for employability across lengthening working lives make it imperative that this educational focus...
Article
Course evaluations are now a serious matter for universities trying to meet stakeholder needs and expectations, quality assurance, improvements and strategic decision making. Typically, students are invited to participate in surveys on how well the design and delivery aspects meet predetermined learning objectives, quality of teaching, and the type...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Contemporary workers in countries with advanced industrial economies are required to engage in continuing work-related learning to maintain their occupational competence and employability. Learning at and through work is now seen to be central a means of achieving the individual and enterprise specific goals. This is partially because different soc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to consider and appraise current developments and emerging perspectives on learning in the circumstances of work, to propose how some of the challenges for securing effective workplace learning may be redressed. Design/methodology/approach First, new challenges and perspectives on learning in the circumstances of work are s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Workers, world-wide, increasingly need to engage in continuing education and training to respond to changing workplace requirements, maintain and increase productivity, remain workplace competent (employable), and participate in longer work lives. Australian workers are no exception here. Yet, given that most of the current Australian tertiary educ...
Chapter
The provision of learning experiences in workplaces is now commonly discussed, included in educational programs and seen as a means of addressing individuals’ learning across all stages of their working lives. Yet much still needs to be understood about learning in work settings and identifying ways of improving these experiences for a range of pur...
Article
Under contemporary highly competitive markets, organisations are demanding that any investment in learning be converted into productive outcomes that rapidly progress the organisation towards pre-defined strategic goals. A customised work-integrated learning curriculum has the potential to achieve such productive outcomes because it allows learners...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A primary purpose of evaluating education and training courses is to assess how well their design and delivery aspects have met the predetermined learning objectives in order to demonstrate their success and to guide improvements in similar interventions in the future. Thus traditional approaches to evaluation provide data on what is primarily of i...
Article
This paper suggests that when a course is planned within one culture for delivery to members of another culture, appropriate quality control of assessment becomes an issue of major proportions. Based on their experience of presenting an Aid Agency‐funded Masters course in a developing country in the Pacific, the authors describe the processes to ad...
Article
Full-text available
Childcare workers play a significant role in the learning and development of children in their care. This has major implications for the training of workers. Under new reforms of the childcare industry the Australian government now requires all workers to obtain qualifications from a vocational education and training provider (eg. Technical and Fur...
Article
Full-text available
Although transformative learning theory remains one of the most influential theories in the field of adult education, studies on fostering transformative learning, particularly in groups and in the workplace, remain sparse. This article summarises some evidence of transformational learning that influenced changes to practice, processes, and the org...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This paper discusses the teaching and assessment strategies for an organisation centred cur-riculum.----- Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a case study. Data was collected from interviews and a focus group with worker-learners enrolled in a Graduate Certificate in Education (Educational Leadership) course.----- Findings:...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars, learners and employers across the globe agree that the workplace is the most authentic learning environment to train a competent workforce. The workplace provides a context for learners to transform and construct vocationally and socially meaningful knowledge and skills. Training providers and industries, through employers, form partnersh...
Article
Full-text available
There are three bodies of research that suggest ways in which learning in the workplace can be optimised. The first is evident in the emergent literature endorsing the need to include workplace pedagogies as useful epistemological tools for learners. It is now widely recognised that the workplace provides various pedagogies that facilitate and supp...
Article
Full-text available
Using work integrated learning (WIL) in university-industry learning partnerships as a means of developing the deeper and more complex skills of managers is receiving growing interest in the literature. This paper suggests that there are currently, two basic approaches to WIL – the traditional model and the customisation model. While each has stren...
Article
Full-text available
In 2004, the Australian Flexible Learning Framework developed a suite of quantitative and qualitative indicators on the uptake, use and impact of e-learning in the Vocational Education and Training (VET) sector. These indicators were used to design items for a survey to gather quantitative data for benchmarking. A series of four surveys gathered da...
Article
This chapter describes a work integrated learning model called organisation centred curriculum. An organisation centred curriculum differs from a traditional university program in that both, the needs of the organisation and those of the learners are paramount. The learning by individuals is overtly integrated into the processes and the culture of...
Article
Full-text available
Vocational education and training outcomes for Indigenous Australians have remained below expectations for some time. Implementation of Indigenous Standpoint Theory (IST) presents the opportunity to further enhance Vocational Education and Training (VET) for Indigenous people in Australia. This paper briefly discusses this theory, the concept of In...
Article
Full-text available
Organisations that sponsor staff for academic studies in order to build their workforce ca-pacity expect their learning experiences and outcomes to be aligned with their business. There are chal-lenges not only for facilitation of such learning, but also its assessment. Despite recent research on learning in the workplace the development of rigorou...
Article
Full-text available
Young people of Australia remain a prime focus for the future of Australia. The compelling urgency to prepare youth for a future of sustained economic and social capital is heightened by recent demands for skilled workforce as well as the demographic squeeze due to an aging population. While government policies over the years have created pathways...
Article
Full-text available
The adult and community education (ACE) sector is consistently responsive to changing community needs and government priorities. It is this particular function that has drawn ACE into the lifelong learning debate as one model for sustaining communities. The responsiveness of ACE means that the sector and its programs continue to make valuable contr...
Article
Full-text available
This project explored ways in which Adult and Community Education (ACE) could make a greater contribution to the human capital development outcome under the National Reform Agenda (NRA), and increase the number of skilled workers in Australia. Data on current vocational and non-vocational ACE programs was analysed. Strategies to improve ACE were co...
Article
Full-text available
Much has been said and written about pedagogy, andragogy and adult learning principles to customise and improve learning in the post secondary education sector. Knowles’ (1990) principles for adult learning remain the key set of guiding philosophy that underpins delivery to learners in the post secondary sector, hence all learners are classed as ad...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes some principles for youth learning developed from a major research project. Specific parts of the project have been published in other literature, and this paper summarises key findings before proposing a set of principles to support their learning. The findings of the research about youth learners and how they learn were anal...
Article
Full-text available
This report provides an outline and discussion of the support needs and services required for students to achieve successful outcomes while studying online. The findings of the report are based on a literature review, surveys and follow-up interviews with students studying online and with teachers/co-ordinators delivering online. The focus of the s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study explored the changing role of staff development for vocational education and training (VET) teachers and trainers in Australian public and private registered training organisations. Substantial reforms in the VET sector over the past decade have had considerable impact on the work of teachers and trainers. In this context of rapid change...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of information technology has dramatically enhanced flexible delivery of vocational education and training (VET) by expanding and modernising capabilities to include the online medium. This has necessitated the expansion of learning services to meet the needs of more diverse groups of learners. Though research activities are continu...
Article
Using the Internet to collect data has become popular among researchers and this article outlines a recent Australian study exploring the online learners' expectations of a range of support services. The aim of the study was to improve the nature and levels of existing support. Online learners in the vocational education and training (VET) sector w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an overview of current arrangements for staff development activities for teachers in the Vocational Education and Training (VET) sector across Australia. The overview contains the results of a recent survey of staff development activities offered by universities and Departments of Education and Training in each State/Territories...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on a major research project that investigated youth learning. Specific parts of the project have been published in other literature (Choy 2000, Choy and Delahaye 2000 and Choy and Delahaye 2001), and this paper provides an overview of the findings. The Study Process Questionnaire, the Student Orientation Questionnaire and the Lea...
Article
Full-text available
Knowles (1970) defined andragogy as the art and science of facilitating adult learning. The assumptions about how adults learn form the foundations of andragogy. Andragogy is most evident in the implementation of the theories and principles of adult learning and a common practice in Vocational Education and Training (VET) within Australia. The rese...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous Standpoint Theory (IST) pertains to the integration of Indigenous knowledge into programs involving Indigenous people. Integration of Indigenous knowledge is not unusual. The benefits have long been experienced in biodiversity and conservation (Hellier, Newton & Gaona, 1999), agroforestry (Walker, Sinclair and Thapa, 1995) and climate ch...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter* recognises the importance of provision of services designed to support online students in every aspect of the online experience, including pre-enrolment, teaching and learning and technical support. The respondents in the study indicated that flexibility was their key reason for choosing online study—flexibility of time, place and pac...
Article
Students' learning approaches are illustrated by the manner in which they handle learning materials. There are three basic approaches to learning, surface, deep and achieving. A particular learning approach is a result of the combination between the motive and strategy that is used to accomplish a learning task (Biggs 1987). A deep approach to lear...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses a recent review of literature on employment based training (EBT) models in Australia, to identify those that might best address emerging needs. Examples of models currently being discussed and/or trialed are analysed in this review, including those being used in higher levels of the VET skills spectrum (i.e. diploma and above)....
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the use of work integrated learning as a means of developing managers and instituting strategically directed change in an organisation. A brief description of the case study organisation and the design of the organisation centred curriculum based on a learning cohort are provided. Eight key elements of the design are then identi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on a research project that explored effective training models at the VET Certificate III level and above in two industry areas as case examples: process manufacturing occupations (based in Victoria) and child care occupations (based in Queensland). In the case study industries higher level vocational education and training quali...
Article
Full-text available
The full extent of the Adult and Community Education (ACE) sector's contribution to human and social development in Australia remains unknown largely due to a lack of reliable, valid and comparable data on ACE activities and outcomes. The NCVER and State and Territory authorities collect some data on ACE outcomes mainly from public funded VET and n...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines a case study of a learning partnership between a non-government organisation and a university. The literature suggests that a learning partnership with a university presents some unique challenges and recommends that such a partnership is most useful for the transfer of tacit knowledge using thick or rich communication channels....
Article
Full-text available
Recent research and understandings about the significance of work integrated and work based learning endorses the need to include workplace pedagogies as useful epistemological tools. Personal epistemological practices in navigating and mediating between the classroom and the workplace play a significant part yet are not fully acknowledged. The wor...
Article
Full-text available
Industries demand a closer alignment of university learning curriculum to real work tasks to better meet the needs of organizations and learners. Both, industries and learners prefer the learning challenges to be based on the exigencies of work to precisely reflect real work circumstances that overtly add to business outcomes. However, such alignme...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The integration of school-based and work-based vocational learning constitutes an important yet challenging task for VET systems across the globe. Although various integrative teaching and learning models have been developed and several reform endeavours have been launched, implementation of these initiatives is not always straightforward and still poses some unresolved problems. An important factor that may facilitate or hinder successful implementation lies in how the different actors conceptualise the issue at hand, as these conceptualisations influence not only how people process and interpret information but also how they subsequently communicate and act. The aim of the study is to identify how teachers, trainers and apprentices conceptualise vocational learning across education and workplace settings , as well as how those conceptions can influence teaching strategies and communication across the different locations. The project involves researchers from different countries, including Switzerland, Germany and Australia.
Project
Promoting the education and training of professional vocations in practice. Convening the Master of Training and Development and Graduate Certificate of Training and Development, GU